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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Natural Gas, 2001
                       
  Average Natural Gas
                       
Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
Total per Square per per per
Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household
Households Number (billion (million (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu) (million Btu) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 66.9 53.8 137.2 90 35 72.4 27 873 0.34 702 265
Census Region and Division
Northeast 12.5 7.8 25.4 126 39 78.3 33 1,434 0.44 889 372
New England 2.3 1.5 5.5 128 34 82.5 35 1,567 0.42 1,014 428
Middle Atlantic 10.3 6.3 19.9 126 40 77.4 32 1,403 0.45 861 360
Midwest 19.4 16.4 44.9 112 41 94.7 37 947 0.35 803 310
East North Central 14.2 12.0 32.4 116 43 98.2 37 961 0.35 811 309
West North Central 5.2 4.5 12.4 99 36 85.0 34 910 0.33 779 315
South 18.7 16.9 38.5 67 29 60.4 23 700 0.31 634 239
South Atlantic 8.0 7.1 17.1 69 29 61.2 23 809 0.34 717 271
East South Central 2.9 2.5 6.6 71 27 61.6 27 701 0.27 606 264
West South Central 7.8 7.3 14.8 63 31 59.1 21 593 0.29 559 200
West 16.3 12.7 28.5 71 32 55.0 19 665 0.30 516 177
Mountain 4.7 4.2 8.9 78 37 68.8 24 631 0.30 558 197
Pacific 11.6 8.5 19.6 67 29 49.4 17 682 0.30 499 170
Four Most Populated States
California 10.5 7.6 17.5 64 28 46.3 15 668 0.29 483 160
Florida 1.3 1.2 2.7 28 13 26.3 10 417 0.19 386 141
New York 5.4 2.6 10.1 149 38 71.4 29 1,729 0.45 829 332
Texas 4.9 4.5 9.5 62 29 57.0 19 537 0.26 497 170
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Urban 58.4 45.8 120.3 92 35 72.1 27 891 0.34 698 261
Central City 30.0 22.2 55.7 92 37 67.8 25 890 0.35 658 246
Suburban 28.4 23.6 64.6 92 34 76.6 29 891 0.33 740 277
Rural 8.5 8.0 16.9 79 38 74.4 30 773 0.37 728 292
Urban/Rural Location (1)
City 37.4 27.9 67.1 90 37 67.1 26 872 0.36 651 248
Town 11.2 9.5 23.1 91 38 77.6 29 873 0.36 740 280
Suburbs 14.4 12.6 37.4 91 31 80.2 29 903 0.30 792 287
Rural or Open Country 3.9 3.8 9.5 83 33 79.0 32 782 0.31 749 307
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 4.9 4.3 11.7 99 37 87.0 35 828 0.31 728 294
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 21.2 16.8 48.3 119 41 94.0 37 1,079 0.38 856 335
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 14.9 10.6 29.4 102 37 72.8 29 1,053 0.38 751 298
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 13.8 11.2 26.0 66 28 53.1 18 727 0.31 588 199
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.1 10.9 21.8 56 28 50.0 19 546 0.27 490 182
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single-Family Detached 40.5 40.5 99.1 82 33 81.8 29 782 0.32 782 279
Owned 35.5 35.5 90.8 83 32 82.8 30 789 0.31 789 287
Rented 4.9 4.9 8.3 75 45 75.1 24 728 0.43 728 231
Single-Family Attached 8.0 8.0 18.0 83 37 83.1 29 800 0.35 800 284
Owned 5.6 5.6 14.3 89 35 89.2 33 844 0.33 844 312
Rented 2.4 2.4 3.8 69 44 69.0 22 697 0.44 697 226
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 6.2 2.3 9.4 198 47 71.7 30 2,080 0.50 754 315
Owned 1.3 0.5 2.9 234 37 86.0 34 2,550 0.41 937 372
Rented 5.0 1.8 6.5 188 52 68.0 29 1,956 0.54 706 300
5 or More Units 9.9 0.8 8.1 366 35 28.4 13 3,859 0.37 300 141
Owned 0.9 0.1 0.9 359 25 24.7 13 3,726 0.26 256 136
Rented 9.0 0.7 7.3 366 36 28.8 13 3,870 0.38 304 141
Mobile Homes 2.3 2.3 2.5 60 57 60.1 26 546 0.51 546 236
Owned 2.0 2.0 2.2 60 55 60.3 27 551 0.50 551 244
Rented 0.3 0.3 0.3 59 70 59.2 23 511 0.60 511 197
Total Floorspace
(Square Feet)
Fewer than 500 2.3 0.6 0.9 105 68 26.5 13 1,164 0.75 293 148
500 to 999 12.7 6.1 9.8 89 56 43.1 20 898 0.56 434 202
1,000 to 1,499 13.1 10.2 16.2 77 48 60.0 23 771 0.48 598 229
1,500 to 1,999 11.0 10.2 19.1 76 41 71.2 27 743 0.40 693 259
2,000 to 2,499 9.1 8.6 20.3 85 36 80.1 29 821 0.35 777 284
2,500 to 2,999 6.2 5.9 17.0 97 34 92.3 33 933 0.32 883 315
3,000 to 3,499 4.2 4.1 13.7 102 30 97.4 30 955 0.28 917 287
3,500 to 3,999 2.7 2.6 9.9 110 29 106.2 32 1,004 0.26 974 297
4,000 or More 5.6 5.5 30.3 121 22 119.0 39 1,138 0.21 1,124 369
Total Number of Rooms
1 1.6 0.3 0.8 146 49 24.7 13 1,486 0.50 252 128
2 5.4 1.4 4.0 117 41 30.5 18 1,224 0.43 320 188
3 11.3 6.7 13.3 88 44 51.7 24 890 0.45 525 248
4 13.7 11.5 22.7 81 41 67.2 26 782 0.39 652 255
5 14.0 13.3 30.1 82 36 77.3 27 799 0.35 756 268
6 9.1 9.0 24.1 86 32 85.4 28 830 0.31 822 274
7 6.4 6.4 19.4 101 33 100.1 32 946 0.31 937 296
8 or More 5.4 5.4 22.8 118 28 116.9 34 1,093 0.26 1,087 315
Ownership of Unit
Owned 45.3 43.6 111.1 85 33 81.6 30 809 0.32 780 289
Rented 21.7 10.2 26.1 113 44 53.2 21 1,150 0.45 539 213
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 14.3 10.4 28.6 122 44 88.8 35 1,188 0.43 862 344
1940 to 1949 5.7 4.7 10.2 89 41 73.1 27 897 0.41 733 267
1950 to 1959 10.3 8.7 20.3 87 37 72.9 29 823 0.35 692 272
1960 to 1969 9.5 7.3 17.0 84 36 64.6 26 823 0.35 633 259
1970 to 1979 9.0 7.0 16.5 81 34 63.0 23 753 0.32 587 216
1980 to 1989 8.8 7.1 19.0 80 30 64.3 25 783 0.29 628 243
1990 to 1999 8.8 8.2 23.9 75 26 69.7 23 741 0.25 690 224
2000 to 2001 (3) 0.5 0.5 1.9 94 26 91.5 25 881 0.24 855 233
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 57.8 51.6 128.8 87 35 77.8 28 842 0.34 752 275
No 9.1 2.2 8.4 160 42 38.3 18 1,609 0.42 384 184
2001 Household Income
Less than $10,000 6.8 3.8 7.9 99 47 55.8 27 982 0.47 555 274
$10,000 to $14,999 4.4 3.1 5.9 83 43 58.2 26 815 0.43 573 251
$15,000 to $19,999 5.2 3.8 8.2 92 43 67.4 29 880 0.41 646 276
$20,000 to $29,999 8.6 6.7 13.6 87 43 67.3 28 852 0.42 658 279
$30,000 to $39,999 8.4 6.7 14.5 84 39 67.2 25 800 0.37 641 241
$40,000 to $49,999 8.0 6.7 16.7 87 35 72.6 26 851 0.34 714 255
$50,000 to $74,999 13.9 12.2 33.6 87 32 76.3 26 836 0.30 732 248
$75,000 to $99,999 5.4 5.0 14.8 93 32 86.6 29 882 0.30 823 277
$100,000 or More 6.2 5.7 21.9 105 28 97.3 32 1,034 0.27 954 312
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 9.3 5.6 11.4 96 47 57.9 21 948 0.46 571 209
125 Percent 12.2 7.8 16.1 97 47 61.7 21 945 0.46 601 205
150 Percent 15.8 10.4 21.5 95 46 62.5 22 919 0.44 606 217
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (4)
20.7 14.1 30.4 96 45 65.5 23 932 0.43 636 227
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 3.4 1.7 3.9 103 46 51.5 19 1,018 0.45 508 189
25 to 34 Years 10.7 8.1 18.9 85 37 64.4 21 825 0.35 623 202
35 to 44 Years 14.5 11.9 31.5 93 35 76.0 22 894 0.34 731 216
45 to 59 Years 18.3 15.8 42.8 90 33 77.8 29 859 0.32 744 279
60 Years and Over 18.2 14.9 36.4 90 37 73.8 41 887 0.36 727 407
Race of Householder
Non-Hispanic 59.5 48.8 126.6 92 35 75.1 30 885 0.34 726 285
Non-Hispanic White 46.6 39.3 101.6 89 34 75.0 31 853 0.33 719 295
Non-Hispanic Black 9.2 6.9 18.2 113 43 84.9 31 1,110 0.42 836 304
Multi-racial (5) 0.5 0.4 0.8 81 40 58.3 23 824 0.41 593 233
Other (6) 3.2 2.2 6.1 76 27 52.5 15 771 0.27 535 151
Hispanic 7.5 5.0 10.5 75 36 50.3 15 754 0.36 506 147
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
Yes 7.4 5.0 10.4 75 36 50.0 15 752 0.36 503 146
No 59.5 48.8 126.8 92 35 75.2 30 885 0.34 727 285
Household Size
1 Person 16.6 11.4 24.7 82 38 56.5 56 823 0.38 564 564
2 Persons 21.7 17.9 46.0 88 34 73.0 37 858 0.33 709 354
3 Persons 10.4 8.6 23.1 93 35 77.3 26 904 0.34 750 250
4 Persons 10.4 9.1 25.1 91 33 79.4 20 862 0.31 755 189
5 Persons 4.9 4.1 11.4 103 37 87.4 17 981 0.35 832 166
6 or More Persons 3.0 2.7 6.8 101 40 90.3 13 957 0.38 855 128
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 48.5 48.5 117.2 82 34 82.0 29 785 0.32 785 280
1 Story 27.2 27.2 52.9 68 35 68.5 26 663 0.34 663 253
2 Stories 18.8 18.8 56.7 98 33 98.2 32 931 0.31 931 307
3 Stories 1.3 1.3 4.6 120 35 119.8 38 1,177 0.34 1,177 370
Split-Level 1.1 1.1 2.9 97 36 96.7 35 828 0.30 828 295
Other Q Q Q 81 60 80.6 20 751 0.56 751 188
Mobile Homes 2.3 2.3 2.5 60 57 60.1 26 546 0.51 546 236
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 4.6 0.4 3.9 296 33 28.4 13 3,066 0.34 294 131
3 or 4 Floors 3.0 0.3 2.4 393 42 33.4 16 4,066 0.43 345 166
5 to 10 Floors 1.7 0.1 1.3 624 29 22.1 11 7,448 0.34 263 126
11 to 20 Floors 0.6 (*) 0.4 681 29 21.0 13 6,833 0.29 211 133
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 6.2 2.3 9.4 198 47 71.7 30 2,080 0.50 754 315
5 to 10 Units 3.5 0.5 3.1 242 39 34.9 17 2,516 0.41 363 175
11 to 20 Units 2.2 0.2 1.8 376 33 27.5 11 4,065 0.36 297 119
21 to 50 Units 1.5 (*) 1.2 688 26 20.0 10 7,467 0.28 217 106
51 Units or More 1.8 (*) 1.3 2,112 30 22.3 12 20,972 0.30 222 118
No Answer 0.7 (*) 0.4 480 (7) 45 30.0 14 5,343 (7) 0.50 334 157
Not Applicable 50.8 50.8 119.6 81 34 81.0 29 774 0.33 774 278
                       
(1) Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(2) One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days. For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(3) New construction for 2001 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(4) Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(5) Respondents could select one or more race categories to describe themselves.
(6) Includes Native American, Native Alaskan, and Pacific Islander households.
(7) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Notes: Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 2001 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Eileen O'Brien
Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018