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Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030
 

Figure 1. Energy Prices, 1980-2030 Figure 1 Data
Figure 2. Delivered Energy Consumption by Sector Figure 2 Data
Figure 3. Energy Consumption by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 3 Data
Figure 4. Energy Use Per Capita and Per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product, 1980-2030 Figure 4 Data
Figure 5. Electricity Generation by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 5 Data
Figure 6. Total Energy Production and Consumption, 1980-2030 Figure 6 Data
Figure 7. Energy Production by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 7 Data
Figure 8. Projected U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Fuel, 1990-2030 Figure 8 Data
Figure 9. Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in Selected States, 1980-2003 Figure 9 Data
Figure 10. World Oil Prices in the AEO2005 and AEO 2006 Reference Cases Figure 10 Data
Figure 11. World Oil Prices in Three AEO2006 cases, 1980-2030 Figure 11 Data
Figure 12. Changes in World Oil Prices and U.S. Real GDP in the AEO2006 High and Low Price Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 12 Data
Figure 13. Elasticities with Respect to Oil Price Changes in the High Price Case, 2006-2030 Figure 13 Data
Figure 14. Pervin and Gertz Forecast for World Oil Production by Crude Oil Quality, 1990-2020 Figure 14 Data
Figure 15. Sulfur Content Specifications for U.S. Petroleum Products, 1990-2014 Figure 15 Data
Figure 16. U.S. Hydrotreating Capacity, 1990-2030 Figure 16 Data
Figure 17. Market Penetration of Advanced Technologies in New Cars, 2004 and 2030 Figure 17 Data
Figure 18. Market Penetration of Advanced Technologies in New Light Trucks, 2004- and 2030 Figure 19 Data
Figure 20. Mercury Emissions from the Electricity Generation Sector, 2002-2030 Figure 20 Data
Figure 21. Mercury Allowance Prices, 2010-2030 Figure 21 Data
Figure 22. Coal-fired Generating Capacity Retrofitted with Activated Carbon Injection Systems, 2010-2030 Figure 22 Data
Figure 23. Projected Change in U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity in Three Cases, 2002-2020 Figure 23 Data
Figure 24. Average Annual Growth Rates of Real GDP, Labor Force, and Productivity in Three Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 24 Data
Figure 25. Average Annual Unemployment, Interest, and Inflation Rates, 2004-2030 Figure 25 Data
Figure 26. Sectoral Composition of Output Growth Rates, 2004-2030 Figure 26 Data
Figure 27. Sectoral Composition of Manufacturing Output Growth Rates, 2004-2030 Figure 27 Data
Figure 28. Energy Expenditures as Share of Gross Domestic Product, 1970-2030 Figure 28 Data
Figure 29. World Oil Prices in Three Cases, 1980-2030 Figure 29 Data
Figure 30. U.S. Gross Petroleum Imports by Source, 2004-2030 Figure 30 Data
Figure 31. Energy Use Per Capita and Per Dollar of Gross Domestic Product, 1980-2030 Figure 31 Data
Figure 32. Primary Energy Use by Fuel, 2004-2030 Figure 32 Data
Figure 33. Delivered Energy Use by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 33 Data
Figure 34. Price Energy Consumption by Sector, 1980 2030 Figure 34 Data
Figure 35. Delivered Residential Energy Consumption Per Capita by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 34 Data
Figure 36. Delivered Residential Energy Consumption by End Use, 2001, 2004, 2015, and 2030 Figure 36 Data
Figure 37. Efficiency Indicators for Selected Residential Appliances, 2004 and 2030 Figure 37 Data
Figure 38. Variation from Reference Case Delivered Residential Energy Use in Three Alternative Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 38 Data
Figure 39. Delivered Commercial Energy Consumption Per Capita by Fuel, 1980-2030 Figure 39 Data
Figure 40. Delivered Commercial Energy Intensity by End Use, 2004, 2015, and 2030 Figure 40 Data
Figure 41. Efficiency Indicators for Selected Commercial Equipment, 2004 and 2030 Figure 41 Data
Figure 42. Variation From Reference Case Delivered Commercial Energy Intensity in Three Alternative Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 42 Data
Figure 43. Buildings Sector Electricity Generation from Advanced Technologies in Two Alternative Cases, 2030 Figure 43 Data
Figure 44. Industrial Energy Intensity by Two Measures, 1980-2030 Figure 44 Data
Figure 45. Energy Intensity in the Industrial Sector, 2004 Figure 45 Data
Figure 46. Average Growth in Industrial Output and Delivered Energy Consumption by Sector, 2004-2030 Figure 46 Data
Figure 47. Projected Energy Intensity in 2030 Relative to 2004, by Industry Figure 47 Data
Figure 48. Variation from Reference Case Delivered Industrial Energy Use in Two Alternative Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 48 Data
Figure 49. Transportation Energy Use Per Capita, 1980-2030 Figure 49 Data
Figure 50. Transportation Travel Demand by Mode, 1980-2030 Figure 50 Data
Figure 51. Average Fuel Economy of New Light-duty Vehicles, 1980-2030 Figure 51 Data
Figure 52. Sales of Advanced Technology Light-Duty Vehicles by Fuel Type, 2015 and 2030 Figure 52 Data
Figure 53. Changes in Projected Transportation Fuel Use in Two Alternative Cases, 2010 and 2030 Figure 53 Data
Figure 54. Changes in Projected Transportation Fuel Efficiency in Two Alternative Cases, 2010 and 2030 Figure 54 Data
Figure 55. Annual Electricity Sales by Sector, 1980-2030 Figure 55 Data
Figure 56. Electricity Generation Capacity Additions by Fuel Type, Including Combined Heat and Power, 2005-2030 Figure 56 Data
Figure 57. Electricity Generation Capacity Additions, Including Combined Heat and Power, by Region and Fuel, 2005-2030 Figure 57 Data
Figure 58. Levelized Electricity Costs for New Plants, 2015 and 2030 Figure 58 Data
Figure 59. Electricity Generation from Nuclear Power, 1973-2030 Figure 59 Data
Figure 60. Additions of Renewable Generating Capacity, 2004-2030 Figure 60 Data
Figure 61. Levelized and Avoided Costs for New Renewable Plants in the Northwest, 2015 and 2030 Figure 61 Data
Figure 62. Electricity Generation by Fuel, 2004 and 2030 Figure 62 Data
Figure 63. Grid-Connected Electricity Generation From Renewable Energy Sources, 1980-2030 Figure 63 Data
Figure 64. Nonhydroelectric Renewable Electricity Generation by Energy Source, 2004-2030 Figure 64 Data
Figure 65. Fuel Prices to Electricity Generators, 1995-2030 Figure 65 Data
Figure 66. Average U.S. Retail Electricity Prices, 1970-2030 Figure 66 Data
Figure 67. Cumulative New Generating Capacity by Technology Type in Three Economic Growth Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 67 Data
Figure 68. Cumulative New Generating Capacity by Technology Type in Three Fossil Fuel Technology Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 68 Data
Figure 69. Levelized Electricity Costs for New Plants by Fuel Type in Two Nuclear Cost Cases, 2015 and 2030 Figure 69 Data
Figure 70. Nonhydroelectric Renewable Electricity Generation by Energy Source in Three Cases, 2010 and 2030 Figure 70 Data
Figure 71. Natural Gas Consumption by Sector, 1990-2030 Figure 71 Data
Figure 72. Increases in Natural Gas Consumption by Census Division, 2004-2030 Figure 72 Data
Figure 73. Natural Gas Consumption by Source, 1990-2030 Figure 73 Data
Figure 74. Net U.S. Imports of Natural Gas by Source, 1990-2030 Figure 74 Data
Figure 75. Lower 48 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices, 1990-2030 Figure 75 Data
Figure 76. Natural Gas Prices by End-Use Sector, 1990-2030 Figure 76 Data
Figure 77. Lower 48 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices in Three Technology Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 77 Data
Figure 78. Natural Gas Production and New Imports in Three Technology Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 78 Data
Figure 79. Lower 48 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices in Three Price Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 79 Data
Figure 80. Net Imports of Liquefied Natural Gas in Three Price Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 80 Data
Figure 81. Net Imports of Liquefied Natural Gas in Three LNG Supply Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 81 Data
Figure 82. Lower 48 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices in Three LNG Supply Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 82 Data
Figure 83. World Oil Prices in the Reference Case, 1990-2030 Figure 83 Data
Figure 84. Domestic Crude Oil Production by Source, 1990-2030 Figure 84 Data
Figure 85. World Oil Price in Three Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 85 Data
Figure 86. Total U.S. Petroleum Production in Three Price Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 86 Data
Figure 87. U.S. Syncrude Production from Oil Shale in the High Price Case, 2004-2030 Figure 87 Data
Figure 88. Total U.S. Crude Oil Production in Three Technology Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 88 Data
Figure 89. Alaskan Oil Production in the Reference and ANWR Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 89 Data
Figure 90. U.S. Net Imports of Oil in the Reference and ANWR Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 90 Data
Figure 91. Consumption of Petroleum Products, 1990-2030 Figure 91 Data
Figure 92. Domestic Refinery Distillation Capacity, 1990-2030 Figure 92 Data
Figure 93. U.S. Petroleum Product Demand and Domestic Petroleum Supply, 1990-2030 Figure 93 Data
Figure 94. Components of Retail Gasoline Prices, 2004, 2015, and 2030 Figure 94 Data
Figure 95. U.S. Ethanol Fuel Consumption in Three Price Cases, 1995-2030 Figure 95 Data
Figure 96. Coal-to-Liquids and Gas-to-Liquids Production in Two Price Cases, 2004-2030 Figure 96 Data
Figure 97. Coal Production by Region, 1970-2030 Figure 97 Data
Figure 98. Distribution of Domestic Coal by Demand and Supply Region, 2003 and 2030 Figure 98 Data
Figure 99. U.S. Coal Mine Employment by Region, 1970-2030 Figure 99 Data
Figure 100. Average Minemouth Price of Coal by Region, 1990-2030 Figure 100 Data
Figure 101. Changes in Regional Coal Transportation Rates, 2010, 2025, and 2030 Figure 101 Data
Figure 102. U.S. Coal Exports and Imports, 1970-2030 Figure 102 Data
Figure 103. Electricity and Other Coal Consumption, 1970-2030 Figure 103 Data
Figure 104. Coal Consumption in the Industrial and Buildings Sectors and at Coal-to-Liquids Plants, 2004, 2015, and 2030 Figure 104 Data
Figure 105. Projected Variation from the Reference Case Projection of U.S. Total Coal Demand in Four Cases, 2030 Figure 105 Data
Figure 106. Average Delivered Coal Prices in Three Cost Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 106 Data
Figure 107. Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Fuel, 2004 and 2030 Figure 107 Data
Figure 108. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Three Economic Growth Cases, 1990-2030 Figure 108 Data
Figure 109. Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Three Technology Cases, 2004, 2020, and 2030 Figure 109 Data
Figure 110. Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1990-2030 Figure 110 Data
Figure 111. Nitrogen Oxide Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1990-2030 Figure 111 Data
Figure 112. Mercury Emissions from Electricity Generation, 1995-2030 Figure 112 Data