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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use LPG, 1997
 
  Average LPG
 
Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
      Total   per            
Floor- per Square per per per
Total Total space (1) Building Foot per Household per Square per Household
Households Number (billion (million (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu) (million Btu) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 8.1 8.0 13.9 45 26 44.6 17 508 0.29 500 192
Census Region and Division
Northeast 1.6 1.5 2.8 19 10 18.7 8 290 0.15 281 118
New England 0.6 0.6 1.1 18 9 16.7 7 263 0.14 250 99
Middle Atlantic 1.0 0.9 1.8 20 11 19.9 9 307 0.16 301 131
Midwest 2.3 2.3 4.7 74 37 73.7 29 733 0.36 726 283
East North Central 1.2 1.1 2.4 85 39 83.5 31 873 0.41 857 315
West North Central 1.2 1.2 2.2 64 34 64.0 27 596 0.31 596 247
South 3.2 3.2 5.0 36 23 36.0 14 449 0.29 445 167
South Atlantic 1.6 1.6 2.8 33 19 32.0 12 441 0.25 432 166
East South Central 1.1 1.1 1.6 39 27 38.7 14 453 0.31 453 169
West South Central 0.5 0.5 0.7 43.0 34.0 43.3 15.0 466.0 0.4 466.0 167.0
West 1.0 1.0 1.4 46 32 44.8 16 506 0.35 497 174
Mountain 0.4 0.4 0.6 63 42 62.7 20 614 0.41 614 192
Pacific 0.6 0.6 0.8 35 25 33.7 13 437 0.31 424 160
Four Most Populated States
California 0.4 0.4 0.6 39 30 39.1 14 490 0.38 490 175
Florida 0.4 0.4 0.5 11 7 10.5 4 201 0.14 201 69
New York 0.6 0.5 1.1 17 9 16.8 7 280 0.14 271 110
Texas 0.3 0.3 0.4 49.0 38.0 49.1 17.0 489.0 0.4 489.0 174.0
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Urban 3.2 3.1 5.7 36 20 35.4 13 441 0.24 430 164
Central City 0.8 0.7 1.3 29 16 27.4 11 365 0.2 347 141
Suburban 2.4 2.4 4.3 39 21 38 14 465 0.26 456 170
Rural 4.9 4.8 8.2 51 30 50.6 19 551 0.32 547 211
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 0.9 0.8 1.4 29 17 25.9 10 362 0.21 327 126
Town 1.4 1.4 2.2 50 32 49.2 21 530 0.35 526 224
Suburbs 0.6 0.6 1.2 25 12 24.3 9 336 0.17 330 123
Rural or Open Country 5.1 5.1 9.1 49 28 48.9 18 544 0.31 543 203
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 1.4 1.4 2.8 39 19 37.4 14 409 0.20 394 152
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 1.9 1.9 3.7 61 32 60.8 25 645 0.34 643 260
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 1.6 1.6 3.1 49 25 48.3 19 555 0.29 549 214
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 1.7 1.7 2.5 42 29 41.9 16 508 0.34 500 191
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 1.4 1.3 1.8 28 21 27.7 10 354 0.27 350 123
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single-Family Detached 6.1 6.1 11.8 47 24 46.5 18 518 0.27 518 200
Owned 5.4 5.4 10.6 46 23 45.6 18 506 0.25 506 199
Rented 0.7 0.7 1.2 53 32 53.1 18 606 0.36 606 206
Single-Family Attached 0.1 0.1 0.2 71 45 71.0 26 808 0.51 808 295
Owned Q Q Q 109 40 109.0 36 1,123 0.41 1,123 367
Rented Q Q Q 48 55 48.4 19 621 0.70 621 244
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units Q Q Q 115 49 42.5 23 1,307 0.55 482 260
Owned Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Rented Q Q Q 115 49 42.5 23 1,307 0.55 482 260
5 or More Units Q Q Q 201 16 20.7 8 2,641 0.22 272 100
Owned Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Rented Q Q Q 201 16 20.7 8 2,641 0.22 272 100
Mobile Homes 1.7 1.7 1.6 37 38 36.6 14 423 0.44 423 158
Owned 1.3 1.3 1.3 36 35 35.7 13 412 0.41 412 152
Rented 0.4 0.4 0.3 40 51 39.7 16 463 0.59 463 181
Estimated Heated
Floorspace
(Square Feet) (4)
Fewer than 600 0.4 0.4 0.3 31 40 30.1 13 363 0.46 350 154
600 to 999 1.7 1.6 1.9 40 35 38.3 17 456 0.39 433 191
1,000 to 1,599 2.5 2.5 4.2 37 22 36.6 14 419 0.25 416 161
1,600 to 1,999 1.2 1.2 2.6 64 31 63.6 22 679 0.33 679 238
2,000 to 2,399 0.7 0.7 1.5 44 20 44.2 16 532 0.24 532 192
2,400 to 2,999 0.4 0.4 1.1 65 27 64.7 22 709 0.30 709 237
3,000 or More 0.4 0.4 1.3 60 18 59.9 17 658 0.20 658 192
No Estimate Provided 0.7 0.7 1.1 43 26 42.9 18 497 0.30 497 203
Total Number of Rooms
1 or 2 Q Q Q 10 23 10.2 5 159 0.36 159 71
3 0.2 0.2 0.2 54 59 46.7 25 619 0.68 537 292
4 1.6 1.6 1.6 42 40 40.2 20 459 0.44 441 223
5 1.8 1.8 2.5 42 30 41.8 16 469 0.33 465 179
6 1.8 1.8 3.3 44 24 43.4 16 490 0.27 487 179
7 1.3 1.3 2.8 46 22 46.4 16 516 0.24 516 174
8 0.6 0.6 1.4 49 19 48.5 16 570 0.23 570 193
9 or More 0.6 0.6 2.0 66 20 65.9 21 753 0.22 753 235
Ownership of Unit
Owned 6.7 6.7 12.1 44 25 44.1 17 492 0.27 492 190
Rented 1.3 1.2 1.7 51 36 46.7 17 594 0.42 542 199
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 1.9 1.8 3.7 59 30 57.6 23 634 0.32 617 241
1940 to 1949 0.6 0.6 0.9 41 28 40.5 20 457 0.31 451 221
1950 to 1959 0.7 0.7 1.2 32 19 31.0 14 395 0.24 377 174
1960 to 1969 1.1 1.1 1.7 41 27 40.9 17 461 0.30 457 188
1970 to 1979 1.7 1.7 2.5 39 26 38.6 15 443 0.30 443 173
1980 to 1989 1.2 1.1 2.1 44 25 43.6 14 513 0.28 506 159
1990 to 1997 (5) 0.9 0.9 1.9 48 23 48.3 16 546 0.26 546 181
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 7.8 7.8 13.7 45 26 45.0 17 508 0.29 504 192
No 0.3 0.2 0.2 41 43 32.3 15 488 0.51 382 173
1997 Household Income
Less than $5,000 0.3 0.3 0.3 34 32 33.9 18 395 0.37 395 207
$5,000 to $9,999 0.8 0.7 0.8 38 33 37.2 20 432 0.38 419 230
$10,000 to $14,999 0.7 0.7 0.8 38 31 36.3 16 427 0.35 411 177
$15,000 to $19,999 1.0 1.0 1.4 49 33 49.3 20 548 0.37 548 220
$20,000 to $24,999 0.8 0.7 1.2 45 29 44.7 18 506 0.32 500 200
$25,000 to $34,999 1.4 1.3 2.4 44 25 43.6 16 468 0.26 459 165
$35,000 to $49,999 1.3 1.3 2.5 54 28 53.8 19 586 0.30 579 203
$50,000 to $74,999 1.3 1.3 2.6 37 18 36.6 13 451 0.22 443 156
$75,000 or More 0.6 0.6 1.7 59 21 59.1 19 716 0.26 716 231
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 1.2 1.1 1.3 39 35 38.2 15 441 0.39 433 168
125 Percent 1.6 1.5 2.0 42 33 40.8 15 477 0.38 465 170
150 Percent 2.2 2.2 2.8 41 31 39.9 14 467 0.36 457 165
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (6)
2.8 2.7 3.8 43 31 42.2 16 490 0.36 482 177
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 0.3 0.2 0.3 42 28 35.8 12 476 0.31 406 140
25 to 34 Years 1.1 1.1 1.8 46 28 45.1 13 523 0.32 516 149
35 to 44 Years 2.0 2.0 3.5 51 28 49.9 15 570 0.32 563 167
45 to 59 Years 2.2 2.2 4.1 39 21 38.7 16 457 0.25 452 189
60 Years and Over 2.5 2.5 4.1 46 28 46.2 26 499 0.30 497 281
Race of Householder
White 7.2 7.1 12.7 47 26 45.9 18 516 0.29 510 197
Black 0.6 0.5 0.7 33 25 31.7 12 447 0.33 425 166
Other (7) 0.3 0.3 0.4 36 30 36.0 12 418 0.35 418 140
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
Yes 0.5 0.5 0.6 27 20 26.6 8 340 0.25 340 99
No 7.6 7.5 13.2 46 26 45.7 18 519 0.29 510 200
Household Size
1 Person 1.8 1.8 2.3 41 31 40.5 41 449 0.34 445 445
2 Persons 3.0 2.9 5.4 44 24 42.8 21 485 0.26 477 238
3 Persons 1.2 1.2 2.2 43 24 41.7 14 517 0.28 497 166
4 Persons 1.2 1.2 2.3 47 25 47.3 12 515 0.28 515 129
5 Persons 0.6 0.6 1.0 54 30 54.4 11 622 0.34 622 124
6 or More Persons 0.3 0.3 0.7 68 31 68.5 11 794 0.36 794 123
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 6.2 6.2 12.0 47 24 47.0 18 524 0.27 524 202
1 Story 3.5 3.5 5.7 44 27 43.5 18 482 0.30 482 198
2 Stories 2.4 2.4 5.7 53 22 52.8 19 593 0.25 593 214
3 Stories Q Q Q 51 17 50.5 15 505 0.17 505 146
Split-Level 0.1 0.1 0.3 40 17 39.7 13 490 0.21 490 162
Other Q Q Q 4 5 3.9 2 99 0.12 99 49
Mobile Homes 1.7 1.7 1.6 37 38 36.6 14 423 0.44 423 158
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors Q Q Q 116 47 40.6 22 1,324 0.53 465 249
3 or 4 Floors Q Q Q 153 16 20.3 7 2,033 0.22 269 99
5 to 10 Floors Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 Floors Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More 20 Floors Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Don't Know/No Answer Q Q Q 1,426 15 22.6 8 17,892 0.19 284 95
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units Q Q Q 115 49 42.5 23 1,307 0.55 482 260
5 to 10 Units Q Q Q 113 14 18.2 7 1,599 0.19 258 93
21 to 50 Units Q Q Q 625 42 26.0 13 7,200 0.48 300 150
51 Units or More Q Q Q 1,426 15 22.6 8 17,892 0.19 284 95
No Answer Q Q Q Q (8) Q Q Q Q (8) Q Q Q
Not Applicable 7.9 7.9 13.7 45 26 44.8 17 502 0.29 502 192
                       
(1) In previous RECS, square footage measurements were obtained during the personal interview. In the 1997 RECS, square footage was
estimated using a regression equation developed with the 1993 RECS data. The 1997 RECS estimated square footage tends to be larger
than the 1993 measured square footage.
(2) Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3) One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days. For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(4) Estimates provided by the household interview respondents, who were asked which category best described the total heated
floorspace in the home.
(5) New construction for 1997 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(6) Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(7) Includes 5.5 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(8) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes: Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018