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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Used Electricity, 1993
 
                       
        Average Electricity
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per   per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million (thousand Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total U.S. Households 96.6 76.4 181.2 43 18 34.0 13 1,061 0.45 840 321
Census Region and Division
Northeast 19.5 13.8 40.1 34 12 24.1 9 1,144 0.39 809 309
New England 5.1 3.7 10.6 33 11 24.1 9 1,089 0.38 797 311
Middle Atlantic 14.4 10.1 29.4 35 12 24.2 9 1,165 0.40 814 309
Midwest 23.3 19.0 50.6 39 15 31.8 12 925 0.35 753 294
East North Central 16.4 13.1 35.3 38 14 30.4 12 932 0.35 747 289
West North Central 6.9 5.9 15.2 42 16 35.2 14 907 0.35 769 304
South 33.4 28.3 57.1 53 26 45.1 17 1,204 0.60 1,019 394
South Atlantic 17.3 14.1 29.8 53 25 43.1 17 1,253 0.59 1,023 403
East South Central 6.0 5.5 10.8 55 28 50.0 19 1,004 0.51 917 353
West South Central 10.1 8.7 16.5 53 28 45.5 17 1,250 0.66 1,074 403
West 20.4 15.4 33.5 37 17 27.7 10 891 0.41 672 249
Mountain 5.4 4.4 9.3 38 18 31.2 12 816 0.39 677 261
Pacific 15.0 10.9 24.2 36 16 26.5 10 921 0.42 671 244
Four Most Populated States
California 11.1 8.0 17.9 28 13 20.2 7 924 0.41 664 232
Florida 5.6 4.3 9.3 59 27 45.3 17 1,433 0.66 1,107 424
New York 6.8 3.7 12.8 36 10 19.7 7 1,482 0.42 799 299
Texas 6.4 5.4 10.8 55 27 45.3 17 1,283 0.64 1,067 400
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Urban 75.8 57.2 140.5 43 17 32.1 12 1,093 0.44 825 316
Central City 30.6 19.8 47.1 42 18 27.2 11 1,094 0.46 708 279
Suburban 45.2 37.4 93.4 43 17 35.4 13 1,092 0.44 904 339
Rural 20.8 19.2 40.6 44 21 40.9 16 966 0.46 894 343
Urban/Rural Location (1)
City 44.7 30.5 73.3 41 17 27.7 11 1,054 0.44 718 286
Town 15.8 13.5 29.9 41 18 35.0 14 957 0.43 821 318
Suburbs 19.9 16.5 43.0 44 17 36.8 14 1,143 0.44 948 348
Rural 16.2 15.9 34.9 48 22 46.9 17 1,077 0.49 1,060 380
Climate Zone (2)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 8.7 7.6 19.3 36 14 31.4 12 797 0.31 697 267
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 26.5 20.4 55.2 39 14 29.9 12 976 0.36 752 296
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 22.4 16.9 44.0 46 18 34.4 13 1,128 0.43 852 328
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 17.8 13.9 28.5 39 19 30.6 11 1,014 0.49 792 291
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 21.2 17.6 34.1 51 26 42.6 16 1,245 0.64 1,035 394
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
Single Family Detached 59.4 59.4 139.0 39 17 39.3 14 950 0.41 950 338
Owned 51.2 51.2 125.1 40 17 40.3 15 973 0.40 973 351
Rented 8.2 8.2 13.9 33 20 33.2 11 802 0.47 802 263
Single Family Attached 7.3 7.3 13.1 33 18 33.1 13 852 0.47 852 328
Owned 4.5 4.5 9.1 36 18 35.9 14 927 0.46 927 369
Rented 2.8 2.8 4.0 29 20 28.6 10 732 0.51 732 268
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 8.0 2.9 9.6 58 17 20.8 9 1,633 0.49 588 244
Owned 1.5 0.5 2.9 60 11 22.0 9 1,938 0.37 709 277
Rented 6.5 2.3 6.7 57 20 20.6 9 1,562 0.55 561 236
5 or More Units 16.2 1.2 14.0 265 23 19.9 10 7,189 0.63 540 272
Owned 1.6 0.1 1.9 311 19 22.4 13 9,488 0.56 683 398
Rented 14.7 1.1 12.1 260 24 19.6 10 6,956 0.64 525 261
Mobile Home 5.6 5.6 5.4 38 39 38.4 14 884 0.91 884 334
Owned 4.4 4.4 4.5 39 39 39.1 15 900 0.89 900 340
Rented 1.2 1.2 1.0 36 43 35.5 13 827 0.99 827 309
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 1,000 29.3 15.3 24.2 45 28 23.3 11 1,126 0.71 587 276
1,000 to 1,999 40.2 34.6 68.2 41 21 35.5 13 1,010 0.51 871 321
2,000 to 2,999 17.8 17.4 48.6 43 15 41.5 14 1,047 0.38 1,022 348
3,000 or More 9.3 9.1 40.3 48 11 46.8 15 1,171 0.27 1,150 375
Total Number of Rooms
(Excluding Bathrooms)
1 to 2 3.2 0.7 1.7 63 25 13.5 10 1,777 0.71 377 269
3 to 5 47.3 30.9 59.6 43 22 28.0 12 1,067 0.55 698 304
6 to 8 40.2 39.1 97.7 42 17 40.6 14 1,016 0.41 988 333
9 or More 5.8 5.7 22.1 49 13 48.4 14 1,246 0.32 1,220 357
Ownership of Unit
Owned 63.2 60.8 143.5 41 17 39.0 14 989 0.42 951 351
Rented 33.4 15.7 37.7 52 22 24.5 10 1,340 0.56 628 259
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 20.3 16.0 40.5 32 13 25.2 10 835 0.33 657 261
1940 to 1949 6.9 5.8 11.6 34 17 29.2 12 840 0.42 712 284
1950 to 1959 13.1 11.7 24.7 36 17 32.2 12 963 0.45 859 307
1960 to 1969 15.0 11.3 27.2 43 18 32.3 13 1,080 0.45 816 339
1970 to 1979 18.1 13.1 31.7 54 22 39.3 15 1,278 0.53 923 356
1980 to 1984 8.5 6.5 14.7 55 24 41.6 15 1,312 0.58 1,002 369
1985 to 1987 5.5 4.3 10.8 53 21 41.4 15 1,266 0.51 997 356
1988 to 1990 4.7 4.0 10.0 51 21 43.5 15 1,191 0.48 1,020 348
1991 to 1993 (3) 4.5 3.7 10.0 45 16 36.9 14 1,044 0.38 861 321
All Utilities Paid by
Household
Yes 82.9 73.1 168.8 42 18 37.1 14 1,022 0.44 902 335
No 13.7 3.3 12.4 64 17 15.5 7 1,918 0.51 462 218
1993 Family Income
Less than $5,000 4.0 2.3 4.5 42 21 24.0 10 1,084 0.55 622 271
$5,000 to $9,999 10.6 6.9 12.9 38 20 24.5 13 936 0.50 608 318
$10,000 to $14,999 11.1 7.8 16.0 37 18 25.7 11 921 0.45 645 273
$15,000 to $19,999 9.6 7.5 15.4 40 19 30.7 13 948 0.46 736 302
$20,000 to $24,999 8.7 6.8 14.4 42 20 32.3 14 996 0.47 772 327
$25,000 to $34,999 14.1 11.5 26.4 44 19 36.2 14 1,065 0.46 871 330
$35,000 to $49,999 17.4 14.6 37.4 45 17 37.5 13 1,109 0.43 928 322
$50,000 to $74,999 12.6 11.5 29.9 45 17 41.0 13 1,100 0.42 1,002 321
$75,000 or More 8.3 7.6 24.3 50 16 45.9 15 1,321 0.41 1,205 392
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 14.4 9.3 17.7 41 22 26.6 10 1,033 0.54 669 239
125 Percent 19.4 13.1 25.0 41 21 27.5 10 1,012 0.53 685 247
150 Percent 24.7 16.9 32.7 42 22 28.5 10 1,030 0.53 704 255
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (4)
30.6 21.0 42.5 40 20 27.7 11 1,006 0.50 691 264
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 5.7 3.0 6.4 52 24 27.3 11 1,250 0.59 660 260
25 to 34 Years 19.9 14.0 31.8 45 20 31.9 11 1,121 0.49 788 261
35 to 44 Years 21.4 18.0 42.8 45 19 38.2 12 1,122 0.47 944 286
45 to 59 Years 21.9 18.8 46.5 45 18 39.1 15 1,111 0.45 955 365
60 Years and Over 27.7 22.7 53.7 36 15 29.7 16 908 0.38 742 412
Race of Householder
White 80.1 66.1 158.6 43 18 35.4 14 1,046 0.44 863 339
Black 10.9 7.0 15.2 45 20 28.6 11 1,174 0.54 750 277
Other (5) 5.5 3.3 7.4 40 18 24.0 7 1,112 0.50 670 200
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
Yes 7.9 5.2 11.2 39 18 25.6 8 1,066 0.50 704 219
No 88.7 71.2 170.0 43 18 34.8 14 1,060 0.44 852 333
Household Size
1 Person 23.5 14.8 32.1 35 16 22.1 22 888 0.41 559 559
2 Persons 31.7 25.8 61.9 42 17 34.1 17 1,014 0.42 825 413
3 Persons 16.6 13.9 32.3 44 19 37.0 12 1,104 0.47 923 308
4 Persons 14.6 13.0 32.4 47 19 42.0 11 1,162 0.47 1,036 259
5 Persons 6.8 6.1 15.0 50 20 44.7 9 1,219 0.49 1,094 219
6 or More Persons 3.5 2.9 7.4 53 21 45.2 7 1,361 0.54 1,154 170
Number of Stories
Single-Family Homes 66.7 66.7 152.1 39 17 38.7 14 939 0.41 939 337
1 Story 40.5 40.5 78.6 39 20 38.9 15 922 0.48 922 349
2 Stories 22.4 22.4 62.6 38 14 37.8 13 954 0.34 954 319
3 Stories 1.6 1.6 5.2 35 11 35.4 11 1,009 0.32 1,009 318
Split-Level 2.2 2.2 5.6 44 17 44.1 14 1,039 0.40 1,039 337
Other Q Q Q 41 13 40.9 9 1,187 0.37 1,187 261
Mobile Homes 5.6 5.6 5.4 38 39 38.4 14 884 0.91 884 334
Number of Floors in
Apartment Buildings
1 or 2 Floors 7.8 0.8 6.8 226 27 23.1 11 5,689 0.67 581 270
3 or 4 Floors 4.3 0.3 3.8 259 21 18.6 10 7,209 0.59 520 281
5 to 10 Floors 2.4 (*) 1.9 628 16 12.5 7 22,122 0.56 441 244
11 to 20 Floors 1.0 (*) 0.9 1,818 18 16.1 10 58,659 0.59 518 330
More than 20 Floors Q Q Q 4,523 27 28.8 12 118,448 0.70 755 319
Don't Know/No Answer 0.7 0.1 0.5 224 25 20.3 10 5,924 0.66 536 268
Number of Units in
Apartment Buildings
2 to 4 Units 8.0 2.9 9.6 58 17 20.8 9 1,633 0.49 588 244
5 to 10 Units 5.7 0.8 5.2 160 25 22.5 11 3,979 0.61 558 263
11 to 20 Units 4.0 0.3 3.2 315 27 21.7 11 8,444 0.73 584 282
21 to 50 Units 3.0 0.1 2.8 498 18 16.2 8 15,487 0.54 504 239
51 Units or More 3.3 (*) 2.6 1,668 20 15.8 10 50,132 0.60 476 304
No Answer 0.2 (*) 0.1 509(6) 46 31.8 27 12,413(6) 1.13 776 657
Not Applicable 72.3 72.3 157.6 39 18 38.6 14 935 0.43 935 337
 
(1)  Based on the household respondent's description rather than the Federal Government definition.
(2)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1961 to 1980.
(3)  Does not include all new construction for 1993.
(4)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
(5)  Includes 1.7 million householders who described themselves as Hispanic rather than White, Black, or other.
(6) For these buildings we assumed 16 units, the median value of the reported cases.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 10 households
were sampled.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A, B, C of the 1997 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-5543
FAX: (202) 586-0018