U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Tunisia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Tunisia is a relatively small hydrocarbon producer. Oil production has been steadily declining from its peak of 120,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in the mid-1980s to 67,000 bbl/d in 2012. Tunisia produced 68 billion cubic feet of dry natural gas in 2011.
  • Tunisia increased security presence around southern oil and natural gas fields after the In Amenas gas facility attack in Algeria in January 2013.
  • Tunisia has one oil refinery with a crude oil distillation capacity of 34,000 bbl/d, but it is not enough to meet domestic demand. As a result, Tunisia imports a majority of the petroleum products it consumes. There are plans to build a second refinery at Skhira. The project's potential investors include the Tunisian government, Qatar Petroleum, and the Libyan government.
  • According to a recent EIA report, Tunisia has two significant formations with potential for shale gas and shale oil located in the southern part of the country. Tunisia has 23 trillion cubic feet of technically recoverable shale gas resource and 1.5 billion barrels of technically recoverable shale oil resource.
  • The Trans-Mediterranean Pipeline (also known as Enrico Mattei), which transports natural gas from Algeria to Italy, passes through Tunisia. In lieu of transit fees, Tunisia receives natural gas as a royalty.
  • More than 95% of electricity generation comes from fossil-fueled power stations. Tunisia also generates a small amount of power from renewable sources, such as wind and hydro.

Analysis Last Updated: December 2013


Overview data for Tunisia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
    
Tunisia
Total Oil Production 110.0000 , 118.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 114.0000 , 110.5806 , 108.5358 , 107.6672 , 109.5998 , 97.7073 , 109.0339 , 114.4327 , 102.1320 , 95.9699 , 90.0544 , 87.9777 , 84.9872 , 81.2498 , 83.6961 , 80.4989 , 72.5810 , 78.5501 , 77.3691 , 81.6670 , 76.7478 , 78.2409 , 85.8871 , 85.4894 , 80.9550 , 79.2673 , 67.6659 , 66.6310 , 64.4846
(1980-2013)
66.63 9,971 89,755 56   64.48
Crude Oil Production 110.0000 , 118.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 114.0000 , 111.0000 , 106.0000 , 103.0000 , 105.0000 , 93.0000 , 104.0000 , 109.0600 , 97.8860 , 91.6849 , 89.1507 , 86.9945 , 84.0000 , 80.2521 , 83.0000 , 78.6721 , 69.5770 , 75.8082 , 75.0000 , 79.7623 , 75.0000 , 76.4384 , 83.3027 , 82.9392 , 78.3708 , 74.9307 , 64.3293 , 63.2943 , 60.1479
(1980-2013)
63.29 9,058 75,956 51   60.15
Consumption 52.0000 , 57.0000 , 51.5000 , 58.9000 , 57.0000 , 55.0000 , 61.3229 , 52.2504 , 60.4952 , 63.6257 , 63.1948 , 68.1709 , 71.2220 , 73.6763 , 74.7737 , 70.0171 , 73.2867 , 78.1800 , 80.6606 , 79.2875 , 84.5477 , 87.2212 , 87.8630 , 87.6592 , 89.3999 , 89.9341 , 88.3243 , 88.4361 , 91.6904 , 87.1270 , 87.6519 , 93.0000 , 89.2780 , 90.0800
(1980-2013)
89.28 3,497 89,128 80   90.08
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 58.0000 , 61.0000 , 68.5000 , 61.1000 , 63.0000 , 59.0000 , 49.2577 , 56.2855 , 47.1720 , 45.9742 , 34.5125 , 40.8630 , 43.2107 , 28.4557 , 21.1962 , 20.0373 , 14.6910 , 6.8072 , 0.5892 , 4.4086 , -4.0487 , -14.6402 , -9.3128 , -10.2900 , -7.7329 , -13.1863 , -10.0834 , -2.5490 , -6.2009 , -6.1720 , -8.3845 , -25.3341 , -22.6470 , -25.5954
(1980-2013)
-22.65 6,474 -- 133   -25.60
Refinery Capacity 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000
(1980-2012)
34 3,220 88,097 91   34
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.2500 , 1.6520 , 1.6900 , 1.8600 , 1.8200 , 1.5140 , 1.8000 , 1.8000 , 1.8000 , 1.7900 , 1.7500 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 1.7000 , 0.4160 , 0.4160 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.3076 , 0.4000 , 0.4000 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250 , 0.4250
(1980-2014)
0.43 128 1,646 47   0.43
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 12.7100 , 13.9500 , 18.0000 , 15.5000 , 20.0000 , 14.0000 , 15.0000 , 13.4000 , 12.3600 , 12.7200 , 12.0000 , 8.0000 , 14.1260 , 13.0700 , 12.3600 , 11.6500 , 27.8989 , 58.6229 , 67.0985 , 67.0985 , 66.3922 , 79.4588 , 75.9273 , 80.8714 , 84.7560 , 88.2875 , 88.2875 , 55.7977 , 48.3816 , 63.9202 , 71.6895 , 68.1580 , 65.7987
(1980-2012)
68.16 7,124 116,255 55   65.80
Consumption 12.7100 , 13.9500 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 35.0000 , 42.0000 , 39.0000 , 45.1840 , 39.2000 , 55.4500 , 54.0000 , 41.1176 , 30.8275 , 52.9760 , 68.8600 , 57.5600 , 66.7454 , 90.7596 , 103.8261 , 105.9450 , 108.7702 , 135.2565 , 135.6096 , 130.3124 , 130.6655 , 151.8545 , 134.1970 , 99.9415 , 97.8226 , 108.0639 , 115.8332 , 116.8927 , 130.0545
(1980-2012)
116.89 3,909 116,395 68   130.05
Net Export/Imports(-) -42.0000 , -33.1176 , -16.7015 , -39.9060 , -56.5000 , -45.9100 , -38.8465 , -32.1367 , -36.7276 , -38.8465 , -42.3780 , -55.7977 , -59.6824 , -49.4410 , -45.9095 , -63.5670 , -45.9095 , -44.1438 , -49.4410 , -44.1438 , -44.1438 , -48.7347 , -64.2557
(1990-2012)
-48.73 3,215 -- 46   -64.26
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
6.0000 , 5.6000 , 5.4000 , 4.3000 , 4.1500 , 2.2240 , 4.2000 , 3.2000 , 2.9600 , 3.1000 , 3.1000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.2000 , 1.0690 , 2.6000 , 2.4010 , 2.5000 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.7500 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.3000
(1980-2014)
2.30 515 6,846 58   2.30
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0992 , 0.1146 , 0.0794 , 0.1157 , 0.1190 , 0.1135 , 0.1025 , 0.1146 , 0.1389 , 0.1356 , 0.1213 , 0.1245 , 0.1279 , 0.1312 , 0.1213 , 0.1091 , 0.1190 , 0.1190 , 0.0959 , 0.1367 , 0.1290 , 0.1179 , 0.1003 , 0.0287 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -99.2080 , -114.6404 , -79.3664 , -115.7427 , -119.0496 , -113.5381 , -102.5150 , -114.6404 , -138.8912 , -135.5843 , -121.2542 , -124.5347 , -127.8681 , -131.1751 , -121.2542 , -109.1288 , -119.0496 , -119.0496 , -95.9011 , -136.6866 , -128.9704 , -117.9473 , -100.3103 , -28.6601 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Net Generation 2.6210 , 2.8300 , 2.9750 , 3.5030 , 3.8130 , 3.9620 , 3.9520 , 4.2810 , 4.6230 , 4.7930 , 5.2050 , 5.4040 , 5.8120 , 5.9370 , 6.3140 , 6.8720 , 7.4570 , 8.0040 , 8.5630 , 9.4050 , 9.9640 , 10.7140 , 11.1350 , 11.6760 , 12.2930 , 12.9760 , 13.2810 , 12.9211 , 13.5054 , 14.3464 , 15.1416 , 15.2250
(1980-2011)
15.14 638 20,254 82   15.23
Net Consumption 2.2640 , 2.4160 , 2.5940 , 3.0630 , 3.2230 , 3.4440 , 3.4300 , 3.7590 , 4.0240 , 4.1800 , 4.5970 , 4.7960 , 5.1590 , 5.2360 , 5.6130 , 6.1930 , 6.8240 , 7.2920 , 7.5810 , 8.3480 , 8.8480 , 9.4520 , 9.8180 , 10.2670 , 10.7220 , 11.2660 , 11.5190 , 11.0431 , 11.5244 , 12.5054 , 13.2866 , 12.9400
(1980-2011)
13.29 562 18,501 79   12.94
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.9290 , 0.9490 , 0.9840 , 1.1300 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.3790 , 1.6150 , 1.7380 , 1.7210 , 2.0180 , 2.3500 , 2.4263 , 2.4363 , 2.8850 , 2.8900 , 2.9620 , 3.0840 , 3.3030 , 3.3370 , 3.1970 , 3.3360 , 3.5320 , 3.6140 , 4.0760
(1980-2011)
3.61 135 5,086 81   4.08
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Production 0.2445 , 0.2621 , 0.2713 , 0.2681 , 0.2747 , 0.2547 , 0.2491 , 0.2421 , 0.2376 , 0.2415 , 0.2158 , 0.2343 , 0.2526 , 0.2251 , 0.2112 , 0.2004 , 0.2158 , 0.2452 , 0.2474 , 0.2533 , 0.2455 , 0.2430 , 0.2519 , 0.2565 , 0.2703 , 0.2641 , 0.2665 , 0.2437 , 0.2345 , 0.2438 , 0.2475 , 0.2201
(1980-2011)
.248 37 505 84   0.220
Consumption 0.1281 , 0.1411 , 0.1343 , 0.1532 , 0.1671 , 0.1706 , 0.1806 , 0.1685 , 0.1791 , 0.2038 , 0.2020 , 0.1977 , 0.1905 , 0.1994 , 0.2375 , 0.2123 , 0.2310 , 0.2678 , 0.2871 , 0.2895 , 0.3010 , 0.3362 , 0.3385 , 0.3308 , 0.3336 , 0.3583 , 0.3335 , 0.2942 , 0.3070 , 0.3003 , 0.3091 , 0.3263
(1980-2011)
0.309 16 507 84   0.326
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5180.8385 , 5395.8186 , 5124.7493 , 5585.2437 , 5762.2510 , 5566.0705 , 5983.5584 , 5230.0982 , 5556.3451 , 6159.5825 , 5700.5365 , 5372.3152 , 4800.3081 , 4916.3181 , 5674.8316 , 4952.7674 , 5031.9802 , 5535.3057 , 5663.0806 , 5381.5980 , 5345.2839 , 5695.3704 , 5637.1859 , 5223.4192 , 4972.3968 , 5133.8845 , 4522.5492 , 3755.8148 , 3751.3570 , 3557.5924 , 3557.2187 , 3849.0193
(1980-2011)
3,557 5,302 7,401 143   3,849
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tunisia
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tunisia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
8.4799 , 9.3327 , 8.7404 , 10.0180 , 10.6974 , 10.8277 , 11.9313 , 10.8978 , 11.8451 , 13.0622 , 13.0531 , 12.9699 , 12.8100 , 15.1143 , 16.0707 , 14.3975 , 15.3828 , 17.3274 , 18.5161 , 19.0929 , 19.6653 , 21.4264 , 21.1665 , 20.8105 , 21.1162 , 22.2889 , 21.2789 , 18.8741 , 19.0148 , 18.7923 , 19.1636 , 20.5162
(1980-2011)
19.16 1,155 31,502 85   20.52

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Other briefs related to Tunisia

Middle East & North Africa

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Other International Information

Inter-American Development Bank

International Energy Agency statistics

Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI)

United Nations energy statistics

World Bank energy and mining data

International Monetary Fund data and statistics

Eurostat European statistics

Sign Up for Email Updates