Brunei - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Brunei  

Country Analysis Note

  • Brunei is a substantial producer and exporter of crude oil and natural gas for Asia and relies on hydrocarbon revenues for nearly two-thirds of its gross domestic product. Through its long-standing joint venture with Royal Dutch Shell, Brunei has produced oil and natural gas for several decades, primarily from two large, mature fields - Southwest Ampa and Champion - in the offshore Baram Delta. After reaching a recent peak of 220,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2006, Brunei´s petroleum and other liquids production has declined to 134,000 bbl/d in 2013.
  • Brunei has an interest in hydrocarbon development in the South China Sea (SCS), although it has not made any formal claims to the hotly contested Spratly or Paracel Islands. However, the country´s exclusive economic zone includes the Louisa Reef, an area of small islands in the southeastern part of the Spratly Islands. An offshore settlement with Malaysia in 2010 allows Brunei to explore untapped formerly disputed deepwater areas in the Baram Delta and issue more production sharing contracts to help prop up oil and natural gas production and offset declines from older existing fields. In 2013, Brunei National Petroleum Company (Petroleum Brunei) and Petronas of Malaysia signed several cooperation agreements for joint development of fields in both countries´ offshore areas.
  • Despite the recent decline in production, Brunei is the largest net exporter of total oil liquids in the Asia-Pacific region given the country´s minimal domestic consumption. In 2013, Brunei´s net exports of total liquids were about 120,000 bbl/d, primarily crude oil sent to key Asian oil consumers. Brunei plans to expand its refinery capacity, as Chinese company Zhejiang Hengyi Group is constructing a new refinery with a capacity of 160,000 bbl/d scheduled to come online by 2017. This new facility could shift the dynamics of the country´s oil exports in favor of consuming more crude oil and exporting more petroleum products.
  • Brunei produced 426 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of dry natural gas in 2012, mostly from Southwest Ampa and other fields associated with oil production. Although domestic gas demand has increased steadily in the past decade, Brunei still exports on average more than three-quarters of its output.
  • Brunei has been a stable and long-term LNG exporter to Japan and Korea from its 5-train, 950 million cubic feet per day Lumut LNG liquefaction plant, sending out about 336 Bcf in 2013. South Korea and Japan renewed several of their long-term contracts in 2013 for significantly shorter terms, and Japan reduced its contracted volumes. This drop in contracted LNG amounts has prompted Brunei LNG to sell to other regional buyers and seek short-term contracts or spot cargo sales. Brunei LNG signed a 10-year contract with Petronas of Malaysia starting in 2013 and began sending out spot cargoes to other Asian consumers. French-based oil company, Total, made significant gas and condensate discoveries in Block B in 2010 which could bolster Brunei´s natural gas reserve base and sustain its production levels and support LNG exports.
  • Natural gas fuels virtually all of Brunei´s electricity generation. However, the country is seeking to diversify its installed capacity, import electricity through a potential transmission line from Malaysia, expand renewable generation capacity, and improve electricity efficiencies to conserve its natural gas for exports.

Analysis Last Updated: May 2014


Overview data for Brunei

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
Brunei
Total Oil Production 270.0000 , 188.0000 , 179.0000 , 187.0000 , 175.0000 , 168.0000 , 181.2045 , 150.2070 , 148.2075 , 142.2239 , 160.2483 , 171.3877 , 177.5152 , 177.6800 , 180.2221 , 176.2273 , 166.6598 , 175.2625 , 179.6786 , 204.2652 , 215.3678 , 217.5837 , 189.4066 , 196.3678 , 204.4311 , 213.1475 , 220.4088 , 175.5119 , 157.7645 , 150.8576 , 158.4046 , 169.4320 , 158.9015 , 135.3909
(1980-2013)
158.90 9,077 89,755 43   135.39
Crude Oil Production 235.0000 , 163.0000 , 154.0000 , 162.0000 , 160.0000 , 153.0000 , 166.0000 , 139.0000 , 137.0000 , 132.0000 , 150.0000 , 161.2000 , 165.2730 , 165.0000 , 167.2070 , 163.0001 , 155.3962 , 160.0000 , 157.4000 , 182.0000 , 193.0000 , 195.2250 , 163.0000 , 169.9440 , 178.1731 , 190.8680 , 198.2384 , 155.2438 , 133.4863 , 130.6082 , 136.1616 , 156.4521 , 145.6585 , 121.9808
(1980-2013)
145.66 7,731 75,956 39   121.98
Consumption 4.8000 , 5.0000 , 4.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.6000 , 6.4000 , 5.4945 , 6.1933 , 6.2866 , 6.8382 , 7.3920 , 10.4918 , 7.1448 , 9.2233 , 10.5799 , 10.8650 , 12.6301 , 12.5144 , 12.2633 , 11.9992 , 12.0471 , 11.5922 , 11.4699 , 12.9397 , 12.9535 , 14.0273 , 14.0917 , 14.6746 , 16.3412 , 15.4669 , 16.2834 , 18.2164 , 18.0000 , 18.0000
(1980-2013)
18.00 28,976 89,128 134   18.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 265.2000 , 183.0000 , 175.0000 , 182.0000 , 169.4000 , 161.6000 , 175.7100 , 144.0137 , 141.9209 , 135.3858 , 152.8563 , 160.8960 , 170.3704 , 168.4567 , 169.6421 , 165.3623 , 154.0297 , 162.7481 , 167.4152 , 192.2660 , 203.3207 , 205.9915 , 177.9367 , 183.4281 , 191.4776 , 199.1203 , 206.3171 , 160.8373 , 141.4233 , 135.3907 , 142.1212 , 151.2156 , 140.9015 , 117.3909
(1980-2013)
140.90 -19,898 -- 26   117.39
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 10.0000 , 9.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 10.0000 , 8.5000 , 8.5000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000 , 8.6000
(1980-2012)
9 24,875 88,097 107   9
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 1.8000 , 1.7100 , 1.6300 , 1.2400 , 1.3900 , 1.4000 , 1.4800 , 1.4209 , 1.4200 , 1.4000 , 1.3750 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.3500 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 1.1000
(1980-2014)
1.10 45 1,646 38   1.10
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 316.0000 , 342.5500 , 324.0000 , 331.0000 , 303.0000 , 295.0000 , 293.0000 , 307.6000 , 304.4100 , 307.2500 , 318.0000 , 277.0000 , 286.0515 , 292.4085 , 297.3500 , 330.2000 , 325.2512 , 324.1917 , 315.0098 , 333.7268 , 349.2654 , 365.5103 , 383.1678 , 402.5910 , 406.1225 , 406.1225 , 487.3470 , 474.9868 , 473.2210 , 399.0595 , 416.7170 , 439.3186 , 425.9543
(1980-2012)
439.32 17,008 116,255 36   425.95
Consumption 60.0000 , 62.0000 , 70.0000 , 52.0000 , 44.0000 , 53.0000 , 33.0000 , 57.1820 , 48.3800 , 56.8700 , 50.0000 , 15.0000 , 35.0515 , 28.6054 , 24.7200 , 34.2600 , 27.5457 , 31.0772 , 26.8394 , 36.7276 , 38.8465 , 47.6753 , 58.9761 , 61.0950 , 70.6300 , 82.9903 , 140.9069 , 144.8268 , 148.3230 , 87.9344 , 104.8856 , 106.6513 , 106.7169
(1980-2012)
106.65 22,220 116,395 71   106.72
Net Export/Imports(-) 268.0000 , 262.0000 , 251.0000 , 263.8031 , 272.6300 , 295.9400 , 297.7055 , 293.1145 , 288.1704 , 296.9992 , 310.4189 , 317.8350 , 324.1917 , 341.4961 , 335.4925 , 323.1323 , 346.4402 , 330.1599 , 324.8980 , 311.1252 , 311.8315 , 332.6673 , 319.2374
(1990-2012)
332.67 -4,825 -- 75   319.24
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
7.7000 , 7.3000 , 7.1000 , 6.8000 , 7.0500 , 7.3000 , 7.4000 , 7.0600 , 7.0100 , 11.6000 , 11.3700 , 11.2000 , 11.2000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.1000 , 14.1000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000 , 13.8000
(1980-2014)
13.80 521 6,846 33   13.80
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,529 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0022 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,482 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -2.2046 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -39 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Net Generation 0.4390 , 0.4790 , 0.5340 , 0.6820 , 0.7810 , 0.8520 , 0.9010 , 0.9380 , 1.0470 , 1.0890 , 1.1630 , 1.2560 , 1.3240 , 1.4540 , 1.5630 , 1.8480 , 1.9960 , 2.2630 , 2.3530 , 2.2880 , 2.3904 , 2.4243 , 2.5389 , 2.9995 , 3.0682 , 3.0682 , 3.1001 , 3.1913 , 3.2176 , 3.3953 , 3.5640 , 3.5000
(1980-2011)
3.56 7,682 20,254 125   3.50
Net Consumption 0.4240 , 0.4590 , 0.5100 , 0.6530 , 0.7490 , 0.8190 , 0.8670 , 0.8920 , 0.9980 , 1.0380 , 1.1100 , 1.1780 , 1.2370 , 1.3900 , 1.5150 , 1.7790 , 1.9530 , 2.2340 , 2.3240 , 2.2600 , 2.3614 , 2.1173 , 2.1989 , 2.6075 , 2.9462 , 2.8942 , 2.9241 , 3.0263 , 3.0536 , 3.1773 , 3.1960 , 3.2330
(1980-2011)
3.20 7,060 18,501 127   3.23
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.1580 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2400 , 0.2850 , 0.2880 , 0.3870 , 0.3820 , 0.3820 , 0.3820 , 0.3840 , 0.4170 , 0.4690 , 0.4750 , 0.6500 , 0.7070 , 0.7070 , 0.7690 , 0.7700 , 0.7630 , 0.7610 , 0.7610 , 0.8600 , 0.8740 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590 , 0.7590
(1980-2011)
0.76 1,903 5,086 127   0.76
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Production 0.9458 , 0.8059 , 0.7641 , 0.7897 , 0.7360 , 0.7103 , 0.7357 , 0.6891 , 0.6818 , 0.6720 , 0.7236 , 0.6812 , 0.7047 , 0.7112 , 0.7221 , 0.7514 , 0.7270 , 0.7413 , 0.7029 , 0.7752 , 0.8163 , 0.8368 , 0.7929 , 0.8281 , 0.8506 , 0.8879 , 0.9843 , 0.8758 , 0.8348 , 0.7415 , 0.7756 , 0.8281
(1980-2011)
.776 148 505 58   0.828
Consumption 0.0820 , 0.0852 , 0.0930 , 0.0729 , 0.0643 , 0.0767 , 0.0509 , 0.0818 , 0.0713 , 0.0828 , 0.0751 , 0.0387 , 0.0550 , 0.0487 , 0.0503 , 0.0619 , 0.0577 , 0.0616 , 0.0558 , 0.0627 , 0.0649 , 0.0731 , 0.0848 , 0.0901 , 0.1004 , 0.1192 , 0.1804 , 0.1858 , 0.1941 , 0.1262 , 0.1461 , 0.1520
(1980-2011)
0.146 190 507 110   0.152
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12636.5793 , 16369.2232 , 17208.0751 , 13416.8491 , 11774.4560 , 14252.5539 , 9726.5761 , 15316.9297 , 13207.6158 , 15490.8003 , 13907.1950 , 6945.3325 , 9418.4522 , 8311.1315 , 8333.7103 , 9815.4053 , 8894.8698 , 9631.8735 , 8772.0812 , 9564.5340 , 9630.2261 , 10557.9892 , 11784.5290 , 12170.5949 , 13499.6119 , 15959.2477 , 23140.3285 , 23690.5044 , 25224.3847 , 16702.4367 , 18956.3963 , 19370.8940
(1980-2011)
18,956 7,821 7,401 9   19,371
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brunei
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Brunei
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
5.2355 , 5.5734 , 5.8357 , 4.8647 , 4.4334 , 4.9991 , 3.4608 , 5.1812 , 4.6292 , 5.2510 , 4.5598 , 2.2820 , 3.1400 , 2.9444 , 2.9042 , 3.5242 , 3.4752 , 3.6665 , 3.2683 , 3.6698 , 3.7943 , 4.2219 , 4.8570 , 5.1805 , 5.7837 , 6.7874 , 10.1853 , 10.4931 , 10.7423 , 7.3480 , 8.4494 , 8.6563
(1980-2011)
8.45 13,840 31,502 106   8.66

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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