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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households--Major Energy Sources (1), 1981
 
                       
        Average of Major Energy Sources
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per    per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand    Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu)    Btu) (million Btu)  (millionBtu)  (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 83.1 66.1 144.2 141 64 111.7 40 1,256 0.58 998 356
Census Region and Division
Northeast 17.9 12.1 35.1 194 67 131.6 46 2,016 0.70 1,365 475
New England 4.3 2.9 8.3 181 63 123.9 44 2,018 0.71 1,384 492
Middle Atlantic 13.7 9.2 26.7 199 68 134.0 46 2,016 0.69 1,359 470
Midwest 21.2 17.4 41.5 177 75 145.7 53 1,258 0.53 1,033 379
East North Central 14.6 12.0 28.1 185 79 152.4 56 1,295 0.55 1,065 391
West North Central 6.6 5.4 13.3 160 65 130.9 48 1,177 0.48 963 353
South 27.7 23.5 42.6 103 57 87.0 31 1,065 0.59 904 326
South Atlantic 14.1 11.3 21.9 98 51 78.8 29 1,129 0.58 905 332
East South Central 5.6 5.1 9.3 103 57 93.5 33 982 0.54 890 318
West South Central 8.0 7.1 11.4 109 68 97.1 34 1,021 0.64 913 320
West 16.3 13.0 25.1 109 57 87.4 30 889 0.46 710 245
Mountain 4.0 3.4 6.1 119 66 102.5 35 890 0.50 767 259
Pacific 12.3 9.6 18.9 106 54 82.6 29 889 0.45 692 241
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 57.3 41.6 95.4 161 70 117.2 43 1,363 0.59 990 363
Central City 24.6 16.0 36.2 173 77 112.7 42 1,482 0.66 963 357
Suburban 32.7 25.6 59.2 154 67 120.5 44 1,288 0.56 1,010 368
Rural 25.9 24.5 48.8 105 53 99.6 33 1,075 0.54 1,018 341
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 8.8 7.3 16.9 145 63 120.9 42 1,213 0.52 1,010 350
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 21.0 16.1 41.8 193 74 148.5 52 1,471 0.57 1,131 396
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 21.6 16.4 39.5 152 63 115.5 43 1,460 0.61 1,106 410
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 19.5 15.8 29.2 108 58 87.1 30 979 0.53 792 277
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.2 10.4 16.7 87 55 74.8 27 1,053 0.66 901 325
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single-Family Detached 54.6 54.6 114.2 127 60 126.5 42 1,090 0.52 1,090 358
Owned 46.4 46.4 101.8 131 60 131.2 44 1,128 0.51 1,128 376
Rented 8.2 8.2 12.5 100 66 100.1 31 878 0.58 878 268
Single-Family Attached 3.0 3.0 5.8 107 55 107.2 39 1,029 0.53 1,029 371
Owned 2.1 2.1 4.3 110 53 109.6 40 1,059 0.51 1,059 382
Rented 0.9 0.9 1.5 102 62 101.8 37 962 0.59 962 346
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 9.3 3.4 10.5 271 88 99.0 40 2,413 0.78 881 360
Owned 2.1 0.8 3.4 331 75 122.1 47 3,026 0.69 1,116 433
Rented 7.2 2.6 7.1 254 94 92.4 38 2,234 0.83 813 337
5 or More Units 12.0 0.9 9.9 876 80 66.3 31 9,497 0.87 718 337
Owned 1.0 0.1 1.2 781 48 56.3 31 9,682 0.60 698 380
Rented 11.0 0.8 8.8 885 85 67.2 31 9,481 0.91 720 333
Mobile Homes 4.2 4.2 3.7 81 92 80.7 33 845 0.96 845 341
Owned 3.6 3.6 3.3 80 88 80.5 32 856 0.94 856 344
Rented 0.6 0.6 0.4 82 118 81.9 34 780 1.12 780 326
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 600 7.2 3.3 4.1 133 108 61.9 31 1,374 1.11 638 319
600 to 999 21.8 13.4 20.4 133 88 81.9 35 1,241 0.82 766 323
1,000 to 1,599 25.2 21.7 38.6 123 69 105.6 37 1,120 0.63 963 334
1,600 to 1,999 10.6 9.6 22.7 141 60 129.1 42 1,246 0.53 1,138 371
2,000 to 2,399 7.4 7.2 19.0 146 55 141.4 44 1,242 0.47 1,206 375
2,400 to 2,999 5.6 5.5 16.5 163 54 161.3 46 1,351 0.45 1,334 384
3,000 or More 5.4 5.3 23.0 205 47 200.7 57 1,715 0.39 1,677 477
Number of Rooms
1 0.5 0.1 0.2 198 169 54.5 37 1,810 1.55 498 337
2 1.9 0.6 1.0 171 101 53.7 35 1,759 1.04 552 360
3 7.7 3.0 5.7 171 89 65.7 37 1,758 0.91 675 379
4 17.4 10.8 19.6 133 73 82.5 35 1,253 0.69 780 334
5 19.4 16.7 29.2 123 70 106.0 37 1,089 0.62 937 328
6 16.5 15.5 32.7 130 62 122.4 40 1,142 0.54 1,075 352
7 9.6 9.4 23.7 143 57 140.3 43 1,243 0.49 1,217 373
8 or More 10.2 10.0 32.2 180 56 177.0 47 1,541 0.48 1,516 401
Ownership of Unit
Owned 55.1 52.9 113.9 131 61 125.4 43 1,146 0.53 1,099 376
Rented 28.0 13.2 30.3 180 79 84.8 33 1,695 0.74 800 310
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 24.2 19.0 44.4 165 70 129.0 47 1,352 0.58 1,059 384
1940 to 1949 6.9 6.0 11.1 130 70 113.2 43 1,111 0.60 969 365
1950 to 1959 13.5 11.7 23.3 135 68 117.1 43 1,130 0.56 977 354
1960 to 1969 16.1 12.5 26.7 145 68 112.2 40 1,319 0.62 1,024 361
1970 to 1974 10.7 8.0 18.0 130 57 96.6 34 1,298 0.57 969 339
1975 to 1979 9.8 7.4 17.7 111 47 84.8 28 1,222 0.52 930 312
1980 to 1981 (3) 1.9 1.5 3.1 87 43 67.1 24 1,024 0.50 794 282
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 69.6 62.7 131.6 129 61 116.0 40 1,138 0.54 1,025 352
No 13.5 3.4 12.6 357 97 89.8 40 3,443 0.93 865 382
1981 Family Income
Less than $5,000 9.8 6.5 10.9 126 75 83.5 39 1,119 0.67 742 347
$5,000 to $9,999 13.5 9.7 18.6 142 74 101.9 42 1,230 0.64 884 360
$10,000 to $14,999 12.5 9.5 19.0 136 69 104.1 39 1,210 0.61 924 346
$15,000 to $19,999 10.7 8.5 17.5 130 63 103.7 36 1,184 0.58 943 326
$20,000 to $24,999 10.8 9.0 19.8 134 61 112.6 37 1,227 0.56 1,033 341
$25,000 to $34,999 13.3 11.5 26.9 142 61 123.5 39 1,257 0.54 1,090 344
$35,000 or More 12.6 11.3 31.5 163 58 145.3 45 1,473 0.53 1,315 411
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 11.0 7.6 12.9 134 79 92.7 30 1,175 0.69 812 267
125 Percent 15.8 11.1 19.1 135 78 94.4 34 1,178 0.68 825 293
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 27.6 19.6 40.7 139 67 98.3 33 1,242 0.60 881 294
25 to 34 Years 14.6 12.5 30.1 152 63 129.8 34 1,400 0.58 1,193 315
35 to 44 Years 18.4 16.1 36.3 144 64 125.9 43 1,288 0.57 1,129 390
45 to 59 Years 22.5 17.9 37.1 132 64 104.9 57 1,142 0.55 909 490
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 52.8 42.7 84.5 134 68 108.4 38 1,199 0.61 968 342
13 to 16 Years 23.2 17.9 44.6 151 61 116.1 42 1,347 0.54 1,035 374
17 Years or More 7.1 5.6 15.2 155 57 121.9 44 1,404 0.52 1,107 402
Race of Householder
White 72.5 58.9 129.9 137 62 111.5 41 1,226 0.56 996 363
Black 9.0 6.1 12.2 174 88 118.1 38 1,520 0.76 1,029 329
Other 1.6 1.1 2.2 127 64 85.0 22 1,390 0.70 932 246
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 4.5 3.3 5.8 130 73 93.4 25 1,203 0.67 862 230
No 78.6 62.8 138.4 141 64 112.8 41 1,259 0.57 1,006 366
Household Size
1 Person 15.4 9.8 18.2 130 70 83.1 83 1,132 0.61 721 721
2 Persons 27.7 21.5 46.0 132 62 102.6 51 1,187 0.56 923 461
3 Persons 15.4 12.6 28.7 146 64 120.0 40 1,293 0.57 1,063 354
4 or More Persons 24.8 22.2 51.3 150 65 134.6 29 1,357 0.59 1,215 258
                       
(1)  Major Energy Sources include: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas.
(2)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(3)  Does not include all new construction for 1981.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1981 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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