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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households--Major Energy Sources (1), 1980
 
                       
        Average of Major Energy Sources
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
      Total   per   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace per   Square per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion Building Foot Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) (million Btu)   (thousand Btu) (million Btu)  (million Btu)  (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 81.6 65.4 142.5 143 65 114.1 41 1,156 0.53 926 330
Census Region and Division
Northeast 17.7 12.3 34.8 199 70 138.3 49 1,874 0.66 1,301 459
New England 4.3 2.9 8.9 197 65 134.4 47 1,964 0.65 1,341 466
Middle Atlantic 13.4 9.3 26.0 200 72 139.5 49 1,846 0.66 1,288 456
Midwest 21.1 17.4 40.8 171 73 140.5 49 1,119 0.48 922 320
East North Central 14.8 11.8 27.8 179 76 142.7 49 1,173 0.50 936 321
West North Central 6.3 5.5 13.0 153 65 135.5 49 1,004 0.43 889 318
South 27.0 23.1 42.2 111 61 95.4 34 1,028 0.56 880 317
South Atlantic 14.0 11.8 22.3 108 57 90.6 33 1,125 0.60 945 341
East South Central 5.2 4.6 8.6 104 56 92.2 33 887 0.47 783 281
West South Central 7.7 6.7 11.3 122 72 106.1 38 953 0.57 827 296
West 16.0 12.7 24.7 106 54 84.1 31 748 0.38 594 218
Mountain 4.1 3.5 6.3 123 68 104.9 39 821 0.45 702 260
Pacific 11.8 9.2 18.3 99 50 76.9 28 720 0.36 557 204
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 56.0 41.3 94.2 163 71 120.0 44 1,233 0.54 908 334
Central City 24.3 15.8 36.8 186 80 121.0 45 1,398 0.60 908 335
Suburban 31.7 25.5 57.3 148 66 119.1 44 1,130 0.50 907 334
Rural 25.6 24.1 48.3 108 54 101.3 34 1,026 0.51 967 321
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 8.5 7.3 18.1 149 60 128.2 45 1,138 0.46 978 344
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 20.9 16.0 40.0 186 74 142.3 49 1,307 0.52 1,001 347
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 21.1 16.2 38.4 160 68 122.6 44 1,407 0.59 1,079 384
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 19.0 15.7 29.2 106 57 87.3 32 843 0.45 696 255
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.1 10.2 16.9 98 59 82.8 30 1,015 0.61 854 310
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single-Family Detached 53.0 53.0 112.9 125 59 125.1 41 989 0.46 989 326
Owned 45.5 45.5 100.7 128 58 128.1 42 1,017 0.46 1,017 336
Rented 7.5 7.5 12.3 107 65 106.7 34 822 0.50 822 265
Single-Family Attached 3.3 3.3 6.1 119 65 119.4 38 1,002 0.54 1,002 322
Owned 2.2 2.2 4.6 130 64 130.4 40 1,108 0.54 1,108 341
Rented 1.1 1.1 1.5 96 68 96.4 34 780 0.55 780 276
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 9.9 3.6 10.8 308 103 112.3 44 2,307 0.77 841 332
Owned 2.0 0.7 3.2 406 92 149.9 58 3,269 0.74 1,206 465
Rented 7.9 2.9 7.5 283 108 102.8 41 2,062 0.79 749 297
5 or More Units 10.8 0.8 8.9 966 90 74.0 38 9,627 0.89 738 379
Owned 1.0 0.1 1.2 1,422 71 86.3 47 15,124 0.75 918 501
Rented 9.8 0.8 7.7 930 93 72.8 37 9,188 0.92 719 368
Mobile Homes 4.6 4.6 3.8 82 100 82.1 32 773 0.94 773 303
Owned 3.6 3.6 3.0 83 99 82.7 31 774 0.92 774 293
Rented 1.0 1.0 0.8 80 107 80.1 36 769 1.03 769 342
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 600 7.5 3.7 4.4 149 127 74.3 37 1,371 1.17 683 336
600 to 999 21.1 13.2 19.6 142 95 88.7 37 1,172 0.79 733 307
1,000 to 1,599 24.0 20.3 37.3 131 71 110.8 39 1,054 0.57 892 310
1,600 to 1,999 10.0 9.6 21.2 133 60 126.8 41 1,069 0.48 1,022 331
2,000 to 2,399 7.8 7.6 19.3 144 56 139.9 43 1,159 0.45 1,127 350
2,400 to 2,999 6.1 6.0 18.1 153 51 149.7 45 1,198 0.40 1,171 349
3,000 or More 5.2 5.1 22.6 189 43 184.4 53 1,480 0.33 1,442 411
Number of Rooms
1 0.7 0.1 0.3 357 152 57.4 53 3,457 1.47 557 514
2 2.0 0.8 1.2 150 101 58.8 37 1,336 0.90 524 327
3 7.9 3.3 6.3 176 91 72.9 43 1,550 0.80 640 375
4 16.3 10.5 17.6 138 82 89.0 38 1,141 0.68 735 314
5 18.8 16.4 30.0 128 69 110.9 40 1,016 0.55 883 316
6 17.6 16.4 35.0 137 64 127.5 40 1,080 0.51 1,008 319
7 9.5 9.2 24.0 144 55 139.8 41 1,173 0.45 1,141 338
8 or More 8.9 8.8 28.0 169 53 166.7 44 1,368 0.43 1,349 357
Ownership of Unit
Owned 54.3 52.1 112.7 131 60 125.2 42 1,052 0.49 1,009 340
Rented 27.3 13.3 29.8 190 84 92.0 37 1,567 0.70 760 307
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 23.3 18.3 43.3 169 72 133.3 49 1,265 0.54 995 367
1940 to 1949 7.5 6.2 11.9 145 75 119.6 44 1,108 0.58 915 339
1950 to 1959 13.7 12.3 23.7 136 71 122.0 44 1,037 0.54 933 333
1960 to 1969 15.3 12.1 26.2 141 65 111.1 38 1,125 0.52 888 302
1970 to 1974 10.5 7.8 17.2 129 59 96.1 33 1,207 0.55 898 313
1975 to 1979 9.5 7.4 17.2 107 46 83.6 29 1,119 0.48 873 301
1980 (3) 1.8 1.2 3.1 115 44 76.2 30 1,202 0.46 797 316
1980 Family Income
Less than $5,000 10.4 7.2 12.5 142 81 97.9 48 1,107 0.63 764 372
$5,000 to $9,999 13.9 9.9 18.7 141 75 100.9 41 1,104 0.59 791 324
$10,000 to $14,999 13.8 10.5 20.8 138 69 104.3 39 1,150 0.58 869 326
$15,000 to $19,999 11.9 9.6 20.0 139 66 112.2 37 1,139 0.54 918 304
$20,000 to $24,999 9.9 8.8 19.8 143 63 126.3 39 1,118 0.50 989 307
$25,000 to $34,999 12.4 10.9 25.8 139 59 123.2 39 1,147 0.48 1,014 322
$35,000 or More 9.4 8.6 24.8 158 55 143.4 44 1,337 0.46 1,215 376
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 26.8 18.8 38.4 141 69 98.6 34 1,157 0.57 810 280
25 to 34 Years 14.1 12.2 27.9 148 65 127.9 33 1,220 0.53 1,057 273
35 to 44 Years 18.9 16.4 39.0 150 63 129.9 44 1,219 0.51 1,055 359
45 to 59 Years 21.8 18.0 37.2 134 65 110.6 58 1,056 0.51 872 460
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 52.4 42.0 83.6 139 70 111.8 40 1,122 0.56 901 319
13 to 16 Years 22.3 17.5 42.3 146 60 114.6 42 1,209 0.50 947 347
17 Years or More 6.9 5.8 16.6 155 54 130.0 45 1,245 0.44 1,047 359
Race of Householder
White 71.0 58.1 128.2 137 62 112.4 41 1,123 0.51 920 336
Black 9.2 6.2 12.2 197 100 132.3 42 1,504 0.77 1,010 318
Other 1.4 1.1 2.2 110 54 80.5 22 946 0.46 695 188
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 3.4 2.5 4.7 129 69 95.7 28 1,048 0.56 778 225
No 78.2 62.8 137.8 143 65 114.9 41 1,161 0.53 933 336
Household Size
1 Person 15.7 9.6 19.4 137 68 84.1 84 1,110 0.55 681 681
2 Persons 26.8 21.2 46.1 136 62 107.7 54 1,096 0.50 867 433
3 Persons 35.1 30.9 68.2 145 66 127.8 34 1,182 0.54 1,041 276
4 or More Persons 1.7 1.5 3.5 177 77 155.5 20 1,583 0.69 1,393 175
                       
(1)  Major Energy Sources include: electricity, natural gas, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas.
(2)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(3)  Does not include all new construction for 1980.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1980 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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