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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Natural Gas, 1993
 
  Average Natural Gas
 
Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
Total per Square per per per
Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household
Households Number (billion (million (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu) (million Btu) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 58.7 46.0 111.9 115 47 89.9 34 696 0.29 546 206
Census Region and Division
Northeast 12.2 7.7 23.3 145 48 90.9 35 1,122 0.37 703 272
New England 2.2 1.2 4.2 154 45 85.7 34 1,298 0.38 722 290
Middle Atlantic 10.0 6.4 19.1 143 48 92.0 35 1,089 0.37 699 269
Midwest 17.5 14.0 37.6 148 55 118.4 46 795 0.30 637 250
East North Central 13.3 10.4 28.2 153 56 119.3 46 825 0.31 646 252
West North Central 4.1 3.6 9.4 134 51 115.2 46 706 0.27 609 243
South 14.7 13.1 26.5 90 45 80.1 30 552 0.27 491 185
South Atlantic 5.4 4.5 9.9 93 42 78.0 30 666 0.30 557 214
East South Central 2.4 2.3 5.0 99 45 92.8 36 558 0.25 524 206
West South Central 6.9 6.3 11.6 85 46 77.4 28 469 0.26 428 157
West 14.2 11.2 24.5 81 37 64.3 23 451 0.21 357 126
Mountain 3.7 3.2 6.6 102 49 89.1 35 492 0.24 429 167
Pacific 10.5 8.1 17.9 73 33 55.7 19 435 0.20 332 114
Four Most Populated States
New York 9.6 7.2 15.7 68 31 51.0 17 416 0.19 311 106
California 0.5 0.4 0.8 42 22 38.0 13 357 0.19 322 112
Texas 5.2 2.5 9.2 170 46 80.9 31 1,423 0.39 677 261
Florida 4.2 3.7 7.2 81 42 72.1 26 451 0.23 400 145
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Urban 50.8 38.8 95.5 115 47 88.0 33 712 0.29 543 204
Central City 22.8 15.5 36.5 125 53 84.6 32 791 0.34 537 205
Suburban 28.0 23.3 59.0 109 43 90.7 34 659 0.26 547 203
Rural 7.8 7.2 16.5 111 49 102.6 40 614 0.27 569 222
Urban/Rural Location (1)
City 33.3 23.8 57.1 118 49 84.1 32 730 0.30 521 201
Town 9.1 8.1 18.1 105 47 93.9 35 624 0.28 557 210
Suburbs 13.2 11.1 29.5 118 44 99.5 36 707 0.27 596 217
Rural 3.1 3.0 7.2 102 43 100.1 36 580 0.24 569 205
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 4.5 3.8 10.4 135 50 115.0 45 730 0.27 620 244
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 18.8 14.1 38.8 151 55 114.1 45 885 0.32 667 265
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 13.0 9.2 25.5 126 46 89.9 34 861 0.31 613 231
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.2 9.5 20.5 79 37 61.9 22 492 0.23 384 134
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 10.3 9.3 16.8 75 42 67.8 25 441 0.24 400 150
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single Family Detached 36.7 36.7 86.0 103 44 102.8 36 606 0.26 606 214
Owned 31.4 31.4 77.1 105 43 105.2 38 623 0.25 623 224
Rented 5.3 5.3 8.9 88 52 88.5 28 507 0.30 507 161
Single Family Attached 4.7 4.7 9.0 85 45 85.4 32 558 0.29 558 206
Owned 2.9 2.9 6.2 88 41 87.8 33 584 0.27 584 221
Rented 1.9 1.9 2.9 82 53 81.7 29 517 0.33 517 183
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 5.6 2.0 6.9 266 78 96.4 38 1,763 0.51 639 254
Owned 1.1 0.4 2.2 370 69 135.5 50 2,543 0.47 932 345
Rented 4.5 1.6 4.7 240 82 86.7 35 1,567 0.53 566 229
5 or More Units 9.8 0.7 8.1 578 52 43.5 21 3,847 0.35 289 142
Owned 0.8 0.1 0.8 584 45 47.6 28 3,722 0.29 303 180
Rented 9.1 0.7 7.3 578 53 43.2 21 3,858 0.36 288 139
Mobile Home 1.8 1.8 1.8 73 74 73.3 30 411 0.41 411 166
Owned 1.6 1.6 1.6 75 74 74.8 30 412 0.41 412 167
Rented 0.3 0.3 0.3 65 73 65.0 26 405 0.45 405 162
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 1,000 17.1 8.2 13.9 125 73 59.7 28 794 0.46 379 177
1,000 to 1,999 24.5 21.3 41.8 99 51 86.1 31 603 0.31 523 191
2,000 to 2,999 11.1 10.8 30.0 120 43 116.4 39 720 0.26 699 237
3,000 or More 5.9 5.8 26.2 147 33 143.2 46 855 0.19 836 266
Total Number of Rooms
(Excluding Bathrooms)
1 to 2 2.1 0.4 1.1 190 64 33.1 23 1,378 0.46 240 168
3 to 5 27.1 17.3 33.8 111 57 70.8 31 689 0.35 439 190
6 to 8 25.4 24.5 61.4 111 44 106.7 36 663 0.26 639 214
9 or More 4.0 3.9 15.6 147 37 143.2 41 871 0.22 848 245
Ownership of Unit
Owned 37.7 36.3 87.8 106 44 102.3 37 638 0.26 614 225
Rented 20.9 9.7 24.1 146 59 67.6 27 916 0.37 424 170
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 14.8 11.1 28.6 140 54 105.0 42 866 0.34 650 257
1940 to 1949 4.9 3.9 8.0 111 54 88.8 35 684 0.34 549 217
1950 to 1959 9.4 8.3 17.6 102 48 90.4 32 632 0.30 563 201
1960 to 1969 9.9 7.5 18.2 120 49 90.5 37 718 0.29 541 222
1970 to 1979 8.6 6.3 15.7 110 44 79.5 29 627 0.25 455 167
1980 to 1984 4.0 3.1 7.3 93 39 72.1 25 563 0.24 435 151
1985 to 1987 2.6 2.2 5.6 93 36 75.8 27 567 0.22 463 163
1988 to 1990 2.1 1.8 5.3 99 34 84.6 28 581 0.20 499 163
1991 to 1993 (3) 2.4 1.9 5.7 103 34 82.5 30 628 0.21 502 184
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 47.5 43.6 101.9 106 45 97.3 35 637 0.27 586 212
No 11.2 2.4 10.0 275 65 58.6 27 1,776 0.42 378 176
1993 Family Income
Less than $5,000 2.4 1.4 2.9 132 63 73.8 29 838 0.40 469 186
$5,000 to $9,999 6.5 4.1 8.2 117 58 74.0 37 720 0.36 455 230
$10,000 to $14,999 7.1 5.0 10.3 116 56 81.5 34 704 0.34 495 207
$15,000 to $19,999 5.8 4.4 9.5 118 55 90.7 39 696 0.32 535 231
$20,000 to $24,999 5.1 3.9 8.3 111 52 85.8 36 672 0.32 519 220
$25,000 to $34,999 7.8 6.3 14.4 112 49 90.2 34 670 0.29 541 207
$35,000 to $49,999 10.4 8.6 22.6 112 43 92.3 32 683 0.26 562 193
$50,000 to $74,999 8.0 7.2 18.7 108 42 97.1 30 645 0.25 583 181
$75,000 or More 5.7 5.2 17.0 124 38 113.6 36 776 0.24 708 228
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 8.9 5.6 11.4 123 60 77.3 26 766 0.37 481 163
125 Percent 11.8 7.6 15.6 121 59 78.8 27 753 0.37 488 169
150 Percent 14.9 9.9 20.2 119 59 79.7 28 736 0.36 491 174
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (4)
18.7 12.6 26.5 122 58 82.3 31 753 0.36 506 192
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 3.2 1.7 4.0 138 59 75.2 28 823 0.35 447 165
25 to 34 Years 12.6 8.6 20.8 122 51 83.6 27 739 0.31 507 166
35 to 44 Years 13.0 10.8 26.4 106 44 88.5 27 653 0.27 545 164
45 to 59 Years 13.0 10.8 28.1 115 44 96.2 37 693 0.27 580 221
60 Years and Over 16.9 14.0 32.6 114 49 93.6 51 691 0.30 569 310
Race of Householder
White 47.0 38.6 94.8 111 45 91.0 36 666 0.27 547 214
Black 7.7 5.1 11.6 149 66 98.9 35 937 0.41 622 223
Other (5) 4.0 2.3 5.5 101 43 59.8 17 662 0.28 391 113
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
Yes 5.8 3.7 7.8 96 45 61.2 18 622 0.29 395 119
No 52.9 42.3 104.1 116 47 93.1 36 703 0.29 563 218
Household Size
1 Person 14.2 8.9 19.4 114 52 71.8 72 694 0.32 437 437
2 Persons 18.4 14.8 36.5 110 45 88.9 44 664 0.27 535 268
3 Persons 10.3 8.6 20.5 115 48 95.1 32 716 0.30 592 197
4 Persons 9.4 8.3 21.4 119 46 104.7 26 718 0.28 632 158
5 Persons 4.1 3.6 9.4 112 43 98.9 20 677 0.26 595 119
6 or More Persons 2.3 1.9 4.8 134 53 109.5 16 815 0.32 667 99
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 41.4 41.4 95.0 101 44 100.8 36 601 0.26 601 213
1 Story 24.1 24.1 45.7 86 45 86.2 32 506 0.27 506 190
2 Stories 14.5 14.5 41.2 121 43 121.1 40 725 0.26 725 241
3 Stories 1.3 1.3 4.0 127 40 127.3 39 891 0.28 891 274
Split-Level 1.5 1.5 4.0 118 45 118.2 39 672 0.25 672 219
Other Q Q Q 69 21 69.3 15 533 0.16 533 117
Mobile Homes 1.8 1.8 1.8 73 74 73.3 30 411 0.41 411 166
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 4.3 0.4 3.7 418 50 43.6 19 2,642 0.32 276 122
3 or 4 Floors 2.7 0.2 2.2 696 64 52.7 27 4,547 0.42 344 179
5 to 10 Floors 1.8 (*) 1.3 1,360 39 28.4 15 11,018 0.32 230 119
11 to 20 Floors 0.5 (*) 0.5 4,954 35 35.2 25 39,742 0.28 283 199
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 13,072 111 64.1 27 87,761 0.75 430 179
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 5.6 2.0 6.9 266 78 96.4 38 1,763 0.51 639 254
5 to 10 Units 3.4 0.5 3.2 379 59 54.3 25 2,406 0.38 345 156
11 to 20 Units 2.3 0.2 1.8 573 51 39.3 19 3,966 0.35 272 131
21 to 50 Units 2.0 0.1 1.7 1,153 45 37.1 16 8,259 0.32 265 117
51 Units or More 2.0 (*) 1.5 3,891 48 36.7 24 25,523 0.32 241 159
No Answer Q Q Q 473 (6) 55 29.6 23 2,873 (6) 0.34 180 141
Not Applicable 43.3 43.3 96.8 100 44 99.6 36 593 0.26 593 211
                       
(1) Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(2) Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1961 to 1980.
(3) Does not include all new construction for 1993.
(4) Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(5) Includes 1.4 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(6) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes: Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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