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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Electricity, 1997
 
                       
        Average Electricity
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
      Total   per            
      Floor- per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   space (1) Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
                       
Total 101.4 83.2 168.8 42 21 35.0 13 1,061 0.52 871 337
Census Region and Division
Northeast 19.7 15.1 34.6 32 14 25.0 10 1,130 0.49 863 345
New England 5.3 4.2 9.3 31 14 24.0 9 1,081 0.49 854 336
Middle Atlantic 14.4 10.9 25.3 33 14 25.0 10 1,149 0.49 867 349
Midwest 24.1 20.4 46.1 37 16 31.0 12 892 0.39 757 291
East North Central 16.9 14.0 31.8 36 16 29.0 11 910 0.40 753 286
West North Central 7.2 6.4 14.3 39 17 35.0 14 854 0.38 766 302
South 35.9 30.6 56.1 55 30 46.0 18 1,218 0.66 1,038 406
South Atlantic 18.7 15.6 30.5 53 27 45.0 18 1,264 0.65 1,056 420
East South Central 6.3 5.7 9.8 56 33 51.0 21 1,045 0.61 944 381
West South Central 10.8 9.2 15.8 55 32 47.0 18 1,247 0.73 1,063 398
West 21.8 17.2 32.0 37 20 29.0 11 923 0.50 727 270
Mountain 6.2 5.3 9.8 38 20 32.0 12 847 0.45 722 270
Pacific 15.6 11.9 22.2 37 20 28.0 10 956 0.51 730 269
Four Most Populated States
California 11.5 8.7 15.8 28 15 21.0 7 939 0.52 709 255
Florida 5.9 4.9 9.3 59 31 48.0 19 1,430 0.75 1,180 465
New York 6.8 4.3 11.2 32 12 20.0 8 1,346 0.52 846 346
Texas 7.0 5.7 10.4 59 32 48.0 17 1,319 0.73 1,081 382
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 78.6 62 131.4 42 20 33.2 13 1,090 0.51 860 329
Central City 36.8 26.7 54.5 41 20 29.9 12 1,047 0.51 760 300
Suburban 41.9 35.4 76.9 43 20 36.2 14 1,122 0.52 948 354
Rural 22.8 21.2 37.4 44 25 40.5 16 978 0.55 908 363
Urban/Rural Location (2)
City 48.2 35.3 71.1 40 20 29.0 12 1,031 0.51 756 298
Town 18.2 15.4 30.4 40 20 34.0 13 1,009 0.51 855 335
Suburbs 18.6 16.5 37.2 45 20 40.0 15 1,150 0.51 1,019 381
Rural or Open Country 16.4 16.0 30.0 47 25 46.0 17 1,086 0.58 1,058 394
Climate Zone (3)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 9.2 8.4 17.9 35 16 32.0 12 781 0.37 708 273
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 28.0 23.0 51.8 36 16 30.0 12 951 0.42 778 301
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 22.5 17.6 38.2 46 21 36.0 14 1,147 0.53 897 360
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 19.5 15.7 28.1 39 22 32.0 12 1,015 0.57 820 308
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 22.2 18.5 32.8 53 30 45.0 17 1,283 0.73 1,072 409
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 63.8 63.8 128.9 40 20 40.0 14 985 0.49 985 353
Owned 55.6 55.6 117.3 41 19 41.0 15 1,006 0.48 1,006 367
Rented 8.1 8.1 11.6 34 24 34.0 11 845 0.59 845 268
Single-Family Attached 9.9 9.9 14.6 28 19 28.0 12 753 0.51 753 323
Owned 5.5 5.5 9.5 29 17 29.0 14 809 0.47 809 388
Rented 4.5 4.5 5.1 26 23 26.0 10 685 0.60 685 260
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 5.6 2.0 5.5 61 23 22.0 10 1,706 0.63 617 274
Owned 0.9 0.3 1.3 67 17 25.0 10 2,140 0.54 784 309
Rented 4.7 1.7 4.2 60 24 22.0 10 1,619 0.66 584 267
5 or More Units 15.8 1.2 13.6 279 24 20.0 10 7,640 0.65 560 272
Owned 1.2 0.1 1.2 365 19 21.0 14 9,650 0.51 544 370
Rented 14.6 1.1 12.3 274 24 20.0 10 7,520 0.67 561 267
Mobile Homes 6.3 6.3 6.3 40 40 40.0 16 899 0.91 899 357
Owned 5.3 5.3 5.4 41 40 41.0 16 913 0.89 913 364
Rented 1.1 1.1 0.9 36 44 36.0 14 831 1.01 831 322
Estimated Heated
Floorspace
(Square Feet) (4)
Fewer than 600 7.9 3.5 6.1 43 25 19.0 10 1,147 0.67 516 270
600 to 999 21.5 13.4 22.9 42 24 26.0 12 1,061 0.62 661 301
1,000 to 1,599 30.4 27.4 48.2 38 22 34.0 13 939 0.53 848 323
1,600 to 1,999 15.3 14.9 30.8 43 21 41.0 14 1,049 0.51 1,022 351
2,000 to 2,399 7.9 7.8 18.9 46 19 45.0 16 1,131 0.47 1,123 392
2,400 to 2,999 5.3 5.3 15.0 52 18 51.0 17 1,243 0.44 1,226 400
3,000 or More 4.1 4.1 14.0 64 19 63.0 19 1,543 0.45 1,526 464
No Estimate Provided 9.1 6.8 12.9 38 20 28.0 11 1,027 0.54 769 298
Total Number of Rooms
1 or 2 3.0 0.8 1.5 52 28 14.0 9 1,472 0.79 400 262
3 9.2 2.9 6.7 60 26 19.0 11 1,646 0.72 524 304
4 18.3 11.7 19.0 41 25 26.0 12 1,041 0.64 666 307
5 21.3 19.0 29.9 38 24 34.0 13 935 0.59 836 323
6 20.0 19.3 35.2 39 21 38.0 13 970 0.53 934 333
7 14.2 14.1 30.4 43 20 43.0 15 1,064 0.49 1,054 366
8 8.4 8.3 22.4 45 17 45.0 14 1,116 0.42 1,111 353
9 or More 7.0 7.0 23.6 54 16 54.0 16 1,326 0.39 1,322 391
Ownership of Unit
Owned 68.4 66.8 134.7 40 20 39.0 15 997 0.49 972 367
Rented 33.0 16.5 34.1 51 25 25.0 10 1,323 0.64 660 268
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 18.7 15.4 32.4 32 15 27.0 10 875 0.42 721 276
1940 to 1949 9.2 7.7 13.4 31 18 26.0 11 848 0.49 712 292
1950 to 1959 12.5 11.1 19.3 35 20 31.0 12 915 0.52 808 311
1960 to 1969 14.4 11.3 22.6 41 21 32.0 13 1,045 0.52 821 334
1970 to 1979 19.6 15.0 30.8 53 26 41.0 16 1,267 0.62 973 377
1980 to 1989 17.3 14.1 30.0 52 24 42.0 16 1,252 0.59 1,018 391
1990 to 1997 (5) 9.7 8.6 20.2 48 20 43.0 15 1,124 0.48 997 351
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 89.7 79.4 158.4 42 21 37.0 14 1,042 0.52 922 348
No 11.8 3.9 10.4 48 18 16.0 7 1,461 0.55 480 226
1997 Household Income  
Less than $5,000 3.8 2.4 4.0 38 23 25.0 11 976 0.59 634 281
$5,000 to $9,999 9.5 6.0 10.2 40 24 25.0 13 995 0.59 629 327
$10,000 to $14,999 10.3 7.6 12.5 37 22 27.0 12 912 0.55 671 292
$15,000 to $19,999 10.4 8.4 14.4 38 22 31.0 13 957 0.56 777 318
$20,000 to $24,999 8.4 6.8 12.0 42 24 34.0 14 1,012 0.58 822 347
$25,000 to $34,999 15.6 12.8 24.6 40 21 33.0 13 993 0.52 813 314
$35,000 to $49,999 15.5 13.2 27.6 43 21 36.0 13 1,057 0.50 897 329
$50,000 to $74,999 16.4 15.0 34.1 46 20 42.0 14 1,155 0.51 1,057 359
$75,000 or More 11.5 10.9 29.5 50 19 48.0 15 1,289 0.48 1,224 395
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 14.6 10.0 16.8 41 24 28.0 10 1,033 0.61 703 243
125 Percent 19.6 13.4 22.9 42 25 29.0 10 1,039 0.61 711 255
150 Percent 26.7 18.9 31.9 42 25 29.0 11 1,029 0.61 727 263
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (6)
34.0 24.7 42.9 40 23 29.0 11 1,004 0.58 728 273
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 5.7 2.9 5.7 52 26 26.0 10 1,316 0.67 668 262
25 to 34 Years 18.5 13.3 25.9 44 23 32.0 11 1,100 0.57 792 266
35 to 44 Years 23.2 20.1 42.5 45 21 39.0 12 1,101 0.52 954 288
45 to 59 Years 25.6 22.9 48.6 45 21 40.0 16 1,124 0.53 1,005 395
60 Years and Over 28.5 24.1 46.0 36 19 30.0 17 916 0.48 774 433
Race of Householder
White 78.5 67.8 138.4 43 21 37.0 15 1,048 0.51 905 365
Black 12.7 9.4 17.8 43 23 32.0 12 1,112 0.59 823 304
Other (7) 10.3 6.1 12.6 40 19 24.0 7 1,135 0.55 670 206
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 9.4 6.3 11.5 41 22 27.0 8 1,107 0.60 740 228
No 92.0 76.9 157.3 43 21 36.0 14 1,058 0.52 884 351
Household Size
1 Person 25.5 17.4 31.2 34 19 23.0 23 869 0.49 593 593
2 Persons 33.0 28.2 57.5 41 20 35.0 17 1,020 0.50 873 437
3 Persons 17.4 14.9 30.5 46 22 39.0 13 1,137 0.56 974 325
4 Persons 15.2 13.4 28.8 49 23 43.0 11 1,191 0.55 1,047 262
5 Persons 6.4 5.8 13.0 48 22 44.0 9 1,210 0.54 1,091 218
6 or More Persons 3.9 3.5 7.7 52 23 47.0 7 1,279 0.58 1,163 175
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 73.7 73.7 143.5 38 20 38.0 14 954 0.49 954 349
1 Story 41.1 41.1 66.7 39 24 39.0 15 935 0.58 935 362
2 Stories 26.9 26.9 63.2 38 16 38.0 13 982 0.42 982 336
3 Stories 3.2 3.2 8.6 37 14 37.0 13 952 0.36 952 326
Split-Level 2.4 2.4 4.9 40 20 40.0 14 969 0.48 969 338
Other 0.1 0.1 0.1 25 19 25.0 11 763 0.58 763 351
Mobile Homes 6.3 6.3 6.3 40 40 40.0 16 899 0.91 899 357
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 10.9 2.1 9.9 118 25 23.0 11 3,044 0.66 595 275
3 or 4 Floors 5.4 0.6 4.8 177 21 19.0 9 4,940 0.59 529 249
5 to 10 Floors 2.1 0.1 1.7 390 17 14.0 7 14,335 0.62 521 243
11 to 20 Floors 0.8 0.0 0.6 1,738 19 13.0 9 63,569 0.68 470 318
More than 20 Floors 0.2 0.0 0.2 412 29 23.0 11 10,469 0.73 597 286
Don't Know/No Answer 2.0 0.4 1.9 127 26 25.0 12 3,569 0.72 688 350
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 5.6 2.0 5.5 61 23 22.0 10 1,706 0.63 617 274
5 to 10 Units 4.7 0.7 4.4 167 25 24.0 11 4,287 0.65 605 278
11 to 20 Units 4.2 0.3 3.5 322 27 23.0 11 8,491 0.71 600 289
21 to 50 Units 2.7 0.1 2.2 568 21 17.0 8 16,595 0.60 498 234
51 Units or More 2.8 0.0 2.1 1,483 18 14.0 8 50,015 0.62 473 281
No Answer 1.4 0.1 1.2 355 (8) 25 22.0 10 9,362 (8) 0.66 585 265
Not Applicable 80.0 80.0 149.7 39 21 39.0 14 950 0.51 950 350
                       
(1)  In previous RECS, square footage measurements were obtained during the personal interview.  In the 1997 RECS, square footage was
estimated using a regression equation developed with the 1993 RECS data.  The 1997 RECS estimated square footage tends to be larger
than the 1993 measured square footage.
(2)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(3)  One of five climatically distinct areas, determined according to the 30-year average (1961-1990) of the annual heating and
cooling degree-days.  For this report, the heating or cooling degree-days are a measure of how cold or how hot a location is over a
period of one year, relative to a base temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.  A household is assigned to a climate zone according to
the 30-year average annual degree-days for an appropriate nearby weather station.
(4)  Estimates provided by the household interview respondents, who were asked which category best described the total heated
floorspace in the home.
(5)  New construction for 1997 includes only those housing units built and occupied between January and the April-August period when
the household interviews were conducted.
(6)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(7)  Includes 5.5 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(8)  For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households were
sampled.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Chip Berry
mailto:James.Berry@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-5543
FAX: (202) 586-0018