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Table ET4. Commercial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2011, United States

Table ET4. Commercial Sector Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates by Source, 1970-2011, United States







Year
Primary Energy



Retail
Electricity




Total
Energy f,g,h



Coal


Natural
Gas a
Petroleum Biomass


Total f,g,h
Distillate
Fuel Oil

Kerosene

LPG b
Motor
Gasoline c
Residual
Fuel Oil

Total d
Wood and
Waste e,f
Prices in Dollars per Million Btu
1970 0.44 0.75 1.10 0.77 1.24 2.86 0.45 0.90 0.66 0.80 6.09 1.97
1971 0.48 0.80 1.16 0.81 1.29 2.91 0.61 1.02 0.69 0.87 6.44 2.15
1972 0.51 0.86 1.16 0.80 1.30 2.90 0.65 1.05 0.69 0.91 6.71 2.32
1973 0.52 0.91 1.37 0.96 1.40 3.11 0.78 1.20 0.80 1.00 7.06 2.55
1974 1.00 1.05 2.29 2.16 2.45 4.34 1.89 2.25 1.24 1.46 8.91 3.40
1975 1.31 1.32 2.42 2.32 2.54 4.66 1.91 2.39 1.31 1.68 10.11 4.06
1976 1.23 1.61 2.61 2.67 2.78 4.85 1.87 2.49 1.39 1.90 10.82 4.38
1977 1.30 2.00 2.98 2.96 3.17 5.15 2.20 2.84 1.57 2.28 11.99 5.12
1978 1.39 2.20 3.11 3.15 3.37 5.30 2.06 2.92 1.64 2.42 12.78 5.49
1979 1.46 2.69 4.56 4.54 3.94 7.15 3.01 4.14 2.35 3.10 13.72 6.27
1980 1.53 3.32 6.45 6.46 4.97 9.77 4.12 5.62 3.10 4.01 16.06 7.83
1981 1.79 3.91 7.96 7.48 5.69 10.96 5.12 6.95 3.79 4.72 18.44 9.47
1982 1.87 4.70 7.68 7.31 6.03 10.44 4.67 6.62 3.82 5.10 20.11 10.34
1983 1.74 5.43 6.61 7.10 6.48 9.12 4.51 6.49 3.57 5.60 20.57 10.91
1984 1.80 5.40 6.60 8.03 6.44 8.93 4.94 6.48 3.85 5.58 20.89 11.12
1985 1.77 5.34 6.33 8.18 8.86 9.01 4.50 6.46 3.71 5.53 21.30 11.63
1986 1.68 4.94 4.19 5.21 8.45 6.77 2.71 4.44 2.97 4.66 21.10 11.20
1987 1.54 4.64 4.46 5.11 7.95 7.22 3.10 4.75 2.87 4.57 20.44 10.96
1988 1.54 4.51 4.18 6.11 8.14 7.33 2.53 4.50 2.90 4.41 20.34 10.81
1989 1.54 4.61 4.89 6.01 7.67 8.04 2.92 5.09 2.66 4.63 20.77 11.25
1990 1.64 4.70 5.97 7.31 8.78 9.15 3.41 6.04 3.02 4.93 21.20 11.87
1991 1.58 4.69 5.46 6.67 9.26 8.98 2.61 5.59 2.98 4.80 21.73 12.05
1992 1.60 4.75 5.09 5.96 8.62 9.08 2.68 5.37 2.68 4.78 22.15 12.15
1993 1.61 5.08 4.93 5.64 8.72 9.13 2.75 5.14 2.63 4.97 22.40 12.55
1994 1.57 5.35 4.74 5.94 8.80 9.20 2.90 5.05 2.50 5.14 22.35 12.72
1995 1.55 4.94 4.70 5.55 8.90 9.40 3.14 5.14 2.25 4.85 22.29 12.62
1996 1.51 5.26 5.63 6.40 10.12 10.28 3.75 6.17 2.47 5.29 22.17 12.76
1997 1.51 5.67 5.28 6.18 10.34 10.01 3.27 6.10 2.43 5.58 22.03 13.03
1998 1.51 5.38 4.15 4.88 9.37 8.73 2.38 5.09 2.09 5.19 21.48 13.05
1999 1.51 5.22 4.65 5.33 9.15 9.45 2.69 5.56 1.89 5.14 21.01 12.84
2000 1.45 6.54 7.48 8.87 11.94 11.94 4.49 8.27 2.99 6.73 21.52 13.90
2001 1.57 8.32 6.70 8.38 12.92 11.50 4.06 7.88 3.22 8.03 22.99 15.54
2002 1.63 6.49 6.21 8.14 10.55 10.81 4.08 7.14 2.81 6.46 22.81 14.66
2003 1.59 8.07 7.62 9.80 12.52 12.26 5.30 8.60 [R ] 3.48 7.99 23.54 15.61 [R ]
2004 1.84 9.19 9.58 11.41 14.50 14.44 5.26 10.16 3.54 9.12 23.95 16.55
2005 2.25 10.98 13.63 14.96 16.94 17.86 7.48 13.55 4.67 11.17 25.40 18.59
2006 2.37 11.60 15.74 18.73 18.90 20.20 8.69 15.91 4.73 12.11 27.72 20.63
2007 2.47 10.99 17.24 21.13 20.77 21.94 9.71 17.52 5.55 11.85 28.27 20.73
2008 3.75 [R ] 11.89 23.86 25.61 [R ] 24.64 25.46 13.18 [R ] 23.02 [R ] 6.58 13.49 [R ] 30.38 22.44
2009 4.25 [R ] 9.70 14.66 21.91 19.51 18.41 9.90 [R ] 15.50 [R ] 4.72 [R ] 10.49 [R ] 29.81 20.67
2010 3.73 [R ] 9.20 18.31 24.42 21.64 [R ] 21.81 12.90 [R ] 18.84 [R ] 5.39 [R ] 10.63 [R ] 29.87 20.91 [R ]
2011 3.99 8.80 24.50 28.40 24.14 27.79 17.34 24.08 5.89 11.21 30.00 21.17
Expenditures in Million Dollars
1970 72 1,844 646 47 177 247 323 1,440 1 3,358 7,319 10,678
1971 85 2,060 690 45 187 244 409 1,574 1 3,721 8,301 12,021
1972 78 2,289 733 44 200 253 422 1,653 1 4,021 9,443 13,464
1973 84 2,421 880 62 205 270 519 1,936 1 4,442 10,707 15,149
1974 173 2,741 1,364 118 329 360 1,120 3,290 2 6,206 13,373 19,579
1975 191 3,385 1,423 114 329 415 939 3,219 3 6,799 16,157 22,956
1976 177 4,379 1,713 117 377 470 1,062 3,739 3 8,298 18,148 26,447
1977 192 5,094 2,014 154 429 518 1,296 4,411 4 9,702 21,023 30,725
1978 229 5,812 2,073 173 442 565 1,098 4,350 5 10,396 23,166 33,563
1979 221 7,623 2,663 356 375 747 1,518 5,659 8 13,511 25,433 38,944
1980 179 8,858 3,337 262 438 1,046 2,325 7,409 17 16,463 30,611 47,074
1981 245 10,085 3,641 519 492 1,003 2,138 7,794 20 18,145 37,484 55,629
1982 291 12,565 3,378 222 489 914 1,862 6,865 21 19,743 41,759 61,503
1983 282 13,602 4,304 790 625 934 939 7,592 20 21,499 43,529 65,028
1984 305 14,012 4,855 288 536 957 1,311 7,948 21 22,289 47,304 69,593
1985 243 13,368 3,995 268 842 866 1,025 6,996 22 20,633 50,092 70,725
1986 228 11,770 2,614 260 786 720 786 5,166 20 17,188 51,449 68,637
1987 195 11,601 2,707 249 807 799 814 5,377 21 17,198 51,900 69,098
1988 203 12,377 2,506 160 808 809 666 4,950 24 17,558 54,411 71,969
1989 177 12,908 2,803 166 839 819 666 5,293 68 18,451 57,460 75,911
1990 203 12,681 3,199 87 898 1,018 785 5,986 104 18,979 60,627 79,605
1991 183 13,175 2,823 81 1,002 764 554 5,224 104 18,690 63,407 82,098
1992 187 13,685 2,579 66 922 722 506 4,796 102 18,774 64,233 83,007
1993 187 14,967 2,432 79 952 270 475 4,209 106 19,469 67,626 87,095
1994 184 15,927 2,373 116 944 232 498 4,162 99 20,373 69,637 90,010
1995 181 15,383 2,250 123 967 170 445 3,956 106 19,625 72,481 92,106
1996 181 17,106 2,717 135 1,239 273 515 4,879 127 22,293 74,121 96,414
1997 195 18,755 2,344 152 1,244 428 363 4,531 125 23,606 77,153 100,758
1998 151 16,667 1,778 152 1,102 340 203 3,575 99 20,492 78,999 99,492
1999 154 16,351 2,038 143 1,283 269 197 3,931 104 20,539 79,141 99,681
2000 125 21,339 3,672 263 1,796 532 411 6,674 155 28,294 85,129 113,423
2001 139 25,879 3,404 263 1,844 430 284 6,225 145 32,388 93,402 125,790
2002 143 20,926 2,758 130 1,485 488 326 5,187 146 26,401 93,763 120,164
2003 132 26,411 3,779 [R ] 183 1,964 735 589 7,249 [R ] 188 33,980 [R ] 96,263 130,243 [R ]
2004 189 29,518 4,506 234 2,203 645 644 8,233 209 38,148 100,546 138,694
2005 215 33,838 6,098 323 2,226 817 866 10,331 259 44,644 110,522 155,165
2006 153 33,736 6,314 284 2,327 984 654 10,563 264 44,716 122,914 167,630
2007 174 34,005 6,620 194 2,522 1,342 732 11,410 306 45,895 128,903 174,798
2008 302 [R ] 38,476 9,230 [R ] 114 [R ] 3,893 1,164 936 [R ] 15,337 [R ] 393 54,507 [R ] 138,469 192,976 [R ]
2009 311 [R ] 31,012 5,853 [R ] 92 [R ] 2,709 978 705 [R ] 10,338 [R ] 286 [R ] 41,947 [R ] 132,940 174,887 [R ]
2010 259 [R ] 29,184 [R ] 7,170 [R ] 118 3,032 1,164 [R ] 796 [R ] 12,279 [R ] 335 [R ] 42,057 [R ] 135,559 177,616 [R ]
2011 246 28,367 10,222 91 3,536 1,259 932 16,040 391 45,044 135,926 180,971
aNatural gas as it is consumed; includes supplemental gaseous fuels that are commingled with
natural gas.
gThere are no direct fuel costs for hydroelectric, geothermal, wind, photovoltaic, or solar
thermal energy.
bLiquefied petroleum gases. hFrom 1981 through 1992, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline that is not
included in the motor gasoline column.
cBeginning in 1993, includes fuel ethanol blended into motor gasoline. Where shown, R = Revised data.
dIncludes small amounts of petroleum coke not shown separately. Notes: Expenditure totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding. ยท
Commercial sector includes commercial combined-heat-and-power (CHP) and commercial
electricity-only plants.
eWood, wood-derived fuels, and biomass waste. Prior to 2001, includes non-biomass waste. Web Page: All data are available at http://www.eia.gov/state/seds/seds-data-complete.cfm.
fThere is a discontinuity in this time series between 1988 and 1989 due to the expanded
coverage of the use of wood and biomass waste beginning in 1989.
Sources: Data sources, estimation procedures, and assumptions are described in the Technical
Notes.