||The volume of proved reserves gained by the purchase of an existing fields or properties,
from the date of purchase or transfer.
||The quantity which preserves an exact annual reserves balance within each State or State
subdivision of the following form:
Adjustments + Revision Increases - Revision Decreases - Sales + Acquisitions + Extensions +
New Field Discoveries + New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields - Report Year Production =
Published Proved Reserves at End of Report Year
These adjustments are the yearly changes in the published reserve estimates that cannot be
attributed to the estimates for other reserve change categories because of the survey and
statistical estimation methods employed. For example, variations as a result of changes in
the operator frame, different random samples or imputations for missing or unreported reserve
changes, could contribute to adjustments.
||A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in the liquid phase in natural underground
reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface
separating facilities. Crude oil may also include:
Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in the gaseous phase in natural underground
reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well
(casinghead) gas in lease separators, and that subsequently are comingled with the
crude stream without being separately measured.
Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced with the oil.
When a State regulatory agency specifies a definition of crude oil which differs from that
set forth above, the State definition is to be followed.
||The reserves credited to a reservoir because of enlargement of its proved area.
Normally the ultimate size of newly discovered fields, or newly discovered reservoirs
in old fields, is determined by wells drilled in years subsequent to discovery. When
such wells add to the proved area of a previously discovered reservoir, the increase
in proved reserves is classified as an extension.
|New Field Discoveries
||The volumes of proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas and/or natural gas liquids
discovered in new fields during the report year.
|New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields
||The volumes of proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas, and/or natural gas liquids
discovered during the report year in new reservoir(s) located in old fields.
|Production, Crude Oil
||The volumes of crude oil which are extracted from oil reservoirs during the report year.
These volumes are determined through measurement of the volumes delivered from lease
storage tanks, (i.e., at the point of custody transfer) with adjustment for (1) net
differences between opening and closing lease inventories, and for (2) basic sediment
and water. Oil used on the lease is considered production.
|Proved Reserves of Crude Oil
||Proved reserves of crude oil as of December 31 of the report year are the estimated
quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data
demonstrate with reasonable
certainty to be recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing
economic and operating conditions.
Reservoirs are considered proved if economic producibility is supported by actual production
or conclusive formation test (drill stem or wire line), or if economic producibility is
supported by core analyses and/or electric or other log interpretations.
The area of an oil reservoir considered proved includes: (1) that portion delineated by
drilling and defined by gas -- oil and/or gas -- water contacts, if any; and (2) the
immediately adjoining portions not yet drilled, but which can be reasonably judged as
economically productive on the basis of available geological and engineering data. In the
absence of information on fluid contacts, the lowest known structural occurrence of
hydrocarbons is considered to be the lower proved limit of the reservoir.
Volumes of crude oil placed in underground storage are not to be considered proved
Reserves of crude oil which can be produced economically through application of improved
recovery techniques (such as fluid injection) are included in the "proved" classification
when successful testing by a pilot project, or the operation of an installed program in
the reservoir, provides support for the engineering analysis on which the project or program
Estimates of proved crude oil reserves do not include the following: (1) oil that may
become available from known reservoirs but is reported separately as "indicated additional
reserves"; (2) natural gas liquids (including lease condensate); (3) oil, the recovery
of which is subject to reasonable doubt because of uncertainty as to geology, reservoir
characteristics, or economic factors; (4) oil that may occur in undrilled prospects; and
(5) oil that may be recovered from oil shales, coal, gilsonite, and other such sources.
It is necessary that production, gathering or transportation facilities be installed or
operative for a reservoir to be considered proved.
||Changes to prior year-end proved reserves estimates, either positive or negative,
resulting from new information other than an increase in proved acreage (extension).
Revisions include increases of proved reserves associated with the installation of
improved recovery techniques or equipment. They also include correction of prior
report year arithmetical or clerical errors and adjustments to prior year-end
production volumes to the extent that these alter reported prior year reserves
||The volume of proved reserves deducted from an operator's total reserves when
selling an existing field or property, during the calendar year.