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Table ET7. Electric Power Sector Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States

Table ET7. Electric Power Sector Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States





Year



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum

Nuclear
Fuel
Biomass

Electricity
Imports c


Total
Energy d
Distillate
Fuel Oil
Petroleum
Coke
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total
Wood and
Waste b
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.31 0.28 0.57 0.29 0.41 0.42 0.18 0.65 1.92 0.32
1971 0.36 0.31 0.70 0.30 0.57 0.58 0.18 0.69 2.07 0.38
1972 0.38 0.33 0.88 0.31 0.64 0.66 0.18 0.72 2.18 0.42
1973 0.41 0.35 1.15 0.28 0.78 0.80 0.19 0.77 2.35 0.47
1974 0.71 0.49 2.14 0.36 1.87 1.89 0.20 0.84 3.18 0.87
1975 0.82 0.75 2.22 0.53 1.99 2.00 0.24 0.92 3.89 0.97
1976 0.85 1.03 2.39 1.50 1.95 1.98 0.25 0.98 4.15 1.03
1977 0.95 1.29 2.72 1.37 2.19 2.23 0.27 1.04 4.70 1.17
1978 1.12 1.43 2.78 0.86 2.13 2.17 0.30 1.12 5.24 1.27
1979 1.22 1.74 4.15 1.38 2.98 3.04 0.34 1.56 5.73 1.50
1980 1.35 2.20 5.75 2.61 4.25 4.34 0.43 1.74 6.94 1.77
1981 1.53 2.80 7.32 0.95 5.32 5.43 0.48 1.24 8.06 2.04
1982 1.65 3.37 6.99 1.15 4.83 4.94 0.54 1.28 9.31 2.05
1983 1.66 3.47 6.20 1.27 4.60 4.68 0.58 1.12 9.32 2.02
1984 1.66 3.58 6.22 1.25 4.82 4.90 0.67 1.28 9.08 2.02
1985 1.65 3.43 5.89 1.27 4.24 4.35 0.71 0.79 9.34 1.91
1986 1.58 2.35 3.67 1.04 2.42 2.48 0.70 0.32 9.27 1.60
1987 1.51 2.24 4.17 1.04 2.97 3.04 0.71 0.95 8.97 1.57
1988 1.47 2.26 3.81 0.99 2.41 2.49 0.73 0.87 8.84 1.49
1989 1.45 2.37 4.25 0.86 2.85 2.95 0.70 0.53 8.88 1.51
1990 1.46 2.34 5.61 0.82 3.30 3.42 0.67 0.34 8.37 1.48
1991 1.45 2.16 4.84 0.81 2.46 2.59 0.63 0.41 7.20 1.40
1992 1.41 2.33 4.76 0.75 2.48 2.57 0.59 0.42 6.60 1.38
1993 1.39 2.58 4.46 0.77 2.37 2.42 0.56 0.52 6.61 1.40
1994 1.36 2.26 4.09 0.57 2.40 2.47 0.56 1.09 6.35 1.36
1995 1.32 2.03 4.16 0.70 2.59 2.61 0.54 1.13 6.21 1.29
1996 1.29 2.68 5.03 0.72 3.02 3.07 0.51 0.75 6.37 1.35
1997 1.28 2.79 4.53 0.96 2.82 2.82 0.51 0.53 6.71 1.38
1998 1.26 2.45 3.46 0.67 2.09 2.09 0.50 0.66 7.87 1.32
1999 1.23 2.62 4.11 0.61 2.40 2.43 0.48 0.54 8.69 1.33
2000 1.21 4.53 6.87 0.48 4.09 4.20 0.46 0.68 16.78 1.71
2001 1.25 5.21 6.16 0.97 3.78 3.87 0.44 1.30 20.47 1.85
2002 1.25 3.60 5.69 0.57 3.79 3.46 0.43 1.66 8.94 1.54
2003 1.27 5.42 6.84 0.61 4.47 4.22 0.42 1.68 13.21 1.84
2004 1.35 5.96 8.33 0.79 4.58 4.23 0.42 1.61 13.84 2.00
2005 1.53 8.25 11.48 0.98 6.86 6.13 0.43 2.31 16.53 2.61
2006 1.68 6.92 14.31 1.26 8.12 6.56 0.44 2.55 17.32 2.48
2007 1.78 7.11 15.56 1.54 8.98 7.94 0.46 3.22 18.25 2.68
2008 1.05 [R ] 9.04 21.44 1.88 13.48 10.90 0.47 2.53 18.28 3.21
2009 1.10 [R ] 4.82 13.37 1.62 8.98 7.15 0.52 [R ] 2.40 12.10 2.44 [R ]
2010 2.28 5.16 16.63 2.13 12.47 9.42 0.62 2.62 13.31 2.62
2011 2.38 4.80 22.56 2.92 18.93 12.00 0.65 2.64 12.44 2.65
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 2,237 1,151 80 6 797 882 44 2 40 4,357
1971 2,637 1,283 141 5 1,300 1,446 73 2 50 5,491
1972 2,977 1,351 274 6 1,759 2,039 104 2 78 6,551
1973 3,518 1,294 313 4 2,508 2,825 177 3 135 7,952
1974 6,060 1,720 661 7 5,681 6,350 259 2 167 14,558
1975 7,178 2,422 502 1 5,842 6,345 448 2 150 16,545
1976 8,284 3,242 582 3 6,289 6,874 520 3 156 19,078
1977 9,718 4,225 771 4 7,926 8,701 743 5 323 23,715
1978 11,472 4,695 767 10 7,882 8,660 915 4 380 26,125
1979 13,806 6,281 740 11 9,244 9,995 941 8 440 31,472
1980 16,450 8,357 972 14 10,446 11,432 1,189 8 592 38,027
1981 19,365 10,524 908 4 11,032 11,944 1,436 5 999 44,274
1982 20,641 11,236 624 5 7,116 7,745 1,684 4 1,043 42,354
1983 21,873 10,373 596 10 6,620 7,226 1,859 4 1,230 42,566
1984 23,165 11,521 550 9 5,737 6,296 2,384 12 1,308 44,686
1985 24,056 10,819 502 9 4,232 4,742 2,878 11 1,463 43,970
1986 22,755 6,305 306 10 3,288 3,603 3,061 4 1,287 37,016
1987 22,785 6,583 373 11 3,439 3,823 3,378 15 1,598 38,182
1988 23,290 6,123 416 12 3,468 3,896 4,057 15 1,171 38,553
1989 23,376 7,569 648 13 4,368 5,029 3,939 124 792 40,829
1990 23,671 7,809 541 25 3,841 4,408 4,104 108 527 40,626
1991 23,536 7,359 405 24 2,672 3,101 4,073 145 539 38,752
1992 23,270 8,239 350 34 2,164 2,548 3,802 167 636 38,663
1993 23,904 9,172 386 61 2,275 2,722 3,597 214 707 40,317
1994 23,416 9,056 491 40 2,083 2,615 3,777 472 1,015 40,352
1995 23,138 8,769 449 57 1,465 1,971 3,810 476 908 39,073
1996 23,862 10,387 550 57 1,899 2,506 3,624 328 945 41,652
1997 24,156 11,588 501 98 2,014 2,613 3,369 235 985 42,947
1998 24,140 11,525 470 83 2,184 2,736 3,555 294 1,061 43,311
1999 23,666 12,903 576 69 2,304 2,949 3,643 247 1,281 44,689
2000 24,424 24,104 1,201 47 3,562 4,809 3,628 307 2,783 60,054
2001 24,460 28,618 1,050 100 3,792 4,942 3,524 439 2,689 64,672
2002 24,811 20,839 725 99 2,499 3,324 3,504 629 1,122 54,230
2003 25,687 28,506 1,100 106 3,884 5,090 3,362 669 1,370 64,685
2004 27,476 33,433 927 176 4,023 5,126 3,445 625 1,615 71,720
2005 31,684 49,807 1,316 239 6,010 7,564 3,469 938 2,512 95,975
2006 34,425 44,216 1,054 269 2,927 4,251 3,637 1,054 2,523 90,104
2007 37,076 49,995 1,389 263 3,562 5,215 3,871 1,362 3,200 100,719
2008 42,905 61,936 1,567 290 3,240 5,097 3,976 1,101 3,556 118,571
2009 40,199 33,964 938 224 1,626 2,788 4,345 [R ] 1,058 2,155 84,508 [R ]
2010 43,596 38,991 1,336 306 1,921 3,563 5,202 [R ] 1,204 2,047 94,603 [R ]
2011 42,947 37,154 1,448 425 1,761 3,635 5,398 1,155 2,220 92,509
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with natural
gas.
Where shown, R = Revised data.
bWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท The electric
power sector comprises electricity-only and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) plants within the NAICS 22
category whose primary business is to sell electricity, or electricity and heat, to the public. ยท Through 1988,
data is for electric utilities only. Beginning in 1989, data includes independent power producers.
cElectricity imported from Canada and Mexico. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
dThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar thermal
energy.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical Notes.