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Residential Energy Consumption Historical Data Tables

Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Electricity, 1980
 
                       
        Average Electricity
                       
    Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures
          per            
      Total per   Square   per   per    per
   Total Total   Floorspace Building Foot per   Household per   Square per Household
  Households Number (billion (million   (thousand   Household Member Building Foot Household Member
Characteristics (million) (million) sq. ft.) Btu) Btu) (million Btu)   (million Btu)   (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars)
Total 81.6 65.3 142.5 38 17 30.3 11 625 0.29 500 178
Census Region and Division
Northeast 17.7 12.2 34.8 33 12 23.0 8 742 0.26 514 181
New England 4.3 2.9 8.9 34 11 23.1 8 747 0.25 508 177
Middle Atlantic 13.4 9.3 26.0 33 12 22.9 8 740 0.27 516 183
Midwest 21.1 17.4 40.8 35 15 28.5 10 559 0.24 460 160
East North Central 14.8 11.8 27.8 34 15 27.5 9 565 0.24 451 154
West North Central 6.3 5.5 13.0 35 15 30.9 11 545 0.23 482 173
South 26.9 23.1 42.2 46 25 39.4 14 700 0.38 600 216
South Atlantic 14.0 11.8 22.3 44 23 37.3 13 731 0.39 615 222
East South Central 5.1 4.5 8.5 53 28 46.9 17 673 0.36 594 214
West South Central 7.7 6.7 11.3 44 26 38.3 14 664 0.39 576 206
West 15.9 12.7 24.7 32 17 25.7 9 464 0.24 369 135
Mountain 4.1 3.5 6.3 31 17 26.2 10 479 0.26 409 152
Pacific 11.8 9.2 18.3 33 16 25.5 9 459 0.23 355 130
Metropolitan Statistical Area  
Urban 56.0 41.2 94.2 36 16 26.3 10 615 0.27 453 167
Central City 24.3 15.8 36.8 36 15 23.4 9 642 0.28 416 153
Suburban 31.7 25.4 57.3 36 16 28.6 11 599 0.27 481 177
Rural 25.6 24.1 48.3 42 21 39.1 13 641 0.32 604 200
Climate Zone (1)
Fewer than 2,000 CDD and--
More than 7,000 HDD 8.5 7.3 18.1 33 13 28.5 10 528 0.21 453 159
5,500 to 7,000 HDD 20.9 16.0 40.0 34 14 26.1 9 594 0.24 454 157
4,000 to 5,499 HDD 21.1 16.2 38.4 39 17 30.1 11 668 0.28 512 182
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 19.0 15.7 29.2 36 19 29.3 11 550 0.3 454 166
2,000 CDD or More and--
Fewer than 4,000 HDD 12.1 10.2 16.8 49 29 41.1 15 788 0.48 664 241
Type and Ownership of
Housing Unit
   
Single-Family Detached 53.0 53.0 112.9 35 17 35.3 12 562 0.26 562 185
Owned 45.5 45.5 100.6 36 16 36.4 12 579 0.26 579 191
Rented 7.5 7.5 12.3 28 17 28.1 9 456 0.28 456 147
Single-Family Attached 3.3 3.3 6.1 24 13 24.4 8 471 0.26 471 151
Owned 2.2 2.2 4.6 24 12 24.1 7 487 0.24 487 150
Rented 1.1 1.1 1.5 25 18 25.0 9 439 0.31 439 155
Multifamily
2 to 4 Units 9.9 3.6 10.8 48 16 17.4 7 939 0.31 339 134
Owned 2.0 0.7 3.2 58 13 21.2 8 1,247 0.28 455 176
Rented 7.9 2.9 7.5 46 17 16.4 7 861 0.33 310 123
5 or More Units 10.8 0.8 8.9 255 24 19.5 10 4,753 0.44 364 187
Owned 1.0 0.1 1.2 411 20 24.9 14 8,216 0.41 499 272
Rented 9.8 0.8 7.7 242 24 19.0 10 4,477 0.45 350 179
Mobile Homes 4.6 4.6 3.8 31 38 31.2 12 472 0.58 472 185
Owned 3.6 3.6 3.0 32 39 32.4 12 478 0.57 478 181
Rented 1.0 1.0 0.8 27 36 27.1 12 452 0.6 452 201
Heated Floorspace
(square feet)
Fewer than 600 7.4 3.7 4.4 30 26 15.0 7 619 0.52 307 151
600 to 999 21.1 13.2 19.6 37 25 23.1 10 617 0.41 385 162
1,000 to 1,599 24.0 20.3 37.3 37 20 31.1 11 591 0.32 500 174
1,600 to 1,999 10.0 9.6 21.2 38 17 35.9 12 613 0.28 586 190
2,000 to 2,399 7.8 7.6 19.3 41 16 40.0 12 663 0.26 644 200
2,400 to 2,999 6.1 6.0 18.1 37 12 36.6 11 620 0.21 607 181
3,000 or More 5.2 5.1 22.6 47 11 45.5 13 756 0.17 736 210
Number of Rooms
1 0.7 0.1 0.3 51 20 7.6 7 1,287 0.5 191 181
2 2.0 0.8 1.2 34 23 13.1 8 640 0.43 249 155
3 7.9 3.3 6.3 44 22 17.9 11 764 0.39 315 185
4 16.3 10.5 17.6 36 22 23.3 10 599 0.36 386 165
5 18.8 16.4 30.0 35 19 30.2 11 563 0.31 490 175
6 17.5 16.4 35.0 36 17 33.6 11 591 0.28 552 175
7 9.5 9.2 24.0 39 15 38.1 11 644 0.25 626 186
8 or More 8.9 8.8 28.0 46 14 45.5 12 751 0.24 740 196
Ownership of Unit
Owned 54.3 52.1 112.7 36 17 34.9 12 587 0.27 563 189
Rented 27.3 13.2 29.8 44 20 21.3 9 775 0.34 375 151
Year of Construction
1939 or Before 23.3 18.3 43.3 27 12 21.6 8 502 0.21 395 145
1940 to 1949 7.5 6.2 11.9 31 16 25.5 9 511 0.27 422 156
1950 to 1959 13.7 12.3 23.7 31 16 28.3 10 533 0.28 480 172
1960 to 1969 15.3 12.1 26.2 41 19 32.0 11 645 0.3 509 173
1970 to 1974 10.5 7.8 17.2 53 24 39.1 14 825 0.38 613 214
1975 to 1979 9.5 7.4 17.2 58 25 44.9 15 879 0.38 686 236
1980 (2) 1.8 1.2 3.1 56 22 37.4 15 933 0.36 619 245
1980 Family Income
Less than $5,000 10.4 7.1 12.5 30 17 20.4 10 501 0.29 346 169
$5,000 to $9,999 13.8 9.9 18.7 32 17 23.2 9 537 0.28 384 158
$10,000 to $14,999 13.8 10.4 20.8 36 18 26.8 10 597 0.3 451 169
$15,000 to $19,999 11.9 9.6 20.0 39 18 31.2 10 633 0.3 510 169
$20,000 to $24,999 9.9 8.8 19.8 39 17 34.9 11 627 0.28 555 172
$25,000 to $34,999 12.4 10.9 25.8 41 17 36.0 11 657 0.28 580 184
$35,000 or More 9.4 8.6 24.8 48 17 43.6 13 809 0.28 735 227
Age of Householder
Under 25 Years 26.8 18.8 38.4 40 20 28.2 10 661 0.32 463 160
25 to 34 Years 14.1 12.2 27.9 43 19 37.3 10 699 0.31 605 156
35 to 44 Years 18.9 16.4 39.0 39 17 34.0 12 656 0.28 568 193
45 to 59 Years 21.8 18.0 37.2 31 15 25.3 13 508 0.25 419 221
Education of Householder
12 Years or Fewer 52.3 42.0 83.5 36 18 28.6 10 587 0.3 471 167
13 to 16 Years 22.3 17.5 42.3 42 17 32.8 12 691 0.29 542 199
17 Years or More 6.9 5.8 16.6 42 15 35.7 12 696 0.24 585 201
Race of Householder
White 71.0 58.1 128.2 38 17 31.3 11 623 0.28 510 186
Black 9.2 6.2 12.2 35 18 23.4 7 640 0.33 429 135
Other 1.4 1.0 2.2 37 18 27.3 7 620 0.3 454 122
Householder of Hispanic
Descent
 
Yes 3.4 2.5 4.7 33 18 24.4 7 586 0.31 435 126
No 78.2 62.8 137.7 38 17 30.6 11 626 0.29 503 181
Household Size
1 Person 15.7 9.6 19.4 31 16 19.1 19 531 0.26 325 325
2 Persons 26.8 21.2 46.1 35 16 27.6 14 576 0.26 455 228
3 Persons 35.1 30.9 68.2 41 19 36.2 10 671 0.3 591 157
4 or More Persons 1.7 1.5 3.5 49 21 42.9 5 851 0.37 748 94
                       
(1)  Climate zones are based on annual degree-days that are averaged over 30 years from 1951 to 1980.
(2)  Does not include all new construction for 1980.
Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source:  Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457 A-G of the 1980 Residential
Energy Consumption Survey.

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Chip Berry
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Program Manager
Phone: (202) 586-5543
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