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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households Natural Gas, 1997
 
  Average Natural Gas
 
Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
      Total   per            
Floor- per Square per per per
Total Total space (1) Building Foot per Household per Square per Household
Households Number (billion (million (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu) (million Btu) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 61.9 51.3 106.1 103 50 85.3 32 698 0.34 579 218
Census Region and Division
Northeast 11.8 8.3 19.9 123 52 86.9 35 1,097 0.46 772 310
New England 1.9 1.4 3.3 123 50 87.0 32 1,158 0.48 819 301
Middle Atlantic 9.9 6.9 16.6 124 52 86.9 36 1,085 0.45 763 312
Midwest 18.5 15.9 36.3 139 61 118.6 45 817 0.36 699 263
East North Central 13.7 11.5 26.4 145 64 122.7 46 846 0.37 715 265
West North Central 4.9 4.3 9.9 121 53 107.2 42 741 0.32 654 254
South 16.4 14.9 26.9 76 42 68.5 26 549 0.30 496 190
South Atlantic 6.4 5.6 11.2 77 38 66.3 26 663 0.33 572 227
East South Central 2.7 2.4 4.4 78 43 69.3 29 538 0.29 475 201
West South Central 7.3 6.9 11.3 74 45 70.1 25 462 0.28 437 158
West 15.1 12.3 22.9 76 40 61.5 22 454 0.24 369 130
Mountain 4.4 3.9 7.3 91 48 79.4 29 469 0.25 412 151
Pacific 10.7 8.4 15.6 69 37 54.1 19 447 0.24 351 122
Four Most Populated States
California 9.7 7.4 13.6 63 35 48.6 17 426 0.23 327 115
Florida 1.2 1.0 2.0 31 15 27.2 12 412 0.20 358 153
New York 5.1 2.8 8.1 139 48 75.9 32 1,343 0.46 731 306
Texas 4.7 4.4 7.5 73 43 67.8 23 431 0.25 400 134
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Urban 53.0 43.0 91.0 104 49 84.5 31 711 0.34 577 215
Central City 26.8 20.3 41.1 109 54 82.5 32 742 0.37 562 215
Suburban 26.2 22.7 49.9 100 45 86.6 31 683 0.31 593 214
Rural 8.9 8.3 15.1 97 53 90.0 36 632 0.35 587 237
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 35.4 27.6 54.5 104 53 81.4 31 702 0.35 547 209
Town 10.5 9.2 18.6 103 51 89.8 34 691 0.34 605 228
Suburbs 12.2 10.9 25.3 103 44 91.6 33 718 0.31 641 231
Rural or Open Country 3.8 3.7 7.6 93 45 89.1 35 629 0.30 600 233
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 5.1 4.6 10.3 122 55 109.7 42 716 0.32 643 244
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 20.0 16.6 38.4 136 59 113.3 42 879 0.38 729 272
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 12.7 9.2 21.0 116 51 84.1 34 901 0.40 654 266
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.7 10.4 18.9 69 38 57.1 21 479 0.26 395 143
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 11.5 10.5 17.6 64 38 58.2 21 444 0.26 406 149
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single-Family Detached 40.3 40.3 83.0 97 47 96.5 34 639 0.31 639 224
Owned 34.9 34.9 75.6 98 45 98.2 35 651 0.30 651 232
Rented 5.4 5.4 7.4 85 62 85.5 27 557 0.41 557 179
Single-Family Attached 6.7 6.7 9.9 85 57 85.3 35 634 0.43 634 262
Owned 3.5 3.5 6.4 93 52 93.5 43 705 0.39 705 327
Rented 3.1 3.1 3.5 76 68 76.1 28 556 0.50 556 205
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 3.8 1.4 3.9 243 87 87.8 37 1,700 0.61 616 256
Owned 0.8 0.3 1.1 359 91 131.7 52 2,423 0.61 889 353
Rented 3.0 1.1 2.7 212 85 76.4 32 1,509 0.61 544 230
5 or More Units 8.8 0.6 7.2 524 45 36.8 17 3,994 0.34 281 130
Owned 0.6 (*) 0.6 664 37 36.0 23 4,789 0.27 260 164
Rented 8.2 0.6 6.6 516 46 36.9 17 3,948 0.35 282 128
Mobile Homes 2.3 2.3 2.1 70 78 69.8 30 438 0.49 438 189
Owned 2.0 2.0 1.8 72 79 71.6 31 445 0.49 445 192
Rented 0.3 0.3 0.2 57 70 56.9 24 384 0.47 384 164
Estimated Heated
Floorspace
(Square Feet) (4)
Fewer than 600 4.8 2.1 3.7 121 70 53.9 27 881 0.51 391 194
600 to 999 12.6 8.1 13.6 107 64 69.0 31 748 0.45 482 215
1,000 to 1,599 17.9 16.4 29.0 92 52 84.3 31 625 0.35 574 213
1,600 to 1,999 9.4 9.2 19.3 100 48 97.6 33 658 0.31 639 215
2,000 to 2,399 5.1 5.0 12.3 99 40 97.7 34 646 0.26 639 224
2,400 to 2,999 3.5 3.5 10.2 110 38 109.1 35 742 0.25 735 235
3,000 or More 2.9 2.8 9.9 131 38 129.5 38 840 0.24 827 244
No Estimate Provided 5.8 4.2 8.1 115 59 82.4 31 814 0.42 584 223
Total Number of Rooms
1 or 2 1.9 0.5 0.9 127 63 31.6 19 915 0.46 228 138
3 5.3 1.8 3.9 124 58 42.5 23 955 0.45 327 178
4 10.4 6.6 10.5 102 64 64.8 29 714 0.45 454 203
5 12.3 11.1 17.5 91 58 82.3 31 616 0.39 554 210
6 12.4 11.9 21.8 96 52 91.8 32 648 0.35 623 220
7 9.0 8.9 19.4 100 46 99.2 34 687 0.32 678 235
8 5.8 5.7 15.9 116 42 114.9 36 740 0.27 736 234
9 or More 4.8 4.8 16.2 129 38 128.0 37 843 0.25 840 245
Ownership of Unit
Owned 41.9 40.8 85.6 99 47 96.3 36 662 0.32 644 238
Rented 20.0 10.5 20.5 119 61 62.4 24 840 0.43 441 173
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 13.8 10.9 23.6 134 62 105.6 40 924 0.43 729 279
1940 to 1949 7.1 5.8 10.1 103 59 83.6 34 707 0.40 576 234
1950 to 1959 9.2 8.2 14.1 93 54 83.6 31 644 0.38 577 213
1960 to 1969 9.6 7.5 15.4 97 47 76.1 30 647 0.32 508 201
1970 to 1979 9.5 7.2 15.3 103 48 78.5 30 657 0.31 501 190
1980 to 1989 7.5 6.8 14.9 82 37 74.2 26 561 0.26 508 181
1990 to 1997 (5) 5.2 4.8 12.6 89 34 82.1 28 606 0.23 557 188
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 52.1 48.1 97.3 99 49 91.5 33 667 0.33 616 224
No 9.8 3.2 8.7 162 59 52.6 24 1,171 0.43 380 176
1997 Household Income
Less than $5,000 2.4 1.5 2.6 121 69 75.1 32 820 0.47 508 214
$5,000 to $9,999 5.6 3.6 6.2 97 57 62.7 30 698 0.41 452 216
$10,000 to $14,999 6.4 4.6 7.7 100 60 72.9 30 682 0.41 495 206
$15,000 to $19,999 6.0 5.1 8.5 90 54 76.2 31 602 0.36 509 206
$20,000 to $24,999 4.6 3.8 6.4 102 59 82.5 35 691 0.40 562 240
$25,000 to $34,999 9.2 7.4 14.7 104 52 84.2 32 713 0.36 578 219
$35,000 to $49,999 9.8 8.5 18.0 103 49 89.4 32 688 0.33 599 217
$50,000 to $74,999 10.1 9.2 21.4 108 46 98.3 33 721 0.31 659 224
$75,000 or More 7.9 7.5 20.5 107 39 102.9 32 722 0.26 692 218
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 9.1 6.1 10.6 104 60 69.4 23 714 0.41 476 155
125 Percent 11.9 8.1 14.0 104 60 70.4 24 715 0.41 486 166
150 Percent 15.9 11.3 19.2 102 60 72.3 25 701 0.41 498 173
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (6)
20.4 14.8 25.9 103 59 75.0 27 712 0.41 516 188
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 3.2 1.8 3.1 110 63 62.1 24 754 0.44 427 167
25 to 34 Years 11.2 8.1 15.9 105 53 75.6 25 706 0.36 509 168
35 to 44 Years 14.4 12.6 27.6 103 47 90.4 27 701 0.32 614 182
45 to 59 Years 15.7 14.0 30.6 103 47 92.4 35 695 0.32 622 233
60 Years and Over 17.5 14.8 28.8 100 52 85.2 47 687 0.35 583 318
Race of Householder
White 45.6 39.9 83.8 101 48 88.3 35 674 0.32 590 233
Black 8.6 6.7 12.5 124 66 95.8 35 869 0.46 672 248
Other (7) 7.7 4.7 9.7 92 45 56.2 17 665 0.32 406 121
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
Yes 6.8 4.5 8.2 83 46 55.1 17 601 0.33 401 120
No 55.1 46.7 97.8 105 50 89.1 35 708 0.34 601 234
Household Size
1 Person 14.7 10.2 18.3 99 55 69.1 69 692 0.39 484 484
2 Persons 19.8 17.1 35.5 97 47 84.1 42 660 0.32 570 285
3 Persons 10.9 9.3 19.6 106 50 90.2 30 717 0.34 612 204
4 Persons 9.6 8.4 18.6 111 50 97.2 24 745 0.34 655 164
5 Persons 4.2 3.8 8.9 109 47 97.9 20 706 0.30 634 127
6 or More Persons 2.7 2.4 5.3 113 51 100.6 15 747 0.34 665 100
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 47.0 47.0 92.9 95 48 94.9 34 638 0.32 638 229
1 Story 25.1 25.1 41.2 81 49 81.0 31 531 0.32 531 201
2 Stories 17.8 17.8 42.0 110 46 109.6 37 753 0.32 753 254
3 Stories 2.3 2.3 6.4 123 45 122.8 41 875 0.32 875 293
Split-Level 1.7 1.7 3.3 110 55 109.6 38 695 0.35 695 244
Other Q Q Q 114 76 114.3 51 763 0.50 763 340
Mobile Homes 2.3 2.3 2.1 70 78 69.8 30 438 0.49 438 189
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 5.9 1.3 5.2 268 66 58.3 25 1,826 0.45 397 173
3 or 4 Floors 3.5 0.4 3.0 429 61 51.9 23 3,210 0.46 388 175
5 to 10 Floors 1.5 0.1 1.3 673 31 26.3 11 7,208 0.33 282 122
11 to 20 Floors 0.5 (*) 0.3 2,749 28 19.0 13 20,716 0.21 144 99
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 248 29 22.0 10 1,781 0.21 158 74
Don't Know/No Answer 1.1 0.2 1.1 357 73 76.0 35 2,614 0.53 556 257
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 3.8 1.4 3.9 243 87 87.8 37 1,700 0.61 616 256
5 to 10 Units 2.4 0.4 2.2 340 54 49.1 21 2,550 0.40 368 160
11 to 20 Units 2.1 0.1 1.7 478 42 33.1 16 3,637 0.32 252 118
21 to 50 Units 1.7 (*) 1.3 1,042 40 30.1 13 7,655 0.29 221 98
51 Units or More 1.7 (*) 1.3 2,501 32 24.1 14 21,559 0.27 208 117
No Answer 0.8 0.1 0.7 792 (8) 58 49.5 21 5,830 (8) 0.43 364 157
Not Applicable 49.3 49.3 95.0 94 49 93.8 34 629 0.33 629 227
                       
(1) In previous RECS, square footage measurements were obtained during the personal interview. In the 1997 RECS, square footage was
estimated using a regression equation developed with the 1993 RECS data. The 1997 RECS estimated square footage tends to be larger
than the 1993 measured square footage.
(2) Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3) One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days. For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(4) Estimates provided by the household interview respondents, who were asked which category best described the total heated
floorspace in the home.
(5) New construction for 1997 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(6) Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(7) Includes 4.2 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(8) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes: Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Eileen O'Brien
Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018