|Aviation Gasoline Blending Components
||Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline
(e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene).
Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as
other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.
||A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons.
|Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB)
||Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished conventional
||A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground
reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through
surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude
stream, it may also include:
Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural
underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being
recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently
commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease
condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field
separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;
Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil, such as sulfur and
Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, oil sands,
gilsonite, and oil shale.
Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce
a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels;
lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their
energy or chemical content.
||A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at
a temperature of -127.48º F. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams.
||An anhydrous denatured aliphatic alcohol intended for gasoline blending as
described in Oxygenates definition.
|Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB)
||Non-certified Foreign Refinery gasoline classified by an importer as blendstock to be either blended or reclassified with respect to reformulated or conventional gasoline. GTAB was classified on EIA surveys as either reformulated or conventional based on emissions performance and the intended end use in data through the end of December 2009. Designation of GTAB as reformulated or conventional was discontinued beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB was reported as a single product beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB data for January 2010 and later months is presented as conventional motor gasoline blending components whenreported as a subset of motor gasoline blending components.
|Heavy Gas Oils
||Petroleum distillates with an approximate boiling range
from 651º F to 1000º F.
||An organic chemical compound of hydrogen and carbon in the gaseous, liquid, or solid phase.
The molecular structure of hydrocarbon compounds varies from the simplest (methane, a
constituent of natural gas) to the very heavy and very complex.
||The lightest of all gases, occurring chiefly in combination with oxygen in water; exists also
in acids, bases, alcohols, petroleum, and other hydrocarbons.
||A normally gaseous branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a
temperature of 10.9º F. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams.
||A light petroleum distillate that is used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters
and is suitable for use as a light source when burned in wick-fed lamps. Kerosene has a
maximum distillation temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent recovery point,
a final boiling point of 572 degrees Fahrenheit, and a minimum flash point of 100 degrees
Fahrenheit. Included are No. 1-K and No. 2-K, the two grades recognized by ASTM Specification
D 3699 as well as all other grades of kerosene called range or stove oil, which have properties
similar to those of No. 1 fuel oil. See Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel.
||A mixture consisting primarily of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons which is recovered as a
liquid from natural gas in lease separation facilities. This category excludes natural gas
liquids, such as butane and propane, which are recovered at downstream natural gas processing
plants or facilities.
|Light Gas Oils
||Liquid petroleum distillates heavier than naphtha, with an approximate boiling range
from 401º F to 650º F
|Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG)
||A group of hydrocarbon-based gases derived from crude oil refining or nautral gas fractionation.
They include: ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and
isobutylene. For convenience of transportation, these gases are liquefied through pressurization.
||Blends of methanol and gasoline-grade tertiary butyl alcohol (GTBA) such that the total
oxygen content does not exceed 3.5 percent by weight and the ratio of methanol to GTBA is
less than or equal to 1. It is also specified that this blended fuel must meet ASTM volatility
specifications (commonly referred to as the "AARCO" waiver).
Blends of up to 5.0 percent by volume methanol with a minimum of 2.5 percent by volume
cosolvent alcohols having a carbon number of 4 or less (i.e., ethanol, propanol, butanol,
and/or GTBA). The total oxygen must not exceed 3.7 percent by weight, and the blend must meet
ASTM volatility specifications as well as phase separation and alcohol purity specifications
(commonly referred to as the "DuPont" waiver).
|Motor Gasoline Blending Components (MGBC)
||Naphthas (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for
blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. These components include reformulated
gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) but exclude oxygenates (alcohols, ethers),
butane, and pentanes plus. Note: Oxygenates are reported as individual components and are
included in the total for other hydrocarbons, hydrogens, and oxygenates.
|MTBE (Methyl tertiary butyl ether)
||An ether intended for gasoline blending as described in "Oxygenates."
||A generic term applied to a petroleum fraction with an approximate boiling range between
122º and 400º F.
|Natural Gas Liquids
||Those hydrocarbons in natural gas that are separated from the gas as liquids through the process
of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants.
Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred
to as lease condensate, natural gasoline, and liquefied petroleum gases. Natural gas liquids
include natural gas plant liquids (primarily ethane, propane, butane, and isobutane;
see Natural Gas Plant Liquids) and lease condensate (primarily pentanes produced from
natural gas at lease separators and field facilities; see Lease Condensate).
|Natural Gas Plant Liquids
||Those hydrocarbons in natural gas that are separated as liquids at natural gas processing
plants, fractionating and cycling plants, and, in some instances, field facilities.
Lease condensate is excluded. Products obtained include ethane; liquefied petroleum
gases (propane, butanes, propane-butane mixtures, ethane-propane mixtures); isopentane;
and other small quantities of finished products, such as motor gasoline, special naphthas,
jet fuel, kerosene, and distillate fuel oil.
|Normal Butane (C4H10)
||A normally gaseous straight chain hydrocarbon that is a colorless paraffinic gas which boils at a
temperature of 31.1 degrees Fahrenheit.
||Includes ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE), tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME), tertiary
butyl alcohol (TBA), and other aliphatic alcohols and ethers intended for motor gasoline
blending (e.g., isopropyl ether (IPE) or n-propanol).
||Substances which, when added to gasoline, increase the amount of oxygen in that gasoline blend.
Ethanol, Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE), Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE), and methanol
are common oxygenates.
Fuel Ethanol: Blends of up to 10 percent by volume anhydrous ethanol (200 proof) (commonly referred to as the
Methanol: Blends of methanol and gasoline-grade tertiary butyl alcohol (GTBA) such that the total oxygen content
does not exceed 3.5 percent by weight and the ratio of methanol to GTBA is less than or equal to 1. It is also
specified that this blended fuel must meet ASTM volatility specifications (commonly referred to as the "ARCO"
Blends of up to 5.0 percent by volume methanol with a minimum of 2.5 percent by volume cosolvent alcohols having a carbon number of 4 or less (i.e., ethanol, propanol, butanol, and/or GTBA). The total oxygen must not exceed 3.7 percent by weight, and the blend must meet ASTM volatility specifications as well as phase separation and alcohol purity specifications (commonly referred to as the "DuPont" waiver).
MTBE (Methyl tertiary butyl ether): Blends up to 15.0 percent by volume MTBE which must meet the ASTM D4814
specifications. Blenders must take precautions that the blends are not used as base gasolines for other
oxygenated blends (commonly referred to as the "Sun" waiver).
||A mixture of hydrocarbons, mostly pentanes and heavier, extracted from natural gas.
Includes isopentane, natural gasoline, and plant condensate.
|Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts
||Geographic aggregations of the 50 States and the District of Columbia into five districts
by the Petroleum Administration for Defense in 1950. These districts were originally defined
during World War II for purposes of administering oil allocation.
Description and maps of PAD Districts and Refining Districts.
|RBOB for Blending with Alcohol
||Motor gasoline blending components intended to be blended with an alcohol component (e.g., fuel ethanol) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content. RBOB product detail by type of oxygenate was discontinued effective with data for January 2010. Beginning with data for January 2010, RBOB was reported as a single product.
|RBOB for Blending with Ether
||Motor gasoline blending components intended to be blended with an ether component (e.g., methyl tertiary butyl ether) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content. RBOB product detail by type of oxygenate was discontinued effective with data for January 2010. Beginning with data for January 2010, RBOB was reported as a single product.
||An installation that manufactures finished petroleum products from crude oil, unfinished oils,
natural gas liquids, other hydrocarbons, and oxygenates.
|Refinery Input, Crude Oil
||Total crude oil (domestic plus foreign) input to crude oil distillation units and other
refinery processing units (cokers, etc.).
|Refinery Input, Total
||The raw materials and intermediate materials processed at refineries to produce finished petroleum
products. They include crude oil, products of natural gas processing plants, unfinished oils,
other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components
and finished petroleum products.
|Refinery Receipts, Crude Oil
||Receipts of domestic and foreign crude oil at a refinery. Includes all crude oil in
transit except crude oil in transit by pipeline. Foreign crude oil is reported as a
receipt only after entry through customs. Crude oil of foreign origin held in bonded
storage is excluded.
|Reformulated Blendstock for Oxgenate Blending (RBOB)
||Motor gasoline blending components intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished reformulated
|Renewable Diesel Fuel
||Diesel fuel and diesel fuel blending components produced from renewable sources that are coprocessed with
petroleum feedstocks and meet requirements of advanced biofuels.
|Renewable Fuels (Other)
||Fuels and fuel blending components, except biomass-based diesel fuel, renewable diesel fuel, and fuel
ethanol, produced from renewable biomass.
||Residue from crude oil after distilling off all but the heaviest components, with a boiling
range greater than 1000º F.
||All oils requiring further processing, except those requiring only mechanical blending.
Unfinished oils are produced by partial refining of crude oil and include naphthas and
lighter oils, kerosene and light gas oils, heavy gas oils, and residuum.