Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Latvia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Latvia, which regained its independence from Soviet Union in 1991, is not a notable energy producer or consumer, ranking in the bottom four among the European Union countries on both measures.
  • Almost all of Latvia's energy consumed in 2011 was imported, as the country is nearly 100 percent dependent on imports from Russia. The only exceptions are a small amount of liquid fuels produced domestically at about 1,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) and approximately 3.6 billion kilowatthours of electricity produced from renewable sources, mainly from hydropower.
  • Latvia was a key country for Russia's oil exports to Europe through its Ventspils oil terminal located on the Baltic Sea coast, but with the opening of Russia's port at Primorsk and the Baltic Pipeline System, Latvia's role in Russia's crude oil and liquid fuels exports has eroded dramatically. However, it continues to play an important role as a transit country for Russia's natural gas exports. In addition, it is the only Baltic country with a functioning natural gas storage facility, the Incukalns facility, which helps meet increased demand during winter months.
  • Electricity generation is primarily based on renewable sources, mainly hydropower at 54 percent of total generation. Wind and biomass and waste account for about 3 percent of total generation. An increasing share of electricity is generated by conventional thermal sources (mainly natural gas) at 43 percent. According to the European Commission, Latvia's energy consumption mix has the highest renewable energy share in the entire EU at nearly 35 percent, and includes hydropower, biomass and waste, wind, and peat.
  • Latvia's integration into the EU energy market is a priority and is a goal of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP). The goal of the BEMIP is to create a single market for the Baltic Sea region and to establish inter-country connections. As is the case with its Baltic neighbors, Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia remains connected to the Russian electricity grid, but the market and management of the system is not consistent with EU requirements.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Latvia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
    
Latvia
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.2000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.5000 , 0.9000 , 1.2000 , 1.1000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000
(1992-2013)
1.00 13,415 89,700 107   1.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2013)
0.00 12,719 75,898 94   0.00
Consumption 52.2222 , 40.7506 , 40.1811 , 41.5753 , 46.6492 , 34.9529 , 35.1424 , 30.7460 , 28.8552 , 29.7468 , 28.2305 , 29.8188 , 32.6348 , 35.4331 , 37.8528 , 35.1409 , 35.7348 , 32.4281 , 31.8137 , 35.0000 , 32.4135 , 33.6700
(1992-2013)
32.41 4,529 89,160 110   33.67
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -52.2222 , -40.7506 , -40.1811 , -41.5753 , -46.6492 , -34.9529 , -35.1424 , -30.7460 , -28.8552 , -29.7468 , -28.2305 , -29.8188 , -32.4348 , -35.1331 , -37.5528 , -34.6409 , -34.8348 , -31.2281 , -30.7137 , -34.0000 , -31.4135 , -32.6700
(1992-2013)
-31.41 8,887 -- 136   -32.67
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 119 1,646 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.00 28,464 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 56.5000 , 28.2500 , 24.7200 , 38.8500 , 35.3200 , 45.9095 , 45.9095 , 45.5564 , 56.5040 , 60.0355 , 60.0355 , 63.5670 , 67.4517 , 68.5111 , 67.0985 , 58.2698 , 44.8501 , 55.0914 , 53.6788 , 54.0320 , 52.2662
(1992-2012)
54.03 22,062 116,395 80   52.27
Net Export/Imports(-) -56.5000 , -28.2500 , -24.7200 , -38.8500 , -35.3200 , -45.9095 , -45.9095 , -45.5564 , -56.5040 , -60.0355 , -60.0355 , -63.5670 , -67.4517 , -68.5111 , -67.0985 , -58.2698 , -44.8501 , -55.0914 , -53.6788 , -54.0320 , -52.2662
(1992-2012)
-54.03 6,402 -- 44   -52.27
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 2,178 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 558 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.5545 , 0.6691 , 0.4740 , 0.2866 , 0.2723 , 0.2293 , 0.1731 , 0.1521 , 0.1190 , 0.1521 , 0.1235 , 0.1179 , 0.1124 , 0.1400 , 0.1499 , 0.1830 , 0.1841 , 0.1488 , 0.1874 , 0.2094 , 0.3472
(1992-2012)
0.209 419 8,285 91   0.347
Net Export/Imports(-) -537.9279 , -589.7366 , -417.7760 , -266.7593 , -238.0993 , -251.3270 , -152.1190 , -149.9143 , -100.3103 , -108.0265 , -123.4589 , -144.4028 , -108.0265 , -136.6866 , -182.9837 , -168.6536 , -184.0860 , -139.9935 , -199.5184 , -213.8484 , -347.2281
(1992-2012)
-0.214 135 -- 66   -0.347
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Net Generation 3.7330 , 3.8320 , 4.3390 , 3.8870 , 3.0290 , 4.3790 , 4.3820 , 4.0010 , 4.0292 , 4.1655 , 3.8596 , 3.8538 , 4.5684 , 4.7835 , 4.7377 , 4.6274 , 5.1193 , 5.4132 , 6.4125 , 5.8913
(1992-2011)
6.41 1,425 20,254 111   5.89
Net Consumption 6.7680 , 5.1580 , 4.9050 , 4.8740 , 4.8000 , 4.8760 , 4.7040 , 4.6990 , 4.9152 , 5.0185 , 5.0766 , 5.5848 , 5.7804 , 6.0955 , 6.4277 , 6.8294 , 6.8413 , 6.3262 , 6.5605 , 6.5203
(1992-2011)
6.56 1,248 18,501 101   6.52
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.0330 , 2.0330 , 2.0390 , 2.0370 , 2.0820 , 2.0850 , 2.0510 , 2.0810 , 2.0870 , 2.1020 , 2.1430 , 2.1820 , 2.1620 , 2.1650 , 2.1750 , 2.1600 , 2.1410 , 2.1640 , 2.1641 , 2.2061 , 2.2255
(1991-2011)
2.21 356 5,086 100   2.23
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0258 , 0.0293 , 0.0338 , 0.0300 , 0.0190 , 0.0299 , 0.0305 , 0.0279 , 0.0285 , 0.0290 , 0.0250 , 0.0237 , 0.0317 , 0.0338 , 0.0274 , 0.0277 , 0.0313 , 0.0344 , 0.0351 , 0.0297
(1992-2011)
.035 71 505 120   0.030
Consumption 0.2231 , 0.1642 , 0.1617 , 0.1726 , 0.1721 , 0.1618 , 0.1603 , 0.1480 , 0.1541 , 0.1609 , 0.1540 , 0.1607 , 0.1757 , 0.1854 , 0.1845 , 0.1726 , 0.1650 , 0.1649 , 0.1608 , 0.1632
(1992-2011)
0.161 43 507 109   0.163
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12917.3916 , 11167.6077 , 10925.5378 , 11013.4994 , 10599.7398 , 9192.8229 , 8692.0583 , 7773.1784 , 7571.6317 , 7418.6792 , 6620.9438 , 6421.6109 , 6450.5839 , 6180.9227 , 5531.9285 , 4722.6690 , 4665.9937 , 5669.1218 , 5547.8855 , 5378.4581
(1992-2011)
5,548 14,673 7,401 96   5,378
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
12.7518 , 9.2090 , 8.7645 , 9.3131 , 9.9212 , 8.5076 , 8.2626 , 7.4729 , 7.3764 , 7.6693 , 7.4414 , 7.8711 , 8.1875 , 8.6112 , 9.3188 , 8.5977 , 8.0538 , 7.9364 , 7.8451 , 8.4746
(1992-2011)
7.85 2,429 31,502 109   8.47

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Other International Information

Inter-American Development Bank

International Energy Agency statistics

Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI)

United Nations energy statistics

World Bank energy and mining data

International Monetary Fund data and statistics

Eurostat European statistics

Sign Up for Email Updates