U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Malaysia  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Malaysia is the world's second-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas and the second-largest oil and natural gas producer in Southeast Asia, and is strategically located amid important routes for seaborne energy trade.
  • Malaysia's oil reserves are the fourth-highest in Asia-Pacific after China, India, and Vietnam. Nearly all of Malaysia's oil comes from offshore fields.
  • Declines in production at Malaysia's major producing oil fields in the past decade have led government efforts to encourage investment in enhanced oil recovery and development of smaller and marginal fields, as well as deepwater fields.
  • As a result of rising regional and domestic demand for crude oil and oil products, Malaysia plans to become a regional oil trading and storage hub by increasing the country's refining and storage capacity.
  • Malaysia produced negligible quantities of biofuels in 2013, although the country plays a significant role in supplying palm oil, a key raw material used in biodiesel production.
  • Malaysia was the world's second-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas after Qatar in 2013. Although the country's growing domestic demand and regional gas imbalances in the past few years caused the country to open its first regasification terminal as another source of imports.
  • Malaysia's natural gas production has risen over the past two decades to serve the growing domestic demand and export contracts. Recent foreign investment in deepwater and technically challenging fields, primarily in the Sarawak and Sabah states, provides impetus to maintain natural gas production levels over the next few years.
  • Malaysia has an extensive gas pipeline network running through Peninsular Malaysia and pipelines that connect offshore fields in all three states to key infrastructure onshore.
  • Malaysia remains a key exporter of LNG as the second-largest exporter in the world after Qatar in 2013. However, the limited natural gas supplies and rising demand in the western part of the country triggered investment in regasification terminals, the first of which commenced in 2013.
  • Malaysia's electricity demand, mostly met by natural gas and to a lesser extent coal, continues to expand rapidly. This growth coupled with insufficient natural gas supply in high demand centers is driving the country to diversify power generation fuel mix and add electricity capacity to avoid future power shortages.
  • Most of Malaysia's electricity generation capacity is natural gas-fired, although gas shortages in Peninsular Malaysia and growing electricity demand in recent years have spurred the use of other fuels such as coal, diesel, and renewable sources.

Read full Malaysia Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 29, 2014


Overview data for Malaysia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Malaysia
Total Oil Production 284.0000 , 265.0000 , 307.0000 , 366.0000 , 451.0000 , 451.0000 , 513.1230 , 508.2049 , 550.6633 , 597.1007 , 629.5699 , 656.6710 , 666.5219 , 660.3864 , 676.3235 , 717.5535 , 730.0257 , 765.3833 , 823.1329 , 793.1735 , 771.0315 , 751.1396 , 794.9174 , 841.6818 , 803.9330 , 806.8512 , 766.6187 , 756.3522 , 771.1183 , 733.6600 , 740.7505 , 676.4245 , 696.2143 , 667.4601
(1980-2013)
696.21 9,077 89,755 28   667.46
Crude Oil Production 283.0000 , 264.0000 , 306.0000 , 365.0000 , 440.0000 , 440.0000 , 504.0000 , 497.0000 , 540.0000 , 585.0000 , 619.0000 , 646.0000 , 653.3880 , 640.0000 , 644.9860 , 682.4932 , 695.0273 , 700.0000 , 720.0000 , 693.0000 , 690.0273 , 659.2055 , 698.4600 , 737.8570 , 763.4754 , 726.4438 , 691.8082 , 668.2685 , 686.2404 , 658.7041 , 638.2603 , 569.9342 , 585.5601 , 570.2603
(1980-2013)
585.56 7,731 75,956 26   570.26
Consumption 160.0000 , 165.0000 , 180.0000 , 192.0000 , 194.0000 , 194.0000 , 192.2707 , 197.2970 , 202.4988 , 220.0663 , 265.9772 , 281.5304 , 301.5219 , 335.9452 , 377.5057 , 399.1558 , 435.2559 , 469.3425 , 449.2277 , 454.3185 , 465.0240 , 475.1042 , 462.7477 , 479.8572 , 508.0383 , 521.8487 , 534.4137 , 544.9369 , 669.0979 , 585.0898 , 598.3996 , 610.0000 , 625.0000 , 623.0000
(1980-2013)
625.00 28,976 89,128 29   623.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 124.0000 , 100.0000 , 127.0000 , 174.0000 , 257.0000 , 257.0000 , 320.8523 , 310.9079 , 348.1645 , 377.0344 , 363.5926 , 375.1406 , 365.0000 , 324.4411 , 298.8178 , 318.3977 , 294.7698 , 296.0407 , 373.9052 , 338.8550 , 306.0076 , 276.0354 , 332.1697 , 361.8246 , 295.8947 , 285.0024 , 232.2050 , 211.4153 , 102.0203 , 148.5702 , 142.3509 , 66.4245 , 71.2143 , 44.4601
(1980-2013)
71.21 -19,898 -- 30   44.46
Refinery Capacity 172.0000 , 177.0000 , 175.0000 , 175.0000 , 205.0000 , 205.0000 , 212.0000 , 212.0000 , 212.0000 , 209.0000 , 209.0000 , 210.0000 , 209.5000 , 263.0000 , 269.8000 , 286.4000 , 320.7000 , 330.0000 , 370.7000 , 474.4000 , 524.4000 , 513.6000 , 514.5000 , 516.0000 , 516.0000 , 544.8320 , 544.8320 , 544.8320 , 514.8320 , 514.8320 , 514.8320 , 538.5820 , 538.5820
(1980-2012)
539 24,875 88,097 32   539
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.8000 , 3.0000 , 2.8000 , 3.3250 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.1000 , 2.8205 , 2.9000 , 2.9220 , 2.9500 , 2.9000 , 3.0450 , 3.7000 , 4.3000 , 4.3000 , 4.3000 , 4.0000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.9000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000
(1980-2014)
4.00 45 1,646 28   4.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 56.0000 , 62.0000 , 55.8000 , 148.0000 , 325.0000 , 437.0000 , 528.0000 , 551.0000 , 580.9300 , 606.0100 , 654.0000 , 747.0000 , 796.3533 , 880.4030 , 922.7800 , 1019.9000 , 1230.0215 , 1356.0960 , 1370.2220 , 1422.1351 , 1599.7695 , 1686.6444 , 1705.7145 , 1836.3800 , 1899.9470 , 1967.0455 , 1972.6959 , 2104.4209 , 2150.6835 , 2133.0260 , 2170.8131 , 2179.9950 , 2176.1908
(1980-2012)
2,179.99 17,008 116,255 14   2,176.19
Consumption 56.0000 , 62.0000 , 53.0000 , 77.0000 , 152.0000 , 225.0000 , 279.0000 , 264.9480 , 289.2300 , 297.3600 , 319.0000 , 383.0000 , 388.3533 , 457.6820 , 481.7000 , 484.8800 , 562.5680 , 589.4074 , 614.8342 , 653.3275 , 819.6612 , 895.5884 , 983.1696 , 967.9842 , 879.3435 , 913.9522 , 940.0853 , 996.9425 , 1131.1395 , 1099.7091 , 1144.9123 , 1081.3453 , 1103.5132
(1980-2012)
1,081.35 22,220 116,395 28   1,103.51
Net Export/Imports(-) 335.0000 , 364.0000 , 408.0000 , 422.7210 , 441.0800 , 535.0200 , 667.4535 , 766.6887 , 755.3879 , 768.8076 , 780.1084 , 791.0560 , 722.5449 , 868.3959 , 1020.6035 , 1053.0933 , 1032.6106 , 1107.4784 , 1019.5441 , 1033.3169 , 1025.9008 , 1098.6497 , 1072.6776
(1990-2012)
1,098.65 -4,825 -- 82   1,072.68
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
17.0000 , 15.0000 , 19.0000 , 34.0000 , 48.0000 , 50.0000 , 52.7000 , 49.4400 , 52.2000 , 51.7000 , 51.9000 , 56.9000 , 59.0550 , 67.8000 , 76.7000 , 68.0000 , 68.0000 , 80.2000 , 79.8000 , 81.7000 , 81.7000 , 81.7000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 75.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000 , 83.0000
(1980-2014)
83.00 521 6,846 15   83.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0236 , 0.0959 , 0.0981 , 0.1196 , 0.1224 , 0.1983 , 0.1936 , 0.1334 , 0.1477 , 0.1235 , 0.2414 , 0.2403 , 0.3472 , 0.2734 , 0.4233 , 0.6019 , 0.3891 , 0.1929 , 0.4290 , 0.8701 , 1.0161 , 1.1617 , 1.3823 , 2.3567 , 2.6422 , 3.2143 , 3.3742
(1980-2012)
3.214 5,529 8,444 38   3.374
Consumption 0.0882 , 0.2010 , 0.1510 , 0.4084 , 0.4491 , 0.5872 , 0.4685 , 0.6382 , 0.6770 , 2.0854 , 2.5022 , 2.5462 , 2.7587 , 1.9633 , 2.6224 , 2.6687 , 3.2750 , 2.5838 , 2.6136 , 2.3931 , 4.0389 , 5.0949 , 7.2323 , 6.8431 , 9.3212 , 11.6757 , 12.4273 , 16.0094 , 16.8781 , 18.6394 , 25.5306 , 27.2458 , 27.1532
(1980-2012)
27.246 5,482 8,285 27   27.153
Net Export/Imports(-) -88.1849 , -200.9822 , -151.0167 , -408.3623 , -449.1246 , -587.2498 , -444.8752 , -542.3372 , -578.8931 , -1965.7629 , -2563.9762 , -2245.4082 , -2384.2995 , -1829.8369 , -2204.6227 , -2109.8239 , -3069.9371 , -2376.5833 , -2396.4249 , -2297.2169 , -3367.5612 , -4605.4569 , -5960.1975 , -5989.9599 , -9503.9841 , -11114.1965 , -11889.6130 , -14628.3640 , -16918.8689 , -15947.5342 , -22750.6041 , -23872.7571 , -23779.0606
(1980-2012)
-23.873 -39 -- 10   -23.779
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Net Generation 10.1860 , 10.8950 , 11.4990 , 12.6860 , 13.7910 , 14.9960 , 15.2920 , 16.4690 , 18.4380 , 20.7840 , 23.9520 , 26.8210 , 27.7530 , 32.8920 , 37.0740 , 43.0160 , 48.5580 , 54.5670 , 57.2730 , 61.6540 , 65.8917 , 66.5554 , 70.0554 , 74.7012 , 77.6348 , 77.9661 , 84.7618 , 91.9865 , 92.3036 , 109.7560 , 117.9570 , 123.3040
(1980-2011)
117.96 7,682 20,254 29   123.30
Net Consumption 9.3630 , 10.0050 , 10.5040 , 11.5810 , 12.6340 , 13.6990 , 13.7660 , 14.8340 , 16.6790 , 19.3350 , 22.3500 , 24.2520 , 25.9960 , 28.7350 , 34.0340 , 39.2160 , 43.3720 , 50.6140 , 52.3910 , 56.3610 , 60.3277 , 60.7804 , 64.0494 , 68.3232 , 71.0998 , 69.1211 , 75.2528 , 81.9215 , 84.0036 , 102.7920 , 109.8340 , 115.3380
(1980-2011)
109.83 7,060 18,501 30   115.34
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.0890 , 3.1420 , 3.3180 , 3.6790 , 4.0280 , 4.1730 , 4.6010 , 4.8220 , 4.9170 , 4.9670 , 5.0370 , 6.0600 , 6.7000 , 6.8570 , 9.0000 , 10.6000 , 12.5000 , 13.5410 , 13.6060 , 12.6960 , 13.7620 , 14.8130 , 15.6710 , 20.1190 , 24.4320 , 23.3330 , 22.6160 , 22.9730 , 23.3540 , 25.3850 , 27.0930 , 28.4040
(1980-2011)
27.09 1,903 5,086 28   28.40
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Production 0.6609 , 0.6301 , 0.7080 , 0.9311 , 1.3080 , 1.4263 , 1.6559 , 1.6789 , 1.8099 , 1.9232 , 2.0326 , 2.1921 , 2.2633 , 2.3382 , 2.4105 , 2.5919 , 2.8365 , 3.0095 , 3.1431 , 3.1587 , 3.3143 , 3.3412 , 3.4329 , 3.6602 , 3.7739 , 3.6043 , 3.5803 , 3.6683 , 3.7817 , 3.7160 , 3.7215 , 3.6443
(1980-2011)
3.721 148 505 30   3.644
Consumption 0.4184 , 0.4388 , 0.4555 , 0.5140 , 0.6140 , 0.6993 , 0.7498 , 0.7538 , 0.7996 , 0.8666 , 0.9839 , 1.0869 , 1.1374 , 1.1658 , 1.4272 , 1.4696 , 1.6410 , 1.6702 , 1.6885 , 1.7490 , 1.9874 , 2.1073 , 2.2135 , 2.2264 , 2.2519 , 2.2905 , 2.3669 , 2.5276 , 3.0235 , 2.7819 , 2.9811 , 3.0344
(1980-2011)
2.981 190 507 31   3.034
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6037.8128 , 5921.9694 , 5802.2445 , 6161.5520 , 6829.9190 , 7859.2811 , 8324.5007 , 7955.2268 , 7746.7302 , 7688.1862 , 7953.5728 , 8085.6215 , 7770.7959 , 7247.6871 , 8124.5721 , 7617.0674 , 7731.9803 , 7332.5885 , 8001.7392 , 7809.3369 , 8151.6533 , 8599.0077 , 8570.2170 , 8148.5908 , 7718.3665 , 7453.1432 , 7281.1888 , 7317.8512 , 8328.7094 , 7790.6059 , 7787.9631 , 7624.0257
(1980-2011)
7,788 7,821 7,401 51   7,624
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Malaysia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Malaysia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
26.3303 , 27.4915 , 28.9749 , 35.7600 , 41.8084 , 44.5248 , 49.0314 , 46.1422 , 47.1251 , 52.5748 , 65.2019 , 67.1076 , 72.8718 , 77.2577 , 86.2650 , 89.4960 , 101.7409 , 102.1899 , 102.7862 , 107.0377 , 118.4553 , 125.3826 , 139.6014 , 140.7825 , 144.4252 , 147.7039 , 150.4010 , 162.8784 , 171.3169 , 175.3303 , 190.2808 , 195.7013 , 198.7853
(1980-2012)
195.70 14,310 32,155 30   198.79

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Other briefs related to Malaysia

East China Sea Brief

South China Sea Brief

World Oil Transit Chokepoints Brief

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Other International Information

Inter-American Development Bank

International Energy Agency statistics

Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI)

United Nations energy statistics

World Bank energy and mining data

International Monetary Fund data and statistics

Eurostat European statistics

Sign Up for Email Updates