U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Mexico  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Mexico is a major non-OPEC oil producer and among the largest sources of U.S. oil imports.
  • Mexico's oil production has declined in recent years, as has its position as a net oil exporter to the United States.
  • Mexico is a net importer of natural gas, mostly via pipeline from the United States, and its natural gas demand is rising due to greater use of the fuel for power generation.
  • Most of Mexico's electricity generation comes from conventional thermal plants, the fuel source for which is increasingly natural gas.

Read full Mexico Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: October 17, 2012


Overview data for Mexico

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
OECD
World
Rank
Mexico
Total Oil Production 2129.0000 , 2554.0000 , 3003.0000 , 2954.0000 , 3049.5377 , 3027.2783 , 2802.5373 , 2897.7674 , 2888.9451 , 2913.3321 , 2991.7062 , 3149.0236 , 3133.8483 , 3139.9889 , 3158.6346 , 3075.2109 , 3293.4687 , 3421.9331 , 3501.5666 , 3354.2852 , 3460.0852 , 3570.0302 , 3593.3492 , 3807.6775 , 3847.9332 , 3784.0667 , 3711.8980 , 3500.2897 , 3184.1639 , 3000.7912 , 2978.5994 , 2959.9894 , 2936.0088
(1980-2012)
2,959.99 16,694 21,625 87,573 8 2,936.01
Crude Oil Production 1936.0000 , 2313.0000 , 2748.0000 , 2689.0000 , 2780.0000 , 2745.0000 , 2435.0000 , 2548.0000 , 2512.0000 , 2519.7560 , 2553.0270 , 2679.7970 , 2669.2210 , 2673.0000 , 2781.8997 , 2711.3874 , 2944.0702 , 3104.1025 , 3159.5553 , 2998.2710 , 3104.0705 , 3217.9821 , 3262.8948 , 3458.6814 , 3475.8254 , 3423.1236 , 3345.4279 , 3142.9529 , 2838.9888 , 2645.8433 , 2621.1389 , 2599.8473 , 2592.5055
(1980-2012)
2,599.85 11,153 14,913 74,199 9 2,592.51
Consumption 1270.0000 , 1399.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1350.0000 , 1395.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1523.0000 , 1576.0000 , 1598.0000 , 1715.0000 , 1599.0000 , 1743.0000 , 1769.0000 , 1821.0000 , 1923.0000 , 1801.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1888.0000 , 2002.0000 , 2043.0000 , 2095.9262 , 2068.7041 , 2019.1397 , 2015.6603 , 2069.2049 , 2116.6712 , 2122.9315 , 2172.7896 , 2161.1153 , 2070.6838 , 2080.4375 , 2113.3562 , 2144.1161
(1980-2012)
2,113.36 23,270 46,402 88,744 11 2,144.12
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 859.0000 , 1155.0000 , 1527.0000 , 1604.0000 , 1654.5377 , 1551.2783 , 1279.5373 , 1321.7674 , 1290.9451 , 1198.3321 , 1392.7062 , 1406.0236 , 1364.8483 , 1318.9889 , 1235.6346 , 1274.2109 , 1473.4687 , 1533.9331 , 1499.5666 , 1311.2852 , 1364.1590 , 1501.3261 , 1574.2095 , 1792.0172 , 1778.7283 , 1667.3955 , 1588.9665 , 1327.5001 , 1023.0486 , 930.1074 , 898.1619 , 846.6332 , 791.8927
(1980-2012)
846.63 -6,577 -24,777 -- 168 791.89
Refinery Capacity 1394.0000 , 1394.0000 , 1470.0000 , 1289.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1349.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1514.0000 , 1679.0000 , 1574.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000
(1980-2012)
1,540 21,178 45,873 88,097 14 1,540
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 31.2500 , 44.0000 , 56.9900 , 48.3000 , 48.0000 , 48.6000 , 49.3000 , 54.6530 , 48.6100 , 54.1100 , 56.3650 , 51.9830 , 51.2980 , 51.2980 , 50.9250 , 50.7760 , 49.7750 , 48.7960 , 40.0000 , 47.8220 , 28.3990 , 28.2600 , 26.9410 , 12.6220 , 15.6740 , 14.6000 , 12.8822 , 12.3520 , 11.6500 , 10.5012 , 10.4040 , 10.4200 , 10.3591 , 10.2639
(1980-2013)
10.36 211 223 1,526 18 10.26
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 899.7909 , 969.1142 , 1045.4653 , 1027.0661 , 1008.7730 , 998.7435 , 885.6649 , 898.1664 , 904.9469 , 865.5353 , 903.0000 , 899.0000 , 878.6372 , 950.0441 , 974.8706 , 956.8246 , 1064.0410 , 1166.0307 , 1266.1134 , 1286.9492 , 1314.4596 , 1301.9934 , 1333.5650 , 1400.0985 , 1252.0933 , 1348.5386 , 1740.5704 , 1678.4513 , 1694.0959 , 1721.7828 , 1798.6636 , 1744.3491 , 1684.4196
(1980-2012)
1,744.35 29,864 116,255 18   1,684.42
Consumption 798.7900 , 865.4647 , 942.5574 , 945.0294 , 945.5238 , 990.2326 , 879.5554 , 893.0104 , 903.7815 , 880.6855 , 918.0000 , 949.0000 , 958.8376 , 977.0248 , 1026.2186 , 1042.6401 , 1102.6756 , 1178.2143 , 1283.7003 , 1262.1934 , 1398.1915 , 1395.3310 , 1513.0005 , 1639.7108 , 1653.3070 , 1656.3441 , 2199.8420 , 2024.8915 , 2129.2826 , 2134.5092 , 2286.3284 , 2356.4287 , 2424.1275
(1980-2012)
2,356.43 29,884 116,395 11   2,424.13
Net Export/Imports(-) -16.0000 , -59.0000 , -90.0533 , -32.9489 , -37.9989 , -54.3498 , -17.2690 , -25.4621 , -40.5416 , -3.5668 , -92.6312 , -127.4518 , -252.7141 , -342.8733 , -397.4703 , -309.6066 , -340.2247 , -348.3472 , -450.3369 , -434.4451 , -501.8262 , -629.6665 , -775.7293
(1990-2012)
-629.67 -425 -- 13   -775.73
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
59.0000 , 64.5000 , 75.3500 , 75.8500 , 75.3520 , 77.0000 , 76.9540 , 76.5000 , 76.5300 , 74.8310 , 73.3800 , 72.7440 , 71.5080 , 70.9000 , 70.9540 , 69.6750 , 68.4130 , 67.6680 , 63.9000 , 63.4560 , 30.0640 , 30.3940 , 29.5050 , 8.7760 , 14.9850 , 14.8500 , 15.9850 , 14.5570 , 13.8500 , 13.1620 , 12.7020 , 11.9660 , 17.3160 , 17.2240
(1980-2013)
17.32 412 6,845 30   17.22
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 4.0036 , 3.9430 , 4.7421 , 6.0219 , 6.5610 , 6.7307 , 7.2907 , 8.8527 , 7.9036 , 8.4911 , 8.5870 , 7.7978 , 7.2422 , 7.8396 , 10.0707 , 10.2570 , 11.3593 , 11.4695 , 12.3812 , 11.3825 , 12.5046 , 12.5057 , 12.1078 , 10.5811 , 10.8930 , 11.8554 , 12.6623 , 13.7943 , 12.5994 , 11.6272 , 11.1400 , 13.6510 , 14.1005
(1980-2012)
13.651 1,182 8,440 25   14.100
Consumption 5.0210 , 5.0607 , 5.8411 , 6.5180 , 6.6337 , 7.2653 , 7.9223 , 8.6752 , 8.1185 , 8.8813 , 8.6454 , 8.2078 , 8.2916 , 9.7388 , 11.1876 , 12.1611 , 14.0390 , 14.1250 , 14.6574 , 14.9760 , 15.1954 , 16.2955 , 17.5411 , 19.3963 , 16.7970 , 20.6386 , 20.5438 , 20.5824 , 17.0750 , 17.9105 , 19.7844 , 21.6291 , 22.3796
(1980-2012)
21.629 1,072 8,124 30   22.380
Net Export/Imports(-) -945.7831 , -1246.7141 , -1223.5656 , -504.8586 , -458.5615 , -968.9317 , -633.8290 , -111.3334 , -111.3334 , -255.7362 , -334.0003 , -89.2872 , -884.0537 , -911.5321 , -968.0300 , -1383.8428 , -1460.5626 , -1936.7611 , -1958.8073 , -3018.1285 , -3374.1751 , -4239.4895 , -6935.7431 , -8541.8107 , -5093.7808 , -8431.5796 , -8754.5568 , -6310.7325 , -5391.6033 , -6842.1899 , -8912.2865 , -8717.6955
(1980-2011)
-8.912 76 -- 18   -8.718
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Net Generation 63.6040 , 73.2510 , 80.3510 , 82.0270 , 86.7260 , 93.1320 , 96.9090 , 104.5990 , 109.8610 , 117.7290 , 116.8320 , 122.2490 , 126.2330 , 131.9973 , 142.2680 , 148.0010 , 156.4880 , 167.9237 , 174.0230 , 183.9250 , 194.1216 , 201.1726 , 204.7426 , 202.5270 , 220.5846 , 231.3615 , 236.7845 , 243.9274 , 248.8414 , 247.5337 , 257.3440 , 278.5210 , 277.6364
(1980-2012)
278.52 5,003 21,081 13   277.64
Net Consumption 56.6580 , 64.3560 , 69.9380 , 72.8530 , 77.0060 , 82.0710 , 84.8040 , 90.9980 , 95.0080 , 101.4750 , 100.4790 , 104.6140 , 108.1630 , 112.3803 , 120.8430 , 125.1290 , 132.8920 , 144.6067 , 149.4782 , 157.5653 , 167.7066 , 171.3596 , 174.1446 , 172.7633 , 184.8968 , 192.8170 , 196.9032 , 202.7299 , 206.7282 , 204.3824 , 212.3964 , 232.3452
(1980-2011)
212.40 4,635 18,501 17   232.35
Installed Capacity (GWe) 16.8620 , 19.7720 , 20.7950 , 21.5040 , 21.9570 , 23.4070 , 23.8680 , 25.7540 , 26.8280 , 28.0620 , 28.2350 , 30.3170 , 30.7560 , 32.3230 , 35.3740 , 36.1300 , 37.9040 , 38.4020 , 38.5990 , 39.0480 , 40.2510 , 42.4220 , 45.6970 , 49.6930 , 52.2550 , 52.4920 , 55.3470 , 57.8340 , 58.2390 , 59.6280 , 62.2250 , 61.5120
(1980-2011)
62.23 1,238 5,086 14   61.51
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 5.7247 , 6.7533 , 7.8072 , 7.6760 , 7.9055 , 7.8480 , 7.1210 , 7.3865 , 7.3872 , 7.4113 , 7.6592 , 7.9752 , 7.9755 , 8.0760 , 8.1515 , 8.0896 , 8.7860 , 9.0940 , 9.3447 , 9.0938 , 9.3757 , 9.5878 , 9.6488 , 10.0971 , 10.0056 , 10.0279 , 10.3075 , 9.7579 , 9.1703 , 8.6148 , 8.7776 , 8.8037 , 8.8844
(1980-2012)
8.804 106 NA 12   8.884
Consumption 3.7184 , 4.1095 , 4.3205 , 4.0496 , 4.1692 , 4.4023 , 4.3265 , 4.4644 , 4.5380 , 4.7868 , 4.6566 , 4.9690 , 5.0737 , 5.1447 , 5.3495 , 5.2629 , 5.4810 , 5.6460 , 5.9456 , 6.0573 , 6.3319 , 6.2911 , 6.2866 , 6.4114 , 6.4258 , 6.7307 , 7.2956 , 7.5267 , 7.2625 , 6.9476 , 7.2840 , 7.8079 , 7.3096
(1980-2012)
7.808 119 NA 13   7.310
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5136.0209 , 5230.2286 , 5527.5630 , 5368.1044 , 5344.3698 , 5522.3476 , 5599.7652 , 5680.4233 , 5700.8722 , 5776.2303 , 5396.0091 , 5526.0436 , 5449.0311 , 5350.4062 , 5308.4123 , 5569.2019 , 5497.4060 , 5280.5615 , 5298.0800 , 5211.7469 , 5141.0054 , 5157.3338 , 5148.8786 , 5181.4036 , 4991.1796 , 5066.9617 , 5224.1471 , 5219.6705 , 4976.7865 , 5071.1166 , 5043.8404 , 5209.0917
(1980-2011)
5,044 7,514 7,452 110   5,209
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
240.3339 , 266.5121 , 282.1425 , 260.7860 , 279.1398 , 280.6954 , 267.4916 , 277.6782 , 276.8522 , 290.7744 , 302.1576 , 309.8020 , 313.3509 , 316.8273 , 336.3920 , 321.3735 , 332.6578 , 349.4003 , 371.3073 , 363.3847 , 382.8967 , 379.5529 , 379.0800 , 387.9596 , 378.0270 , 397.8058 , 436.9538 , 444.2703 , 452.7937 , 421.1238 , 432.2100 , 462.2929
(1980-2011)
432.21 6,617 31,502 14   462.29

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013