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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households--Major Energy Sources (1), 2001
 
        Average of Major Energy Sources
       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
   
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)  (million Btu)  (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 107.0 85.2 211.3 116 47 92.2 36 1,875 0.76 1,493 583
Census Region and Division
Northeast 20.3 14.1 43.7 153 49 106.6 44 2,501 0.81 1,741 715
New England 5.4 4.1 13.2 152 47 115.3 48 2,403 0.75 1,825 768
Middle Atlantic 14.8 10.0 30.5 154 50 103.4 42 2,541 0.83 1,710 696
Midwest 24.5 20.6 55.0 139 52 116.7 46 1,835 0.69 1,541 611
East North Central 17.1 14.1 38.1 144 53 118.9 47 1,860 0.69 1,534 604
West North Central 7.4 6.5 16.9 128 49 111.6 45 1,781 0.68 1,557 629
South 38.9 33.2 73.8 97 44 82.5 32 1,794 0.81 1,529 602
South Atlantic 20.3 17.0 38.9 92 40 77.3 30 1,819 0.80 1,526 597
East South Central 6.8 6.1 13.8 95 43 86.0 36 1,534 0.69 1,384 578
West South Central 11.8 10.0 21.1 106 50 89.5 35 1,913 0.91 1,617 623
West 23.3 17.4 38.8 94 42 70.1 25 1,566 0.70 1,168 424
Mountain 6.7 5.6 11.8 104 50 87.2 32 1,508 0.72 1,260 461
Pacific 16.6 11.8 27.0 89 39 63.2 23 1,594 0.69 1,131 409
Four Most Populated States
California 12.3 8.8 20.2 87 38 62.3 21 1,633 0.71 1,168 399
Florida 6.3 5.1 11.7 72 31 58.1 23 1,805 0.79 1,458 577
New York 7.1 3.8 13.7 182 51 99.0 39 3,183 0.90 1,727 686
Texas 7.7 6.3 14.2 108 48 88.5 33 1,998 0.88 1,634 606
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 85.5 65.4 170.3 121 46 92.4 36 1,954 0.75 1,496 581
Central City 40.0 28.4 70.8 122 49 86.4 34 1,938 0.78 1,376 541
Suburban 45.5 37.0 99.5 120 45 97.6 37 1,966 0.73 1,601 615
Rural 21.5 19.8 41.0 100 48 91.6 36 1,612 0.78 1,483 591
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 49.9 35.0 84.9 121 50 84.7 34 1,917 0.79 1,347 534
Town 18.0 14.9 35.9 119 49 98.4 39 1,835 0.76 1,516 603
Suburbs 21.2 18.0 51.2 121 43 102.7 39 2,008 0.71 1,704 643
Rural or Open Country 17.9 17.3 39.3 98 43 94.5 36 1,683 0.74 1,628 619
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 9.2 8.1 21.0 121 47 106.2 43 1,661 0.64 1,454 582
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 28.6 22.6 63.5 145 51 114.0 46 2,000 0.71 1,576 630
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 24.0 17.9 47.0 128 49 95.2 38 2,031 0.77 1,514 609
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 21.0 16.9 38.2 91 41 73.7 27 1,702 0.76 1,373 495
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 24.1 19.7 41.6 90 43 74.0 29 1,824 0.86 1,493 585
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 63.1 63.1 153.2 108 45 108.5 40 1,724 0.71 1,724 630
Owned 55.7 55.7 140.6 110 44 110.1 41 1,751 0.69 1,751 649
Rented 7.4 7.4 12.6 97 57 96.7 32 1,525 0.90 1,525 502
Single-Family Attached 10.6 10.6 23.3 100 46 100.4 37 1,531 0.70 1,531 572
Owned 7.5 7.5 18.6 107 43 107.1 41 1,623 0.66 1,623 628
Rented 3.1 3.1 4.7 84 55 83.9 29 1,306 0.85 1,306 449
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 9.5 3.4 13.2 217 56 78.1 34 3,498 0.91 1,261 554
Owned 2.1 0.8 4.2 271 49 98.8 43 4,463 0.80 1,626 702
Rented 7.4 2.7 9.0 201 59 72.3 32 3,224 0.95 1,159 512
5 or More Units 17.0 1.3 14.4 537 48 41.0 21 10,505 0.95 803 402
Owned 1.8 0.1 2.0 609 39 42.7 23 12,465 0.79 874 475
Rented 15.2 1.2 12.4 529 50 40.9 20 10,298 0.97 795 394
Mobile Homes 6.8 6.8 7.2 76 72 75.9 29 1,336 1.27 1,336 517
Owned 5.7 5.7 6.2 77 70 76.8 31 1,346 1.22 1,346 535
Rented 1.1 1.1 0.9 72 87 71.7 25 1,283 1.55 1,283 440
Total Floorspace
(Square Feet)
Fewer than 500 3.9 1.2 1.6 122 97 39.0 22 2,378 1.89 759 423
500 to 999 21.8 10.7 16.8 112 71 54.8 26 1,964 1.25 964 465
1,000 to 1,499 22.7 17.3 27.9 99 61 75.4 30 1,697 1.05 1,294 520
1,500 to 1,999 16.6 15.4 28.9 101 54 93.5 35 1,647 0.88 1,522 567
2,000 to 2,499 13.5 12.9 30.1 112 48 106.8 39 1,748 0.75 1,672 616
2,500 to 2,999 9.3 9.0 25.5 120 42 115.8 43 1,826 0.64 1,759 648
3,000 to 3,499 6.9 6.7 22.2 131 39 126.8 40 2,054 0.62 1,996 636
3,500 to 3,999 4.1 3.9 15.0 149 39 143.6 45 2,307 0.60 2,224 697
4,000 or More 8.2 8.1 43.3 157 29 155.2 52 2,389 0.45 2,359 790
Total Number of Rooms
1 2.6 0.6 1.3 136 63 32.1 19 2,557 1.18 601 365
2 9.2 2.5 6.7 149 55 39.7 24 2,771 1.03 741 451
3 19.0 11.2 21.6 109 56 64.2 31 1,841 0.96 1,089 528
4 22.2 18.5 36.0 100 51 83.3 33 1,635 0.84 1,363 543
5 23.0 21.7 49.5 105 46 98.7 36 1,696 0.74 1,599 579
6 14.0 13.9 37.0 117 44 115.3 39 1,844 0.69 1,824 618
7 9.8 9.7 30.2 133 43 131.8 42 2,070 0.67 2,053 656
8 or More 7.2 7.1 29.0 164 40 162.9 48 2,515 0.62 2,505 736
Ownership of Unit
Owned 72.7 69.8 171.6 110 45 105.2 40 1,753 0.71 1,681 637
Rented 34.3 15.5 39.7 143 56 64.6 27 2,424 0.94 1,094 455
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 19.0 14.4 38.5 150 56 113.9 46 2,130 0.79 1,613 651
1940 to 1949 7.6 6.3 14.2 120 54 99.8 38 1,833 0.82 1,518 572
1950 to 1959 14.2 12.2 28.4 114 49 97.9 39 1,745 0.75 1,500 599
1960 to 1969 13.8 10.7 25.3 112 47 86.5 36 1,824 0.77 1,414 583
1970 to 1979 18.8 13.9 32.6 106 46 79.0 32 1,868 0.80 1,388 555
1980 to 1989 18.2 14.0 35.1 104 41 79.7 32 1,874 0.75 1,438 575
1990 to 1999 14.5 12.9 34.5 103 39 91.3 31 1,779 0.66 1,575 539
2000 to 2001 (4) 0.9 0.9 2.8 116 37 111.1 33 1,930 0.61 1,845 547
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 94.5 82.1 199.2 112 46 97.1 37 1,807 0.74 1,569 597
No 12.5 3.2 12.1 216 57 54.8 26 3,631 0.95 920 444
2001 Household Income  
Less than $10,000 11.0 6.4 12.9 112 56 65.2 35 1,792 0.89 1,039 554
$10,000 to $14,999 7.7 5.3 10.2 101 52 69.7 33 1,632 0.85 1,124 528
$15,000 to $19,999 8.9 6.5 13.3 110 54 80.5 35 1,769 0.86 1,290 565
$20,000 to $29,999 14.0 11.0 21.7 106 54 83.4 36 1,676 0.85 1,315 561
$30,000 to $39,999 13.9 10.7 24.0 113 50 86.9 34 1,821 0.81 1,398 547
$40,000 to $49,999 13.2 11.2 27.3 109 45 92.8 34 1,785 0.73 1,518 562
$50,000 to $74,999 21.7 18.9 51.1 118 43 102.5 35 1,932 0.71 1,683 577
$75,000 to $99,999 8.1 7.4 21.7 122 42 112.5 38 1,987 0.68 1,825 624
$100,000 or More 8.6 7.9 29.1 148 40 136.1 45 2,423 0.66 2,231 732
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 15.0 9.3 18.4 114 58 70.7 28 1,829 0.93 1,138 444
125 Percent 20.1 13.2 26.4 114 57 75.0 27 1,835 0.92 1,205 435
150 Percent 26.5 17.7 35.5 114 57 76.0 29 1,819 0.91 1,219 464
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (5)
33.8 23.3 48.5 116 56 79.9 30 1,842 0.89 1,270 479
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 6.1 3.1 7.1 129 57 65.9 25 2,241 1.00 1,148 434
25 to 34 Years 16.8 12.5 28.2 111 49 82.4 27 1,843 0.82 1,367 451
35 to 44 Years 22.3 18.3 46.8 122 48 100.1 30 1,988 0.78 1,626 494
45 to 59 Years 28.6 24.7 65.5 119 45 102.5 40 1,919 0.72 1,657 642
60 Years and Over 30.5 24.6 58.7 109 46 87.7 50 1,710 0.72 1,378 786
Race of Householder
Non-Hispanic 96.8 78.6 197.0 116 46 94.5 38 1,878 0.75 1,524 613
Non-Hispanic White 78.7 65.8 164.3 114 46 95.2 40 1,834 0.73 1,533 637
Non-Hispanic Black 12.7 9.2 23.2 139 55 100.8 38 2,174 0.87 1,581 589
Multi-racial (6) 0.9 0.6 1.3 102 49 75.4 27 1,823 0.88 1,343 477
Other (7) 4.5 2.9 8.2 108 38 69.0 21 1,943 0.69 1,244 378
Hispanic 10.2 6.6 14.3 108 50 70.0 21 1,837 0.85 1,195 363
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 10.1 6.6 14.1 108 50 69.8 21 1,840 0.85 1,193 363
No 96.9 78.7 197.2 116 46 94.5 38 1,877 0.75 1,524 613
Household Size
1 Person 28.2 18.7 40.4 99 46 65.5 65 1,588 0.74 1,053 1,053
2 Persons 35.1 29.0 73.0 112 45 92.6 46 1,802 0.71 1,486 743
3 Persons 17.0 14.0 35.7 119 47 98.2 33 1,950 0.77 1,608 536
4 Persons 15.6 13.7 36.5 125 47 110.0 27 2,055 0.77 1,808 452
5 Persons 7.1 6.2 16.5 141 53 122.9 25 2,303 0.87 2,006 401
6 or More Persons 4.0 3.6 9.2 140 55 127.3 19 2,226 0.88 2,022 301
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 73.7 73.7 176.5 107 45 107.3 39 1,697 0.71 1,697 622
1 Story 44.2 44.2 88.6 93 46 92.7 36 1,544 0.77 1,544 600
2 Stories 26.4 26.4 78.5 127 43 127.3 43 1,907 0.64 1,907 644
3 Stories 1.6 1.6 5.4 164 50 163.9 53 2,351 0.71 2,351 765
Split-Level 1.3 1.3 3.8 129 45 128.7 45 1,819 0.64 1,819 636
Other Q Q Q 77 36 77.3 19 1,111 0.52 1,111 278
Mobile Homes 6.8 6.8 7.2 76 72 75.9 29 1,336 1.27 1,336 517
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 8.9 0.9 7.9 425 46 40.7 19 8,752 0.94 838 395
3 or 4 Floors 4.7 0.3 3.8 552 49 40.6 21 9,895 0.89 727 378
5 to 10 Floors 2.4 0.1 1.8 1,232 56 42.4 23 23,201 1.06 798 435
11 to 20 Floors 0.9 (*) 0.8 1,783 51 41.9 25 34,941 0.99 821 498
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 9.5 3.4 13.2 217 56 78.1 34 3,498 0.91 1,261 554
5 to 10 Units 5.9 0.8 5.6 332 50 46.7 22 6,318 0.95 890 429
11 to 20 Units 4.2 0.3 3.4 565 48 39.6 18 11,816 1.01 828 371
21 to 50 Units 2.4 0.1 2.1 1,227 42 36.4 19 25,391 0.87 752 389
51 Units or More 2.9 (*) 2.1 3,388 51 36.7 22 60,243 0.91 653 399
No Answer 1.0 0.1 0.8 607(8) 51 37.9 20 12,406(8) 1.05 775 412
Not Applicable 80.5 80.5 183.7 105 46 104.7 39 1,666 0.73 1,666 613
                       
(1)  Major Energy Sources include: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas.
(2)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3)  One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days.  For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.  A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(4)  New construction for 2001 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-September period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(5)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(6)  Respondents could select one or more race categories to describe themselves.
(7)  Includes Native American, Native Alaskan, and Pacific Islander households.
(8)  For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 2001 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Eileen O'Brien
mailto:Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018