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Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2011, United States

Table ET5. Industrial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2011, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g,h
Coal Coal Coke

Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g,h
Coking
Coal
Steam
Coal

Total

Exports

Imports
Distillate
Fuel Oil

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Other d

Total
Wood and
Waste e,f
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.45 0.44 0.45 1.27 0.93 0.38 0.72 1.12 2.86 0.46 1.13 0.98 1.59 0.61 2.99 0.84
1971 0.52 0.47 0.50 1.20 1.17 0.41 0.75 1.18 2.91 0.62 1.20 1.05 1.59 0.67 3.22 0.93
1972 0.59 0.51 0.55 1.01 1.01 0.46 0.75 1.19 2.87 0.60 1.24 1.05 1.59 0.71 3.40 0.99
1973 0.68 0.53 0.63 0.96 1.47 0.50 0.92 1.33 3.13 0.73 1.33 1.18 1.60 0.80 3.66 1.10
1974 1.36 0.99 1.22 1.37 2.20 0.67 2.02 2.46 4.31 1.82 2.31 2.25 1.60 1.39 4.95 1.78
1975 1.65 1.28 1.50 2.37 3.47 0.95 2.23 2.56 4.65 1.91 2.64 2.47 1.60 1.67 6.07 2.21
1976 1.65 1.25 1.50 2.05 3.41 1.21 2.38 2.76 4.87 1.90 2.81 2.58 1.60 1.85 6.48 2.43
1977 1.72 1.31 1.56 2.32 3.06 1.48 2.68 3.22 5.16 2.15 3.03 2.85 1.59 2.11 7.33 2.78
1978 1.94 1.46 1.73 2.87 2.90 1.66 2.82 3.19 5.27 2.12 3.19 2.97 1.60 2.26 8.18 3.04
1979 1.89 1.55 1.75 2.26 3.45 1.96 3.85 4.12 7.16 2.76 4.36 4.00 1.60 2.84 8.94 3.63
1980 2.10 1.56 1.87 2.54 3.19 2.52 5.54 5.24 9.82 3.69 6.59 5.76 1.67 3.77 10.81 4.71
1981 2.34 1.75 2.06 2.55 3.28 3.07 6.52 5.84 10.89 4.48 8.08 6.87 1.67 4.40 12.57 5.52
1982 2.43 1.84 2.09 2.49 3.10 3.80 6.61 6.28 10.43 4.46 7.17 6.53 1.67 4.66 14.51 6.06
1983 2.14 1.75 1.91 2.76 2.25 4.10 6.58 6.78 9.25 4.38 7.00 [R ] 6.61 [R ] 1.67 4.70 [R ] 14.54 6.22
1984 2.09 1.79 1.91 2.68 3.27 4.13 6.54 6.59 8.98 4.73 7.04 [R ] 6.60 [R ] 1.67 4.68 [R ] 14.16 6.13 [R ]
1985 2.03 1.81 1.90 2.76 2.99 3.87 6.26 6.00 9.07 4.24 6.90 [R ] 6.34 [R ] 1.67 4.47 [R ] 14.57 6.05 [R ]
1986 1.90 1.74 1.80 2.63 3.11 3.20 4.04 5.95 6.80 2.47 5.32 [R ] 5.00 [R ] 1.65 3.67 [R ] 14.45 5.39 [R ]
1987 1.74 1.63 1.67 3.37 2.40 2.88 4.51 5.48 7.25 2.86 5.31 [R ] 5.08 [R ] 1.65 3.56 [R ] 13.98 5.21 [R ]
1988 1.79 1.61 1.68 2.85 2.90 2.90 4.14 5.29 7.32 2.34 4.85 [R ] 4.73 [R ] 1.65 3.39 [R ] 13.78 5.04 [R ]
1989 1.78 1.61 1.68 2.98 3.79 2.93 4.82 4.32 8.05 2.75 5.18 [R ] 4.83 [R ] 1.20 3.31 [R ] 13.85 4.96 [R ]
1990 1.79 1.62 1.69 3.53 3.80 2.95 5.90 5.75 9.15 3.10 5.64 [R ] 5.68 [R ] 0.99 3.66 [R ] 13.92 5.29 [R ]
1991 1.83 1.58 1.67 2.86 3.41 2.80 5.30 5.81 8.95 2.44 5.43 [R ] 5.49 [R ] 1.14 3.53 [R ] 14.18 5.24 [R ]
1992 1.83 1.62 1.69 2.78 3.35 2.91 5.17 5.26 8.94 2.46 5.08 [R ] 5.13 [R ] 1.13 3.47 [R ] 14.18 5.17 [R ]
1993 1.79 1.54 1.63 2.88 3.22 3.12 5.09 5.23 8.82 2.41 5.02 [R ] 5.04 [R ] 1.12 3.50 [R ] 14.22 5.20 [R ]
1994 1.73 1.57 1.62 2.46 3.31 3.09 4.87 5.70 8.96 2.50 4.93 [R ] 5.13 [R ] 1.15 3.53 [R ] 14.00 5.18 [R ]
1995 1.76 1.56 1.63 2.71 3.43 2.80 4.86 5.63 9.17 2.75 5.21 [R ] 5.29 [R ] 1.21 3.41 [R ] 13.68 5.00 [R ]
1996 1.77 1.54 1.62 2.20 3.87 3.30 5.80 7.05 9.83 3.25 5.64 [R ] 6.12 [R ] 1.01 3.94 [R ] 13.49 5.42 [R ]
1997 1.79 1.54 1.62 2.64 3.25 3.53 5.43 6.34 9.80 3.03 5.57 [R ] 5.81 [R ] 1.01 3.94 [R ] 13.29 5.38 [R ]
1998 1.69 1.53 1.58 3.73 3.07 3.16 4.21 4.82 8.43 2.25 4.54 [R ] 4.61 [R ] 1.24 3.39 [R ] 13.13 4.93 [R ]
1999 1.69 1.52 1.58 3.88 2.83 3.21 4.92 5.58 9.23 2.62 5.15 [R ] 5.27 [R ] 1.38 3.70 [R ] 12.98 5.19 [R ]
2000 1.67 1.49 1.55 3.64 2.66 4.60 7.66 8.38 11.88 4.22 6.83 [R ] 7.49 [R ] 1.43 5.11 [R ] 13.60 6.48 [R ]
2001 1.74 1.57 1.63 3.27 3.04 5.71 7.00 7.89 11.33 3.85 6.09 [R ] 6.95 [R ] 1.95 5.43 [R ] 14.78 6.94 [R ]
2002 1.94 1.66 1.75 3.25 3.04 4.48 6.32 6.81 10.69 3.87 6.34 [R ] 6.62 [R ] 2.11 4.86 [R ] 14.30 6.35 [R ]
2003 1.93 1.65 1.74 3.88 3.49 6.20 7.62 8.92 [R ] 12.28 4.83 7.14 [R ] 7.91 [R ] 1.62 6.03 [R ] 14.97 7.51 [R ]
2004 2.31 1.84 1.99 3.28 7.23 7.02 10.06 10.99 14.59 4.95 8.05 [R ] 9.43 [R ] 1.79 7.16 [R ] 15.38 8.48 [R ]
2005 3.19 2.27 2.56 3.39 8.92 9.08 14.25 13.16 17.84 6.98 10.15 [R ] 11.92 [R ] 2.73 9.10 [R ] 16.77 10.39 [R ]
2006 3.54 2.50 2.83 3.19 6.31 8.77 16.38 15.68 20.21 8.16 12.42 [R ] 14.27 [R ] 2.65 10.05 [R ] 18.02 11.37 [R ]
2007 3.64 2.58 2.92 3.66 7.84 8.29 17.88 17.52 22.01 9.26 13.87 [R ] 15.88 [R ] 2.52 10.54 [R ] 18.71 11.92 [R ]
2008 4.49 3.04 3.51 4.33 18.76 10.06 24.49 [R ] 21.84 25.47 12.97 [R ] 18.12 [R ] 20.62 [R ] 2.83 13.21 [R ] 19.96 14.38 [R ]
2009 5.43 3.23 3.87 4.17 10.82 6.46 14.65 [R ] 14.03 18.43 9.25 [R ] 13.63 [R ] 14.06 [R ] 2.62 9.19 [R ] 20.00 11.12 [R ]
2010 5.84 3.16 [R ] 4.07 [R ] 6.74 13.37 6.17 [R ] 18.39 17.86 22.06 [R ] 11.94 [R ] 17.11 [R ] 17.74 [R ] 2.74 10.33 [R ] 19.89 11.98 [R ]
2011 6.89 3.45 4.69 8.75 15.71 5.98 24.59 21.75 28.04 16.02 21.32 22.32 2.76 12.20 20.02 13.57
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 1,175 907 2,082 78 4 2,625 866 1,046 824 635 2,698 6,069 366 11,067 5,624 16,691
1971 1,163 808 1,971 45 5 3,019 934 1,113 799 863 2,954 6,663 374 11,988 6,256 18,244
1972 1,379 833 2,212 31 5 3,335 1,012 1,311 728 902 3,227 7,180 404 13,105 7,173 20,278
1973 1,724 804 2,527 33 40 3,936 1,320 1,566 799 1,156 3,759 8,600 425 15,495 8,284 23,779
1974 3,284 1,420 4,704 44 193 4,971 2,642 2,882 1,014 2,644 6,226 15,408 421 25,653 11,184 36,837
1975 3,692 1,806 5,498 75 156 5,844 2,907 2,760 1,039 2,367 6,470 15,544 386 27,353 13,760 41,113
1976 3,740 1,709 5,448 67 111 7,484 3,549 3,184 1,028 2,886 7,738 18,384 443 31,804 16,083 47,887
1977 3,579 1,781 5,360 71 139 8,958 4,451 3,747 1,014 3,456 9,522 22,190 464 37,040 18,956 55,996
1978 3,703 2,019 5,722 49 411 10,114 4,783 3,679 936 2,965 10,839 23,203 511 39,911 21,798 61,710
1979 3,920 2,327 6,247 81 340 12,110 6,664 6,712 1,156 3,867 15,306 33,705 512 52,833 24,797 77,630
1980 3,753 2,135 5,888 130 52 16,350 7,232 7,967 1,553 4,175 21,837 42,765 529 65,453 28,863 94,316
1981 3,831 2,610 6,441 74 43 20,432 8,983 8,789 1,741 4,086 23,572 47,171 558 74,574 34,007 108,581
1982 2,661 2,640 5,301 61 9 20,504 8,599 9,656 1,442 4,025 18,119 41,841 540 68,139 35,364 103,503
1983 2,128 2,606 4,735 46 2 21,461 7,477 10,064 1,039 2,908 17,022 [R ] 38,510 [R ] 610 65,276 [R ] 37,017 102,293 [R ]
1984 2,461 2,959 5,420 69 47 23,763 7,815 10,782 1,436 3,647 17,880 [R ] 41,561 [R ] 622 71,350 [R ] 39,050 110,400 [R ]
1985 2,228 3,024 5,252 77 43 21,615 6,977 9,804 1,978 2,815 17,396 [R ] 38,970 [R ] 619 66,432 [R ] 40,190 106,622 [R ]
1986 1,825 2,920 4,745 66 25 16,479 4,649 9,218 1,402 1,574 14,118 [R ] 30,961 [R ] 639 52,791 [R ] 39,271 92,063 [R ]
1987 1,718 2,730 4,448 48 55 15,909 5,117 9,079 1,491 1,436 14,604 [R ] 31,726 [R ] 636 52,735 [R ] 39,109 91,844 [R ]
1988 2,006 2,738 4,744 77 194 17,257 4,656 9,071 1,413 1,082 13,530 [R ] 29,752 [R ] 662 52,540 [R ] 40,507 93,048 [R ]
1989 1,934 2,716 4,650 80 217 18,770 5,478 7,274 1,601 924 14,085 [R ] 29,361 [R ] 1,323 54,250 [R ] 42,255 96,505 [R ]
1990 1,862 2,774 4,636 50 72 19,348 6,773 8,916 1,695 1,070 16,798 [R ] 35,252 [R ] 906 60,173 [R ] 43,358 103,531 [R ]
1991 1,660 2,672 4,332 56 100 18,912 5,694 9,828 1,730 653 15,552 [R ] 33,458 [R ] 1,034 57,791 [R ] 44,201 101,992 [R ]
1992 1,587 2,658 4,245 48 174 20,553 5,704 9,433 1,737 793 15,250 [R ] 32,917 [R ] 1,079 58,935 [R ] 45,474 104,409 [R ]
1993 1,505 2,554 4,060 76 172 22,367 5,672 9,062 1,583 916 14,875 [R ] 32,108 [R ] 1,146 59,777 [R ] 45,726 105,504 [R ]
1994 1,473 2,587 4,060 60 274 22,556 5,397 11,028 1,724 893 15,041 [R ] 34,083 [R ] 1,279 62,192 [R ] 46,257 108,449 [R ]
1995 1,558 2,510 4,068 91 325 21,487 5,473 11,061 1,836 778 15,445 [R ] 34,593 [R ] 1,699 62,080 [R ] 45,402 107,482 [R ]
1996 1,507 2,436 3,943 88 244 26,167 6,857 14,348 1,965 913 17,038 [R ] 41,120 [R ] 1,432 72,818 [R ] 46,102 118,921 [R ]
1997 1,453 2,434 3,887 83 253 28,411 6,512 13,235 2,077 732 18,029 [R ] 40,586 [R ] 1,435 74,490 [R ] 45,610 120,100 [R ]
1998 1,304 2,263 3,566 104 292 24,515 5,084 9,646 1,681 425 15,759 [R ] 32,596 [R ] 1,600 62,465 [R ] 45,634 108,099 [R ]
1999 1,306 2,150 3,457 86 226 24,079 5,823 12,290 1,400 447 18,220 [R ] 38,180 [R ] 1,786 67,641 [R ] 45,429 113,071 [R ]
2000 1,327 2,180 3,507 103 249 34,624 9,158 18,555 1,785 867 22,690 [R ] 53,056 [R ] 1,888 93,221 [R ] 47,859 141,080 [R ]
2001 1,247 2,325 3,572 109 191 38,597 9,055 15,757 3,343 629 19,348 [R ] 48,132 [R ] 2,216 92,598 [R ] 48,519 141,117 [R ]
2002 1,258 2,268 3,526 64 244 31,199 7,586 14,627 3,302 619 20,405 [R ] 46,539 [R ] 2,592 84,036 [R ] 46,606 130,641 [R ]
2003 1,283 2,269 3,552 70 239 41,168 8,879 [R ] 17,928 [R ] 3,978 966 23,111 [R ] 54,860 [R ] 1,935 101,685 [R ] 49,962 151,648 [R ]
2004 1,499 2,565 4,064 107 1,232 47,464 12,168 23,385 5,431 1,163 29,028 [R ] 71,175 [R ] 1,919 125,746 [R ] 51,491 177,237 [R ]
2005 1,964 3,040 5,004 147 780 55,300 17,945 26,248 6,354 1,867 35,362 [R ] 87,776 [R ] 3,451 152,164 [R ] 56,229 208,393 [R ]
2006 2,132 3,273 5,405 128 636 52,570 [R ] 20,647 32,858 7,608 1,849 43,315 [R ] 106,276 [R ] 3,509 168,268 [R ] 59,764 228,033 [R ]
2007 2,175 3,264 5,439 131 478 51,126 22,573 36,734 6,739 1,700 45,588 [R ] 113,335 [R ] 3,183 [R ] 173,430 [R ] 62,934 236,364 [R ]
2008 2,606 3,684 6,290 210 1,676 61,877 33,201 [R ] 39,598 6,367 2,408 [R ] 52,763 [R ] 134,337 [R ] 3,401 [R ] 207,370 [R ] 65,840 273,210 [R ]
2009 2,192 3,196 5,388 135 93 36,302 15,801 [R ] 27,215 4,490 1,134 [R ] 32,980 [R ] 81,620 [R ] 2,300 [R ] 125,567 [R ] 59,662 185,229 [R ]
2010 3,239 [R ] 3,379 [R ] 6,618 [R ] 245 403 38,532 [R ] 21,336 [R ] 37,738 [R ] 5,895 [R ] 1,365 [R ] 40,414 [R ] 106,749 [R ] 3,180 [R ] 155,236 [R ] 62,745 217,982 [R ]
2011 3,885 3,453 7,338 210 552 37,511 30,484 48,840 7,337 2,086 47,436 136,183 3,273 184,647 64,566 249,214
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural gas. gThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal energy.
bLiquefied petroleum gases. hFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not included in the motor gasoline
column.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dIncludes asphalt and road oil, kerosene, lubricants, and the other petroleum products as described in the Technical Notes,
Section 4, "Other Petroleum Products."
Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท Industrial sector includes
industrial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and industrial electricity-only plants.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded coverage of the use of wood and
biomass waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.