United Kingdom - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

United Kingdom  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • The United Kingdom is the largest producer of oil and the second-largest producer of natural gas in the European Union. Following years of exports of both fuels, the UK became a net importer of natural gas and crude oil in 2004 and 2005, respectively.
  • Although aggressive targets for renewable energy are in place, oil remains important to the UK energy balance, with oil contributing 38 percent of total energy consumption.
  • Recent increases in tax rates for the oil and gas sector, coupled with technical issues, have contributed to sharp declines in UK oil production. Higher tax rates have made the UK fields less competitive, which were already strained by high operating and decommissioning costs.
  • Although a number of new fields are expected to come online in 2013, UK production will continue to decline as new production will not be sufficient to offset the declines.
  • Once a major exporter of oil, the UK exports have dropped in tandem with decreasing domestic production.
  • UK's natural gas production has been on a long-term declining trend, but the country continues to produce sizeable natural gas volumes. In 2011, domestic natural gas production was sufficient to satisfy more than half of domestic consumption.
  • Electricity generation from fossil fuels accounts for the majority of electricity produced in the UK, with coal occupying the top spot among all sources.
  • Although natural gas-fired power stations were replacing coal as the principle source of the UK power supply for a number of years, this trend seems to be reversing. Coal use for electric power generation increased in 2012, likely due to the relative cost of natural gas in the UK.
  • Currently accounting for about one-fifth of total electricity generation, nuclear power plants are central to the UK government plans for future generation. Much of the additional generating capacity will be filled with new nuclear units.

Read full United Kingdom Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: May 14, 2013


Overview data for United Kingdom

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
United Kingdom
Total Oil Production 1674.2500 , 1873.6080 , 2164.4540 , 2430.1150 , 2652.0676 , 2711.4769 , 2735.0747 , 2612.8369 , 2442.7168 , 1996.6336 , 1982.1506 , 1994.6780 , 2044.8937 , 2143.5923 , 2654.2755 , 2818.5547 , 2891.6734 , 2814.7814 , 2918.1187 , 2982.3775 , 2567.0235 , 2594.6937 , 2562.0067 , 2391.7283 , 2074.3670 , 1862.3610 , 1692.5993 , 1690.6840 , 1588.0084 , 1509.5260 , 1405.8667 , 1166.7231 , 1008.5512 , 925.2602
(1980-2013)
1,008.55 3,979 22,534 89,757 20 925.26
Crude Oil Production 1622.0000 , 1811.0000 , 2065.0000 , 2291.0000 , 2480.0000 , 2530.0000 , 2539.0000 , 2406.0000 , 2232.0000 , 1802.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1797.0000 , 1825.3830 , 1915.1210 , 2374.5478 , 2489.1230 , 2567.8443 , 2517.5425 , 2615.6438 , 2684.0000 , 2275.0495 , 2282.3260 , 2291.7260 , 2093.1762 , 1845.3338 , 1648.5432 , 1490.1961 , 1497.9713 , 1391.3715 , 1327.7871 , 1233.1869 , 1026.4301 , 888.0918 , 810.2518
(1980-2013)
888.09 3,116 15,663 75,887 23 810.25
Consumption 1725.0000 , 1590.0000 , 1590.0000 , 1531.0000 , 1825.0000 , 1617.0000 , 1637.0000 , 1611.0000 , 1692.0000 , 1731.0000 , 1776.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1815.0000 , 1829.0000 , 1833.0000 , 1816.0000 , 1852.0000 , 1810.0000 , 1792.0000 , 1811.0000 , 1765.4399 , 1746.9863 , 1738.6383 , 1759.3644 , 1789.2486 , 1819.4630 , 1805.9205 , 1750.6441 , 1726.0590 , 1636.7597 , 1621.4562 , 1583.8334 , 1502.6623
(1980-2012)
1,583.83 14,961 46,402 88,744 14 1,502.66
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -50.7500 , 283.6080 , 574.4540 , 899.1150 , 827.0676 , 1094.4769 , 1098.0747 , 1001.8369 , 750.7168 , 265.6336 , 206.1506 , 191.6780 , 229.8937 , 314.5923 , 821.2755 , 1002.5547 , 1039.6734 , 1004.7814 , 1126.1187 , 1171.3775 , 801.5836 , 847.7074 , 823.3684 , 632.3639 , 285.1184 , 42.8980 , -113.3212 , -59.9601 , -138.0506 , -127.2337 , -215.5895 , -417.1103 , -494.1111
(1980-2012)
-417.11 -10,692 -24,777 -- 8 -494.11
Refinery Capacity 2527.0000 , 2629.0000 , 2482.0000 , 2260.0000 , 2092.0000 , 2008.0000 , 1792.0000 , 1780.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1831.0000 , 1867.0000 , 1856.1400 , 1842.6400 , 1866.6400 , 1869.2400 , 1887.9900 , 1940.9900 , 1825.7500 , 1854.0000 , 1784.6720 , 1771.0400 , 1784.0000 , 1788.5000 , 1817.3830 , 1825.3900 , 1876.9390 , 1887.0680 , 1857.6680 , 1857.6680 , 1866.1680 , 1766.1680 , 1767.1680
(1980-2012)
1,766 16,787 45,873 88,097 13 1,767
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 15.4000 , 14.8000 , 14.8000 , 13.9000 , 13.1500 , 13.5900 , 13.0000 , 9.0000 , 5.2000 , 5.1750 , 4.2556 , 3.8250 , 3.9943 , 4.1436 , 4.5543 , 4.5169 , 4.2930 , 4.5169 , 5.0028 , 5.1909 , 5.1533 , 5.0028 , 4.9300 , 4.7150 , 4.6650 , 4.4870 , 4.0295 , 3.8750 , 3.6000 , 3.4100 , 3.0845 , 2.8577 , 2.8274 , 3.1223
(1980-2013)
2.83 12 223 1,526 30 3.12
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 1323.0000 , 1327.3496 , 1364.7835 , 1402.9237 , 1364.1478 , 1522.0000 , 1596.0000 , 1679.0000 , 1617.0000 , 1584.9000 , 1754.0000 , 2005.0000 , 1964.4675 , 2313.1330 , 2466.0500 , 2665.5800 , 3176.5843 , 3031.4396 , 3143.7413 , 3485.9437 , 3825.6740 , 3689.3581 , 3658.2809 , 3632.1478 , 3425.5550 , 3117.9614 , 2818.8433 , 2553.2745 , 2468.5185 , 2087.1165 , 1988.2345 , 1546.0907 , 1322.5468
(1980-2012)
1,546.09 9,965 116,255 20   1,322.55
Consumption 1702.0000 , 1739.6169 , 1742.7246 , 1814.5906 , 1850.8945 , 1990.8000 , 2020.0000 , 2079.0000 , 1972.0000 , 1951.0000 , 2059.0000 , 2218.0000 , 2170.0714 , 2412.3677 , 2542.3300 , 2689.5900 , 3182.2347 , 3013.0758 , 3071.6987 , 3258.8682 , 3373.2888 , 3337.9738 , 3379.2924 , 3358.4565 , 3513.8425 , 3375.7609 , 3212.9587 , 3244.0359 , 3352.4530 , 3109.8389 , 3336.5612 , 2848.5079 , 2640.5026
(1980-2012)
2,848.51 19,199 116,395 9   2,640.50
Net Export/Imports(-) -255.0000 , -225.0000 , -197.5168 , -136.1063 , -76.2800 , -24.0200 , -5.6504 , 18.3638 , 72.0426 , 227.0755 , 452.3852 , 351.3843 , 278.9885 , 273.6913 , -88.2875 , -257.7995 , -394.1154 , -690.7614 , -883.9345 , -1022.7224 , -1348.3267 , -1302.7704 , -1310.8928
(1990-2012)
-1,302.77 -9,400 -- 9   -1,310.89
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
25.0000 , 24.8000 , 26.0000 , 25.4000 , 25.1000 , 27.8000 , 33.0000 , 33.4000 , 22.0000 , 22.7400 , 20.8360 , 19.7750 , 19.2470 , 19.0700 , 21.5420 , 22.2480 , 23.3080 , 24.7200 , 26.8390 , 27.0160 , 26.6630 , 26.8390 , 25.9560 , 24.6000 , 22.2000 , 20.8000 , 18.7500 , 17.0000 , 14.5500 , 12.1100 , 10.3120 , 9.0400 , 8.9340 , 8.6870
(1980-2013)
8.93 147 6,845 42   8.69
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 143.7579 , 140.8831 , 137.6952 , 131.8100 , 56.4383 , 103.6173 , 119.1599 , 115.0813 , 114.7506 , 111.4437 , 104.0549 , 104.6325 , 93.5840 , 75.1765 , 53.9218 , 52.4819 , 53.5040 , 51.7877 , 44.1432 , 39.8629 , 33.7307 , 34.7371 , 32.5612 , 30.5991 , 27.0452 , 22.0550 , 19.9287 , 18.2322 , 19.4051 , 19.1516 , 19.6399 , 19.7226 , 18.1448
(1980-2012)
19.723 772 8,440 24   18.145
Consumption 133.5605 , 130.3439 , 122.3555 , 123.3156 , 87.5533 , 116.2950 , 122.9728 , 128.5416 , 122.8361 , 125.9292 , 119.3770 , 118.0336 , 110.7437 , 96.1447 , 90.7797 , 78.9715 , 76.9281 , 68.8945 , 68.4094 , 60.6591 , 65.6272 , 69.5294 , 64.3276 , 69.4919 , 67.3071 , 68.2617 , 74.4402 , 69.6683 , 64.5017 , 53.2736 , 55.3922 , 54.8907 , 60.8738
(1980-2012)
54.891 1,004 8,124 17   60.874
Net Export/Imports(-) -2234.3851 , 6967.7101 , 4730.0180 , 2380.9925 , -9042.2601 , -10238.2679 , -7388.7930 , -7961.9949 , -11558.8369 , -11152.0840 , -13608.0337 , -19597.2066 , -21560.1079 , -19524.1388 , -15469.8376 , -16988.8227 , -19144.9437 , -21175.4012 , -22944.6109 , -21734.2731 , -25228.6001 , -38394.6070 , -30941.8799 , -35482.3004 , -40161.6121 , -48746.4129 , -56137.4106 , -48096.0492 , -48295.5676 , -41395.0985 , -28060.4380 , -34827.5274
(1980-2011)
-28.060 -218 -- 7   -34.828
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Net Generation 264.9180 , 258.7920 , 253.8640 , 257.1150 , 261.7070 , 274.5620 , 279.0700 , 283.4980 , 288.3150 , 294.5820 , 297.6700 , 301.4130 , 299.6410 , 300.0420 , 302.3550 , 307.6330 , 328.4570 , 326.5430 , 340.0830 , 343.9710 , 352.5366 , 360.2217 , 362.3806 , 372.5960 , 368.6924 , 370.6021 , 368.4001 , 367.6383 , 360.4532 , 348.9671 , 354.8800 , 342.4840 , 338.8765
(1980-2012)
342.48 3,558 21,081 11   338.88
Net Consumption 243.3870 , 238.6690 , 233.3850 , 235.9090 , 238.6520 , 249.9590 , 258.2600 , 268.4410 , 277.3910 , 282.2310 , 284.3840 , 291.6030 , 292.5230 , 293.9300 , 287.2140 , 297.1590 , 315.7920 , 315.9790 , 322.9420 , 328.3530 , 335.5676 , 338.5437 , 339.8316 , 342.6860 , 343.0074 , 351.0221 , 348.4021 , 345.0233 , 343.2802 , 323.6271 , 330.8840 , 320.8440
(1980-2011)
330.88 3,351 18,501 11   320.84
Installed Capacity (GWe) 73.6080 , 69.0980 , 69.1660 , 68.2400 , 70.0170 , 70.3840 , 69.4780 , 70.5970 , 73.2160 , 74.5870 , 73.2030 , 70.4660 , 67.7110 , 68.3760 , 68.4890 , 70.0730 , 73.2380 , 72.6280 , 73.0540 , 75.0920 , 77.9850 , 79.3760 , 76.2990 , 77.7980 , 79.8200 , 82.3790 , 83.6290 , 83.5380 , 84.8760 , 86.8450 , 93.0790 , 93.1503
(1980-2011)
93.08 986 5,086 12   93.15
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 8.6599 , 8.9675 , 9.5911 , 10.0971 , 8.8077 , 10.2014 , 10.6448 , 10.3460 , 10.0015 , 9.0288 , 9.0007 , 9.3107 , 9.1106 , 9.4159 , 10.2097 , 10.7828 , 11.5650 , 11.3326 , 11.5320 , 11.8913 , 11.0867 , 11.1613 , 10.9995 , 10.4822 , 9.4002 , 8.5602 , 7.7940 , 7.3094 , 6.9551 , 6.5801 , 6.1723 , 5.3687 , 4.9671
(1980-2012)
5.369 NA NA 19   4.967
Consumption 8.8407 , 8.5162 , 8.3716 , 8.4057 , 8.4501 , 8.7339 , 8.9001 , 9.0489 , 9.0523 , 9.2928 , 9.2706 , 9.5197 , 9.2727 , 9.5698 , 9.5340 , 9.4535 , 10.0481 , 9.7548 , 9.7407 , 9.7927 , 9.7291 , 9.8808 , 9.9332 , 9.9783 , 10.0277 , 9.8446 , 9.7288 , 9.5611 , 9.2866 , 8.7848 , 8.9140 , 8.5175 , 8.4556
(1980-2012)
8.518 NA NA 11   8.456
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
8289.0830 , 8085.9529 , 7771.7029 , 7530.4795 , 7373.3011 , 7356.1047 , 7206.9672 , 7007.7404 , 6674.5322 , 6698.9655 , 6631.2786 , 6905.6067 , 6716.5890 , 6781.1316 , 6478.4544 , 6233.4890 , 6439.7514 , 6044.8728 , 5812.9741 , 5637.8967 , 5362.2555 , 5279.5136 , 5170.0934 , 5016.7767 , 4896.8849 , 4709.2512 , 4535.5755 , 4308.0668 , 4231.0864 , 4185.4641 , 4173.5446 , 3952.1579
(1980-2011)
4,174 5,486 7,452 129   3,952
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
613.5684 , 599.3250 , 571.9389 , 577.6469 , 564.1561 , 589.2611 , 595.2431 , 606.7312 , 599.4043 , 612.1136 , 601.8245 , 609.9796 , 577.0336 , 582.6191 , 572.2449 , 560.1333 , 588.8544 , 566.8018 , 561.8073 , 556.8934 , 560.3389 , 572.6981 , 561.6751 , 572.5760 , 583.4182 , 583.0636 , 585.4989 , 569.8946 , 563.8723 , 516.1910 , 528.8935 , 496.7992
(1980-2011)
528.89 4,375 31,502 10   496.80

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013