U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Malaysia  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Malaysia is the second largest oil and natural gas producer in Southeast Asia, the second largest exporter of liquefied natural gas globally, and is strategically located amid important routes for seaborne energy trade.
  • Malaysia's oil reserves are the fifth highest in Asia-Pacific and one of the top 30 highest reserves in the world.
  • Declines in production at Malaysia's major producing oil fields in the past decade have led government efforts to encourage investment in enhanced oil recovery and development of smaller, marginal, and deep water fields.
  • As a result of rising regional and domestic demand for crude oil and oil products, Malaysia plans to become a regional oil trading and storage hub by increasing the country's refining and storage capacity.
  • Malaysia was the world's second largest exporter of liquefied natural gas after Qatar in 2012.
  • Malaysia's natural gas production has risen over the past two decades to serve the growing domestic demand and export contracts. Recent foreign investment in deep water and technically challenging fields primarily in the Sarawak and Sabah states provides impetus to maintain natural gas production levels over the next few years.
  • Malaysia has an extensive gas pipeline network running through Peninsular Malaysia and pipelines that connect offshore fields in all three states to key infrastructure onshore.
  • Malaysia remains a key exporter of LNG, second largest in the world after Qatar in 2012; however, the limited natural gas supplies and rising demand in the western part of the country triggered investment in regasification terminals, the first which commenced in 2013.
  • Malaysia's electricity demand, mostly met by natural gas and to a lesser extent coal, continues to expand rapidly; therefore, the country is seeking to add capacity to avoid future power shortages.
  • A majority of Malaysia's electricity generation capacity is natural gas-fired, although gas shortages in Peninsular Malaysia and growing electricity demand in recent years have spurred the use of other fuels such as coal, diesel, and hydroelectricity.

Read full Malaysia Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 3, 2013


Overview data for Malaysia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Malaysia
Total Oil Production 284.0000 , 265.0000 , 307.0000 , 366.0000 , 451.0000 , 451.0000 , 513.1230 , 508.2049 , 550.6633 , 597.1007 , 629.5699 , 656.6710 , 666.5219 , 660.3864 , 676.3235 , 717.5535 , 730.0257 , 765.3833 , 823.1329 , 793.1735 , 771.0315 , 751.1396 , 794.9174 , 841.6818 , 861.8100 , 752.7745 , 732.8163 , 704.5962 , 730.6317 , 693.8749 , 683.0706 , 625.9761 , 642.6613
(1980-2012)
625.98 8,977 87,573 27   642.66
Crude Oil Production 283.0000 , 264.0000 , 306.0000 , 365.0000 , 440.0000 , 440.0000 , 504.0000 , 497.0000 , 540.0000 , 585.0000 , 619.0000 , 646.0000 , 653.3880 , 640.0000 , 644.9860 , 682.4932 , 695.0273 , 700.0000 , 720.0000 , 693.0000 , 690.0273 , 659.2055 , 698.4600 , 737.8570 , 755.3525 , 631.0694 , 612.5993 , 588.2180 , 608.8044 , 577.8653 , 563.3950 , 513.7228 , 528.6091
(1980-2012)
513.72 7,634 74,199 27   528.61
Consumption 160.0000 , 165.0000 , 180.0000 , 192.0000 , 194.0000 , 194.0000 , 192.2707 , 197.2970 , 202.4988 , 220.0663 , 265.9772 , 281.5304 , 301.5219 , 335.9452 , 377.5057 , 399.1558 , 435.2559 , 469.3425 , 449.2277 , 454.3185 , 465.0240 , 475.1042 , 462.7477 , 479.8572 , 508.0383 , 521.8487 , 534.4137 , 544.9369 , 669.0979 , 585.0898 , 598.3996 , 598.0000 , 598.0000
(1980-2012)
598.00 28,743 88,744 30   598.00 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 124.0000 , 100.0000 , 127.0000 , 174.0000 , 257.0000 , 257.0000 , 320.8523 , 310.9079 , 348.1645 , 377.0344 , 363.5926 , 375.1406 , 365.0000 , 324.4411 , 298.8178 , 318.3977 , 294.7698 , 296.0407 , 373.9052 , 338.8550 , 306.0076 , 276.0354 , 332.1697 , 361.8246 , 353.7718 , 230.9257 , 198.4026 , 159.6593 , 61.5337 , 108.7851 , 84.6710 , 27.9761 , 44.6613
(1980-2012)
27.98 -19,766 -- 150   44.66
Refinery Capacity 172.0000 , 177.0000 , 175.0000 , 175.0000 , 205.0000 , 205.0000 , 212.0000 , 212.0000 , 212.0000 , 209.0000 , 209.0000 , 210.0000 , 209.5000 , 263.0000 , 269.8000 , 286.4000 , 320.7000 , 330.0000 , 370.7000 , 474.4000 , 524.4000 , 513.6000 , 514.5000 , 516.0000 , 516.0000 , 544.8320 , 544.8320 , 544.8320 , 514.8320 , 514.8320 , 514.8320 , 538.5820 , 538.5820
(1980-2012)
539 24,875 88,097 32   539
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.8000 , 3.0000 , 2.8000 , 3.3250 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.1000 , 2.8205 , 2.9000 , 2.9220 , 2.9500 , 2.9000 , 3.0450 , 3.7000 , 4.3000 , 4.3000 , 4.3000 , 4.0000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000
(1980-2013)
4.00 42 1,526 27   4.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 56.0000 , 62.0000 , 55.8000 , 148.0000 , 325.0000 , 437.0000 , 528.0000 , 551.0000 , 580.9300 , 606.0100 , 654.0000 , 747.0000 , 796.3533 , 880.4030 , 922.7800 , 1019.9000 , 1230.0215 , 1356.0960 , 1370.2220 , 1422.1351 , 1599.7695 , 1686.6444 , 1705.7145 , 1836.3800 , 1899.9470 , 1967.0455 , 1972.6959 , 2104.4209 , 2150.6835 , 2133.0260 , 2170.8131 , 2179.9950 , 2176.1908
(1980-2012)
2,179.99 17,008 116,255 14   2,176.19
Consumption 56.0000 , 62.0000 , 53.0000 , 77.0000 , 152.0000 , 225.0000 , 279.0000 , 264.9480 , 289.2300 , 297.3600 , 319.0000 , 383.0000 , 388.3533 , 457.6820 , 481.7000 , 484.8800 , 562.5680 , 589.4074 , 614.8342 , 653.3275 , 819.6612 , 895.5884 , 983.1696 , 967.9842 , 879.3435 , 913.9522 , 940.0853 , 996.9425 , 1131.1395 , 1099.7091 , 1144.9123 , 1081.3453 , 1103.5132
(1980-2012)
1,081.35 22,220 116,395 28   1,103.51
Net Export/Imports(-) 335.0000 , 364.0000 , 408.0000 , 422.7210 , 441.0800 , 535.0200 , 667.4535 , 766.6887 , 755.3879 , 768.8076 , 780.1084 , 791.0560 , 722.5449 , 868.3959 , 1020.6035 , 1053.0933 , 1032.6106 , 1107.4784 , 1019.5441 , 1033.3169 , 1025.9008 , 1098.6497 , 1072.6776
(1990-2012)
1,098.65 -4,825 -- 82   1,072.68
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
17.0000 , 15.0000 , 19.0000 , 34.0000 , 48.0000 , 50.0000 , 52.7000 , 49.4400 , 52.2000 , 51.7000 , 51.9000 , 56.9000 , 59.0550 , 67.8000 , 76.7000 , 68.0000 , 68.0000 , 80.2000 , 79.8000 , 81.7000 , 81.7000 , 81.7000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000
(1980-2013)
83.00 505 6,845 15   83.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0236 , 0.0959 , 0.0981 , 0.1196 , 0.1224 , 0.1983 , 0.1936 , 0.1334 , 0.1477 , 0.1235 , 0.2414 , 0.2403 , 0.3472 , 0.2734 , 0.4233 , 0.6019 , 0.3891 , 0.1929 , 0.4290 , 0.8701 , 1.0161 , 1.1617 , 1.3823 , 2.3567 , 2.6422 , 3.1328
(1980-2011)
2.642 5,101 7,934 38   3.133
Consumption 0.0882 , 0.2010 , 0.1510 , 0.4084 , 0.4491 , 0.5872 , 0.4685 , 0.6382 , 0.6770 , 2.0854 , 2.5022 , 2.5462 , 2.7587 , 1.9633 , 2.6224 , 2.6687 , 3.2750 , 2.5838 , 2.6136 , 2.1638 , 3.6773 , 5.1081 , 6.4265 , 8.4327 , 9.6629 , 11.6228 , 12.3424 , 16.0491 , 16.6268 , 18.6989 , 25.5306 , 26.4797 , 25.6324
(1980-2012)
26.480 5,338 8,124 26   25.632
Net Export/Imports(-) -88.1849 , -200.9822 , -151.0167 , -408.3623 , -449.1246 , -587.2498 , -444.8752 , -542.3372 , -578.8931 , -1965.7629 , -2563.9762 , -2245.4082 , -2384.2995 , -1829.8369 , -2204.6227 , -2109.8239 , -3069.9371 , -2376.5833 , -2396.4249 , -2067.9361 , -3030.2539 , -4605.4569 , -5960.1975 , -8239.7774 , -9503.9841 , -11114.1965 , -11889.6130 , -14628.3640 , -16918.8689 , -15947.5342 , -22750.6041 , -23346.9546
(1980-2011)
-22.751 -3 -- 10   -23.347
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Net Generation 10.1860 , 10.8950 , 11.4990 , 12.6860 , 13.7910 , 14.9960 , 15.2920 , 16.4690 , 18.4380 , 20.7840 , 23.9520 , 26.8210 , 27.7530 , 32.8920 , 37.0740 , 43.0160 , 48.5580 , 54.5670 , 57.2730 , 61.6540 , 65.8917 , 66.5554 , 70.0554 , 74.7012 , 77.6348 , 77.9661 , 84.7618 , 91.9865 , 92.3036 , 109.7560 , 117.9570 , 123.3040
(1980-2011)
117.96 7,682 20,254 29   123.30
Net Consumption 9.3630 , 10.0050 , 10.5040 , 11.5810 , 12.6340 , 13.6990 , 13.7660 , 14.8340 , 16.6790 , 19.3350 , 22.3500 , 24.2520 , 25.9960 , 28.7350 , 34.0340 , 39.2160 , 43.3720 , 50.6140 , 52.3910 , 56.3610 , 60.3277 , 60.7804 , 64.0494 , 68.3232 , 71.0998 , 69.1211 , 75.2528 , 81.9215 , 84.0036 , 102.7920 , 109.8340 , 115.3380
(1980-2011)
109.83 7,060 18,501 30   115.34
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.0890 , 3.1420 , 3.3180 , 3.6790 , 4.0280 , 4.1730 , 4.6010 , 4.8220 , 4.9170 , 4.9670 , 5.0370 , 6.0600 , 6.7000 , 6.8570 , 9.0000 , 10.6000 , 12.5000 , 13.5410 , 13.6060 , 12.6960 , 13.7620 , 14.8130 , 15.6710 , 20.1190 , 24.4320 , 23.3330 , 22.6160 , 22.9730 , 23.3540 , 25.3850 , 27.0930 , 28.4040
(1980-2011)
27.09 1,903 5,086 28   28.40
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 0.6609 , 0.6301 , 0.7080 , 0.9311 , 1.3080 , 1.4263 , 1.6559 , 1.6789 , 1.8099 , 1.9232 , 2.0326 , 2.1921 , 2.2633 , 2.3382 , 2.4105 , 2.5919 , 2.8365 , 3.0095 , 3.1431 , 3.1587 , 3.3143 , 3.3412 , 3.4329 , 3.6602 , 3.7739 , 3.6043 , 3.5803 , 3.6683 , 3.7817 , 3.7160 , 3.6996 , 3.6349
(1980-2011)
3.700 154 509 30   3.635
Consumption 0.4184 , 0.4388 , 0.4555 , 0.5140 , 0.6140 , 0.6993 , 0.7498 , 0.7538 , 0.7996 , 0.8666 , 0.9797 , 1.0869 , 1.1370 , 1.1658 , 1.4272 , 1.4696 , 1.6410 , 1.6702 , 1.6885 , 1.7429 , 1.9778 , 2.1077 , 2.1922 , 2.2685 , 2.2610 , 2.2894 , 2.3652 , 2.5979 , 2.6767 , 2.7831 , 2.9885
(1980-2010)
2.783 183 488 31   2.988
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6037.8128 , 5921.9694 , 5802.2445 , 6161.5520 , 6829.9190 , 7859.2811 , 8324.5007 , 7955.2268 , 7746.7302 , 7688.1862 , 7919.8460 , 8085.6215 , 7768.2787 , 7247.6904 , 8124.5721 , 7617.0128 , 7731.9803 , 7332.5885 , 8001.7392 , 7782.2509 , 8112.4168 , 8600.4358 , 8487.6726 , 8302.5116 , 7749.3543 , 7449.6552 , 7275.8990 , 7521.5066 , 7373.2227 , 7793.9830 , 7807.3931
(1980-2010)
7,794 8,124 7,461 50   7,807
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
26.3303 , 27.4915 , 28.9749 , 35.7600 , 41.8084 , 44.5248 , 49.0314 , 46.1422 , 47.1251 , 52.5748 , 64.9805 , 67.1076 , 72.8522 , 77.2578 , 86.2650 , 89.4954 , 101.7409 , 102.1899 , 102.7862 , 106.4790 , 117.5743 , 125.4148 , 137.6380 , 144.6555 , 145.2578 , 147.6051 , 150.2426 , 166.6420 , 170.8480 , 175.4414 , 190.6754 , 191.4441
(1980-2011)
190.68 13,840 31,502 28   191.44

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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