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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Fuel Oil/Kerosene, 1997
 
                       
        Average Fuel Oil/Kerosene
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
      Total   per            
      Floor- per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   space (1) Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.)  Btu)    Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
                       
Total U.S. Households 13.2 11.0 23.2 97 46 81.1 31 694 0.33 578 224
Census Region and Division
Northeast 8.2 6.2 14.5 136 57 101.3 40 950 0.40 710 282
New England 3.1 2.7 5.8 126 60 111.5 45 902 0.43 797 321
Middle Atlantic 5.2 3.4 8.8 143 56 95.1 38 988 0.39 657 260
Midwest 1.5 1.4 3.0 75 36 72.6 26 522 0.25 504 184
East North Central 1.0 1.0 1.9 71 35 67.3 23 509 0.25 482 165
West North Central 0.5 0.5 1.1 83 38 83.5 35 548 0.25 548 232
South 2.9 2.9 4.6 34 21 33.7 13 279 0.17 275 105
South Atlantic 2.3 2.3 3.8 39 24 39.1 15 323 0.20 320 126
East South Central 0.5 0.5 0.7 15 10 14.9 5 117 0.07 113 39
West South Central Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
West 0.5 0.5 1.0 53 25 51.0 17 434 0.20 415 137
Mountain 0.2 0.2 0.3 38 18 38.1 11 277 0.13 277 82
Pacific 0.3 0.3 0.7 61 28 57.1 20 513 0.23 481 168
Four Most Populated States
California 0.2 0.2 0.3 46 28 40.7 12 355 0.22 316 92
Florida 0.2 0.2 0.4 12 8 12.2 5 96 0.06 96 39
New York 3.1 1.6 4.6 190 67 99.8 41 1,295 0.45 681 278
Texas Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 8.6 6.6 15.3 110 48 84.6 33 774 0.34 597 230
Central City 3.8 2.2 5.4 127 51 73.7 29 856 0.35 496 194
Suburban 4.8 4.4 9.9 101 45 93.1 35 734 0.33 675 257
Rural 4.6 4.3 7.9 78 43 74.4 29 573 0.31 544 213
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 4.1 2.4 5.7 123 52 72.3 28 812 0.34 479 188
Town 2.9 2.6 5.3 101 50 89.7 35 730 0.36 648 253
Suburbs 2.1 2.0 4.7 88 38 84.8 32 671 0.29 644 246
Rural or Open Country 4.1 4.0 7.5 84 44 81.8 31 611 0.32 595 228
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 2.4 2.2 4.7 105 51 98.6 40 740 0.35 692 283
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 3.8 3.5 7.5 104 49 95.8 37 754 0.36 695 268
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 5.2 3.5 8.7 122 49 81.7 31 852 0.34 573 217
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 1.2 1.2 1.7 28 19 27.3 10 225 0.16 219 81
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 0.5 0.5 0.7 9 6 8.5 4 72 0.05 72 30
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 9.1 9.1 18.9 87 41 86.5 32 637 0.31 637 234
Owned 8.0 8.0 17.4 89 41 89.0 34 654 0.30 654 247
Rented 1.0 1.0 1.5 67 46 67.1 21 501 0.34 501 155
Single-Family Attached 0.9 0.9 1.6 96 56 96.4 37 736 0.43 736 279
Owned 0.6 0.6 1.2 98 50 97.7 40 760 0.39 760 309
Rented 0.3 0.3 0.3 94 78 93.7 31 683 0.57 683 226
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 0.6 0.2 0.5 234 90 86.5 44 1,692 0.65 625 320
Owned Q Q Q 475 125 176.0 125 3,567 0.94 1,321 939
Rented 0.5 0.2 0.4 198 81 73.0 36 1,408 0.58 520 255
5 or More Units 1.9 0.1 1.5 1,499 78 63.2 29 7,601 0.40 321 145
Owned 0.2 (*) 0.2 1,376 65 61.5 35 6,868 0.32 307 177
Rented 1.7 0.1 1.4 1,514 80 63.4 28 7,690 0.41 322 142
Mobile Homes 0.7 0.7 0.6 36 40 35.5 15 287 0.33 287 124
Owned 0.5 0.5 0.5 38 41 38.4 17 312 0.33 312 139
Rented 0.2 0.2 0.2 29 39 29.3 12 232 0.31 232 94
Estimated Heated
Floorspace
 (Square Feet) (4)
Fewer than 600 1.0 0.5 0.9 127 71 59.0 30 818 0.46 380 191
600 to 999 2.6 1.8 3.1 92 55 64.6 28 620 0.37 434 187
1,000 to 1,599 4.0 3.7 7.1 84 44 78.8 30 618 0.32 580 222
1,600 to 1,999 1.8 1.8 3.7 84 40 83.2 28 618 0.29 612 206
2,000 to 2,399 1.0 1.0 2.6 98 38 96.5 35 713 0.27 700 252
2,400 to 2,999 0.4 0.4 1.3 119 38 112.9 45 862 0.27 820 325
3,000 or More 0.5 0.5 1.6 147 41 146.9 48 1,116 0.31 1,116 368
No Estimate Provided 1.9 1.3 2.9 125 57 87.3 33 861 0.39 603 226
Total Number of Rooms
1 or 2 0.3 0.1 0.2 180 90 45.3 34 976 0.49 246 184
3 1.1 0.3 0.8 250 75 55.9 30 1,442 0.43 322 173
4 2.1 1.4 2.2 103 64 68.7 33 693 0.43 460 219
5 2.3 2.1 3.3 72 47 67.0 26 508 0.33 471 183
6 3.3 3.2 6.2 85 43 81.0 29 633 0.32 602 216
7 1.9 1.9 4.1 89 41 86.9 31 647 0.30 630 225
8 1.1 1.1 2.9 107 41 107.4 36 801 0.31 801 268
9 or More 1.0 1.0 3.6 140 39 140.5 43 1,056 0.29 1,056 320
Ownership of Unit
Owned 9.4 9.2 19.4 89 42 87.1 34 658 0.31 642 248
Rented 3.7 1.8 3.8 139 65 66.0 26 881 0.41 419 163
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 4.5 3.4 7.8 120 52 90.1 33 831 0.36 625 232
1940 to 1949 1.7 1.5 3.1 106 51 94.5 37 793 0.39 710 281
1950 to 1959 1.7 1.4 2.9 107 53 89.6 36 768 0.38 641 260
1960 to 1969 1.9 1.6 3.1 93 46 76.4 32 657 0.33 542 226
1970 to 1979 1.8 1.5 2.9 66 35 57.3 23 468 0.25 406 163
1980 to 1989 1.1 1.0 2.1 65 32 62.3 24 484 0.24 463 175
1990 to 1997 (5) 0.5 0.5 1.2 70 28 68.7 22 513 0.21 507 163
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 10.8 10.5 21.2 85 42 82.8 31 628 0.31 613 230
No 2.4 0.5 2.0 390 87 73.4 34 2,246 0.50 422 193
1997 Household Income  
Less than $5,000 0.4 0.3 0.5 92 52 57.6 24 583 0.33 366 150
$5,000 to $9,999 1.3 0.7 1.4 127 66 70.4 37 814 0.43 452 237
$10,000 to $14,999 1.4 1.0 1.7 86 51 65.4 30 589 0.35 449 206
$15,000 to $19,999 1.2 1.0 1.7 84 48 69.8 28 608 0.35 506 202
$20,000 to $24,999 1.1 1.0 1.7 74 41 62.6 25 509 0.28 433 175
$25,000 to $34,999 2.3 1.9 3.8 99 49 81.7 32 698 0.34 574 223
$35,000 to $49,999 2.0 1.8 3.7 83 39 74.6 28 603 0.29 541 204
$50,000 to $74,999 2.2 2.0 5.0 113 46 107.1 36 817 0.33 774 262
$75,000 or More 1.4 1.3 3.6 111 40 106.4 34 864 0.32 829 262
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 2.0 1.2 2.2 102 56 63.0 23 658 0.36 405 146
125 Percent 2.6 1.6 2.9 102 57 64.8 24 665 0.37 422 157
150 Percent 3.5 2.4 4.2 94 54 64.5 24 629 0.36 430 157
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (6)
4.7 3.4 6.3 94 51 68.0 26 643 0.35 464 175
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 0.5 0.3 0.5 140 76 82.8 30 945 0.51 559 200
25 to 34 Years 2.2 1.6 3.2 86 43 65.4 21 598 0.30 458 147
35 to 44 Years 2.5 2.2 4.7 85 40 75.0 22 611 0.29 541 156
45 to 59 Years 4.1 3.6 7.9 91 42 81.4 32 662 0.31 592 236
60 Years and Over 4.0 3.2 6.9 116 54 92.8 52 817 0.38 657 368
Race of Householder
White 10.7 9.4 20.1 97 45 85.4 33 697 0.33 616 242
Black 1.6 1.3 2.2 74 42 60.2 24 551 0.31 446 177
Other (7) 0.9 0.3 0.9 230 67 67.1 22 1,255 0.37 367 119
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 1.0 0.3 1.1 210 62 74.6 24 1,187 0.35 422 138
No 12.2 10.6 22.1 94 45 81.6 32 679 0.33 591 232
Household Size
1 Person 3.1 2.1 4.2 108 55 74.5 75 742 0.38 512 512
2 Persons 4.7 4.1 8.5 95 46 84.0 42 698 0.34 614 307
3 Persons 2.1 1.8 3.8 109 50 93.1 31 779 0.36 663 221
4 Persons 2.0 1.8 3.9 87 39 76.8 19 628 0.28 557 139
5 Persons 1.0 0.9 (*) 80 35 72.9 15 564 0.25 514 103
6 or More Persons 0.4 0.3 0.8 92 38 76.2 11 595 0.25 493 72
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 10.0 10.0 20.5 87 43 87.4 32 646 0.31 646 238
1 Story 4.1 4.1 6.6 65 40 65.4 27 475 0.29 475 196
2 Stories 5.0 5.0 11.6 100 43 100.0 35 743 0.32 743 258
3 Stories 0.6 0.6 1.7 132 52 132.2 43 995 0.39 995 325
Split-Level 0.3 0.3 0.6 87 39 87.0 28 639 0.29 639 204
Other Q Q Q 38 33 37.9 16 379 0.33 379 155
Mobile Homes 0.7 0.7 0.6 36 40 35.5 15 287 0.33 287 124
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 0.4 0.1 0.4 239 83 78.4 40 1,785 0.62 586 299
3 or 4 Floors 0.7 0.1 0.5 421 77 60.7 32 2,569 0.47 370 198
5 to 10 Floors 0.8 (*) 0.7 2,338 79 70.2 24 10,870 0.37 326 113
11 to 20 Floors 0.4 (*) 0.3 13,388 85 58.8 40 61,352 0.39 270 185
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 1,612 97 100.8 25 11,744 0.71 734 184
Don't Know/No Answer 0.2 (*) 0.2 499 96 83.0 52 3,098 0.59 515 323
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 0.6 0.2 0.5 234 90 86.5 44 1,692 0.65 625 320
5 to 10 Units 0.2 (*) 0.2 361 66 53.9 25 2,649 0.48 396 183
11 to 20 Units 0.3 (*) 0.2 748 59 48.6 21 3,454 0.27 224 97
21 to 50 Units 0.5 (*) 0.4 2,976 89 75.0 28 13,650 0.41 344 129
51 Units or More 0.8 (*) 0.7 6,075 78 60.6 31 27,852 0.36 278 144
No Answer Q Q Q 1,499 (8) 117 93.7 39 10,112 (8) 0.79 632 265
Not Applicable 10.7 10.7 21.1 84 42 84.0 31 622 0.31 622 232
                       
(1)  In previous RECS, square footage measurements were obtained during the personal interview.  In the 1997 RECS, square footage was
estimated using a regression equation developed with the 1993 RECS data.  The 1997 RECS estimated square footage tends to be larger
than the 1993 measured square footage.
(2)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3)  One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days.  For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.  A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(4)  Estimates provided by the household interview respondents, who were asked which category best described the total heated
floorspace in the home.
(5)  New construction for 1997 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(6)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(7)  Includes 667 thousand householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(8)  For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes:  Because of  rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Eileen O'Brien
mailto:Eileen.O'Brien@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-1122
FAX: (202) 586-0018