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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households--Major Energy Sources (1), 1993
 
                       
        Average of Major Energy Sources
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)  (million Btu)  (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 96.6 76.5 181.2 131 55 103.6 40 1,620 0.68 1,282 491
Census Region and Division  
Northeast 19.5 13.8 40.1 173 60 122.4 47 2,157 0.74 1,526 583
New England 5.1 3.7 10.6 168 59 123.1 48 2,094 0.73 1,532 598
Middle Atlantic 14.4 10.1 29.4 175 60 122.1 46 2,180 0.75 1,523 578
Midwest 23.3 19.0 50.6 165 62 134.3 52 1,639 0.62 1,336 521
East North Central 16.4 13.1 35.3 173 64 138.8 54 1,696 0.63 1,358 526
West North Central 6.9 5.9 15.2 146 56 123.8 49 1,512 0.58 1,282 508
South 33.5 28.4 57.1 104 52 87.9 34 1,539 0.76 1,304 503
South Atlantic 17.4 14.2 29.9 95 45 77.8 31 1,577 0.75 1,288 506
East South Central 6.0 5.5 10.8 104 53 94.9 37 1,315 0.67 1,200 463
West South Central 10.1 8.7 16.5 118 62 101.1 38 1,619 0.86 1,391 522
West 20.4 15.4 33.5 101 46 76.0 28 1,263 0.58 953 353
Mountain 5.4 4.4 9.3 118 57 98.1 38 1,236 0.59 1,025 396
Pacific 15.0 10.9 24.2 94 42 68.2 25 1,274 0.58 928 338
Four Most Populated States  
New York 11.1 8.0 17.9 91 41 65.2 23 1,313 0.59 944 330
California 5.6 4.3 9.3 67 31 52.1 20 1,527 0.71 1,180 453
Texas 6.8 3.7 12.8 225 64 121.2 45 2,924 0.84 1,577 590
Florida 6.4 5.4 10.8 114 57 94.7 36 1,622 0.81 1,349 506
Metropolitan Statistical Ares  
Urban 75.8 57.2 140.5 137 56 103.2 39 1,689 0.69 1,275 488
Central City 30.6 19.8 47.1 151 63 97.6 38 1,784 0.75 1,155 455
Suburban 45.2 37.4 93.4 129 52 107.0 40 1,639 0.66 1,356 509
Rural 20.8 19.3 40.7 113 54 104.7 40 1,415 0.67 1,309 501
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 44.7 30.5 73.3 142 59 96.9 39 1,685 0.70 1,149 458
Town 15.8 13.5 29.9 127 57 108.9 42 1,500 0.68 1,286 498
Suburbs 19.9 16.5 43.0 140 54 115.8 43 1,736 0.67 1,440 529
Rural 16.2 16.0 35.0 103 47 101.6 36 1,477 0.67 1,453 520
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--  
More than 7,000 HDD 8.7 7.6 19.3 142 56 124.0 48 1,434 0.57 1,254 481
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 26.5 20.4 55.2 168 62 129.2 51 1,761 0.65 1,356 534
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 22.5 17.0 44.0 143 55 108.3 42 1,796 0.69 1,359 521
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 17.8 13.9 28.5 101 49 78.5 29 1,419 0.69 1,107 408
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 21.2 17.6 34.2 95 49 79.0 30 1,525 0.79 1,267 482
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single Family Detached 59.5 59.5 139.1 121 52 121.2 43 1,462 0.63 1,462 520
Owned 51.3 51.3 125.2 124 51 124.2 45 1,500 0.61 1,500 542
Rented 8.2 8.2 13.9 103 61 102.8 34 1,228 0.73 1,228 400
Single Family Attached 7.3 7.3 13.1 96 53 96.3 37 1,266 0.70 1,266 487
Owned 4.5 4.5 9.1 102 50 102.2 41 1,368 0.67 1,368 544
Rented 2.8 2.8 4.0 87 61 86.9 32 1,104 0.78 1,104 405
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 8.0 2.9 9.6 276 83 99.5 41 3,085 0.93 1,112 461
Owned 1.5 0.5 2.9 399 75 145.8 57 4,262 0.80 1,559 610
Rented 6.5 2.3 6.7 248 86 88.9 37 2,812 0.98 1,010 424
5 or More Units 16.2 1.2 14.0 685 60 51.5 26 9,855 0.86 740 373
Owned 1.6 0.1 1.9 716 43 51.6 30 11,929 0.71 859 501
Rented 14.7 1.1 12.1 682 62 51.4 26 9,646 0.88 728 362
Mobile Home 5.6 5.6 5.4 82 84 81.9 31 1,203 1.23 1,203 454
Owned 4.4 4.4 4.5 84 82 83.5 32 1,216 1.20 1,216 460
Rented 1.2 1.2 1.0 76 91 75.7 28 1,155 1.39 1,155 432
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 1,000 29.3 15.3 24.2 128 81 66.7 31 1,674 1.06 875 411
1,000 to 1,999 40.2 34.6 68.2 117 59 100.7 37 1,492 0.76 1,286 473
2,000 to 2,999 17.8 17.4 48.6 140 50 136.6 47 1,661 0.60 1,622 552
3,000 or More 9.3 9.1 40.3 172 39 168.8 55 1,936 0.44 1,901 620
Total Number of Rooms
(Excluding Bathrooms)
1 to 2 3.2 0.7 1.7 195 78 41.3 29 2,702 1.08 574 409
3 to 5 47.4 31.0 59.6 122 63 79.6 35 1,577 0.82 1,032 451
6 to 8 40.2 39.1 97.7 130 52 126.3 42 1,572 0.63 1,529 514
9 or More 5.8 5.7 22.1 179 46 175.5 51 2,050 0.53 2,008 588
Ownership of Unit
Owned 63.2 60.8 143.5 123 52 118.5 44 1,514 0.64 1,457 537
Rented 33.4 15.7 37.7 160 67 75.2 31 2,032 0.84 953 393
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 20.4 16.0 40.6 164 65 129.4 51 1,682 0.66 1,325 525
1940 to 1949 6.9 5.9 11.6 132 67 111.8 45 1,462 0.74 1,240 496
1950 to 1959 13.1 11.7 24.7 128 60 114.1 41 1,555 0.73 1,387 495
1960 to 1969 15.0 11.3 27.2 136 57 102.9 43 1,665 0.69 1,257 522
1970 to 1979 18.1 13.1 31.7 122 50 87.9 34 1,693 0.70 1,222 472
1980 to 1984 8.5 6.5 14.7 105 46 80.3 30 1,632 0.72 1,247 459
1985 to 1987 5.5 4.3 10.8 108 44 85.2 30 1,630 0.66 1,284 459
1988 to 1993 4.7 4.0 10.0 106 43 90.4 31 1,544 0.62 1,322 452
1991 to 1993 (4) 4.5 3.7 10.0 108 40 88.9 33 1,455 0.53 1,200 448
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 82.9 73.1 168.8 123 53 108.3 40 1,536 0.67 1,356 503
No 13.7 3.3 12.4 313 84 75.5 36 3,499 0.93 843 397
1993 Family Income
Less than $5,000 4.1 2.3 4.6 139 71 79.8 35 1,723 0.88 991 433
$5,000 to $9,999 10.6 6.9 12.9 125 67 81.4 43 1,501 0.80 977 511
$10,000 to $14,999 11.1 7.8 16.0 128 62 89.7 38 1,501 0.73 1,051 446
$15,000 to $19,999 9.6 7.5 15.4 128 62 99.2 41 1,498 0.73 1,163 478
$20,000 to $24,999 8.7 6.8 14.4 125 59 96.6 41 1,525 0.72 1,182 501
$25,000 to $34,999 14.1 11.5 26.4 127 55 103.5 39 1,592 0.69 1,302 493
$35,000 to $49,999 17.5 14.6 37.5 130 51 108.5 38 1,648 0.64 1,379 477
$50,000 to $74,999 12.6 11.5 29.9 131 50 119.2 38 1,638 0.63 1,493 478
$75,000 or More 8.3 7.6 24.3 153 48 139.9 45 1,983 0.62 1,809 588
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 14.4 9.3 17.7 133 70 85.8 31 1,630 0.86 1,055 377
125 Percent 19.4 13.1 25.0 130 68 87.8 32 1,592 0.83 1,078 388
150 Percent 24.8 17.0 32.8 129 67 88.6 32 1,595 0.82 1,092 395
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (5)
30.7 21.1 42.5 132 65 90.7 35 1,595 0.79 1,096 419
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 5.7 3.0 6.4 143 67 75.4 30 1,810 0.85 956 377
25 to 34 Years 19.9 14.0 31.8 136 60 95.4 32 1,689 0.74 1,187 394
35 to 44 Years 21.4 18.0 42.8 126 53 105.9 32 1,640 0.69 1,380 417
45 to 59 Years 21.9 18.8 46.5 132 53 113.5 43 1,663 0.67 1,429 546
60 Years and Over 27.8 22.7 53.7 129 55 105.6 59 1,500 0.63 1,227 681
Race of Householder
White 80.2 66.2 158.6 128 53 105.3 41 1,583 0.66 1,307 513
Black 10.9 7.0 15.2 167 77 106.7 39 1,955 0.90 1,250 461
Other (6) 5.5 3.3 7.4 121 55 72.7 22 1,641 0.74 988 295
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 7.9 5.2 11.2 123 57 81.2 25 1,612 0.75 1,065 332
No 88.7 71.3 170.1 131 55 105.5 41 1,620 0.68 1,302 508
Household Size
1 Person 23.5 14.8 32.1 122 56 76.7 77 1,436 0.66 904 904
2 Persons 31.7 25.8 61.9 124 52 101.3 51 1,540 0.64 1,253 626
3 Persons 16.6 13.9 32.3 135 58 112.9 38 1,693 0.73 1,416 472
4 Persons 14.6 13.0 32.4 140 56 125.2 31 1,750 0.70 1,561 390
5 Persons 6.8 6.1 15.0 136 55 122.3 24 1,770 0.72 1,588 318
6 or More Persons 3.5 3.0 7.5 158 62 133.9 20 2,012 0.79 1,708 251
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 66.8 66.8 152.2 119 52 118.5 43 1,441 0.63 1,441 517
1 Story 40.6 40.6 78.6 103 53 102.7 39 1,323 0.68 1,323 501
2 Stories 22.4 22.4 62.7 141 50 140.9 47 1,600 0.57 1,600 534
3 Stories 1.6 1.6 5.2 174 55 174.3 55 1,970 0.62 1,970 620
Split-Level 2.2 2.2 5.6 138 53 138.2 45 1,597 0.61 1,597 519
Other Q Q Q 218 67 218.2 48 2,505 0.77 2,505 550
Mobile Homes 5.6 5.6 5.4 82 84 81.9 31 1,203 1.23 1,203 454
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 7.8 0.8 6.8 467 55 47.7 22 7,216 0.85 737 342
3 or 4 Floors 4.3 0.3 3.8 787 64 56.8 31 10,596 0.87 764 412
5 to 10 Floors 2.4 (*) 1.9 2,673 67 53.3 30 35,144 0.89 701 388
11 to 20 Floors 1.0 (*) 0.9 5,501 56 48.6 31 81,811 0.83 723 460
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 9,499 56 60.5 26 151,857 0.90 968 409
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 8.0 2.9 9.6 276 83 99.5 41 3,085 0.93 1,112 461
5 to 10 Units 5.7 0.8 5.2 405 62 56.7 27 5,540 0.85 776 366
11 to 20 Units 4.0 0.3 3.2 670 58 46.3 22 10,842 0.93 749 362
21 to 50 Units 3.0 0.1 2.8 1,649 58 53.7 25 22,724 0.80 739 351
51 Units or More 3.3 (*) 2.6 4,976 59 47.2 30 69,749 0.83 662 423
No Answer 0.2 (*) 0.1 662 (7) 60 41.4 35 13,362 (7) 1.22 835 707
Not Applicable 72.4 72.4 157.6 116 53 115.7 42 1,423 0.65 1,423 512
                       
(1)  Major Energy Sources include: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas.
(2)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1961 to 1980.
(4)  Does not include all new construction for 1993.
(5)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(6)  Includes 1.7 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(7) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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Program Manager
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