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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households--Major Energy Sources (1), 1990
 
                       
        Average of Major Energy Sources
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu)   Btu) (million Btu)  (million Btu)  (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
                       
Total U.S. Households 94.0 74.2 169.2 124 54 98.1 38 1,485 0.65 1,172 450
Census Region and Division
Northeast 19.2 13.9 40.3 165 57 119.6 45 2,038 0.70 1,471 556
New England 4.5 3.2 9.3 164 56 113.9 45 2,028 0.69 1,408 562
Middle Atlantic 14.7 10.7 31.1 166 57 121.3 45 2,041 0.70 1,491 555
Midwest 23.1 18.7 46.9 150 60 121.7 49 1,436 0.57 1,166 465
East North Central 16.6 13.3 33.8 154 61 123.1 49 1,472 0.58 1,179 466
West North Central 6.5 5.4 13.2 140 58 118.0 48 1,347 0.55 1,132 462
South 32.3 26.7 52.4 97 50 80.6 31 1,390 0.71 1,151 441
South Atlantic 16.6 13.4 26.6 89 45 72.1 29 1,437 0.72 1,164 460
East South Central 6.4 5.4 10.8 97 49 82.1 33 1,152 0.58 974 386
West South Central 9.3 7.9 15.1 111 58 94.5 34 1,474 0.77 1,251 445
West 19.4 14.8 29.5 102 51 77.8 29 1,203 0.60 920 342
Mountain 4.8 4.2 7.8 118 63 101.8 37 1,166 0.62 1,002 366
Pacific 14.6 10.7 21.7 95 47 69.9 26 1,218 0.60 892 334
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 72.9 54.6 131.8 132 55 99.2 38 1,575 0.65 1,180 455
Central City 29.8 19.3 46.4 151 63 97.7 39 1,694 0.70 1,095 436
Suburban 43.0 35.3 85.5 122 50 100.2 38 1,509 0.62 1,239 467
Rural 21.1 19.6 37.4 102 53 94.2 35 1,237 0.65 1,146 431
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 10.1 8.3 21.0 136 53 110.6 45 1,389 0.55 1,132 465
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 26.7 21.2 54.5 155 60 123.3 47 1,578 0.61 1,251 481
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 20.9 16.3 39.3 131 54 101.6 39 1,573 0.65 1,222 469
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 19.3 14.8 28.6 95 49 72.9 28 1,311 0.68 1,008 386
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 17.0 13.7 25.7 93 50 75.2 28 1,486 0.79 1,197 440
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single Family Detached 58.4 58.4 130.9 113 51 113.3 40 1,340 0.60 1,340 470
Owned 50.0 50.0 117.9 116 49 115.9 41 1,373 0.58 1,373 490
Rented 8.4 8.4 12.9 98 63 97.9 31 1,145 0.74 1,145 365
Single Family Attached 6.0 6.0 10.0 87 52 87.3 36 1,129 0.68 1,129 462
Owned 3.7 3.7 7.1 92 48 91.7 39 1,195 0.62 1,195 515
Rented 2.3 2.3 2.9 80 64 80.2 30 1,024 0.82 1,024 388
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 10.0 3.6 11.8 260 80 94.5 42 2,811 0.86 1,015 452
Owned 2.5 0.9 4.4 339 71 123.6 58 3,561 0.74 1,289 603
Rented 7.5 2.7 7.4 233 86 84.7 37 2,558 0.93 923 405
5 or More Units 14.4 1.0 11.7 734 62 50.5 27 9,827 0.84 677 355
Owned 1.8 0.1 2.2 1,217 48 57.5 32 19,128 0.75 903 496
Rented 12.6 0.9 9.5 688 66 49.5 26 8,948 0.86 644 336
Mobile Home 5.2 5.2 4.9 78 83 78.0 29 1,011 1.08 1,011 375
Owned 4.3 4.3 4.1 78 80 78.0 29 1,033 1.06 1,033 383
Rented 1.0 1.0 0.7 78 100 78.1 29 914 1.17 914 340
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 1,000 30.6 16.1 24.4 121 80 63.6 30 1,523 1.01 802 373
1,000 to 1,999 39.1 34.9 66.4 110 58 98.5 36 1,338 0.70 1,192 436
2,000 to 2,999 16.9 15.9 45.9 133 46 125.2 42 1,590 0.55 1,500 507
3,000 or More 7.4 7.3 32.5 180 40 176.4 59 1,878 0.42 1,845 613
Total Number of Rooms
(Excluding Bathrooms)
1 to 3 11.7 3.7 8.2 159 71 49.9 31 2,146 0.94 662 408
4 to 6 58.0 46.6 90.9 114 58 91.5 35 1,376 0.71 1,106 426
7 or More 24.3 23.9 70.2 139 47 136.9 44 1,603 0.55 1,576 507
Ownership of Unit
Owned 62.3 59.0 135.8 117 51 110.5 41 1,397 0.61 1,322 488
Rented 31.7 15.3 33.4 153 70 73.7 31 1,827 0.83 878 365
Public Housing 2.5 0.6 2.1 254 66 57.4 24 2,857 0.75 646 275
Not Public Housing 29.2 14.7 31.3 149 70 75.1 31 1,788 0.84 898 373
Rent Subsidy 1.7 0.7 1.6 176 75 69.7 25 2,179 0.93 863 311
No Rent Subsidy 27.5 14.0 29.7 148 70 75.4 32 1,769 0.83 900 377
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 21.5 16.8 40.8 153 63 119.7 47 1,559 0.64 1,216 474
1940 to 1949 7.0 6.1 11.6 122 64 105.2 41 1,309 0.68 1,130 435
1950 to 1959 13.4 11.9 24.7 123 59 109.5 43 1,412 0.68 1,254 490
1960 to 1969 14.8 11.4 26.2 124 54 95.4 39 1,507 0.65 1,155 467
1970 to 1979 21.4 15.3 36.3 119 50 85.1 32 1,599 0.68 1,143 431
1980 to 1984 8.0 6.2 13.6 93 42 71.9 26 1,452 0.66 1,120 399
1985 to 1987 5.1 4.1 9.2 83 37 67.6 26 1,294 0.58 1,051 403
1988 to 1990 (3) 2.8 2.5 6.9 114 42 103.1 35 1,371 0.50 1,237 417
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 79.3 70.3 154.9 115 52 101.9 38 1,394 0.63 1,234 456
No 14.7 3.9 14.3 287 79 77.3 37 3,124 0.86 838 406
1990 Family Income 1,310
Less than $10,000 15.9 10.8 19.7 118 65 79.9 38 1,318 0.72 888 423
$10,000 to $19,999 19.8 14.7 28.2 113 59 83.7 36 1,420 0.69 978 421
$20,000 to $34,999 24.3 19.1 41.4 119 55 93.4 35 1,529 0.65 1,115 416
$35,000 to $49,999 16.7 14.2 33.1 123 53 104.5 37 1,807 0.65 1,296 456
$50,000 or More 17.3 15.5 46.7 147 49 131.6 43 0.60 1,618 526
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 13.2 9.1 16.1 116 65 80.1 28 1,347 0.76 928 323
125 Percent 18.2 12.9 23.2 115 64 81.3 29 1,342 0.75 951 343
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (4)
27.9 20.4 37.9 117 63 85.4 32 1,357 0.73 994 367
Age of Householder
Under 35 Years 27.5 18.4 38.8 130 62 86.9 30 1,562 0.74 1,044 355
35 to 44 Years 20.2 17.1 40.3 126 53 106.5 33 1,534 0.65 1,297 400
45 to 59 Years 19.7 17.0 41.2 125 51 107.6 42 1,555 0.64 1,343 520
60 Years and Over 26.6 21.7 49.0 118 52 96.2 53 1,328 0.59 1,084 602
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 52.6 42.0 84.3 118 59 93.9 36 1,396 0.69 1,114 425
13 to 16 Years 31.7 24.5 62.0 129 51 100.1 38 1,559 0.62 1,205 462
17 Years and More 9.7 7.7 23.0 143 48 114.0 45 1,737 0.59 1,381 544
Race of Householder
White 80.9 65.3 150.9 122 53 98.2 38 1,464 0.63 1,181 463
Black 10.6 7.1 14.9 154 74 103.6 36 1,730 0.82 1,162 405
Other 2.5 1.8 3.4 98 52 71.5 21 1,296 0.69 944 282
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 6.3 4.5 8.8 118 61 83.7 25 1,459 0.75 1,034 313
No 87.6 69.7 160.5 125 54 99.1 39 1,487 0.65 1,182 462
Household Size
1 Person 23.4 15.1 31.1 110 53 71.1 71 1,251 0.61 807 807
2 Persons 30.6 24.0 57.0 124 52 97.6 49 1,463 0.62 1,148 574
3 to 5 Persons 36.4 31.9 74.0 130 56 113.6 30 1,595 0.69 1,396 372
6 or More Persons 3.6 3.2 7.2 134 60 119.7 18 1,664 0.75 1,488 225
                       
(1)  Major Energy Sources include: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas.
(2)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(3)  Does not include all new construction for 1990.
(4)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1990 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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