Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Residential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) > Historical Publications
Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Electricity, 2001
                       
        Average Electricity
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
       Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million  (thousand  Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total 107.0 85.2 211.2 46 18 36.0 14 1,178 0.48 938 366
Census Region and Division
Northeast 20.3 14.1 43.7 37 12 26.0 11 1,268 0.41 883 362
New England 5.4 4.1 13.2 32 10 24.0 10 1,121 0.35 852 358
Middle Atlantic 14.8 10.0 30.5 40 13 27.0 11 1,328 0.44 894 364
Midwest 24.5 20.6 55.0 40 15 33.0 13 960 0.36 806 320
East North Central 17.1 14.1 38.1 38 14 31.0 12 957 0.35 789 311
West North Central 7.4 6.5 16.9 43 16 37.0 15 966 0.37 845 341
South 38.9 33.1 73.7 57 26 49.0 19 1,358 0.61 1,157 457
South Atlantic 20.3 17.0 38.8 56 25 47.0 18 1,383 0.61 1,160 456
East South Central 6.8 6.1 13.8 58 26 53.0 22 1,137 0.51 1,025 428
West South Central 11.8 10.0 21.1 58 27 49.0 19 1,450 0.69 1,226 473
West 23.3 17.4 38.8 38 17 28.0 10 1,020 0.46 760 276
Mountain 6.7 5.6 11.8 41 19 34.0 12 963 0.46 805 295
Pacific 16.6 11.8 27.0 37 16 26.0 9 1,047 0.46 742 268
Four Most Populated States
California 12.3 8.8 20.2 28 12 20.0 7 1,004 0.44 718 245
Florida 6.3 5.1 11.7 64 28 52.0 21 1,688 0.74 1,364 540
New York 7.1 3.8 13.7 38 11 20.0 8 1,602 0.45 870 345
Texas 7.7 6.3 14.2 62 27 51.0 19 1,590 0.70 1,300 482
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 85.5 65.4 170.3 45 17 35.0 13 1,217 0.47 932 362
Central City 40.0 28.4 70.8 44 18 31.0 12 1,187 0.48 843 331
Suburban 45.5 37.0 99.5 46 17 38.0 14 1,240 0.46 1,010 388
Rural 21.5 19.8 41.0 47 22 43.0 17 1,047 0.51 964 386
Urban/Rural Location (1)
City 49.9 35.0 84.9 43 18 30.0 12 1,167 0.48 820 325
Town 18.0 14.9 35.9 43 18 36.0 14 1,090 0.45 901 358
Suburbs 21.2 18.0 51.2 48 17 41.0 15 1,283 0.45 1,089 411
Rural or Open Country 17.9 17.3 39.2 50 22 49.0 19 1,165 0.51 1,126 431
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 9.2 8.1 21.0 38 15 33.0 13 903 0.35 791 317
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 28.6 22.6 63.5 39 14 31.0 12 1,012 0.36 797 319
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 24.0 17.9 46.9 47 18 35.0 14 1,204 0.46 897 363
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 21.0 16.9 38.2 43 19 35.0 12 1,145 0.51 924 333
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 24.1 19.7 41.6 57 27 47.0 18 1,483 0.70 1,215 475
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 63.1 63.1 153.1 42 17 42.0 15 1,069 0.44 1,069 391
Owned 55.6 55.6 140.5 43 17 43.0 16 1,091 0.43 1,091 405
Rented 7.4 7.4 12.6 36 21 36.0 12 908 0.54 908 299
Single-Family Attached 10.6 10.6 23.3 32 15 32.0 12 873 0.40 873 326
Owned 7.5 7.5 18.6 35 14 35.0 13 931 0.38 931 360
Rented 3.1 3.1 4.7 27 17 27.0 9 730 0.48 730 251
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 9.5 3.4 13.2 68 18 24.0 11 1,952 0.51 704 309
Owned 2.1 0.8 4.2 76 14 28.0 12 2,407 0.43 877 378
Rented 7.4 2.7 9.0 66 19 24.0 10 1,824 0.54 656 290
5 or More Units 17.0 1.3 14.4 277 25 21.0 11 7,917 0.71 605 303
Owned 1.8 0.1 2.0 339 21 24.0 13 10,096 0.64 708 385
Rented 15.2 1.2 12.4 270 26 21.0 10 7,687 0.73 594 294
Mobile Homes 6.8 6.8 7.2 43 40 43.0 16 981 0.93 981 380
Owned 5.7 5.7 6.2 43 39 43.0 17 986 0.90 986 392
Rented 1.1 1.1 0.9 41 50 41.0 14 956 1.15 956 328
Total Floorspace
(Square Feet)
Fewer than 500 3.9 1.2 1.6 56 45 18.0 10 1,667 1.32 532 297
500 to 999 21.8 10.7 16.8 51 33 25.0 12 1,343 0.86 659 318
1,000 to 1,499 22.7 17.3 27.9 44 27 34.0 14 1,131 0.70 862 346
1,500 to 1,999 16.6 15.4 28.9 41 22 38.0 14 1,054 0.56 974 363
2,000 to 2,499 13.5 12.9 30.1 41 18 39.0 14 1,047 0.45 1,002 369
2,500 to 2,999 9.3 9.0 25.5 41 14 39.0 14 1,049 0.37 1,010 372
3,000 to 3,499 6.9 6.7 22.1 50 15 48.0 16 1,268 0.38 1,232 397
3,500 to 3,999 4.1 3.9 15.0 53 14 51.0 16 1,389 0.36 1,339 420
4,000 or More 8.2 8.1 43.3 55 10 54.0 18 1,397 0.26 1,379 462
Total Number of Rooms
1 2.6 0.6 1.3 61 28 14.0 9 1,790 0.82 421 255
2 9.2 2.5 6.7 69 26 18.0 11 1,949 0.72 521 317
3 19.0 11.2 21.6 45 23 27.0 13 1,184 0.62 700 340
4 22.2 18.5 36.0 40 21 33.0 13 1,039 0.53 866 345
5 23.0 21.7 49.5 42 18 40.0 14 1,064 0.47 1,003 363
6 14.0 13.9 37.0 45 17 45.0 15 1,142 0.43 1,130 383
7 9.8 9.7 30.2 50 16 50.0 16 1,270 0.41 1,260 402
8 or More 7.1 7.1 28.9 57 14 57.0 17 1,500 0.37 1,494 443
Ownership of Unit
Owned 72.7 69.7 171.5 43 17 41.0 16 1,095 0.45 1,051 399
Rented 34.3 15.5 39.7 57 22 26.0 11 1,550 0.60 699 291
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 18.9 14.3 38.5 36 14 28.0 11 1,005 0.37 761 309
1940 to 1949 7.6 6.3 14.2 37 16 30.0 11 986 0.44 817 308
1950 to 1959 14.2 12.2 28.4 38 16 33.0 13 1,013 0.43 871 348
1960 to 1969 13.8 10.7 25.3 42 18 33.0 13 1,133 0.48 878 362
1970 to 1979 18.8 13.9 32.6 55 24 41.0 16 1,363 0.58 1,012 405
1980 to 1989 18.2 14.0 35.1 56 22 43.0 17 1,384 0.55 1,062 425
1990 to 1999 14.5 12.9 34.5 49 18 44.0 15 1,231 0.46 1,090 373
2000 to 2001 (3) 0.9 0.9 2.8 45 14 43.0 13 1,195 0.38 1,143 339
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 94.5 82.0 199.2 45 18 39.0 15 1,136 0.47 986 376
No 12.5 3.2 12.1 75 20 19.0 9 2,261 0.59 573 277
2001 Household Income  
Less than $10,000 11.0 6.4 12.9 42 21 25.0 13 1,082 0.54 628 335
$10,000 to $14,999 7.7 5.3 10.2 41 21 28.0 13 1,024 0.53 705 331
$15,000 to $19,999 8.9 6.5 13.3 43 21 31.0 14 1,105 0.54 806 353
$20,000 to $29,999 14.0 11.0 21.7 40 20 31.0 13 1,001 0.50 785 335
$30,000 to $39,999 13.9 10.7 24.0 45 20 34.0 13 1,146 0.51 880 344
$40,000 to $49,999 13.2 11.2 27.3 44 18 38.0 14 1,135 0.47 966 358
$50,000 to $74,999 21.7 18.9 51.1 48 18 42.0 14 1,252 0.46 1,091 374
$75,000 to $99,999 8.1 7.4 21.7 48 16 44.0 15 1,250 0.43 1,148 393
$100,000 or More 8.5 7.9 29.0 58 16 53.0 18 1,522 0.41 1,401 464
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 15.0 9.3 18.4 45 23 28.0 11 1,134 0.58 706 275
125 Percent 20.1 13.2 26.4 46 23 30.0 11 1,149 0.57 754 273
150 Percent 26.5 17.7 35.5 45 23 30.0 12 1,138 0.57 762 290
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (4)
33.8 23.3 48.5 44 21 30.0 11 1,124 0.54 775 292
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 6.1 3.1 7.1 62 27 32.0 12 1,566 0.70 803 303
25 to 34 Years 16.8 12.5 28.2 47 21 35.0 12 1,213 0.54 900 297
35 to 44 Years 22.3 18.3 46.8 49 19 40.0 12 1,266 0.49 1,036 314
45 to 59 Years 28.6 24.7 65.4 48 18 41.0 16 1,220 0.46 1,053 409
60 Years and Over 30.5 24.6 58.7 38 16 31.0 18 1,001 0.42 807 460
Race of Householder
Non-Hispanic 96.8 78.6 196.9 46 18 37.0 15 1,179 0.47 957 385
Non-Hispanic White 78.7 65.8 164.2 46 18 38.0 16 1,162 0.47 971 404
Non-Hispanic Black 12.7 9.2 23.2 47 19 35.0 13 1,270 0.51 924 344
Multi-racial (5) 0.9 0.6 1.3 45 22 33.0 12 1,223 0.59 901 320
Other (6) 4.5 2.9 8.2 43 15 27.0 8 1,281 0.45 820 249
Hispanic 10.2 6.6 14.3 41 19 27.0 8 1,160 0.54 755 230
Householder of Hispanic
 Descent
 
Yes 10.1 6.6 14.1 41 19 27.0 8 1,165 0.54 755 230
No 96.8 78.6 197.1 46 18 37.0 15 1,179 0.47 957 385
Household Size
1 Person 28.2 18.7 40.4 36 17 24.0 24 950 0.44 630 630
2 Persons 35.1 29.0 73.0 43 17 36.0 18 1,114 0.44 919 459
3 Persons 17.0 14.0 35.7 49 19 40.0 13 1,251 0.49 1,032 344
4 Persons 15.6 13.7 36.5 53 20 47.0 12 1,352 0.51 1,190 297
5 Persons 7.1 6.2 16.5 59 22 51.0 10 1,495 0.56 1,303 261
6 or More Persons 4.0 3.6 9.1 52 21 47.0 7 1,376 0.54 1,249 187
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 73.7 73.7 176.4 41 17 40.8 15 1,041 0.43 1,041 382
1 Story 44.2 44.2 88.6 41 20 41.1 16 1,024 0.51 1,024 398
2 Stories 26.4 26.4 78.4 40 14 40.5 14 1,066 0.36 1,066 361
3 Stories 1.6 1.6 5.4 38 11 37.6 12 1,089 0.33 1,089 355
Split-Level 1.3 1.3 3.8 44 15 43.8 15 1,086 0.38 1,086 380
Other Q Q Q 33 15 33.1 8 699 0.33 699 175
Mobile Homes 6.8 6.8 7.2 43 40 42.5 16 981 0.93 981 380
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 8.9 0.9 7.9 266 29 25.4 12 7,099 0.76 680 321
3 or 4 Floors 4.7 0.3 3.8 238 21 17.5 9 6,689 0.6 491 255
5 to 10 Floors 2.4 0.1 1.8 431 20 14.8 8 15,672 0.72 539 294
11 to 20 Floors 0.9 0 0.8 618 18 14.5 9 25,595 0.73 602 365
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 1,207 31 25.3 13 Q 1.05 848 450
Don't Know/No Answer Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 9.5 3.4 13.2 68 18 24.0 11 1,952 0.51 704 309
5 to 10 Units 5.9 0.8 5.6 178 27 25.0 12 4,726 0.71 666 321
11 to 20 Units 4.2 0.3 3.4 336 29 24.0 11 9,381 0.80 658 295
21 to 50 Units 2.4 0.1 2.1 602 21 18.0 9 19,627 0.68 582 301
51 Units or More 2.9 (*) 2.1 1,387 21 15.0 9 43,416 0.66 471 288
No Answer 1.0 0.1 0.8 258 (7) 22 16.0 9 8,618 (7) 0.73 539 286
Not Applicable 80.5 80.5 183.6 41 18 41.0 15 1,036 0.45 1,036 382
                       
(1)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(2)  One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days.  For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.  A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(3)  New construction for 2001 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(4)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(5)  Respondents could select one or more race categories to describe themselves.
(6)  Includes Native American, Native Alaskan, and Pacific Islander households.
(7)  For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households
were sampled.
Notes:   Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 2001 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Chip Berry
mailto:James.Berry@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-5543
FAX: (202) 586-0018