‹ Analysis & Projections

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Release Date: September 7, 2016  |  Next Release Date: October 12, 2016  |  Full Report    |   Text Only   |   All Tables   |   All Figures


  • Benchmark North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices averaged $46/barrel (b) in August, a $1/b increase from July. This was the fourth consecutive month in which Brent spot crude oil prices averaged between $44/b and $49/b.
  • Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $43/b in 2016 and $52/b in 2017. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices are forecast to average $1/b less than Brent in 2016 and 2017. The current values of futures and options contracts suggest high uncertainty in the price outlook. For example, EIA's forecast for the average WTI price in December 2016 of $44/b should be considered in the context of Nymex contract values for December 2016 delivery. Contracts traded during the five-day period ending September 1 (Market Prices and Uncertainty Report) suggest the market expects WTI prices could range from $34/b to $65/b (at the 95% confidence interval) in December 2016.
  • U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are expected to decline from an average of $2.18/gallon (gal) in August to $1.92/gal in December. For the year, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $2.08/gal in 2016 and $2.26/gal in 2017.
  • U.S. crude oil production averaged 9.4 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2015. Production is forecast to average 8.8 million b/d in 2016 and 8.5 million b/d in 2017. Production levels in 2017 for this forecast are 0.2 million b/d higher than in the August STEO. The upward revisions to production largely reflect an assumption of higher drilling activity, rig efficiency, and well-level productivity than assumed in previous forecasts.
  • Natural gas working inventories were 3,401 billion cubic feet (Bcf) on August 26. This level is 8% higher than last year during the same week, and 11% higher than the previous five-year (2011-15) average for that week. EIA projects that natural gas inventories will be 4,042 Bcf at the end of October 2016, which would be the highest end-of-October level on record.


What's New in STEO

Based on feedback from our readers, EIA plans to change the focus and layout of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) analysis text, beginning with the upcoming October release. All forecast tables and charts will remain the same. The text of the report will focus more attention on current developments in oil and natural gas markets.

Price Summary
  2014 2015 2016 2017
a West Texas Intermediate.
b Average regular pump price.
c On-highway retail.
d U.S. Residential average.
WTI Crude Oila
(dollars per barrel)
93.17 48.67 41.92 50.58
Brent Crude Oil
(dollars per barrel)
98.89 52.32 42.54 51.58
(dollars per gallon)
3.36 2.43 2.08 2.26
(dollars per gallon)
3.83 2.71 2.31 2.70
Heating Oild
(dollars per gallon)
3.71 2.65 2.11 2.58
Natural Gasd
(dollars per thousand cubic feet)
10.94 10.36 10.06 10.79
(cents per kilowatthour)
12.52 12.67 12.60 12.98

Interactive Data Viewers

Provides custom data views of historical and forecast data

STEO Custom Table Builder ›
Real Prices Viewer ›

In beta testing:

STEO Data browser ›