Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Residential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) > Historical Publications
Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Natural Gas, 1981
 
                       
        Average Natural Gas
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million  (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu)   Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 53.4 41.5 92.8 127 57 98.7 35 578 0.26 450 159
Census Region and Division
Northeast 11.3 6.9 20.2 147 50 88.7 31 849 0.29 513 181
New England 2.0 1.1 3.3 152 51 85.1 31 1,079 0.36 605 223
Middle Atlantic 9.4 5.7 16.9 146 50 89.5 31 804 0.27 493 172
Midwest 16.1 13.1 32.0 170 70 138.2 51 711 0.29 577 212
East North Central 11.4 9.2 22.2 181 75 145.7 54 767 0.32 620 228
West North Central 4.7 3.8 9.7 145 57 119.6 43 576 0.23 473 172
South 14.2 12.2 22.2 94 52 80.9 28 436 0.24 375 132
South Atlantic 5.4 4.1 9.1 109 49 83.5 30 574 0.26 438 159
East South Central 2.6 2.4 4.4 98 54 92.1 33 407 0.22 381 135
West South Central 6.3 5.7 8.7 81 53 74.1 25 349 0.23 318 109
West 11.8 9.4 18.3 95 49 76.0 26 382 0.20 306 104
Mountain 3.0 2.6 4.7 108 60 92.0 32 437 0.24 371 128
Pacific 8.8 6.9 13.7 90 45 70.5 24 362 0.18 283 96
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 45.0 33.7 76.5 129 57 96.4 34 595 0.26 445 159
Central City 20.2 13.6 30.6 130 58 87.4 31 615 0.27 413 149
Suburban 24.8 20.1 45.9 128 56 103.7 37 581 0.25 471 167
Rural 8.4 7.9 16.3 119 57 111.3 37 507 0.24 475 159
Climate Zone (1)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 4.6 3.6 8.5 153 64 119.5 43 661 0.28 518 186
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 15.8 11.9 31.2 178 68 135.1 47 793 0.30 600 211
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 13.3 9.4 24.1 128 50 90.4 33 657 0.26 465 171
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 13.4 10.8 20.2 92 49 74.2 26 380 0.20 306 105
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 6.4 5.9 8.9 69 46 63.3 22 332 0.22 303 105
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 34.8 34.8 72.4 117 56 116.5 38 509 0.24 509 167
Owned 29.8 29.8 65.2 120 55 120.2 40 526 0.24 526 175
Rented 5.0 5.0 7.2 94 66 94.4 29 407 0.28 407 125
Single-Family Attached 2.1 2.1 4.2 90 46 90.1 30 476 0.24 476 161
Owned 1.5 1.5 3.2 94 44 93.9 32 499 0.23 499 171
Rented 0.6 0.6 0.9 81 53 80.6 26 418 0.28 418 136
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 7.3 2.7 8.5 218 68 79.1 32 1,147 0.36 416 166
Owned 1.8 0.7 2.9 254 57 92.4 37 1,412 0.32 515 204
Rented 5.5 2.0 5.6 206 74 74.7 30 1,060 0.38 384 153
5 or More Units 7.8 0.6 6.5 524 51 42.0 19 2,762 0.27 221 101
Owned 0.5 (*) 0.5 519 43 45.8 24 2,648 0.22 234 124
Rented 7.3 0.6 5.9 524 52 41.7 19 2,770 0.27 221 100
Mobile Homes 1.3 1.3 1.2 89 95 89.2 38 391 0.42 391 165
Owned 1.1 1.1 1.1 87 89 87.0 36 377 0.38 377 157
Rented 0.2 0.2 0.1 101 146 100.9 44 467 0.68 467 205
Heated Floorspace 
(square feet)
Fewer than 600 4.4 1.7 2.4 125 90 47.7 24 626 0.45 239 120
600 to 999 13.4 7.8 12.7 121 75 70.7 30 569 0.35 332 140
1,000 to 1,599 16.2 13.7 24.4 108 61 91.2 31 490 0.27 414 142
1,600 to 1,999 7.3 6.6 15.2 124 54 112.3 36 567 0.25 512 166
2,000 to 2,399 4.9 4.7 12.5 131 50 125.8 39 587 0.22 564 173
2,400 to 2,999 3.6 3.6 10.7 153 51 150.4 44 675 0.23 664 195
3,000 or More 3.6 3.4 15.0 189 43 182.7 52 838 0.19 811 233
Number of Rooms
1 0.4 0.1 0.1 223 139 39.1 26 1,093 0.68 192 129
2 1.1 0.3 0.6 165 85 41.3 26 838 0.43 210 132
3 4.6 1.5 3.4 143 64 46.5 26 733 0.33 238 133
4 10.6 6.3 11.8 121 65 71.9 31 573 0.31 340 147
5 12.5 10.3 18.7 116 64 95.2 33 519 0.29 428 149
6 11.3 10.5 22.1 114 54 105.5 34 514 0.24 476 155
7 6.1 6.0 14.9 132 53 129.3 40 585 0.23 572 177
8 or More 6.8 6.7 21.3 159 50 156.5 42 718 0.23 705 188
Ownership of Unit
Owned 34.7 33.1 73.0 121 55 115.5 39 540 0.25 516 175
Rented 18.7 8.4 19.8 150 64 67.5 26 729 0.31 328 126
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 17.8 13.2 31.6 144 60 106.1 38 674 0.28 497 180
1940 to 1949 5.0 4.2 7.5 111 62 92.7 36 502 0.28 421 161
1950 to 1959 10.0 8.5 17.0 115 57 97.9 35 495 0.25 421 149
1960 to 1969 10.8 8.3 18.2 126 57 97.0 34 580 0.26 446 155
1970 to 1974 5.1 3.8 9.5 129 52 95.2 33 586 0.23 432 150
1975 to 1979 4.0 3.1 7.8 114 45 89.3 28 516 0.20 404 127
1980 to 1981 (2) 0.7 0.5 1.1 94 41 68.8 26 408 0.18 298 115
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 42.0 38.8 82.2 120 57 110.9 37 533 0.25 493 166
No 11.4 2.7 10.6 229 59 54.3 23 1,231 0.32 291 126
1981 Family Income
Less than $5,000 6.1 3.8 7.0 127 69 79.2 37 593 0.33 371 174
$5,000 to $9,999 8.7 6.0 11.8 131 66 89.4 36 599 0.30 410 165
$10,000 to $14,999 8.0 6.1 12.3 118 59 90.3 34 547 0.27 417 155
$15,000 to $19,999 6.3 4.8 9.7 124 62 95.5 33 565 0.28 436 152
$20,000 to $24,999 6.7 5.5 12.6 119 52 98.2 33 543 0.24 447 151
$25,000 to $34,999 9.1 7.9 18.6 123 52 106.4 33 551 0.23 477 147
$35,000 or More 8.5 7.4 20.9 143 51 125.0 39 645 0.23 563 175
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 6.9 4.5 8.3 139 74 89.5 28 640 0.34 413 130
125 Percent 10.2 6.7 12.5 133 71 87.5 30 614 0.33 405 141
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 17.8 12.5 26.7 126 59 88.5 29 573 0.27 404 133
25 to 34 Years 9.5 7.7 19.3 135 54 109.4 29 613 0.25 498 133
35 to 44 Years 11.9 10.2 23.4 129 56 110.1 38 585 0.26 501 173
45 to 59 Years 14.1 11.0 23.3 122 57 94.8 51 553 0.26 432 230
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 32.9 25.8 52.7 124 61 97.0 34 565 0.28 442 154
13 to 16 Years 15.4 11.9 29.3 134 55 103.7 37 609 0.25 471 170
17 Years or More 5.1 3.9 10.8 125 45 94.8 34 574 0.21 437 158
Race of Householder
White 45.4 36.3 81.6 125 56 100.0 36 562 0.25 450 164
Black 7.0 4.7 9.9 144 68 96.4 30 708 0.33 473 147
Other 1.0 0.5 1.3 105 45 56.8 16 546 0.24 296 81
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 3.5 2.5 4.4 101 57 72.0 18 463 0.26 330 84
No 49.9 39.1 88.4 129 57 100.6 37 586 0.26 458 167
Household Size
1 Person 10.2 6.4 12.1 114 61 72.4 72 533 0.28 337 337
2 Persons 17.0 13.0 28.6 121 55 92.4 46 550 0.25 420 210
3 Persons 10.0 7.9 18.9 136 57 107.7 36 628 0.26 496 165
4 or More Persons 16.3 14.3 33.2 133 57 116.4 25 597 0.26 523 111
                       
(1)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(2)  Does not include all new construction for 1981.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Notes:  Because of  rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1981 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Eileen O'Brien
mailto:Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018