Table A.3. Carbon Dioxide Uncontrolled Emission Factors

Fuel EIA Fuel Code Source and Tables (As Appropriate)
Factor (Pounds of CO2 Per Million Btu)***
Bituminous Coal BIT Source: 1 205.30000
Distillate Fuel Oil DFO Source: 1 161.38600
Geothermal GEO Estimate from EIA, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting 16.59983
Jet Fuel JF Source: 1 156.25800
Kerosene KER Source: 1 159.53500
Lignite Coal LIG Source: 1 215.40000
Municipal Solid Waste MSW Source: 1 (including footnote 2 within source) 91.90000
Natural Gas NG Source: 1 117.08000
Petroleum Coke PC Source: 1 225.13000
Propane Gas PG Sources: 1 139.17800
Residual Fuel Oil RFO Source: 1 173.90600
Synthetic Coal SC Assumed to have the emissions similar to Bituminous Coal. 205.30000
Subbituminous Coal SUB Source: 1 212.70000
Tire-Derived Fuel TDF Source: 1 189.53800
Waste Coal WC Assumed to have emissions similar to Bituminous Coal. 205.30000
Waste Oil WO Source: 2, Table 1.11-3 (assumes typical heat content of 4.4 MMBtus per barrel) 210.00000

*** CO2 factors do not vary by combustion system type or boiler firing configuration.

1. Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program, Table of Fuel and Energy Source: Codes and Emission Coefficients; available at:
2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, AP 42, Fifth Edition (Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Volume 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources); available at: