Natural Gas


Short-Term Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: September 9, 2014

Short-term forecasts of natural gas supply, demand, and price projections.

Natural Gas Monthly

Released: August 29, 2014

Highlights activities, events, and analyses associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer related activities and underground storage data are also reported. (archived versions)

Monthly/Annual Energy Review - Natural Gas Section

Released: August 27, 2014

Monthly and latest annual time-series and recent statistics on natural gas supply, disposition, and price.

Natural Gas Issues and Trends

Released: February 7, 2014

The Energy Information Administration's Natural Gas Issues and Trends provides timelier information and analyses on natural gas markets. (archived versions)

Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas

Released: January 30, 2014

The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas report, published today, is a Congressionally-requested study examining the energy trends and developments in the Americas over the past decade. The report focuses on liquid fuels and natural gas—particularly reserves and resources, production, consumption, trade, and investment—given their scale and significance to the region.

Natural Gas Annual

Released: December 12, 2013

Provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by state for the current year. Summary data are presented for each state for the previous 5 years. (archived versions)

Winter Fuels Outlook 2013

Released: October 8, 2013

Heating costs for most households are forecast to rise from last winter’s level.

International Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: July 25, 2013

International natural gas projections through 2040.

Annual Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: June 25, 2012

Natural gas projections to 2040.

What Are the Major Sources and Users of Energy in the United States?

Released: October 25, 2011

Energy in Brief article on energy sources in the United States.

Trends in U.S. Residential Natural Gas Consumption

Released: June 23, 2010

This report presents an analysis of residential natural gas consumption trends in the United States through 2009 and analyzes consumption trends for the United States as a whole (1990 through 2009) and for each Census division (1998 through 2009).

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

Released: June 4, 2010

This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

Revisions in Natural Gas Monthly Consumption and Price Data, 2004 - 2007

Released: December 31, 2009

This report summarizes the method in which natural gas consumption data are collected and processed for publication and details the most notable revisions in natural gas consumption data for the period 2004 to 2007. It is intended to assist data users in evaluating the quality of the monthly consumption and price data for residential, commercial, and industrial consumers of natural gas.

Natural Gas Market Centers: A 2008 Update

Released: April 24, 2009

This special report looks at the current status of market centers in today's natural gas marketplace, examining their role and their importance to natural gas shippers, pipelines, and others involved in the transportation of natural gas over the North American pipeline network.

Impact of Higher Natural Gas Prices on Local Distribution Companies and Residential Customers

Released: August 15, 2007

This report examines some of the problems faced by natural gas consumers as a result of increasing heating bills in recent years and problems associated with larger amounts of uncollectible revenue and lower throughput for the local distribution companies (LDCs) supplying the natural gas.

Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and Commercial Customers: 2002-2005

Released: June 29, 2007

This report compares residential and commercial prices collected from natural gas marketers and local distribution companies in Maryland, New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania from 2002-2005 and gives the history and status of natural gas choice programs in those states.

Natural Gas Industry and Markets

Released: March 3, 2006

This special report provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2004 and is intended as a supplement to the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Natural Gas Annual 2004 (NGA). Unless otherwise stated, all data and figures in this report are based on summary statistics published in the NGA 2004. (archived versions)

Natural Gas Market Centers and Hubs: A 2003 Update

Released: October 1, 2003

This special report looks at the current status of market centers/hubs in today's natural gas marketplace, examining their role and their importance to natural gas shippers, marketers, pipelines, and others involved in the transportation of natural gas over the North American pipeline network.

U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Mid-Term Prospects for Natural Gas Supply

Released: December 1, 2001

This service report describes the recent behavior of natural gas markets with respect to natural gas prices, their potential future behavior, the potential future supply contribution of liquefied natural gas and increased access to federally restricted resources, and the need for improved natural gas data.

U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Recent Trends and Prospects for the Future

Released: May 1, 2001

The purpose of this study is to examine recent trends and prospects for the future of the U.S. natural gas market. Natural gas prices rose dramatically in 2000 and remained high through the first part of 2001, raising concerns about the future of natural gas prices and potential for natural gas to fuel the growth of the U.S. economy.

Impact of Interruptible Natural Gas Service on Northeast Heating Oil Demand

Released: February 1, 2001

Assesses the extent of interruptible natural gas contracts and their effect on heating oil demand in the Northeast.

Next Generation * Natural Gas (NG)2 Information Requirements--Executive Summary

Released: October 1, 2000

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has initiated the Next Generation * Natural Gas (NG)2 project to design and implement a new and comprehensive information program for natural gas to meet customer requirements in the post-2000 time frame.

Natural Gas Winter Outlook 2000-2001

Released: October 1, 2000

This article is based on the Winter Fuels Outlook published in the 4th Quarter Short-Term Energy Outlook and discusses the supply and demand outlook from October 2000 through March 2001.

Northeast Heating Fuel Market The, Assessment and Options

Released: May 1, 2000

In response to the President's request, this study examines how the distillate fuel oil market (and related energy markets) in the Northeast behaved in the winter of 1999-2000, explains the role played by residential, commercial, industrial, and electricity generation sector consumers in distillate fuel oil markets and describes how that role is influenced by the structure of the energy markets in the Northeast

Natural Gas: A Preliminary Summary 1999

Released: May 1, 2000

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1999 which were reported on monthly surveys of the industry through December.

How Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing

Released: March 1, 2000

The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines were opened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their natural gas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly through a connecting pipeline.

Retail Unbundling

Released: July 1, 1999

This special report provides a brief summary of the status of retail unbundling programs (also known as "customer choice" programs) for residential natural gas customers in various states,

Natural Gas: A Preliminary Summary 1998

Released: April 1, 1999

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1998 which were reported on monthly surveys of the industry through December.

Revisions to Monthly Natural Gas Data

Released: July 1, 1998

Revisions to reporting of monthly natural gas data for 1994, 1995, and 1996. (archived versions)

Worldwide Natural Gas Supply and Demand and the Outlook for Global LNG Trade

Released: August 1, 1997

This article is adapted from testimony by Jay Hakes, Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee on July 23, 1997. The hearing focused on the examination of certain aspects of natural gas into the next century with special emphasis on world natural gas supply and demand to 2015.

State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets

Released: December 1, 1996

Restructuring of interstate pipeline companies has created new choices and challenges for local distribution companies (LDCs), their regulators, and their customers. The process of separating interstate pipeline gas sales from transportation service has been completed and has resulted in greater gas procurement options for LDCs.

Emergence of Natural Gas Market Centers

Released: December 1, 1996

Discusses the value of market centers in today's marketplace, highlighting their importance in capacity and financial transactions.

Natural Gas Industry Restructuring and EIA Data Collection

Released: June 1, 1996

The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Reserves and Natural Gas Division has undertaken an in-depth reevaluation of its programs in an effort to improve the focus and quality of the natural gas data that it gathers and reports. This article is to inform natural gas data users of proposed changes and of the opportunity to provide comments and input on the direction that EIA is taking to improve its data.

Natural Gas 1995: Preliminary Highlights

Released: April 1, 1996

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1995.


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