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Analysis of Natural Gas Prices
2010
Peaks, Plans and (Persnickety) Prices
This presentation provides information about EIA's estimates of working gas peak storage capacity, and the development of the natural gas storage industry. Natural gas shale and the need for high deliverability storage are identified as key drivers in natural gas storage capacity development. The presentation also provides estimates of planned storage facilities through 2012. Categories: Prices, Storage (Released, 10/28/2010, ppt format)
Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009
This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore and onshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and above-average storage inventories. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 7/9/2010, Html format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2009)
2009
Revisions in Natural Gas Monthly Consumption and Price Data, 2004 - 2007
This report summarizes the method in which natural gas consumption data are collected and processed for publication and details the most notable revisions in natural gas consumption data for the period 2004 to 2007. It is intended to assist data users in evaluating the quality of the monthly consumption and price data for residential, commercial, and industrial consumers of natural gas. Categories: Prices, Consumption (Released, 12/31/2009, pdf format)
Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2008
This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2008 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2008 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore production shut-ins caused by infrastructure problems and hurricanes, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and the above-average storage inventories in 2008. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 4/23/2009, Html format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2008)
Natural Gas: Major Legislative and Regulatory Actions (1935 - 2008)
This Web-based product presents a chronology of some of the key Federal legislative and regulatory actions that have helped shape the natural gas market, with particular emphasis on policy directives from 1978 to October 2008. Separate reports provide brief descriptions of specific legislation, regulations, or policies, and their impacts on the natural gas market. Categories: Prices (Released, 1/30/2009, Html format)
Impact of the 2008 Hurricane Season on the Natural Gas Industry
This report provides an overview of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season and its impacts on the natural gas industry, including production shut-ins in the Federal Gulf of Mexico, pipeline damage as a result of the storms, and shut-downs of natural gas processing plants in the Gulf coast region. Furthermore, the report discusses natural gas market response to the 2008 Hurricanes. Categories: Prices, Production, Imports & Exports/Pipelines (Released, 1/26/2009, pdf format)
2008
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2007)
Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2007
This report provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2007 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2007 from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The analysis focuses on natural gas end-use consumption trends, natural gas prices, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, the above-average storage inventories in 2007, as well as pipeline expansions during the year. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 3/26/2008, pdf format)
2007
Natural Gas in the Rocky Mountains: Developing Infrastructure
This Supplement to EIA’s Short-Term Energy Outlook analyzes current natural gas production, pipeline and storage infrastructure in the Rocky Mountains, as well as prospective pipeline projects in these States. The influence of these factors on regional prices and price volatility is examined. Categories: Prices, Pipelines, (Released, 9/11/2007, html format)
An Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets
This article presents an analysis of price volatility in the spot natural gas market, with particular emphasis on the Henry Hub in Louisiana. The purpose is to address whether natural gas prices have been more volatile in recent years and identify potential market factors that may contribute to price volatility. In addition to a first-order autoregressive error model, several graphical and statistical tools are used to examine trends and determine influencing factors. Although there is no demonstrated long-term trend in volatility, there are seasonal patterns and volatility is correlated strongly with storage dynamics. Categories: Prices (Released, 8/17/2007, pdf format)
Impact of Higher Natural Gas Prices on Local Distribution Companies and Residential Customers
This report examines some of the problems faced by natural gas consumers as a result of increasing heating bills in recent years and problems associated with larger amounts of uncollectible revenue and lower throughput for the local distribution companies (LDCs) supplying the natural gas. The report also discusses Federal, State, and utility assistance programs for consumers, and focuses on various innovative rate mechanisms used by LDCs, along with the use of physical and financial hedging as a risk-mitigating strategy. Lastly, the report analyzes the risk of LDCs and how the risk has changed since regulatory reform in the utility industry. Categories: Prices, Consumption (Released, 8/15/2007, pdf format)
Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and Commercial Customers: 2002–2005
This report compares residential and commercial prices collected from natural gas marketers and local distribution companies in MD, NY, OH and PA from 2002-2005 and gives the history and status of natural gas choice programs in those States. Categories: Prices (Published, 6/29/2007, pdf format)
Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2006
This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2006 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2006 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, effects of the 2005 hurricanes on offshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and the above-average storage inventories in 2006. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 3/30/2007, pdf format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2006)
2006
The Relationship Between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices
This report examines the time series econometric relationship between the Henry Hub natural gas price and the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price. Typically, this relationship has been approached using simple correlations and deterministic trends. When data have unit roots as in this case, such analysis is faulty and subject to spurious results. A cointegrating relationship relating Henry Hub prices to the WTI and trend capturing the relative demand and supply effects over the 1989-through-2005 period is found. The dynamics of the relationship suggest a 1-month temporary shock to the WTI of 20 percent has a 5-percent contemporaneous impact on natural gas prices, but is dissipated to 2 percent in 2 months. A permanent shock of 20 percent in the WTI leads to a 16 percent increase in the Henry Hub price 1 year out all else equal.
Categories: Prices (Released, 10/02/2006, pdf format)
EIA Short-Term Outlook for Natural Gas
This presentation at the 2006 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference in North Falmouth, Massachusetts, outlined EIA's July 2006 forecast for natural gas supply, demand, and markets through 2007. (Presentation, 8/7/06)
Overview of the Federal Offshore Royalty Relief Program
This report provides the basics of revenue collection and royalty payments for Federal offshore oil and natural gas production as well as provisions under which certain leases are exempt from royalty obligations. (6/23/06)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2005)
2005
U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports: 2004
Categories: Prices, Imports & Exports/Pipelines, Storage (Published, 12/07/2005, pdf format)
An Assessment of Prices of Natural Gas Futures Contracts as A Predictor of Realized Spot Prices at the Henry Hub
(Published, 10/27/2005, pdf format)
Overview of U.S. Legislation and Regulations Affecting Offshore Natural Gas and Oil Activity
Categories: Prices (Published, 08/31/2005, pdf format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2004)
2004
Natural Gas Outlook
Categories: Prices Imports & Exports/Pipelines Storage (Published, 9/1/2004, Power Point format)
U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports: Issues and Trends 2003
Categories: Prices Imports & Exports/Pipelines Storage (Published, 8/31/2004, pdf format)
Natural Gas Outlook
Categories: Prices Exploration/Production Imports & Exports/Pipelines Consumption (Published, 7/2/2004, Power Point format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2003)
2003
The Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market: Status & Outlook
Cateogories: Prices, Resources/Reserves, Exploration/Production, Consumption, Imports & Exports/Pipelines, Storage (Publication, 2003, PDF 5 Megs)
Natural Gas Outlook - Presented to: Kansas Corporation Commission
Categories: Prices, Exploration/Production, Imports & Exports/Pipelines, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 11/21/2003, Power Point format)
Natural Gas Outlook North American Energy Standards Board (NAESB) Annual Meeting
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production, Imports & Exports/Pipelines, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 9/17/2003, Power Point format)
Natural Gas Outlook: The Tennessee Regulatory Authority Natural Gas Symposium
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production, Imports & Exports/Pipelines, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 9/11/2003, Power Point format)
Outlook On Natural Gas, Arkansas Public Service Commission, "The Future Supply And Price of Natural Gas"
Categories: Prices, Imports/Exports, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 7/3/2003, Power Point format)
Outlook On Gas Pricing and Storage Deliverability
Categories: Prices, Imports, Pipelines, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 6/23/2003, Power Point format)
Outlook for Natural Gas and Petroleum
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 5/23/2003, Power Point format)
Natural Gas Prices and Supplies in the Northeast-Midwest Region
Categories: Prices, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 4/7/2003, HTML format)
Natural Gas Update: EIA NARUC Winter Meeting
Categories: Prices, Storage, Consumption (Presentation, 2/23/2003, Power Point format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2002)
2002
Winter Fuels Outlook: 2002-2003
Categories: Prices, Consumption/Use  (Feature Article, Oct. 2002, PDF 322 kb)
U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Relationship Between Henry Hub Spot Prices and U.S. Wellhead Prices
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production  (Publication, July 2002, HTML format)
Natural Gas Residential Choice
This site provides an overview of the status of natural gas industry restructuring in each state, focusing on the residential customer class. (Status by State as of December 2001)
2001
U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Mid-Term Prospects for Natural Gas Supply
Categories: Prices, Resources & Reserves, Exploration & Production, Imports & Exports   (Publication, Dec. 2001, PDF format)
An Assessment of Recent Natural Gas Market Trends
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production, Pipelines, Storage  (Presentation, Oct. 2001, HTML format)
U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Recent Trends and Prospects for the Future
Categories: Prices, Exploration & Production, Imports & Exports, Pipelines, Storage, Consumption/Use;   (Publication, May 2001, PDF format)
Presentation for National Governors' Association
Categories: Prices, Storage  (Presentation, Jan. 2001, HTML format)
Natural Gas Market: Status and Outlook
Categories: Prices, Storage  (Presentation, Jan. 2001, HTML format)
2000
Outlook for Natural Gas:  Winter 2000
Category: Prices, Exploration & Production  (Presentation, Sept. 2000, HTML format)
Winter Distillate and Natural Gas Outlook
Categories: Prices, Storage  (Presentation, July 2000, HTML format)
Natural Gas Markets and EIA's Information Program
Categories: Prices, Imports & Exports, Pipelines, Storage  (Presentation, July 2000, HTML format)
Natural Gas Markets and Reliability of the Electric Power Industry
Categories: Prices, Resources & Reserves, Exploration & Production, Imports & Exports, Storage, Consumption/Use;   (Presentation, June 2000, HTML format)
Natural Gas Supply Infrastructure, and Pricing -  Chapter 4 from The Northeast Heating Fuel Market: Assessment and Options
Categories: Prices, Storage, Consumption/Use  (Publication, May 2000, HTML format)
The Evolution of Gas Markets in the United States
Categories: Prices, Pipelines, Storage  (Presentation, May 2000, HTML format)
The Northeast Heating Fuel Market: Assessment and Options
Categories: Prices, Storage  (Publication, 2000, HTML format)
1999
Why Do Natural Gas Prices Fluctuate So Much?
Categories: Prices  (Publication, July 1999, HTML format)
1998
Price Volatility In Natural Gas Markets
Categories: Prices  (Presentation, Oct. 1998, HTML format)
1997
Recent Trends in Natural Gas Spot Prices
Categories: Prices  (Feature Article, Dec. 1997, PDF format)
Natural Gas Residential Pricing Developments During the 1996-97 Winter
Categories: Prices, Consumption/Use  (Feature Article, Aug. 1997, PDF format)
1996
Consumer Prices Reflect Benefits of Restructuring
Categories: Prices, Consumption/Use  (Publication, Dec. 1996, PDF format)
Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends
Categories: Prices, Imports & Exports, Storage, Consumption/Use  (Publication, Dec. 1996, HTML format)