U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Mexico  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Hydroelectricity supplied about 11% of Mexico's electricity generation in 2013. The largest hydroelectric plant in the country is the 2,400-MW Manuel Moreno Torres, at Chicoasén dam in Chiapas. Another major hydroelectric project, the 750-megawatt La Yesca facility, was completed in November 2012. The 900-megawatt La Parota project has been effectively cancelled because of local opposition.
  • Nonhydro renewables represented 3% of Mexico's electricity generation in 2013. The most significant source is currently geothermal, including the 645-MW Cerro Pietro plant in Baja California, followed by biomass and waste combusted in fossil-fueled power plants. At present, there is relatively little wind and solar generation in Mexico.
  • Several wind projects are in development in Baja California and southern Mexico. The Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Oaxaca has especially favorable wind resources and has been a focus of government efforts to increase wind capacity. The Oaxaca II, III, and IV wind projects came online in the first half of 2012, and are due to be joined by the Oaxaca I and La Venta III projects later in 2014 to early 2015. Each project phase includes just over 100 MW of capacity. In Baja, Sempra International is developing the Energía Sierra Juarez (ESJ) wind farm. The electricity from this farm will be exported to the United States on a new transmission line. The 156-MW first phase of ESJ will be completed in 2014. ESJ's long-term development plan includes additional phases, with a potential total capacity of over 1.2 GW. With these developments, Mexico is poised to become one of the world's fastest-growing wind energy producers.

Read full Mexico Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: April 24, 2014


Overview data for Mexico

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
OECD
World
Rank
Mexico
Total Oil Production 2129.0000 , 2554.0000 , 3003.0000 , 2954.0000 , 3049.5377 , 3027.2783 , 2802.5373 , 2897.7674 , 2888.9451 , 2913.3321 , 2991.7062 , 3149.0236 , 3133.8483 , 3139.9889 , 3158.6346 , 3075.2109 , 3293.4687 , 3421.9331 , 3501.5666 , 3354.2852 , 3460.0852 , 3570.0302 , 3593.3492 , 3807.6775 , 3847.9332 , 3784.0667 , 3711.8980 , 3500.2897 , 3184.1639 , 3000.7912 , 2978.5994 , 2959.9894 , 2936.0088 , 2907.8338
(1980-2013)
2,936.01 17,911 22,538 89,759 9 2,907.83
Crude Oil Production 1936.0000 , 2313.0000 , 2748.0000 , 2689.0000 , 2780.0000 , 2745.0000 , 2435.0000 , 2548.0000 , 2512.0000 , 2519.7560 , 2553.0270 , 2679.7970 , 2669.2210 , 2673.0000 , 2781.8997 , 2711.3874 , 2944.0702 , 3104.1025 , 3159.5553 , 2998.2710 , 3104.0705 , 3217.9821 , 3262.8948 , 3458.6814 , 3475.8254 , 3423.1236 , 3345.4279 , 3142.9529 , 2838.9888 , 2645.8433 , 2621.1389 , 2599.8473 , 2592.5055 , 2561.8575
(1980-2013)
2,592.51 12,227 15,667 75,960 10 2,561.86
Consumption 1270.0000 , 1399.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1350.0000 , 1395.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1523.0000 , 1576.0000 , 1598.0000 , 1715.0000 , 1599.0000 , 1743.0000 , 1769.0000 , 1821.0000 , 1923.0000 , 1801.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1888.0000 , 2002.0000 , 2043.0000 , 2095.9262 , 2068.7041 , 2019.1397 , 2015.6603 , 2069.2049 , 2116.6712 , 2122.9315 , 2172.7896 , 2161.1153 , 2069.6126 , 2080.4375 , 2112.5559 , 2085.6022 , 2044.2704
(1980-2013)
2,085.60 22,940 45,868 89,721 11 2,044.27
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 859.0000 , 1155.0000 , 1527.0000 , 1604.0000 , 1654.5377 , 1551.2783 , 1279.5373 , 1321.7674 , 1290.9451 , 1198.3321 , 1392.7062 , 1406.0236 , 1364.8483 , 1318.9889 , 1235.6346 , 1274.2109 , 1473.4687 , 1533.9331 , 1499.5666 , 1311.2852 , 1364.1590 , 1501.3261 , 1574.2095 , 1792.0172 , 1778.7283 , 1667.3955 , 1588.9665 , 1327.5001 , 1023.0486 , 931.1786 , 898.1619 , 847.4335 , 850.4066 , 863.5634
(1980-2013)
850.41 -5,029 -23,330 -- 15 863.56
Refinery Capacity 1394.0000 , 1394.0000 , 1470.0000 , 1289.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1349.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1514.0000 , 1679.0000 , 1574.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000
(1980-2012)
1,540 21,178 45,873 88,097 14 1,540
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 31.2500 , 44.0000 , 56.9900 , 48.3000 , 48.0000 , 48.6000 , 49.3000 , 54.6530 , 48.6100 , 54.1100 , 56.3650 , 51.9830 , 51.2980 , 51.2980 , 50.9250 , 50.7760 , 49.7750 , 48.7960 , 40.0000 , 47.8220 , 28.3990 , 28.2600 , 26.9410 , 12.6220 , 15.6740 , 14.6000 , 12.8822 , 12.3520 , 11.6500 , 10.5012 , 10.4040 , 10.4200 , 10.3591 , 10.2639 , 10.0730
(1980-2014)
10.26 214 227 1,646 19 10.07
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 899.7909 , 969.1142 , 1045.4653 , 1027.0661 , 1008.7730 , 998.7435 , 885.6649 , 898.1664 , 904.9469 , 865.5353 , 903.0000 , 899.0000 , 878.6372 , 950.0441 , 974.8706 , 956.8246 , 1064.0410 , 1166.0307 , 1266.1134 , 1286.9492 , 1314.4596 , 1301.9934 , 1333.5650 , 1400.0985 , 1252.0933 , 1348.5386 , 1497.8857 , 1678.4513 , 1694.0959 , 1721.7828 , 1798.6636 , 1744.3491 , 1670.7173 , 1639.7814
(1980-2013)
1,670.72 30,798 118,910 19   1,639.78
Consumption 798.7900 , 865.4647 , 942.5574 , 945.0294 , 945.5238 , 990.2326 , 879.5554 , 893.0104 , 903.7815 , 880.6855 , 918.0000 , 949.0000 , 958.8376 , 977.0248 , 1026.2186 , 1042.6401 , 1102.6756 , 1178.2143 , 1283.7003 , 1262.1934 , 1398.1915 , 1395.3310 , 1513.0005 , 1639.7108 , 1653.3070 , 1656.3441 , 1858.3106 , 2024.8915 , 2129.2826 , 2134.5092 , 2286.3284 , 2356.4287 , 2421.5849 , 2280.6427
(1980-2013)
2,421.58 31,012 119,568 12   2,280.64
Net Export/Imports(-) -16.0000 , -59.0000 , -90.0533 , -32.9489 , -37.9989 , -54.3498 , -17.2690 , -25.4621 , -40.5416 , -3.5668 , -92.6312 , -127.4518 , -252.7141 , -342.8733 , -397.4703 , -321.5784 , -359.5773 , -348.3472 , -450.3369 , -434.4451 , -501.8262 , -629.6665 , -767.9600 , -653.2216
(1990-2013)
-767.96 -275 -- 14   -653.22
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
59.0000 , 64.5000 , 75.3500 , 75.8500 , 75.3520 , 77.0000 , 76.9540 , 76.5000 , 76.5300 , 74.8310 , 73.3800 , 72.7440 , 71.5080 , 70.9000 , 70.9540 , 69.6750 , 68.4130 , 67.6680 , 63.9000 , 63.4560 , 30.0640 , 30.3940 , 29.5050 , 8.7760 , 14.9850 , 14.8500 , 15.9850 , 14.5570 , 13.8500 , 13.1620 , 12.7020 , 11.9660 , 17.3160 , 17.2240 , 17.0750
(1980-2014)
17.22 394 6,846 30   17.08
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 4.0036 , 3.9430 , 4.7421 , 6.0219 , 6.5610 , 6.7307 , 7.2907 , 8.8527 , 7.9036 , 8.4911 , 8.5870 , 7.7978 , 7.2422 , 7.8396 , 10.0707 , 10.2570 , 11.3593 , 11.4695 , 12.3812 , 11.3825 , 12.5046 , 12.5057 , 12.1078 , 10.5811 , 10.8930 , 11.8554 , 12.6623 , 13.7943 , 12.5994 , 11.6272 , 14.1460 , 17.3735 , 16.7430
(1980-2012)
17.374 1,187 8,444 25   16.743
Consumption 5.0210 , 5.0607 , 5.8411 , 6.5180 , 6.6337 , 7.2653 , 7.9223 , 8.6752 , 8.1185 , 8.8813 , 8.6454 , 8.2078 , 8.2916 , 9.7388 , 11.1876 , 12.1611 , 14.0390 , 14.1250 , 14.6574 , 14.9760 , 15.1954 , 16.2955 , 17.5411 , 19.3963 , 16.7970 , 20.6386 , 20.5438 , 20.5824 , 17.0750 , 17.9105 , 19.8395 , 20.9616 , 20.6761
(1980-2012)
20.962 1,071 8,285 30   20.676
Net Export/Imports(-) -945.7831 , -1246.7141 , -1223.5656 , -504.8586 , -458.5615 , -968.9317 , -633.8290 , -111.3334 , -111.3334 , -255.7362 , -334.0003 , -89.2872 , -884.0537 , -911.5321 , -968.0300 , -1383.8428 , -1460.5626 , -1936.7611 , -1958.8073 , -3018.1285 , -3374.1751 , -4239.4895 , -6935.7431 , -8541.8107 , -5093.7808 , -8431.5796 , -8754.5568 , -6310.7325 , -5391.6033 , -6842.1899 , -8912.2865 , -8721.4875 , -8394.1010
(1980-2012)
-8.721 112 -- 20   -8.394
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Net Generation 63.6040 , 73.2510 , 80.3510 , 82.0270 , 86.7260 , 93.1320 , 96.9090 , 104.5990 , 109.8610 , 117.7290 , 116.8320 , 122.2490 , 126.2330 , 131.9973 , 142.2680 , 148.0010 , 156.4880 , 167.9237 , 174.0230 , 183.9250 , 194.1216 , 201.1726 , 204.7426 , 202.5270 , 220.5846 , 231.3615 , 236.7845 , 243.9274 , 248.8414 , 247.5337 , 257.3440 , 280.1060 , 278.7300
(1980-2012)
280.11 5,008 21,182 13   278.73
Net Consumption 56.6580 , 64.3560 , 69.9380 , 72.8530 , 77.0060 , 82.0710 , 84.8040 , 90.9980 , 95.0080 , 101.4750 , 100.4790 , 104.6140 , 108.1630 , 112.3803 , 120.8430 , 125.1290 , 132.8920 , 144.6067 , 149.4782 , 157.5653 , 167.7066 , 171.3596 , 174.1446 , 172.7633 , 184.8968 , 192.8170 , 196.9032 , 202.7299 , 206.7282 , 204.3824 , 212.3964 , 233.9302 , 233.9970
(1980-2012)
233.93 4,661 19,397 14   234.00
Installed Capacity (GWe) 16.8620 , 19.7720 , 20.7950 , 21.5040 , 21.9570 , 23.4070 , 23.8680 , 25.7540 , 26.8280 , 28.0620 , 28.2350 , 30.3170 , 30.7560 , 32.3230 , 35.3740 , 36.1300 , 37.9040 , 38.4020 , 38.5990 , 39.0480 , 40.2510 , 42.4220 , 45.6970 , 49.6930 , 52.2550 , 52.4920 , 55.3470 , 57.8340 , 58.2390 , 59.6280 , 62.2250 , 61.5450 , 62.2890
(1980-2012)
61.55 1,246 5,315 16   62.29
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 5.7247 , 6.7533 , 7.8072 , 7.6760 , 7.9055 , 7.8480 , 7.1210 , 7.3865 , 7.3872 , 7.4113 , 7.6592 , 7.9752 , 7.9755 , 8.0760 , 8.1515 , 8.0896 , 8.7860 , 9.0940 , 9.3447 , 9.0938 , 9.3757 , 9.5878 , 9.6488 , 10.0948 , 10.0055 , 10.0285 , 10.0561 , 9.7584 , 9.1707 , 8.6162 , 8.8304 , 8.8667 , 8.7131
(1980-2012)
8.867 106 519 13   8.713
Consumption 3.7184 , 4.1095 , 4.3205 , 4.0496 , 4.1692 , 4.4023 , 4.3265 , 4.4644 , 4.5380 , 4.7868 , 4.6566 , 4.9690 , 5.0737 , 5.1447 , 5.3495 , 5.2629 , 5.4810 , 5.6460 , 5.9456 , 6.0573 , 6.3810 , 6.3260 , 6.3456 , 6.4529 , 6.4720 , 6.7097 , 6.9421 , 7.1652 , 7.2749 , 6.9544 , 7.2929 , 7.7628 , 7.7536
(1980-2012)
7.763 119 520 14   7.754
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5136.0209 , 5230.2286 , 5527.5630 , 5368.1044 , 5344.3698 , 5522.3476 , 5599.7652 , 5680.4233 , 5700.8722 , 5776.2303 , 5396.0091 , 5526.0436 , 5449.0311 , 5350.4062 , 5308.4123 , 5569.2019 , 5497.4060 , 5280.5615 , 5298.0800 , 5211.7469 , 5180.7987 , 5185.9411 , 5197.2134 , 5214.9566 , 5027.0355 , 5051.1330 , 4971.0169 , 4968.9454 , 4985.2479 , 5076.0486 , 5049.9911 , 5179.0103
(1980-2011)
5,050 7,512 7,413 110   5,179
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
240.3339 , 266.5121 , 282.1425 , 260.7860 , 279.1398 , 280.6954 , 267.4916 , 277.6782 , 276.8522 , 290.7744 , 302.1576 , 309.8020 , 313.3509 , 316.8273 , 336.3920 , 321.3735 , 332.6578 , 349.4003 , 371.3073 , 363.3847 , 382.8967 , 379.5529 , 379.0800 , 387.9596 , 378.0270 , 397.8058 , 418.6487 , 444.2703 , 452.7937 , 421.1238 , 431.2985 , 446.2275 , 453.8327
(1980-2012)
446.23 6,482 32,155 15   453.83

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013