U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Singapore  

Country Analysis Note

  • Singapore’s strategic location between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and near the Strait of Malacca has allowed it to become one of Asia’s major petrochemical and refining hubs.
  • Singapore has world-class refining, storage, and distribution infrastructure, and Jurong Island on the southern edge of the country is the center of Singapore’s petrochemical industry. Several major international energy companies operate retail networks in the area. Singapore's government plans to promote long-term growth in refining capacity in order to maintain its market position as a refining and oil-trading leader.
  • Singapore has no indigenous hydrocarbon reserves and must import all its crude oil and natural gas. In 2011 Singapore’s total primary energy consumption included approximately 89% from crude oil and petroleum products, 11% from natural gas, and less than 1% from other fuel sources.
  • The country has a total crude refining capacity of about 1.4 million barrels per day (bbl/d) at three refineries, according to FACTS Global Energy. In 2013, Singapore imported an average of 1.3 million bbl/d of crude oil; more than half of these imports came from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar. Imported crude oil is channeled mostly to the petrochemicals and refining sector. According to Global Trade Atlas, in 2013 Singapore was one of the top ten exporters of refined products in Asia, with more than half of its exports going to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Australia.
  • Singapore’s government has promoted the use of natural gas. Singapore’s natural gas consumption has increased from 233 billion cubic feet (Bcf) in 2005 to 331 Bcf in 2012. Over the same time period, the share of natural gas in Singapore’s electricity generation fuel mix has increased from 74% to 84%. The country had an installed power capacity of 10.5 gigawatts in 2013, according to Singapore’s Energy Market Authority.
  • The government intends to rely exclusively on LNG imports by 2024, following the expiration of several gas pipeline import contracts. Since 2008, Malaysia and Indonesia have supplied (via pipelines) 81% of Singapore’s natural gas on average, according to IHS Energy. Singapore’s first LNG receiving terminal commenced commercial operations in 2013 with a capacity of 168 Bcf. The terminal’s capacity was increased to 288 Bcf at the end of 2013 and is expected to rise to at least 432 Bcf by 2017, according to Singapore LNG Corporation.
  • Singapore Petroleum Company (SPC), the country’s biggest national energy firm, is involved in downstream activities, such as distribution and marketing, and it co-owns one of the largest refineries in the country. SPC also holds working interests in several production sharing agreements in Southeast Asia. PetroChina, an arm of the state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), purchased SPC in January 2010 for $2.2 billion. Chevron’s Caltex, ExxonMobil, and Royal Dutch Shell also have high levels of investment in Singapore’s energy sector, including many petrochemical and refining assets.

Analysis Last Updated: August 2014


Overview data for Singapore

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Singapore
Total Oil Production 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , -6.2142 , 1.0577 , -5.6960 , -6.5723 , -6.0366 , -1.8867 , -4.0466 , -0.6002 , -3.1135 , -1.1854 , 6.4349 , 5.4341 , 3.1904 , 6.2897 , 13.0946 , 14.9560 , 8.2904 , 9.7007 , 9.8361 , 8.5732 , 9.9666 , 11.6083 , 23.5481 , 20.5791 , 20.1674 , 20.1674 , 20.1674 , 20.1674
(1980-2013)
20.17 9,024 89,692 75   20.17
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 7,674 75,889 94   0.00
Consumption 202.0000 , 214.0000 , 222.0000 , 220.0000 , 235.0000 , 227.0000 , 257.3300 , 285.0584 , 304.1150 , 329.2090 , 363.0004 , 388.6806 , 420.2843 , 469.1896 , 502.5317 , 512.2086 , 586.3336 , 629.8832 , 650.2285 , 643.4789 , 660.3006 , 707.5564 , 698.0393 , 668.3042 , 745.6558 , 808.5758 , 828.9589 , 889.5878 , 1006.5177 , 1169.6066 , 1380.0631 , 1238.0000 , 1247.0000 , 1292.0000
(1980-2013)
1,247.00 29,037 89,160 18   1,292.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -198.0000 , -210.0000 , -218.0000 , -216.0000 , -231.0000 , -223.0000 , -263.5442 , -284.0007 , -309.8110 , -335.7813 , -369.0370 , -390.5673 , -424.3309 , -469.7898 , -505.6452 , -513.3940 , -579.8986 , -624.4491 , -647.0380 , -637.1892 , -647.2060 , -692.6004 , -689.7489 , -658.6035 , -735.8197 , -800.0026 , -818.9923 , -877.9795 , -982.9696 , -1149.0274 , -1359.8956 , -1217.8326 , -1226.8326 , -1271.8326
(1980-2013)
-1,226.83 -20,013 -- 208   -1,271.83
Refinery Capacity 921.0000 , 1069.0000 , 1096.0000 , 1096.0000 , 1101.0000 , 1072.0000 , 1018.0000 , 961.0000 , 858.0000 , 852.0000 , 830.0000 , 878.0000 , 893.0000 , 1029.0000 , 1055.0000 , 1091.0000 , 1170.0000 , 1157.0000 , 1157.0000 , 1172.0000 , 1255.0000 , 1270.0000 , 1258.5000 , 1258.5000 , 1318.6000 , 1336.6000 , 1336.6000 , 1336.6000 , 1344.0000 , 1344.0000 , 1357.0000 , 1357.0000 , 1357.0000
(1980-2012)
1,357 24,875 88,097 16   1,357
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 45 1,646 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Singapore
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 17,008 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 38.8500 , 52.9700 , 52.9700 , 52.9700 , 52.9725 , 52.9725 , 52.9725 , 52.9725 , 52.9725 , 41.6717 , 41.3186 , 187.8758 , 233.4322 , 233.4322 , 233.4322 , 304.4153 , 310.4189 , 284.6389 , 296.6460 , 310.0657 , 331.2558
(1980-2012)
310.07 22,220 116,395 48   331.26
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -38.8500 , -52.9700 , -52.9700 , -52.9700 , -52.9725 , -52.9725 , -52.9725 , -52.9725 , -52.9725 , -41.6717 , -41.3186 , -187.8758 , -233.4322 , -233.4322 , -233.4322 , -304.4153 , -310.4189 , -284.6389 , -296.6460 , -310.0657 , -331.2558
(1990-2012)
-310.07 -4,825 -- 23   -331.26
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 521 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Singapore
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,529 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0055 , 0.0099 , 0.0033 , 0.0066 , 0.0099 , 0.0209 , 0.0121 , 0.0198 , 0.0231 , 0.0220 , 0.0375 , 0.0247 , 0.0653 , 0.0423 , 0.0458 , 0.0076 , 0.0010 , 0.0008 , 0.0012 , 0.0008 , 0.0001 , 0.0006 , 0.0116 , 0.0146 , 0.0137 , 0.0044 , 0.0077 , 0.0132 , 0.0077 , 0.0066 , 0.0132 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,482 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -4.4092 , -9.9208 , -3.3069 , -6.6139 , -9.9208 , -20.9439 , -12.1254 , -19.8416 , -23.1485 , -22.0462 , -37.4786 , -20.9704 , -65.2568 , -42.3288 , -45.7680 , -7.5850 , -1.0240 , -0.8234 , -1.1806 , -0.8201 , -0.1356 , -0.6067 , -11.5820 , -14.6277 , -13.7447 , -4.4092 , -7.7162 , -13.2277 , -7.7162 , -6.6139 , -13.2277 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -39 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Singapore
Net Generation 6.4990 , 6.9690 , 7.3600 , 8.1080 , 8.8370 , 9.2830 , 9.9420 , 11.1050 , 12.2370 , 13.1970 , 14.9410 , 16.3960 , 17.1040 , 18.3140 , 20.0880 , 21.3990 , 22.5410 , 25.1070 , 26.5140 , 27.4590 , 29.0050 , 32.0500 , 33.5300 , 34.2010 , 35.5590 , 36.8380 , 38.0290 , 39.6400 , 40.2620 , 40.3720 , 43.8180 , 44.4120
(1980-2011)
43.82 7,682 20,254 53   44.41
Net Consumption 6.0700 , 6.5140 , 6.8930 , 7.5930 , 8.2420 , 8.7460 , 9.3980 , 10.5410 , 11.6440 , 12.3690 , 14.0350 , 15.1910 , 16.3480 , 17.5760 , 19.2150 , 20.5460 , 21.6130 , 24.1330 , 25.4950 , 26.4830 , 27.8530 , 30.0630 , 31.2560 , 32.2560 , 33.3920 , 34.9150 , 36.0870 , 37.5720 , 38.1550 , 37.9370 , 41.2900 , 41.9780
(1980-2011)
41.29 7,060 18,501 50   41.98
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.0150 , 2.1110 , 2.6960 , 2.6960 , 2.6960 , 2.7460 , 3.3760 , 3.3760 , 3.3850 , 3.3850 , 3.6050 , 3.8050 , 4.1050 , 4.5180 , 4.5580 , 4.6830 , 5.2600 , 5.7700 , 5.5310 , 6.7500 , 6.6300 , 7.5420 , 7.1800 , 7.3880 , 9.5290 , 10.1260 , 10.8050 , 10.9700 , 10.4630 , 9.9910 , 10.5300 , 10.4870
(1980-2011)
10.53 1,903 5,086 54   10.49
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Singapore
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0018 , 0.0051 , 0.0051 , 0.0051 , 0.0051 , 0.0051 , 0.0051 , 0.0050 , 0.0050 , 0.0050 , 0.0050 , 0.0098 , 0.0096 , 0.0101 , 0.0096 , 0.0092 , 0.0095 , 0.0096 , 0.0103 , 0.0104 , 0.0115 , 0.0114
(1980-2011)
.011 148 505 134   0.011
Consumption 0.4417 , 0.4628 , 0.4904 , 0.4874 , 0.5138 , 0.4980 , 0.5721 , 0.6339 , 0.6765 , 0.7329 , 0.8044 , 0.8603 , 0.9753 , 0.9675 , 1.1736 , 1.1903 , 1.3567 , 1.4558 , 1.5045 , 1.4903 , 1.5266 , 1.6208 , 1.6021 , 1.6922 , 1.9029 , 2.0368 , 2.0833 , 2.2604 , 2.4623 , 2.8937 , 3.3719 , 2.8659
(1980-2011)
3.372 190 507 27   2.866
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12385.7438 , 11719.6354 , 11585.7713 , 10605.9574 , 10274.3179 , 10024.7345 , 11369.5558 , 11371.4629 , 10926.6962 , 10738.9655 , 10704.3496 , 10750.7960 , 11387.7774 , 10133.7033 , 11116.1032 , 10510.0581 , 11118.8259 , 10990.3093 , 11602.5072 , 10820.7226 , 10162.5629 , 10922.6638 , 10357.6346 , 10458.9876 , 10767.0770 , 10731.9416 , 10098.4340 , 10072.6644 , 10811.8203 , 12804.8126 , 13034.6187 , 10581.2735
(1980-2011)
13,035 7,821 7,401 20   10,581
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Singapore
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Singapore
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
29.4139 , 30.8908 , 32.6862 , 32.4865 , 34.4430 , 33.4414 , 41.3447 , 46.0285 , 49.0065 , 53.3528 , 57.7327 , 61.1756 , 68.1115 , 75.8499 , 81.8852 , 82.9683 , 98.4923 , 100.2525 , 104.5415 , 104.8913 , 107.6443 , 111.9600 , 110.2588 , 112.6612 , 126.3977 , 133.5197 , 139.7681 , 148.3495 , 155.2404 , 192.3783 , 228.6166 , 212.3924
(1980-2011)
228.62 13,840 31,502 26   212.39

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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