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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Electricity, 1987
 
                       
        Average Electricity
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per    per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
                       
Total 90.5 70.4 156.8 39 18 30.5 12 875 0.39 680 262
Census Region and Division
Northeast 19.0 13.2 36.8 34 12 23.3 9 934 0.34 648 251
New England 4.3 3.0 8.4 33 12 22.9 9 864 0.30 600 234
Middle Atlantic 14.8 10.2 28.4 34 12 23.4 9 954 0.34 661 256
Midwest 22.3 18.1 44.3 34 14 27.4 11 779 0.32 633 247
East North Central 15.9 12.7 31.5 33 13 26.4 10 787 0.32 628 242
West North Central 6.4 5.4 12.8 35 15 29.8 12 762 0.32 644 258
South 30.9 25.6 47.1 48 26 39.5 15 981 0.53 813 314
South Atlantic 15.6 13.0 24.4 47 25 38.9 15 1,010 0.54 840 321
East South Central 6.1 5.1 9.2 52 29 43.7 18 907 0.51 765 311
West South Central 9.2 7.5 13.5 46 26 37.5 14 980 0.55 800 305
West 18.3 13.5 28.6 36 17 26.4 10 745 0.35 548 206
Mountain 4.4 3.7 7.2 34 17 27.8 10 715 0.36 591 214
Pacific 13.9 9.8 21.3 37 17 26.0 10 757 0.35 534 204
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 70.2 51.7 122.7 40 17 29.4 11 920 0.39 678 260
Central City 29.6 19.0 43.9 39 17 24.9 10 901 0.39 578 235
Suburban 40.6 32.7 78.8 41 17 32.7 12 931 0.39 750 277
Rural 20.3 18.6 34.1 37 20 34.0 13 751 0.41 690 269
Climate Zone (1)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 8.5 7.3 17.1 32 14 27.2 11 657 0.28 564 218
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 25.9 19.9 51.2 35 13 26.5 10 820 0.32 629 245
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 21.9 16.6 38.8 40 17 30.6 12 896 0.38 678 266
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 17.8 13.5 26.1 39 20 29.4 11 847 0.44 642 242
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 16.3 13.1 23.6 49 27 39.5 15 1,083 0.60 868 329
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 55.1 55.1 118.7 36 17 35.7 13 782 0.36 782 275
Owned 47.7 47.7 107.4 37 16 36.8 13 808 0.36 808 288
Rented 7.4 7.4 11.3 28 19 28.5 9 619 0.41 619 201
Single-Family Attached 5.3 5.3 10.2 30 16 30.2 12 718 0.37 718 291
Owned 3.9 3.9 8.2 29 14 28.9 12 714 0.34 714 292
Rented 1.5 1.5 2.0 34 24 33.6 13 731 0.53 731 290
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 10.1 3.6 11.6 54 17 19.6 8 1,341 0.42 483 203
Owned 2.0 0.7 3.6 58 11 21.0 9 1,594 0.31 577 246
Rented 8.1 2.9 8.0 53 19 19.2 8 1,278 0.46 459 192
5 or More Units 14.9 1.2 11.9 232 23 18.5 10 5,476 0.55 436 231
Owned 1.0 0.1 1.4 342 17 23.6 14 8,930 0.43 616 369
Rented 13.9 1.1 10.5 226 24 18.1 10 5,269 0.56 424 222
Mobile Homes 5.1 5.1 4.4 31 36 30.6 12 641 0.74 641 254
Owned 4.3 4.3 3.7 32 36 31.9 13 661 0.75 661 262
Rented 0.9 0.9 0.7 25 31 24.5 10 544 0.69 544 215
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 600 8.4 3.5 5.2 39 27 16.5 8 958 0.65 403 203
600 to 999 23.9 14.0 21.7 39 25 22.9 10 877 0.57 515 229
1,000 to 1,599 25.6 21.4 38.9 39 21 32.3 12 837 0.46 701 262
1,600 to 1,999 11.2 10.7 23.7 37 17 35.5 13 831 0.37 791 293
2,000 to 2,399 8.4 8.1 21.2 38 15 36.7 12 863 0.33 831 276
2,400 to 2,999 7.7 7.5 23.3 39 12 37.6 12 879 0.28 851 282
3,000 or More 5.3 5.1 22.8 48 11 46.8 15 1,082 0.24 1,049 327
Number of Rooms
1 0.7 0.1 0.3 107 24 12.2 10 2,738 0.61 314 248
2 2.4 0.7 1.4 44 21 12.1 8 1,031 0.50 284 191
3 9.8 3.3 7.4 55 25 18.6 11 1,275 0.57 427 247
4 17.7 11.1 19.1 38 22 23.8 11 837 0.49 526 234
5 20.9 17.7 32.6 35 19 29.4 11 767 0.42 648 241
6 17.4 16.2 35.4 37 17 34.1 12 830 0.38 773 272
7 11.2 11.1 27.9 39 16 38.9 13 882 0.35 871 288
8 or More 10.4 10.2 32.7 46 14 45.3 14 1,016 0.32 1,003 306
Ownership of Unit
Owned 58.8 56.6 124.3 37 17 35.2 13 810 0.37 780 286
Rented 31.7 13.8 32.5 50 21 21.7 9 1,143 0.48 496 211
Public Housing 2.5 0.4 1.9 100 23 17.4 8 2,104 0.49 367 166
Not Public Housing 29.2 13.3 30.6 48 21 22.1 9 1,111 0.48 507 215
Rent Subsidy 1.4 0.5 1.2 54 22 19.1 9 1,314 0.54 467 213
No Rent Subsidy 27.8 12.8 29.3 48 21 22.2 9 1,103 0.48 509 215
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 21.5 16.6 38.9 29 12 22.5 9 705 0.30 545 221
1940 to 1949 8.2 6.8 12.9 32 17 26.2 10 720 0.38 592 234
1950 to 1959 13.1 11.5 22.8 33 17 29.0 11 757 0.38 666 247
1960 to 1969 16.4 11.8 28.0 42 18 30.2 12 933 0.39 670 261
1970 to 1974 9.6 6.9 15.4 46 20 32.6 12 991 0.44 709 271
1975 to 1979 10.5 8.1 19.6 54 22 41.7 15 1,150 0.47 885 327
1980 to 1984 7.4 5.5 12.1 51 23 37.9 14 1,061 0.48 793 302
1985 or After (2) 3.9 3.2 7.0 48 22 39.9 14 1,033 0.47 868 310
All Utilities Paid by
Household
 
Yes 73.7 66.5 141.5 37 18 33.8 12 825 0.39 744 274
No 16.8 3.8 15.3 68 17 15.7 8 1,742 0.44 399 195
1990 Family Income
Less than $5,000 6.2 3.8 6.3 33 20 20.2 11 747 0.45 457 240
$5,000 to $9,999 11.5 8.1 14.3 32 18 22.7 11 709 0.40 502 234
$10,000 to $14,999 12.6 9.5 17.5 33 18 24.5 11 730 0.40 548 241
$15,000 to $19,999 9.0 6.5 13.4 37 18 26.5 10 822 0.40 589 226
$20,000 to $24,999 8.8 6.9 14.3 39 19 30.9 12 862 0.41 675 261
$25,000 to $34,999 16.2 12.7 29.4 41 18 32.2 12 909 0.39 711 263
$35,000 to $49,999 13.4 11.4 28.1 44 18 38.0 13 982 0.40 842 279
$50,000 or More 12.9 11.6 33.5 45 16 40.5 13 1,047 0.36 937 306
Below Poverty Line
100 Percent 11.8 7.9 13.1 35 21 23.6 9 784 0.47 527 191
125 Percent 18.2 12.6 21.5 35 20 24.0 9 772 0.45 535 200
Eligible for Federal
Assistance (3)
25.6 18.3 33.3 34 19 24.3 9 764 0.42 546 203
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 28.0 18.9 39.0 42 20 28.0 10 931 0.45 627 222
25 to 34 Years 18.0 14.8 34.6 43 18 35.4 11 957 0.41 787 239
35 to 44 Years 18.8 16.0 38.2 42 18 36.0 13 938 0.39 797 297
45 to 59 Years 25.7 20.7 45.0 32 15 25.6 14 717 0.33 578 322
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 51.8 41.1 81.9 36 18 28.9 11 810 0.41 643 248
13 to 16 Years 30.7 23.2 58.0 43 17 32.7 12 974 0.39 736 279
17 Years or More 8.0 6.1 16.9 42 15 31.8 13 939 0.34 711 296
Race of Householder
White 76.6 61.4 138.5 39 17 31.6 12 873 0.39 700 276
Black 10.9 7.2 14.3 39 19 25.4 9 904 0.45 593 211
Other 3.0 1.8 4.0 33 15 20.3 6 817 0.38 502 146
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 5.0 3.5 6.5 37 20 25.8 8 919 0.49 639 194
No 85.5 66.9 150.2 39 17 30.7 12 873 0.39 683 267
Household Size
1 Person 21.6 13.1 27.2 32 15 19.3 19 717 0.35 435 435
2 Persons 30.7 24.4 54.6 38 17 29.9 15 837 0.37 665 332
3 Persons 35.1 30.1 68.3 43 19 37.0 10 962 0.42 824 221
4 or More Persons 3.1 2.8 6.7 43 18 39.2 6 1,012 0.43 915 138
                       
(1)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(2)  Does not include all new construction for 1987.
(3)  Below 150 percent of poverty line or 60 percent of median State income.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1987 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

Contacts:

Specific questions on this product may be directed to:

Chip Berry
mailto:James.Berry@eia.doe.gov
Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-5543
FAX: (202) 586-0018