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About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas           
 based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates


Currently, there are 58 locations at which natural gas can be exported or imported into the United States, including 9 LNG (liquefied natural gas) facilities in the continental United States and Alaska (There is a tenth U.S. LNG import facility located in Puerto Rico). At 28 of these locations natural gas or LNG currently can only be imported; while at 17 they may only be exported (1 LNG export facility is located in Alaska). At 13 of the 58 locations natural gas may, and sometimes does, flow in both directions, although at each of these sites the flow is primarily either import or export.

                                                  Locations of U. S. Natural Gas Import & Export Points, 2009                

Map Key

Location Name (U.S)

Foreign Location Name

Operation (Import/ Export/Both)

State To/   From

Country From/To

    U.S. Pipeline

Foreign Pipeline 

Capacity (MMcf/d)

Pipeline Diameter (Inches)

Year Service Began

1 Sumas Huntingdon Both (but primarily imports) WA British Columbia, Canada Northwest Pipeline (Ferndale & Sumas International use these facilities) Duke Energy Gas Transmission Canada

1,676 Imp

51 Exp

36, 30,26, & 20
~1962
2 Eastport Kingsgate Import ID British Columbia, Canada Gas Transmission - Northwest Foothills Pipeline/Alberta Natural Gas
2,967
42 & 36
1961
3 Babb Cardston Both (but primarily imports) MT Alberta, Canada EnCana Pipelines Ltd  Canadian-Montana Pipeline Ltd
60
10
1989
4 Port of del Bonita Del Bonita Import MT Alberta, Canada Omimex Resources Inc Canadian-Montana Pipeline Ltd
2
4
~1978
5 Regent Station Coutts Import MT Alberta, Canada Connector Pipeline Co Regent Resources Ltd
20
4
2003
6 Sweetgrass Coutts Import MT Alberta, Canada EnCana Pipelines Ltd  Canadian-Montana Pipeline Ltd
15
10
~1976
7 Sierra Station Coutts Import MT Alberta, Canada Sierra Production Co Sierra Production Co
24
6
2003
8 Whitlash Aden Import MT Alberta, Canada EnCana Pipelines Ltd  Canadian-Montana Pipeline Ltd
26
6 & 8
1980
9 Harve Willowcreek Both (but primarily exports) MT Saskatchewan, Canada Havre Pipeline Co Many Islands Pipeline Ltd
10
8
1993
10 South Battle Creek Loomis Export MT Saskatchewan, Canada Omimex Resources Inc Many Islands Pipeline Ltd
15
6
2001
11 Port of Morgan Monchy Import MT Saskatchewan, Canada Northern Border Pipeline Foothills Pipelines Ltd
2,373
42
1986
12 Port of Morgan MPC Monchy Import MT Saskatchewan, Canada EnCana Pipelines Ltd  Foothills Pipelines Ltd
10
4
NA
13 Portal North Portal Import ND Saskatchewan, Canada Portal Municipal Gas/Williston Basin PL Co WBI Canadian Pipeline Ltd
49
16
1994
14 Portal (Interenergy) North Portal Import ND Saskatchewan, Canada Interenergy Sheffield Gas Co via Willliston Interenergy Sheffield Processing Co
3
8
1998
15 Sherwood Northgate Import ND Saskatchewan, Canada Alliance Pipeline Co Alliance Pipeline Canada
1,875
36
2000
16 Noyes Emerson Both (but primarily imports) MN Manitoba, Canada Great Lakes and Viking Transmission Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
2,928
36 (2) & 24
1967
17 Warroad Spraque Import MN Manitoba, Canada Centra-Minnesota Pipeline Co Centra Transmission, Inc.
63
12
~1975
18 Baudette Rainy River Export MN Ontario, Canada Centra-Minnesota Pipeline Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
63
12
~1975
19 International Falls Fort Frances Import MN Ontario, Canada Centra-Minnesota Pipeline Co Centra Transmission, Inc.
63
12
~1975
20 Sault Ste. Marie Sault Ste. Marie Export MI Ontario, Canada Great Lakes Gas Trans Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
130
12 & 10
1967
21 Marysville Sarnia Import MI Ontario, Canada Bluewater Pipeline Union Gas Ltd
500
20 & 12
1996
22 St Clair River Sarnia Both (but primarily exports) MI Ontario, Canada Vector Pipeline/Great Lakes Trans Union Gas Ltd
3,410
36 (2) & 24
1994
23 Detroit Windsor Both (but primarily exports) MI Ontario, Canada Panhandle Eastern/Great Lakes/ANR/MichCon St Clair Pipeline Ltd
100
26 & 22
1988
24 Niagara Falls Niagara Falls Both (but primarily imports) NY Ontario, Canada Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
1,297
30 & 20
~1976
25 Grand Island Chippawa Import NY Ontario, Canada Empire Pipeline Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
655
24
1994
26 Waddington Iroquois Import NY Ontario, Canada Iroquois Pipeline Co TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
1,150
30
1991
27 Massena Cornwall Import NY Ontario, Canada St Lawrence Gas Co Niagara Gas Transmission Ltd
62
12
1962
28 Champlain Napierville Import NY Quebec, Canada North Country Pipeline TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
56
10
1993
29 Highgate Springs Phillipsburg Import VT Quebec, Canada Vermont Gas System TransCanada Pipeline Ltd
62
12
1965
30 Pittsburg East Hereford Both (but primarily imports) NH Quebec, Canada Portland Gas Trans Pipeline Co TransQuebec & Maritimes
216
24
1999
31 Calais St Stephen Import ME New Brunswick, Canada Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline Co Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline Canada
865
24
1999
32 Alamo Reynosa Both (but primarily exports) TX Tamaulipas, Mexico Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co Pemex Pipeline
215
24
1999
33 Rio Bravo Hidalgo Export TX Tamaulipas, Mexico Tennessee Gas Pipeline Gasoducto del Rio Pipeline Co
315
30
2003
34 Hidalgo Reynosa Both (but primarily exports) TX Tamaulipas, Mexico Texas Eastern Transmission Co Pemex Pipeline
350
30
1989
35 Mcallen Reynosa Both (but primarily exports) TX Tamaulipas, Mexico Coral Energy Pipeline Pemex Pipeline
350
24
2000
36 Penitas Penitas Export TX Tamaulipas, Mexico West Texas Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
400
24
1992
37 Salineno Ciudad Camargo Export TX Tamaulipas, Mexico Kinder-Morgan Border Pipeline Co Pemex Pipeline
375
30
2003
38 Eagle Pass-Tidelands Piedras Negras Export TX Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico Tidelands Oil & Gas Pemex Pipeline
15
12
2003
39 Eagle Pass-WTG Piedras Negras Export TX Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico West Texas Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
38
12
1980
40 Del Rio Acuna Export TX Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico West Texas Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
25
8
2004
41 Clint Ciudad Juarez Export TX Chihuahua, Mexico Samalayuca Pipeline (El Paso Energy) Pemex Pipeline
312
24
1997
42 El Paso Del Norte Export TX Chihuahua, Mexico OkTex Pipeline Co Pemex Pipeline
90
12
~1972
43 Douglas II Agua Prieta Export AZ Sonara, Mexico El Paso Natural Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
78
16
1999
44 Douglas Agua Prieta Export AZ Sonara, Mexico El Paso Natural Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
45
10
1992
45 Willcox Lateral Cananea Export AZ Sonara, Mexico El Paso Natural Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
230
16 (2)
2001
46 Nogales Ductos de Nogales Export AZ Sonara, Mexico El Paso Natural Gas Co Pemex Pipeline
8
16
2001
47 Ogilby Sin Nombre Bistrain Both (but primarily Imports) CA Baja California, Mexico North Baja Pipeline Co Gasoducto Bajanorte Ltd
614
30
2002
48 Calexico Mexicali Export CA Baja California, Mexico SouthernCalifornia Gas Co DNG Pipeline Ltd
25
16
1997
49 Otay Mesa Tijuana Both (but primarily exports) CA Baja California, Mexico Sempra Energy Co Gasoducto de Rosarito Ltd
350
30
2000
50 Everett Boston LNG Import MA LNG Tanker Distrigas of Mass. NA
1,300
NA
1971
51 Northeast Gateway Offshore LNG Import MA LNG Tanker Algonquin Gas Trans Co NA
800
24
2007
52 Cove Point Cove Point LNG Import MD LNG Tanker Cove Point LNG NA
1,800
NA
2003
53 Elba Island Elba Island LNG Import GA LNG Tanker SCANA Interstate NA
1,215
NA
2003
54 Lake Charles Lake Charles LNG Import LA LNG Tanker Trunkline LNG NA
2,100
NA
1981
55 Louisiana Energy Bridge Offshore LNG Import LA LNG Tanker Sea Robin Pipeline NA
500
36
2005
56 Sabine Pass Cameron Parish LNG Import LA LNG Tanker Sabine Pass LNG Pipeline NA
2,600
42
2008
57 Freeport Brazoria LNG Import TX LNG Tanker Freeport LNG Pipeline LNG Tanker
1,750
2@42
2008
58 Point Nikiski Cook Inlet LNG Export AK LNG Tanker TAGS Pipeline LNG Tanker
220
NA
1969
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Notes: NA = not known or not available. ~ indicates approximate in-service year. MMcf/d = Million cubic feet per day.  
Sources: Energy Information Administration,  Gas Transportation Information System Exports/Imports Database and U.S. Department of Energy's, Office of Fossil Fuels.