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Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2013, United States

Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2013, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g,h
Coal Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g,h
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total
Wood and
Waste e,f
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.44 0.45 1.27 0.93 0.38 0.72 1.12 2.86 0.46 1.13 0.98 1.66 0.61 2.99 0.84
1971 0.52 0.47 0.50 1.20 1.17 0.41 0.75 1.18 2.91 0.62 1.20 1.05 1.66 0.68 3.22 0.93
1972 0.59 0.51 0.55 1.01 1.01 0.46 0.75 1.19 2.87 0.60 1.24 1.05 1.67 0.71 3.40 0.99
1973 0.68 0.53 0.63 0.96 1.47 0.50 0.92 1.33 3.13 0.73 1.33 1.18 1.67 0.80 3.66 1.10
1974 1.36 0.99 1.22 1.37 2.20 0.67 2.02 2.46 4.31 1.82 2.31 2.25 1.67 1.39 4.95 1.78
1975 1.65 1.28 1.50 2.37 3.47 0.95 2.23 2.56 4.65 1.91 2.64 2.47 1.67 1.67 6.07 2.21
1976 1.65 1.25 1.50 2.05 3.41 1.21 2.38 2.76 4.87 1.90 2.81 2.58 1.67 1.85 6.48 2.43
1977 1.72 1.31 1.56 2.32 3.06 1.48 2.68 3.22 5.16 2.15 3.03 2.85 1.67 2.11 7.33 2.78
1978 1.94 1.46 1.73 2.87 2.90 1.66 2.82 3.19 5.27 2.12 3.19 2.97 1.68 2.26 8.18 3.04
1979 1.89 1.55 1.75 2.26 3.45 1.96 3.85 4.12 7.16 2.76 4.36 4.00 1.68 2.84 8.94 3.64
1980 2.10 1.56 1.87 2.54 3.19 2.52 5.54 5.24 9.82 3.69 6.59 5.76 1.67 3.77 10.81 4.71
1981 2.34 1.75 2.06 2.55 3.28 3.07 6.52 5.84 10.89 4.48 8.08 6.87 1.67 4.40 12.57 5.52
1982 2.43 1.84 2.09 2.49 3.10 3.80 6.61 6.28 10.43 4.46 7.17 6.53 1.67 4.66 14.51 6.06
1983 2.14 1.75 1.91 2.76 2.25 4.10 6.58 6.78 9.25 4.38 7.00 6.61 1.67 4.70 14.54 6.22
1984 2.09 1.79 1.91 2.68 3.27 4.13 6.54 6.59 8.98 4.73 7.04 6.60 1.67 4.68 14.16 6.13
1985 2.03 1.81 1.90 2.76 2.99 3.87 6.26 6.00 9.07 4.24 6.90 6.34 1.67 4.47 14.57 6.05
1986 1.90 1.74 1.80 2.63 3.11 3.20 4.04 5.95 6.80 2.47 5.32 5.00 1.65 3.67 14.45 5.39
1987 1.74 1.63 1.67 3.37 2.40 2.88 4.51 5.48 7.25 2.86 5.31 5.08 1.65 3.56 13.98 5.21
1988 1.79 1.61 1.68 2.85 2.90 2.90 4.14 5.29 7.32 2.34 4.85 4.73 1.65 3.39 13.78 5.04
1989 1.78 1.61 1.68 2.98 3.79 2.93 4.82 4.32 8.05 2.75 5.18 4.83 1.20 3.31 13.85 4.96
1990 1.79 1.62 1.69 3.53 3.80 2.95 5.90 5.75 9.15 3.10 5.64 5.68 0.99 3.66 13.92 5.29
1991 1.83 1.58 1.67 2.86 3.41 2.80 5.30 5.81 8.95 2.44 5.43 5.49 1.14 3.53 14.18 5.24
1992 1.83 1.62 1.69 2.78 3.35 2.91 5.17 5.26 8.94 2.46 5.08 5.13 1.13 3.47 14.18 5.17
1993 1.79 1.54 1.63 2.88 3.22 3.12 5.09 5.23 8.85 [R ] 2.41 5.02 5.04 1.12 3.50 14.22 5.20
1994 1.73 1.57 1.62 2.46 3.31 3.09 4.88 [R ] 5.70 8.96 2.50 4.93 5.13 1.15 3.53 14.00 5.18
1995 1.76 1.56 1.63 2.71 3.43 2.80 4.87 [R ] 5.63 9.17 2.75 5.21 5.29 1.21 3.41 13.68 5.00
1996 1.77 1.54 1.62 2.20 3.87 3.30 5.80 7.05 9.83 3.25 5.64 6.12 1.01 3.94 13.49 5.42
1997 1.79 1.54 1.62 2.64 3.25 3.53 5.44 [R ] 6.34 9.80 3.03 5.57 5.81 1.01 3.94 13.29 5.38
1998 1.69 1.53 1.58 3.73 3.07 3.16 4.22 [R ] 4.82 8.42 [R ] 2.25 4.54 4.61 1.24 3.39 13.13 4.93
1999 1.69 1.52 1.58 3.88 2.83 3.21 4.92 5.58 9.22 [R ] 2.62 5.15 5.27 1.38 3.70 12.98 5.19
2000 1.67 1.49 1.55 3.64 2.66 4.60 7.66 8.38 11.87 [R ] 4.22 6.83 7.49 1.43 5.11 13.60 6.48
2001 1.74 1.57 1.63 3.27 3.04 5.71 7.01 [R ] 7.89 11.32 [R ] 3.85 6.09 6.95 1.95 5.44 [R ] 14.78 6.94
2002 1.94 1.66 1.75 3.25 3.04 4.48 6.33 [R ] 6.81 10.68 [R ] 3.87 6.34 6.62 2.11 4.86 14.30 6.35
2003 1.93 1.65 1.74 3.88 3.49 6.20 7.63 [R ] 8.92 12.28 4.83 7.14 7.91 1.62 6.03 14.97 7.51
2004 2.31 1.84 1.99 3.28 7.23 7.02 10.07 [R ] 10.99 14.63 [R ] 4.95 8.10 [R ] 9.45 [R ] 1.79 7.17 [R ] 15.38 8.48
2005 3.19 2.27 2.56 3.39 8.92 9.08 14.27 [R ] 13.16 17.91 [R ] 6.98 10.20 [R ] 11.96 [R ] 2.73 9.12 [R ] 16.77 10.40 [R ]
2006 3.54 2.50 2.83 3.19 6.31 8.77 16.44 [R ] 15.68 20.32 [R ] 8.16 12.49 [R ] 14.33 [R ] 2.65 10.07 [R ] 18.02 11.39 [R ]
2007 3.64 2.58 2.92 3.66 7.84 8.29 18.00 [R ] 17.52 22.29 [R ] 9.26 13.95 [R ] 15.96 [R ] 2.52 10.56 [R ] 18.71 11.94 [R ]
2008 4.49 3.04 3.51 4.33 18.76 10.06 24.68 [R ] 21.84 25.92 [R ] 12.97 18.26 [R ] 20.73 [R ] 2.83 13.24 [R ] 20.34 [R ] 14.48 [R ]
2009 5.43 3.23 3.87 4.17 10.82 6.46 14.76 [R ] 14.03 18.86 [R ] 9.25 13.72 [R ] 14.13 [R ] 2.62 9.21 [R ] 20.05 [R ] 11.15 [R ]
2010 5.84 3.16 4.07 6.74 13.37 6.17 18.54 [R ] 17.86 22.67 [R ] 11.94 17.19 [R ] 17.82 [R ] 2.74 10.34 [R ] 19.89 12.00 [R ]
2011 6.89 3.45 4.69 8.75 15.71 5.96 24.80 [R ] 21.84 28.63 [R ] 16.02 21.38 [R ] 22.44 [R ] 2.80 [R ] 12.11 20.02 13.50
2012 6.59 3.61 4.78 8.65 13.64 4.91 25.35 [R ] 15.50 29.55 [R ] 17.48 20.85 [R ] 20.05 [R ] 2.64 [R ] 10.65 [R ] 19.60 [R ] 12.20 [R ]
2013 5.43 3.49 4.26 8.91 8.55 5.46 24.78 15.14 28.71 17.40 21.97 20.03 2.56 10.83 20.10 12.40
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 1,175 907 2,082 78 4 2,625 866 1,046 824 635 2,698 6,069 381 11,081 5,624 16,706
1971 1,163 808 1,971 45 5 3,019 934 1,113 799 863 2,954 6,663 389 12,003 6,256 18,259
1972 1,379 833 2,212 31 5 3,335 1,012 1,311 728 902 3,227 7,180 420 13,121 7,173 20,294
1973 1,724 804 2,527 33 40 3,936 1,320 1,566 799 1,156 3,759 8,600 441 15,512 8,284 23,795
1974 3,284 1,420 4,704 44 193 4,971 2,642 2,882 1,014 2,644 6,226 15,408 437 25,669 11,184 36,853
1975 3,692 1,806 5,498 75 156 5,844 2,907 2,760 1,039 2,367 6,470 15,544 400 27,367 13,760 41,127
1976 3,740 1,709 5,448 67 111 7,484 3,549 3,184 1,028 2,886 7,738 18,384 460 31,821 16,083 47,904
1977 3,579 1,781 5,360 71 139 8,958 4,451 3,747 1,014 3,456 9,522 22,190 484 37,060 18,956 56,016
1978 3,703 2,019 5,722 49 411 10,114 4,783 3,679 936 2,965 10,839 23,203 533 39,934 21,798 61,732
1979 3,920 2,327 6,247 81 340 12,110 6,664 6,712 1,156 3,867 15,306 33,705 534 52,856 24,797 77,653
1980 3,753 2,135 5,888 130 52 16,350 7,232 7,967 1,553 4,175 21,837 42,765 529 65,453 28,863 94,316
1981 3,831 2,610 6,441 74 43 20,432 8,983 8,789 1,741 4,086 23,572 47,171 558 74,574 34,007 108,581
1982 2,661 2,640 5,301 61 9 20,504 8,599 9,656 1,442 4,025 18,119 41,841 540 68,139 35,364 103,503
1983 2,128 2,606 4,735 46 2 21,461 7,477 10,064 1,039 2,908 17,022 38,510 610 65,276 37,017 102,293
1984 2,461 2,959 5,420 69 47 23,763 7,815 10,782 1,436 3,647 17,880 41,561 622 71,350 39,050 110,400
1985 2,228 3,024 5,252 77 43 21,615 6,977 9,804 1,978 2,815 17,396 38,970 619 66,432 40,190 106,622
1986 1,825 2,920 4,745 66 25 16,479 4,649 9,218 1,402 1,574 14,118 30,961 639 52,791 39,271 92,063
1987 1,718 2,730 4,448 48 55 15,909 5,117 9,079 1,491 1,436 14,604 31,726 636 52,735 39,109 91,844
1988 2,006 2,738 4,744 77 194 17,257 4,656 9,071 1,413 1,082 13,530 29,752 662 52,540 40,507 93,048
1989 1,934 2,716 4,650 80 217 18,770 5,478 7,274 1,601 924 14,085 29,361 1,323 54,250 42,255 96,505
1990 1,862 2,774 4,636 50 72 19,348 6,773 8,916 1,695 1,070 16,798 35,252 906 60,173 43,358 103,531
1991 1,660 2,672 4,332 56 100 18,912 5,694 9,828 1,730 653 15,552 33,458 1,034 57,791 44,201 101,992
1992 1,587 2,658 4,245 48 174 20,553 5,704 9,433 1,737 793 15,250 32,917 1,079 58,935 45,474 104,409
1993 1,505 2,554 4,060 76 172 22,367 5,672 9,062 1,583 916 14,879 [R ] 32,112 [R ] 1,146 59,781 [R ] 45,726 105,508 [R ]
1994 1,473 2,587 4,060 60 274 22,556 5,397 11,028 1,724 893 15,041 34,083 1,279 62,192 46,257 108,449
1995 1,558 2,510 4,068 91 325 21,487 5,473 11,061 1,836 778 15,444 [R ] 34,592 [R ] 1,699 62,080 45,402 107,482
1996 1,507 2,436 3,943 88 244 26,167 6,857 14,348 1,965 913 17,037 [R ] 41,120 1,432 72,818 46,102 118,920 [R ]
1997 1,453 2,434 3,887 83 253 28,411 6,512 13,235 2,077 732 18,029 40,586 1,435 74,490 45,610 120,100
1998 1,304 2,263 3,566 104 292 24,515 5,084 9,646 1,681 425 15,759 32,595 [R ] 1,600 62,464 [R ] 45,634 108,098 [R ]
1999 1,306 2,150 3,457 86 226 24,079 5,823 12,290 1,400 447 18,219 [R ] 38,179 [R ] 1,786 67,641 45,429 113,070 [R ]
2000 1,327 2,180 3,507 103 249 34,624 9,158 18,555 1,785 867 22,689 [R ] 53,055 [R ] 1,888 93,220 [R ] 47,859 141,079 [R ]
2001 1,247 2,325 3,572 109 191 38,597 9,055 15,757 3,343 629 19,347 [R ] 48,131 [R ] 2,216 92,597 [R ] 48,519 141,116 [R ]
2002 1,258 2,268 3,526 64 244 31,199 7,586 14,627 3,302 619 20,404 [R ] 46,538 [R ] 2,592 84,035 [R ] 46,606 130,641
2003 1,283 2,269 3,552 70 239 41,168 8,879 17,928 3,978 966 23,111 54,861 [R ] 1,935 101,686 [R ] 49,962 151,648
2004 1,499 2,565 4,064 107 1,232 47,464 12,167 [R ] 23,385 5,431 1,163 29,029 [R ] 71,175 1,919 125,747 [R ] 51,491 177,238 [R ]
2005 1,964 3,040 5,004 147 780 55,300 17,945 26,248 6,354 1,867 35,365 [R ] 87,779 [R ] 3,451 152,167 [R ] 56,229 208,396 [R ]
2006 2,132 3,273 5,405 128 636 52,570 20,647 32,858 7,608 1,849 43,320 [R ] 106,281 [R ] 3,509 168,274 [R ] 59,764 228,038 [R ]
2007 2,175 3,264 5,439 131 478 51,126 22,573 36,734 6,739 1,700 45,607 [R ] 113,353 [R ] 3,183 173,449 [R ] 62,934 236,383 [R ]
2008 2,606 3,684 6,290 210 1,676 61,877 33,201 39,598 6,367 2,408 52,801 [R ] 134,375 [R ] 3,401 207,408 [R ] 67,102 [R ] 274,510 [R ]
2009 2,192 3,196 5,388 135 93 36,302 15,810 27,215 4,490 1,134 32,997 [R ] 81,647 [R ] 2,300 125,595 [R ] 59,816 [R ] 185,411 [R ]
2010 3,239 3,379 6,618 245 403 38,532 21,331 37,738 5,895 1,365 40,427 [R ] 106,756 [R ] 3,180 155,244 [R ] 62,767 [R ] 218,011 [R ]
2011 3,885 3,453 7,338 210 552 37,971 30,583 46,899 7,287 [R ] 2,086 47,427 [R ] 134,282 [R ] 3,366 [R ] 183,298 [R ] 64,566 247,864 [R ]
2012 3,916 [R ] 3,323 7,239 [R ] 209 384 32,172 [R ] 32,153 36,118 [R ] 7,457 [R ] 1,164 43,237 [R ] 120,130 [R ] 3,259 [R ] 162,974 [R ] 62,937 [R ] 225,910 [R ]
2013 3,346 3,246 6,592 186 29 36,475 31,311 37,739 7,569 793 45,747 123,158 3,268 169,337 63,935 233,272
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. gThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bLiquefied petroleum gases, includes ethane and olefins. hFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline
column.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the Technical Notes,
Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท Industrial sector includes
industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and
biomass waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.