Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007


Table C9.  Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Division for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003: Part 3
  Sum of Major Fuel
Consumption
(trillion Btu)
Total Floorspace
of Buildings
(million square feet)
Energy Intensity for
Sum of Major Fuels
(thousand Btu/
square foot)
West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific West
South
Central
Moun-
tain
Pacific
All Buildings* ............................... 575 381 530 7,837 3,675 7,635 73.4 103.8 69.4
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 87 44 64 788 464 871 110.9 94.7 73.0
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 60 36 76 879 418 820 68.2 86.7 92.9
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 53 76 73 1,329 831 1,256 40.2 91.7 58.4
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 64 49 65 998 511 1,132 63.9 96.5 57.2
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 73 29 60 1,314 374 948 55.7 77.6 63.6
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 90 Q 66 1,131 Q 895 79.5 Q 73.8
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 54 Q 65 664 339 947 81.6 Q 69.0
Over 500,000 ................................. Q Q Q Q Q 766 Q Q Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 74 53 76 1,198 640 1,027 61.4 82.9 74.3
Food Sales ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food Service ................................. Q Q Q 232 Q 232 Q Q Q
Health Care .................................... 59 Q 57 309 230 323 192.3 Q 177.7
  Inpatient ....................................... Q Q Q 235 Q 176 Q Q Q
  Outpatient .................................... Q Q Q Q Q 147 Q Q Q
Lodging .......................................... Q Q 47 387 438 649 Q Q 71.8
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 39 Q 40 594 210 753 66.3 Q 52.8
Office ............................................. 124 58 117 1,343 629 1,796 92.3 91.9 65.1
Public Assembly ............................ Q Q Q 498 Q 468 Q Q Q
Public Order and Safety ................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 20 Q Q 467 Q 341 42.1 Q Q
Service .......................................... Q Q Q 298 345 319 Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 30 Q 25 1,740 506 1,066 17.5 Q 23.3
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... Q Q Q 350 Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. Q Q 46 398 Q 783 Q Q 59.2
1946 to 1959 .................................. 31 25 48 460 255 873 66.8 98.4 55.5
1960 to 1969 .................................. 45 60 60 675 592 1,005 66.6 101.5 60.0
1970 to 1979 .................................. 104 105 85 1,473 924 1,162 70.8 113.3 73.5
1980 to 1989 .................................. 167 Q 128 1,934 700 1,541 86.4 128.5 83.2
1990 to 1999 .................................. 139 55 115 1,823 627 1,377 76.2 88.4 83.3
2000 to 2003 .................................. 57 Q 36 943 307 731 60.0 Q 48.9
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... N 209 Q N 2,108 Q N 99.2 92.5
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... N 121 77 N 1,090 979 N 110.8 78.2
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... Q N Q Q N 693 Q N 94.0
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 171 N 329 1,992 N 5,401 85.7 N 60.9
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 379 52 Q 5,385 476 Q 70.4 108.1 Q
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 264 160 205 4,362 1,871 3,098 60.6 85.5 66.1
Two ............................................... 81 96 131 1,381 990 2,128 58.9 96.5 61.6
Three ............................................. Q Q 42 453 181 715 Q Q 59.4
Four to Nine ................................... 93 48 105 736 338 990 Q 141.1 106.4
Ten or More ................................... Q Q Q 904 Q 704 Q Q Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 255 144 228 2,414 1,069 2,785 105.5 134.9 81.8
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 37 33 44 631 414 662 59.0 79.2 66.4
  Two to Five .................................. 91 Q 92 808 275 1,085 Q Q 84.4
  Six or More .................................. 126 Q 92 975 Q 1,039 129.6 Q 88.8
Any Escalators .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 56 53 59 2,046 766 1,723 27.4 69.6 34.5
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 29 51 835 345 678 69.9 84.8 74.6
10 to 19 .......................................... 78 42 42 999 428 681 77.7 98.8 61.3
20 to 49 .......................................... 116 59 107 1,408 645 1,291 82.5 92.1 83.1
50 to 99 .......................................... 68 53 60 840 558 812 81.5 94.6 74.2
100 to 249 ...................................... 42 Q 84 451 311 1,086 93.5 Q 77.2
250 or More ................................... 156 Q 126 1,259 622 1,364 124.2 172.1 92.7
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 18 Q 25 918 291 804 19.2 Q 31.5
40 to 48 .......................................... 71 60 57 1,688 783 1,378 41.9 76.4 41.2
49 to 60 .......................................... 126 55 108 1,872 712 1,744 67.3 77.2 62.2
61 to 84 .......................................... 101 55 95 1,228 592 1,358 82.6 93.2 69.6
85 to 167 ........................................ 104 Q 81 882 357 950 118.3 Q 85.2
Open Continuously ........................ 155 155 164 1,250 940 1,401 124.2 164.7 116.8
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 459 268 392 6,325 2,611 6,125 72.6 102.5 64.0
  Owner Occupied ......................... 190 86 179 2,761 976 2,672 68.9 88.1 67.1
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 268 181 211 3,230 1,624 3,189 83.0 111.6 66.1
  Unoccupied .................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 116 114 138 1,512 1,064 1,510 76.6 107.2 91.2
  Federal ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ Q Q 63 Q Q 565 Q Q 111.2
  Local ............................................ 59 65 56 969 681 864 60.5 95.3 64.3
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... Q Q Q 346 Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 139 74 90 1,685 750 1,335 82.6 99.0 67.5
Not At All Vacant ........................... 435 306 435 5,802 2,882 5,978 75.0 106.2 72.7
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 399 308 381 5,339 2,794 4,982 74.8 110.1 76.6
2 to 5 .............................................. 78 45 88 1,217 538 1,362 63.9 83.5 64.7
6 to 10 ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q 211 Q Q Q
11 to 20 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
More than 20 .................................. Q Q Q 639 Q 547 Q Q Q
Currently Unoccupied .................... Q Q Q 346 Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 318 149 253 3,699 1,551 3,195 85.9 96.2 79.3
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 80 55 102 973 462 1,315 82.1 118.4 77.4
Concrete Panels ............................ 85 Q 59 1,216 695 1,277 70.3 135.7 46.1
Siding or Shingles .......................... 23 16 41 281 Q 461 81.5 68.3 88.0
Metal Panels ................................... 41 54 45 1,360 634 918 30.4 85.1 48.9
Window Glass ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 215 176 202 2,479 1,421 2,990 86.8 123.7 67.6
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 56 42 79 797 475 1,174 70.3 89.5 67.4
Metal Surfacing .............................. 93 67 55 2,635 944 1,001 35.3 70.7 54.4
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 153 74 110 1,206 664 1,209 126.6 111.9 91.4
Slate or Tile .................................... Q Q 38 279 Q 552 Q Q 69.7
Wooden Materials .......................... Q Q Q Q Q 212 Q Q Q
Concrete ........................................ Q Q Q Q Q 353 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ........................ Q N Q Q N Q Q N Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 99 124 123 1,273 1,095 1,746 78.0 113.6 70.7
   Addition or Annex ....................... Q 71 39 529 551 428 Q 128.5 90.9
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 73 86 102 931 718 1,465 78.7 119.5 69.5
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... Q 59 56 562 504 789 Q 117.4 71.3
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 46 83 68 566 637 870 81.3 129.9 78.1
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 54 92 79 561 776 1,049 96.3 118.9 75.6
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 43 87 81 466 733 1,042 93.2 119.1 77.8
   Window Replacement ................. Q 35 41 266 332 510 Q 106.0 80.9
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... Q 63 61 323 517 852 Q 122.3 71.7
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... Q Q Q 231 Q 411 Q Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 113 91 127 1,864 945 2,240 60.8 96.5 56.9
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 363 166 279 4,700 1,634 3,649 77.2 101.5 76.4
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 575 381 530 7,449 3,633 7,397 77.2 105.0 71.6
Natural Gas .................................... 455 330 396 4,704 2,797 5,016 96.8 118.0 78.9
Fuel Oil ........................................... 143 Q 141 1,141 626 1,497 125.1 Q 94.5
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q 253 413 Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q 284 Q 300 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q 73 547 555 618 Q 97.8 117.6
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 302 143 226 4,300 1,389 3,526 70.2 102.7 64.2
Natural Gas .................................... 355 291 304 3,731 2,547 4,301 95.2 114.2 70.8
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q 253 362 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q 245 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 201 57 132 3,325 789 2,325 60.5 72.6 56.7
Natural Gas .................................... 323 269 272 3,308 2,277 3,633 97.8 117.9 74.9
Fuel Oil ........................................... N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q Q 362 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 532 344 449 6,834 3,186 6,328 77.9 107.9 70.9
Natural Gas .................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q 284 Q 300 Q Q Q
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 211 94 174 3,267 1,236 2,771 64.4 76.1 62.7
Natural Gas .................................... 340 287 311 3,201 2,276 3,838 106.2 126.0 81.0
Fuel Oil ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q Q 338 Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 200 Q 104 1,623 791 1,192 123.5 142.5 87.2
Natural Gas .................................... 261 123 180 1,953 796 1,616 133.4 154.3 111.7
Propane ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 563 370 489 6,929 3,525 6,577 81.3 104.9 74.3
Buildings with Cooling .................... 569 358 499 7,094 3,267 6,683 80.3 109.6 74.7
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 543 373 507 6,341 3,422 6,426 85.6 108.8 78.8
Buildings with Cooking ................... 324 156 241 2,628 1,209 2,280 123.1 129.4 105.6
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ Q Q Q Q Q 412 Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 159 Q 138 1,297 738 1,504 122.9 157.0 91.7
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... Q Q 41 908 Q 1,057 Q Q 38.6
1 to 50 ............................................ 29 Q 51 1,384 Q 1,257 21.0 Q 40.7
51 to 99 .......................................... 76 70 97 718 569 1,381 105.9 123.7 70.1
100 ................................................. 458 286 341 4,828 2,721 3,940 94.9 105.0 86.5
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... Q 24 31 744 407 952 Q 57.8 32.3
1 to 50 ............................................ 59 82 76 2,025 918 1,738 29.3 89.3 43.5
51 to 99 .......................................... 95 93 130 820 886 1,559 116.2 104.4 83.6
100 ................................................. 415 183 293 4,249 1,463 3,386 97.6 125.4 86.5
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 51 27 45 1,371 382 1,130 37.5 70.8 39.5
51 to 99 .......................................... 137 117 165 1,928 1,095 2,161 70.9 106.7 76.4
100 ................................................. 384 237 315 3,933 2,136 3,947 97.7 111.1 79.9
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... Q Q Q 553 Q Q Q Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 98 76 100 2,239 1,118 1,994 43.9 68.0 50.0
1 to 50 ............................................ 290 146 254 3,658 1,526 3,823 79.4 95.5 66.3
51 to 100 ........................................ Q Q Q 374 Q 180 Q Q Q
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 155 155 164 1,565 973 1,638 99.2 159.0 99.9
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 49 Q 77 722 333 1,268 68.3 Q 60.8
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q 42 537 Q 741 Q Q 57.0
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q 24 Q Q 305 Q Q 77.6
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q Q Q Q 431 Q Q Q
Furnaces ....................................... 156 102 123 2,048 1,302 1,773 76.1 78.2 69.4
Individual Space Heaters ............... 55 62 84 898 692 1,290 61.4 89.1 65.3
District Heat ................................... Q Q Q Q 253 362 Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 161 182 186 1,472 1,359 2,302 109.4 133.7 80.9
Packaged Heating Units ................. 245 77 164 2,998 748 2,564 81.6 102.8 63.9
Other .............................................. Q Q Q 399 347 Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 72 31 58 1,523 341 841 47.5 91.7 69.5
Heat Pumps .................................... Q Q 79 595 430 1,355 Q Q 58.2
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. Q Q 41 451 Q 742 Q Q 55.1
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. Q Q Q Q Q 322 Q Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ Q Q 31 Q Q 546 Q Q 57.3
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 45 76 60 806 730 1,019 56.3 104.2 58.8
District Chilled Water ...................... Q Q Q 284 Q 300 Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 194 Q 134 1,771 621 1,466 109.5 159.2 91.5
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 268 191 266 3,325 1,655 3,826 80.6 115.2 69.6
Swamp Coolers ............................. Q 85 50 Q 874 468 Q 96.9 105.9
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 115 135 97 1,675 1,133 1,455 68.7 118.7 67.0
Cooling ........................................... 167 161 135 2,245 1,356 2,018 74.4 118.5 66.7
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 366 194 316 3,998 1,928 3,712 91.6 100.4 85.2
Distributed System ......................... 100 47 70 1,664 566 1,415 60.2 82.5 49.5
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 76 132 120 679 928 1,299 112.4 142.4 92.5
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 379 274 330 4,033 2,443 3,965 94.0 112.3 83.2
Standard Fluorescent .................... 557 376 515 6,955 3,534 7,066 80.0 106.5 72.9
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 305 211 345 2,764 1,748 4,024 110.5 120.9 85.6
High Intensity Discharge ................ 125 101 181 1,470 977 2,438 84.9 103.1 74.3
Halogen .......................................... 177 124 179 2,099 993 2,275 84.2 125.1 78.8
Other .............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration........................... 520 335 469 6,018 3,028 5,919 86.4 110.8 79.2
  Commercial Refrigeration ............. 374 193 276 3,067 1,398 2,674 121.9 137.8 103.4
    Walk-In Units .............................. 317 162 242 2,284 1,073 2,059 138.7 151.3 117.4
    Cases or Cabinets ..................... 316 164 238 2,425 1,093 2,185 130.4 149.6 109.1
  Residential-Type Units ................. 334 216 303 4,285 2,232 4,410 77.9 97.0 68.6
  Vending Machines ....................... 381 256 311 4,412 2,058 3,783 86.2 124.2 82.2
No Refrigeration ............................. 55 46 61 1,819 647 1,715 30.3 71.2 35.6
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 535 357 501 6,507 3,282 6,698 82.2 108.8 74.8
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 310 173 289 3,053 1,365 3,575 101.6 127.1 80.9
Dedicated Servers ......................... 359 228 353 4,204 1,959 4,335 85.3 116.6 81.3
Laser Printers ................................ 278 227 297 3,694 2,165 3,723 75.2 105.0 79.6
Inkjet Printers ................................. 354 212 304 3,840 1,901 4,108 92.1 111.5 74.1
FAX Machines ............................... 521 333 456 6,258 2,983 6,140 83.2 111.5 74.3
Photocopiers .................................. 407 303 396 5,281 2,753 5,439 77.0 110.1 72.8
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 40 24 28 1,330 393 937 30.3 61.8 30.2
1 to 4 .............................................. 125 64 79 1,488 707 1,444 83.9 90.0 54.7
5 to 9 .............................................. 46 49 63 864 450 649 53.1 109.5 96.8
10 to 19 .......................................... 49 37 53 910 371 825 53.6 99.2 64.3
20 to 49 .......................................... 63 45 81 780 548 1,006 81.3 81.5 80.8
50 to 99 .......................................... 43 Q 47 490 285 784 87.3 Q 59.4
100 to 249 ...................................... 55 56 65 660 448 869 83.2 124.9 75.0
250 or More ................................... 154 Q 114 1,315 473 1,122 117.4 Q 101.2
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 217 153 177 3,633 1,716 3,299 59.6 89.3 53.7
1 to 4 .............................................. 193 140 210 2,782 1,428 2,665 69.4 98.2 78.9
5 to 9 .............................................. Q Q 54 Q Q 601 Q Q 89.5
10 to 19 .......................................... Q Q 37 Q Q 414 Q Q 90.3
20 to 49 .......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
50 or More ..................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 168 78 134 2,557 921 2,196 65.8 84.9 60.9
One ................................................ 98 84 108 1,833 995 1,757 53.4 84.6 61.6
2 to 4 .............................................. 118 81 112 1,799 887 1,706 65.3 90.9 65.5
5 to 9 .............................................. Q Q 58 405 Q 634 Q Q 91.4
10 or More ..................................... 146 121 118 1,243 690 1,341 117.7 174.6 88.0
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 324 156 239 2,628 1,209 2,269 123.1 129.4 105.4
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 222 182 239 1,776 1,384 2,048 124.9 131.3 116.8
Separate Computer Area ............... 290 196 262 3,132 1,607 3,462 92.5 121.9 75.6
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 277 155 208 2,743 1,236 2,232 101.1 125.1 93.0
Economizer Cycle .......................... 232 184 252 1,988 1,383 3,069 116.9 133.1 82.2
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 512 333 488 5,836 3,065 6,282 87.7 108.8 77.8
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 197 117 178 1,834 857 2,170 107.6 136.6 82.0
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 321 289 240 3,429 2,656 2,880 93.7 108.9 83.4
Tinted Window Glass .................... 356 218 280 4,283 1,617 4,043 83.1 134.9 69.3
Reflective Window Glass .............. 118 41 99 1,098 489 1,219 107.0 83.3 80.8
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 191 171 158 1,950 1,521 2,025 97.7 112.4 78.2
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 163 132 115 1,656 1,001 1,465 98.5 131.6 78.8
Daylighting Sensors ....................... Q Q 79 Q Q 674 Q Q 117.9
Specular Reflectors ....................... 239 176 236 2,533 1,307 3,396 94.2 134.5 69.4
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 472 331 430 5,446 2,905 5,621 86.7 113.9 76.5
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... Q Q 87 629 Q 923 Q Q 94.8
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 376 261 352 4,688 2,456 5,183 80.3 106.4 67.9
Cooling ........................................... 411 269 380 5,241 2,449 5,380 78.5 109.8 70.6
Lighting .......................................... 398 222 354 5,715 2,608 5,674 69.6 85.0 62.3
Office Equipment ........................... 109 88 125 2,255 1,030 2,260 48.4 85.9 55.2
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 6.6 percent of total consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.