Brunei - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Brunei  

Country Analysis Note

  • Brunei is a substantial producer and exporter of crude oil and natural gas for Asia and relies on hydrocarbon revenues for nearly two-thirds of its gross domestic product. Through its long-standing joint venture with Shell, Brunei has produced oil for several decades, primarily from two large, mature fields—Southwest Ampa and Champion—in the offshore Baram Delta. After reaching a recent peak of 220,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2006, Brunei's oil production has declined to 141,000 bbl/d in 2012.
  • Brunei has an interest in hydrocarbon development in the South China Sea (SCS), although it has not made any formal claims to the hotly contested Spratly or Paracel Islands. Brunei produced about 120,000 bbl/d of crude oil and condensates and 400 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas from the more shallow waters of the SCS in 2011. An offshore settlement with Malaysia in 2009 allows Brunei to explore untapped deepwater areas in the Baram Delta and issue more production sharing contracts to help prop up oil and gas production.
  • Despite the recent decline in production, Brunei is the largest net exporter of total oil liquids in the Asia-Pacific region given the country's minimal domestic consumption. In 2012, Brunei's net oil exports were around 125,000 bbl/d, mostly in the form of crude oil sent to key Asian oil consumers. Brunei plans to expand its refinery capacity, as Chinese company Zhejiang Hengyi Group is constructing a new refinery with a capacity of 135,000 bbl/d that is scheduled to come online by 2015. This new facility could shift the dynamics of the country's crude exports in favor of consuming more crude and exporting more petroleum products.
  • Brunei produced 439 Bcf of dry natural gas in 2011, mostly from Southwest Ampa and other fields associated with oil production. Although domestic gas demand has steadily increased in the past decade, Brunei still exports on average more than three-quarters of its output. Brunei has been a stable and long-term LNG exporter to Japan and South Korea from its 5-train, 950 million cubic feet per day Lumut LNG liquefaction plant, sending out about 330 Bcf in 2011. Oil company Total made significant gas and condensate discoveries in Block B which could bolster Brunei's gas reserve base and sustain its production levels.
  • Brunei relies on natural gas to fuel nearly all of its electricity generation. However, the country is seeking to diversify its installed capacity, import more electricity through a potential transmission line from Malaysia, expand renewable generation capacity, and improve electricity efficiencies to conserve its natural gas for exports.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Brunei

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Brunei
Total Oil Production 270.0000 , 188.0000 , 179.0000 , 187.0000 , 175.0000 , 168.0000 , 181.2045 , 150.2070 , 148.2075 , 142.2239 , 160.2483 , 171.3877 , 177.5152 , 177.6800 , 180.2221 , 176.2273 , 166.6598 , 175.2625 , 179.6786 , 204.2652 , 215.3678 , 217.5837 , 189.4066 , 196.3678 , 204.4311 , 213.1475 , 220.4088 , 175.5119 , 157.7645 , 154.6056 , 159.4046 , 152.1772 , 140.9862
(1980-2012)
152.18 8,977 87,573 45   140.99
Crude Oil Production 235.0000 , 163.0000 , 154.0000 , 162.0000 , 160.0000 , 153.0000 , 166.0000 , 139.0000 , 137.0000 , 132.0000 , 150.0000 , 161.2000 , 165.2730 , 165.0000 , 167.2070 , 163.0001 , 155.3962 , 160.0000 , 157.4000 , 182.0000 , 193.0000 , 195.2250 , 163.0000 , 169.9440 , 178.1731 , 190.8680 , 198.2384 , 155.2438 , 133.4863 , 130.6082 , 136.1616 , 125.9342 , 112.7432
(1980-2012)
125.93 7,634 74,199 41   112.74
Consumption 4.8000 , 5.0000 , 4.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.6000 , 6.4000 , 5.4945 , 6.1933 , 6.2866 , 6.8382 , 7.3920 , 10.4918 , 7.1448 , 9.2233 , 10.5799 , 10.8650 , 12.6301 , 12.5144 , 12.2633 , 11.9992 , 12.0471 , 11.5922 , 11.4699 , 12.9397 , 12.9535 , 14.0273 , 14.0917 , 14.6746 , 16.3412 , 15.4669 , 16.2834 , 16.0000 , 14.8531
(1980-2012)
16.00 28,743 88,744 111   14.85 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 265.2000 , 183.0000 , 175.0000 , 182.0000 , 169.4000 , 161.6000 , 175.7100 , 144.0137 , 141.9209 , 135.3858 , 152.8563 , 160.8960 , 170.3704 , 168.4567 , 169.6421 , 165.3623 , 154.0297 , 162.7481 , 167.4152 , 192.2660 , 203.3207 , 205.9915 , 177.9367 , 183.4281 , 191.4776 , 199.1203 , 206.3171 , 160.8373 , 141.4233 , 139.1387 , 143.1212 , 136.1772 , 126.1331
(1980-2012)
136.18 -19,766 -- 159   126.13
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 10.0000 , 9.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 8.5000 , 8.5000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000
(1980-2012)
9 24,875 88,097 107   9
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 1.8000 , 1.7100 , 1.6300 , 1.2400 , 1.3900 , 1.4000 , 1.4800 , 1.4209 , 1.4200 , 1.4000 , 1.3750 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000
(1980-2013)
1.10 42 1,526 38   1.10
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 316.0000 , 342.5500 , 324.0000 , 331.0000 , 303.0000 , 295.0000 , 293.0000 , 307.6000 , 304.4100 , 307.2500 , 318.0000 , 277.0000 , 286.0515 , 292.4085 , 297.3500 , 330.2000 , 325.2512 , 324.1917 , 315.0098 , 333.7268 , 349.2654 , 365.5103 , 383.1678 , 402.5910 , 406.1225 , 406.1225 , 487.3470 , 474.9868 , 473.2210 , 399.0595 , 416.7170 , 439.3186 , 425.9543
(1980-2012)
439.32 17,008 116,255 36   425.95
Consumption 60.0000 , 62.0000 , 70.0000 , 52.0000 , 44.0000 , 53.0000 , 33.0000 , 57.1820 , 48.3800 , 56.8700 , 50.0000 , 15.0000 , 35.0515 , 28.6054 , 24.7200 , 34.2600 , 27.5457 , 31.0772 , 26.8394 , 36.7276 , 38.8465 , 47.6753 , 58.9761 , 61.0950 , 70.6300 , 82.9903 , 140.9069 , 144.8268 , 148.3230 , 87.9344 , 104.8856 , 106.6513 , 106.7169
(1980-2012)
106.65 22,220 116,395 71   106.72
Net Export/Imports(-) 268.0000 , 262.0000 , 251.0000 , 263.8031 , 272.6300 , 295.9400 , 297.7055 , 293.1145 , 288.1704 , 296.9992 , 310.4189 , 317.8350 , 324.1917 , 341.4961 , 335.4925 , 323.1323 , 346.4402 , 330.1599 , 324.8980 , 311.1252 , 311.8315 , 332.6673 , 319.2374
(1990-2012)
332.67 -4,825 -- 75   319.24
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
7.7000 , 7.3000 , 7.1000 , 6.8000 , 7.0500 , 7.3000 , 7.4000 , 7.0600 , 7.0100 , 11.6000 , 11.3700 , 11.2000 , 11.2000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.1000 , 14.1000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000
(1980-2013)
13.80 505 6,845 33   13.80
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 5,101 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0022 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 4,961 7,751 113   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -2.2046 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 -3 -- 85   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Net Generation 0.4390 , 0.4790 , 0.5340 , 0.6820 , 0.7810 , 0.8520 , 0.9010 , 0.9380 , 1.0470 , 1.0890 , 1.1630 , 1.2560 , 1.3240 , 1.4540 , 1.5630 , 1.8480 , 1.9960 , 2.2630 , 2.3530 , 2.2880 , 2.3904 , 2.4243 , 2.5389 , 2.9995 , 3.0682 , 3.0682 , 3.1001 , 3.1913 , 3.2176 , 3.3953 , 3.5640 , 3.5000
(1980-2011)
3.56 7,682 20,254 125   3.50
Net Consumption 0.4240 , 0.4590 , 0.5100 , 0.6530 , 0.7490 , 0.8190 , 0.8670 , 0.8920 , 0.9980 , 1.0380 , 1.1100 , 1.1780 , 1.2370 , 1.3900 , 1.5150 , 1.7790 , 1.9530 , 2.2340 , 2.3240 , 2.2600 , 2.3614 , 2.1173 , 2.1989 , 2.6075 , 2.9462 , 2.8942 , 2.9241 , 3.0263 , 3.0536 , 3.1773 , 3.1960 , 3.2330
(1980-2011)
3.20 7,060 18,501 127   3.23
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.1580 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2850 , 0.2880 , 0.3870 , 0.3820 , 0.3820 , 0.3820 , 0.3840 , 0.4170 , 0.4690 , 0.4750 , 0.6500 , 0.7070 , 0.7070 , 0.7690 , 0.7700 , 0.7630 , 0.7610 , 0.7610 , 0.8600 , 0.8740 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590
(1980-2011)
0.76 1,903 5,086 127   0.76
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 0.9458 , 0.8059 , 0.7641 , 0.7897 , 0.7360 , 0.7103 , 0.7357 , 0.6891 , 0.6818 , 0.6720 , 0.7236 , 0.6812 , 0.7047 , 0.7112 , 0.7221 , 0.7514 , 0.7270 , 0.7413 , 0.7029 , 0.7752 , 0.8163 , 0.8368 , 0.7929 , 0.8281 , 0.8506 , 0.8879 , 0.9921 , 0.8834 , 0.8424 , 0.7540 , 0.7839 , 0.7916
(1980-2011)
.784 154 509 57   0.792
Consumption 0.0820 , 0.0852 , 0.0930 , 0.0729 , 0.0643 , 0.0767 , 0.0509 , 0.0818 , 0.0713 , 0.0828 , 0.0703 , 0.0387 , 0.0549 , 0.0487 , 0.0503 , 0.0619 , 0.0577 , 0.0616 , 0.0558 , 0.0627 , 0.0649 , 0.0731 , 0.0848 , 0.0901 , 0.1004 , 0.1192 , 0.1827 , 0.1882 , 0.1956 , 0.1276 , 0.1478 , 0.1491
(1980-2011)
0.148 194 511 111   0.149
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12636.5793 , 16369.2232 , 17208.0751 , 13416.8491 , 11774.4560 , 14252.5539 , 9726.5761 , 15316.9297 , 13207.6158 , 15490.8003 , 13008.1190 , 6945.3325 , 9408.2689 , 8311.0527 , 8333.7103 , 9815.4053 , 8894.8698 , 9631.8735 , 8772.0812 , 9564.5340 , 9630.2261 , 10557.9892 , 11784.5290 , 12170.5949 , 13499.6119 , 15959.2477 , 23429.5116 , 23985.9017 , 25412.3425 , 16888.6174 , 19174.1129 , 19006.5736
(1980-2011)
19,174 7,975 7,452 7   19,007
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
5.2355 , 5.5734 , 5.8357 , 4.8647 , 4.4334 , 4.9991 , 3.4608 , 5.1812 , 4.6292 , 5.2510 , 4.5598 , 2.2820 , 3.1400 , 2.9444 , 2.9042 , 3.5242 , 3.4752 , 3.6665 , 3.2683 , 3.6698 , 3.7943 , 4.2219 , 4.8570 , 5.1805 , 5.7837 , 6.7874 , 10.1853 , 10.4931 , 10.7423 , 7.3480 , 8.4494 , 8.6563
(1980-2011)
8.45 13,840 31,502 106   8.66

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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