|SThis slide shows downstream capacity as a
percent of distillation capacity for 6 of the largest producing countries in
Europe and Asia, and for the 4 largest oil-producing exporters in the Middle
|SWhile available distillation capacity is a
critical factor in meeting world demand, downstream capability is critical in
producing the cleaner fuels required by the U.S.
|SNot surprisingly, fluid catalytic cracking
capacity is more common in U.S. refineries than elsewhere because it is an
excellent gasoline production process, and gasoline’s share of petroleum
demand in the US is higher than in these other regions.
|SHydrotreating is commonly used to remove
sulfur, and there is more hytrotreating capability in the U.S. and Europe per
barrel of crude oil capacity than in Asia or the Middle East. Another important aspect of hydrotreating
capacity is that it has the ability to reduce sulfur to very low levels,
(less than 10 ppm.) Thus, in the
following slides, you will see expansion of hydrotreating in regions already
with seemingly high capacity.