Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C6. Expenditures by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Sum of Major Fuel
Expenditures
(million dollars)
Sum of Major Fuel Expenditures (dollars)
per Million Btu per Square Foot
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................ 21,344 21,521 31,595 18,118 16.79 12.74 16.22 19.88 1.65 1.26 1.35 1.60
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ............................. 2,298 3,235 4,752 2,526 19.47 15.74 19.77 23.48 2.24 1.71 1.88 1.89
5,001 to 10,000 ........................... 1,806 1,694 3,368 2,529 17.72 14.50 18.24 22.49 1.61 1.08 1.27 2.04
10,001 to 25,000 ......................... 2,606 3,157 4,530 2,846 17.56 13.85 18.09 19.03 1.32 1.02 1.03 1.36
25,001 to 50,000 ......................... 1,768 3,033 3,422 2,170 16.61 12.27 16.67 19.02 1.37 1.18 1.08 1.32
50,001 to 100,000 ....................... 3,479 2,592 3,959 1,866 17.16 12.25 15.52 20.88 1.71 1.15 1.15 1.41
100,001 to 200,000 ..................... 3,292 3,029 5,328 1,743 15.74 12.02 14.20 17.92 1.55 1.32 1.53 1.48
200,001 to 500,000 ..................... 2,877 2,798 2,781 1,892 15.20 11.47 14.55 18.84 1.62 1.27 1.45 1.47
Over 500,000 .............................. Q 1,983 3,456 2,545 Q 10.75 14.03 18.12 Q 1.65 1.79 2.08
Principal Building Activity
Education ..................................... 2,508 2,465 4,948 2,087 14.66 11.24 16.46 16.14 1.49 0.97 1.24 1.25
Food Sales .................................. Q 1,192 1,814 Q Q 16.99 19.86 Q Q 3.72 3.73 Q
Food Service ............................... Q 1,384 3,399 1,250 Q 13.95 15.70 19.37 Q 3.05 4.45 4.72
Health Care .................................. 1,510 1,690 2,681 1,560 13.30 10.30 12.37 15.70 2.82 2.12 2.10 2.82
  Inpatient ..................................... Q 1,052 2,180 Q Q 8.81 11.47 Q Q 2.40 2.60 Q
  Outpatient .................................. Q 638 501 658 Q 14.27 18.76 20.17 Q 1.78 1.14 2.33
Lodging ........................................ 1,531 1,434 2,451 2,029 14.16 11.51 14.92 18.00 Q 1.25 1.45 1.87
Retail (Other Than Mall)................ 837 1,212 2,433 1,499 20.43 13.40 19.20 24.64 1.33 1.38 1.32 1.56
Office .......................................... 6,229 4,787 5,609 4,216 20.44 14.72 17.05 24.13 2.07 1.60 1.48 1.74
Public Assembly .......................... 1,329 1,290 1,735 Q 14.22 12.54 15.87 22.31 Q 1.28 1.48 2.03
Public Order and Safety .............. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship ........................ 425 693 1,071 268 13.02 11.76 18.66 18.86 0.68 0.62 0.71 0.52
Service ........................................ 942 1,434 1,535 867 15.97 13.09 Q 16.33 1.27 1.11 1.13 1.31
Warehouse and Storage ............. 1,056 2,724 1,928 1,187 16.66 12.08 18.24 19.36 0.69 0.90 0.49 0.76
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant ......................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................ 1,710 1,434 605 Q 14.93 11.63 14.74 Q 1.22 0.92 1.17 Q
1920 to 1945 ............................... 3,246 2,880 1,301 1,242 14.69 11.01 16.57 21.07 1.30 1.37 0.97 1.35
1946 to 1959 ............................... 2,943 2,031 2,126 1,440 15.54 12.34 15.42 19.57 1.41 1.00 1.18 1.28
1960 to 1969 ............................... 3,505 2,448 3,222 2,203 16.63 11.96 16.04 18.29 2.02 1.10 1.27 1.38
1970 to 1979 ............................... 3,425 4,127 5,077 3,500 17.91 12.82 15.88 18.41 1.99 1.27 1.36 1.68
1980 to 1989 ............................... 2,923 3,069 7,152 4,202 20.02 13.90 15.93 19.26 2.13 1.57 1.50 1.87
1990 to 1999 ............................... 2,216 3,988 8,567 3,989 18.83 13.96 16.34 23.45 1.62 1.45 1.37 1.99
2000 to 2003 ............................... 1,376 1,544 3,544 1,158 Q 14.43 17.96 20.60 1.97 1.25 1.39 1.12
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................ 3,499 6,874 N 3,336 17.74 12.76 N 13.14 1.45 1.22 N 1.29
  5,500-7,000 HDD ....................... 8,356 13,204 N 2,895 15.92 12.72 N 14.66 1.55 1.34 N 1.40
  4,000-5,499 HDD ....................... 9,489 1,442 6,339 Q 17.29 12.80 15.58 18.99 1.86 0.90 1.54 1.78
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 13,141 9,231 N N 14.87 28.07 N N 1.27 1.71
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 12,115 1,419 N N 18.42 21.51 N N 1.34 2.55
Number of Floors
One .............................................. 5,015 7,842 13,429 7,330 18.50 13.88 18.24 20.09 1.59 1.28 1.14 1.48
Two ............................................. 4,166 5,474 6,664 4,628 16.42 12.75 16.62 20.42 1.38 1.06 1.35 1.48
Three ........................................... 2,390 3,012 2,457 1,285 15.31 12.75 15.02 20.20 1.15 1.17 1.27 1.43
Four to Nine ................................. 6,000 4,237 5,941 2,789 16.30 11.15 13.66 18.23 2.00 1.59 1.92 2.10
Ten or More ................................. Q Q 3,105 Q Q Q 14.62 Q Q Q 1.77 Q
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators .............................. 11,964 9,486 13,512 7,290 16.55 11.96 14.41 19.60 1.95 1.42 1.70 1.89
Number of Elevators
  One ............................................ 2,895 3,543 3,184 1,345 17.37 12.28 15.95 17.50 1.83 1.15 1.29 1.25
  Two to Five ............................... 4,886 4,082 5,587 2,663 16.18 12.22 14.21 20.77 1.64 1.51 1.81 1.96
  Six or More ................................ 4,183 1,861 4,741 3,283 16.46 10.91 13.75 19.66 2.65 2.09 1.99 2.31
Any Escalators ............................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ............................... 2,461 4,520 4,256 2,378 16.11 13.25 20.21 21.09 1.04 0.91 0.75 0.96
5 to 9 ........................................... 1,646 1,954 3,162 1,503 18.56 14.94 18.70 18.82 1.52 1.34 1.22 1.47
10 to 19 ....................................... 2,128 2,417 3,596 1,795 16.49 13.26 18.06 21.36 1.14 1.16 1.31 1.62
20 to 49 ....................................... 3,614 3,879 5,709 3,203 17.40 12.52 15.60 19.22 1.56 1.36 1.47 1.66
50 to 99 ....................................... 2,655 2,903 3,486 2,121 16.07 12.57 15.96 18.76 1.66 1.26 1.31 1.55
100 to 249 ................................... 2,876 2,453 4,878 2,763 16.04 11.98 14.68 22.79 2.16 1.52 1.93 1.98
250 or More ................................. 5,965 3,394 6,508 4,355 17.11 11.71 14.37 18.65 2.56 1.89 1.91 2.19
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................. 528 1,098 1,287 783 15.12 13.21 18.86 18.96 0.57 0.48 0.51 0.71
40 to 48 ....................................... 2,419 3,157 4,689 2,483 15.01 13.23 18.26 21.28 1.15 1.13 1.03 1.15
49 to 60 ....................................... 4,030 5,704 6,022 3,705 18.23 12.75 17.33 22.67 1.30 1.24 1.08 1.51
61 to 84 ....................................... 3,345 3,323 5,555 2,817 17.19 13.23 16.91 18.81 1.63 1.29 1.48 1.44
85 to 167 ..................................... 2,960 3,836 5,164 2,326 18.35 13.39 16.14 19.11 2.25 1.91 2.10 1.78
Open Continuously ...................... 8,062 4,402 8,877 6,005 16.19 11.50 14.15 18.86 2.37 1.58 1.93 2.57
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned .............. 17,306 15,018 23,198 14,154 17.42 13.14 16.48 21.46 1.67 1.20 1.30 1.62
  Owner Occupied ....................... 9,772 7,513 10,288 5,979 16.83 12.78 16.42 22.55 1.66 1.22 1.31 1.64
  Nonowner Occupied ................. 7,441 7,338 12,806 8,128 18.26 13.57 16.54 20.74 1.77 1.32 1.37 1.69
  Unoccupied ............................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned .................... 4,038 6,503 8,397 3,964 14.53 11.90 15.53 15.75 1.60 1.41 1.48 1.54
  Federal ...................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.96 Q
  State .......................................... Q Q 2,976 1,384 Q Q 13.56 15.69 Q Q 1.73 1.90
  Local .......................................... 2,483 2,927 4,399 2,039 14.31 11.65 17.24 16.93 1.46 1.00 1.29 1.32
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ........................... 5,398 4,070 5,030 3,125 18.16 12.63 16.66 19.01 1.73 1.30 1.24 1.50
Not At All Vacant ......................... 15,731 17,136 26,443 14,893 16.36 12.79 16.14 20.11 1.70 1.32 1.41 1.68
Number of Establishments
One .............................................. 13,370 16,206 22,598 12,980 15.89 12.84 16.44 18.83 1.66 1.31 1.33 1.67
2 to 5 ........................................... 4,318 3,711 5,052 2,949 17.66 12.75 15.60 22.17 1.72 1.32 1.35 1.55
6 to 10 ......................................... 1,019 605 1,184 593 17.51 10.77 15.58 23.58 1.78 1.19 2.15 1.81
11 to 20 ....................................... Q Q 907 Q Q Q 14.70 Q Q Q 1.54 Q
More than 20 ............................... Q Q 1,740 Q Q Q 16.51 Q Q Q 1.72 Q
Currently Unoccupied .................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................ 11,983 12,651 16,070 7,694 15.57 12.59 15.93 19.11 1.65 1.37 1.39 1.62
Concrete (Block or Poured) ......... 3,482 3,611 5,714 3,208 18.67 12.52 16.68 20.50 1.59 1.25 1.43 1.81
Concrete Panels .......................... Q 1,877 4,661 2,967 Q 12.55 16.16 19.37 Q 1.53 1.69 1.50
Siding or Shingles ........................ 1,272 1,043 1,268 1,487 16.82 14.69 17.35 26.21 1.07 0.88 1.21 2.13
Metal Panels ................................ 2,068 1,435 2,778 1,915 19.87 15.10 16.83 19.37 1.96 0.76 0.81 1.23
Window Glass ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ........................................ 7,382 7,284 11,161 7,318 17.85 12.44 15.79 19.37 1.81 1.38 1.50 1.66
Shingles (Not Wood) ................... 3,288 3,353 4,131 2,793 15.88 12.98 17.53 22.97 1.63 1.05 1.24 1.69
Metal Surfacing ........................... 1,147 2,178 5,269 2,189 19.90 13.57 18.14 18.05 1.12 0.82 0.84 1.12
Synthetic or Rubber .................... 7,735 6,210 7,637 3,243 16.54 12.88 14.85 17.54 1.88 1.40 1.78 1.73
Slate or Tile .................................. Q 388 1,383 1,202 Q 12.88 17.48 25.73 Q 1.27 1.31 1.94
Wooden Materials ........................ Q Q Q 291 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.19
Concrete ...................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 1.53 Q
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 ................................. 8,758 6,522 6,154 4,223 16.31 11.53 14.80 17.03 1.72 1.20 1.38 1.49
   Addition or Annex .................... 2,757 2,582 2,761 1,429 14.75 10.71 14.16 13.03 1.53 1.31 1.53 1.46
   Reduction In Floorspace ........... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements ........... 7,113 4,939 4,245 3,324 16.97 11.60 14.92 17.72 1.80 1.27 1.37 1.52
   Wall or Roof Replacement ........ 4,422 2,702 2,595 1,934 17.01 11.72 15.15 16.76 1.65 1.21 1.39 1.50
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ..................... 4,296 3,448 2,812 2,575 16.20 11.71 14.00 17.09 1.73 1.33 1.45 1.71
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade ....... 5,929 4,223 3,914 2,832 17.53 11.44 14.10 16.51 1.96 1.27 1.51 1.55
   Lighting Upgrade ...................... 5,917 3,880 3,025 2,911 16.21 11.51 14.09 17.29 1.77 1.27 1.45 1.64
   Window Replacement .............. 4,548 2,068 1,216 1,270 16.78 11.25 14.89 16.61 1.65 1.12 1.33 1.51
   Plumbing System Upgrade ........ 4,289 2,481 2,007 2,188 16.46 11.54 13.53 17.60 1.71 1.31 1.47 1.60
   Insulation Upgrade .................... 2,398 1,424 1,257 789 17.33 12.35 15.02 18.21 1.75 1.18 1.47 1.37
   Other Renovation ..................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 ........ 6,070 6,398 6,178 4,545 15.57 12.53 17.05 20.78 1.39 1.12 1.13 1.43
Building Newer than 1980 ........... 6,516 8,601 19,263 9,350 18.93 14.02 16.46 21.03 1.89 1.45 1.42 1.77
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 21,344 21,518 31,595 18,118 16.79 12.74 16.22 19.88 1.67 1.29 1.39 1.64
Natural Gas ................................. 16,336 17,202 20,764 13,159 16.38 12.47 14.94 18.13 1.78 1.31 1.56 1.68
Fuel Oil ......................................... 9,930 4,397 6,953 4,625 15.62 11.30 14.24 18.75 1.63 1.55 1.69 2.18
District Heat ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 13.30 Q Q Q 2.44 Q
District Chilled Water ................... Q Q 2,629 Q Q Q 13.04 Q Q Q 2.29 Q
Propane ....................................... 1,606 2,729 2,488 2,601 16.45 12.91 16.75 20.49 1.19 1.25 1.05 2.22
Other ........................................... Q 599 551 Q Q 12.59 Q Q Q 1.19 1.80 Q
Space-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 8,456 7,487 17,900 7,894 19.05 13.68 17.67 21.39 1.92 1.20 1.37 1.61
Natural Gas ................................. 12,966 15,164 15,939 10,889 16.66 12.36 14.74 18.29 1.79 1.25 1.49 1.59
Fuel Oil ......................................... 4,722 1,105 1,196 Q 13.18 10.24 13.00 Q 1.20 1.21 1.33 Q
District Heat ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 13.21 Q Q Q 2.49 Q
Propane ....................................... Q 519 1,220 Q Q 19.13 17.40 Q Q 0.64 1.02 Q
Other ........................................... Q 215 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.79 Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ..................................... 2,318 3,353 11,722 4,618 23.46 16.36 19.67 24.43 1.85 1.32 1.29 1.48
Natural Gas ................................. 11,229 13,617 13,826 9,525 16.59 12.24 14.55 17.62 1.74 1.20 1.49 1.61
Fuel Oil ......................................... 3,278 Q Q Q 13.65 Q Q Q 1.01 Q Q Q
District Heat ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 13.27 Q Q Q 2.50 Q
Propane ....................................... Q 396 485 Q Q 21.94 21.82 37.59 Q 0.70 0.72 Q
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 18,271 17,938 29,097 16,172 17.01 12.93 16.47 20.41 1.76 1.30 1.41 1.70
Natural Gas ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ................... Q Q 2,629 Q Q Q 13.04 Q Q Q 2.29 Q
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 7,228 7,602 15,995 6,082 17.88 13.47 17.60 22.72 1.41 1.17 1.35 1.52
Natural Gas ................................. 10,768 11,529 14,522 10,791 16.31 12.24 14.44 18.05 1.92 1.31 1.75 1.76
Fuel Oil ......................................... 2,025 Q Q Q 13.07 Q Q Q 1.31 Q Q Q
District Heat ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 13.66 Q Q Q 2.45 Q
Propane ....................................... Q Q 500 Q Q 15.90 18.42 Q Q 0.68 0.93 Q
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ..................................... 5,129 5,433 9,274 3,786 16.29 12.09 15.50 17.48 2.06 1.44 1.89 1.91
Natural Gas ................................. 6,991 6,263 11,058 5,131 15.25 11.64 14.29 16.92 1.95 1.58 2.02 2.13
Propane ....................................... 466 Q 584 Q 16.83 Q 17.45 Q 1.18 Q 1.30 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ...... 21,201 21,367 30,483 16,563 16.77 12.70 16.04 19.29 1.68 1.31 1.45 1.64
Buildings with Cooling ................. 19,935 19,466 31,209 17,129 17.04 12.88 16.20 19.99 1.82 1.34 1.45 1.72
Buildings with Water Heating ...... 20,407 19,598 29,918 17,295 16.82 12.75 16.01 19.67 1.73 1.31 1.50 1.76
Buildings with Cooking ................ 9,562 8,772 14,691 7,241 15.48 12.01 15.19 18.23 1.91 1.50 1.86 2.08
Buildings with Manufacturing ...... 1,485 870 624 Q 17.65 12.06 14.86 17.30 1.47 1.09 0.97 1.42
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................. 7,871 5,766 7,028 4,756 17.23 11.84 14.19 18.75 2.43 1.74 1.75 2.12
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ................................... Q 153 1,112 1,554 Q 21.19 23.22 29.47 Q 0.20 0.45 1.29
1 to 50 ......................................... 1,008 794 2,185 1,614 17.74 14.10 18.12 24.91 0.73 0.70 0.77 1.08
51 to 99 ....................................... 2,404 2,167 4,190 3,211 16.02 12.29 16.56 19.21 1.56 1.25 1.45 1.65
100 .............................................. 17,789 18,407 24,109 11,738 16.83 12.70 15.79 18.74 1.84 1.37 1.58 1.76
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ................................... 1,409 2,055 386 989 13.90 11.50 17.92 18.21 0.72 0.79 0.20 0.73
1 to 50 ......................................... 4,827 4,108 3,503 3,065 14.88 12.22 16.86 19.45 1.13 0.86 0.71 1.15
51 to 99 ....................................... 6,603 5,439 6,151 4,253 17.52 12.50 16.28 19.08 2.13 1.45 1.58 1.74
100 .............................................. 8,505 9,919 21,556 9,811 18.16 13.41 16.07 20.59 2.37 1.66 1.69 2.02
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ......................................... 2,378 2,236 2,411 1,574 15.10 12.54 18.16 21.94 0.86 0.81 0.76 1.04
51 to 99 ....................................... 7,274 6,631 8,536 5,813 17.09 12.90 16.60 20.61 2.02 1.25 1.39 1.79
100 .............................................. 11,536 12,338 20,429 10,654 17.01 12.72 15.86 19.28 1.91 1.59 1.59 1.75
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used .................... Q 301 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.25 Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................. 3,294 5,545 5,920 3,549 17.39 12.78 17.77 20.20 1.17 1.07 0.94 1.14
1 to 50 ......................................... 9,231 10,434 15,141 8,206 17.03 13.20 16.93 20.55 1.47 1.26 1.37 1.53
51 to 100 ..................................... Q 1,138 1,657 Q Q 13.87 17.70 Q Q 2.28 1.64 Q
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used .................... 8,062 4,405 8,878 6,005 16.19 11.50 14.15 18.86 2.32 1.41 1.72 2.30
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps ................................. 3,282 1,298 6,729 2,941 18.52 13.47 17.04 21.57 2.71 1.23 1.36 1.84
  Packaged Heat Pumps ............... 1,938 907 4,454 2,030 Q 13.26 17.36 20.71 2.60 1.23 1.52 1.97
  Split-System Heat Pumps .......... Q Q 2,201 738 Q Q 17.37 24.40 Q Q 1.18 2.01
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ...... Q Q 1,596 667 Q Q 15.87 19.81 Q Q 1.28 1.24
Furnaces ..................................... 4,758 8,025 6,516 4,190 17.28 13.46 16.42 18.64 1.32 1.11 1.14 1.36
Individual Space Heaters ............. 4,626 4,368 4,549 2,421 17.62 12.87 16.49 16.60 1.66 1.05 1.26 1.22
District Heat ................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 13.21 Q Q Q 2.49 Q
Boilers ......................................... 9,785 7,454 7,486 6,327 14.81 11.37 13.38 17.19 1.57 1.21 1.70 1.73
Packaged Heating Units ............... 6,770 5,282 12,272 5,578 18.57 13.17 17.00 23.17 2.32 1.44 1.51 1.68
Other ........................................... Q 1,048 1,508 593 Q 14.09 17.78 18.23 Q 1.28 1.09 1.23
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners .......................... 3,882 4,378 4,419 1,762 16.38 12.78 17.36 19.65 1.62 1.21 1.15 1.49
Heat Pumps ................................. 3,376 1,313 6,856 3,194 18.49 13.21 16.90 21.37 2.66 1.23 1.39 1.79
  Packaged Heat Pumps ............... 2,019 944 4,417 1,976 Q 13.07 17.33 20.41 2.56 1.24 1.55 1.92
  Split-System Heat Pumps .......... Q Q 2,271 771 Q Q 17.24 23.98 Q Q 1.22 1.91
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ...... Q Q 1,690 982 Q Q 15.67 20.08 Q Q 1.31 1.34
Individual Air Conditioners ........... 5,230 3,744 4,391 2,811 14.87 11.69 16.16 20.67 1.42 1.07 1.21 1.61
District Chilled Water ................... Q Q 2,629 Q Q Q 13.04 Q Q Q 2.29 Q
Central Chillers ............................ 4,731 4,571 8,574 4,572 16.10 11.32 14.28 19.61 2.55 1.61 1.77 2.19
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units ........................................... 11,093 11,024 14,884 9,330 16.87 12.95 16.59 20.42 1.85 1.36 1.43 1.70
Swamp Coolers ........................... Q Q Q 2,049 Q Q Q 15.26 Q Q Q 1.53
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................ 5,572 5,905 5,972 4,093 18.33 12.80 16.15 17.64 1.40 1.17 1.24 1.58
Cooling ......................................... 9,227 7,399 8,366 5,396 17.26 12.39 16.03 18.28 1.69 1.29 1.30 1.60
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ..................... 13,758 13,278 17,757 9,976 16.61 13.28 16.23 19.56 1.77 1.37 1.54 1.77
Distributed System ...................... 3,187 2,962 5,419 2,827 17.78 13.01 17.38 24.21 1.37 1.11 1.19 1.43
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System .............. 3,463 3,358 6,742 4,493 16.83 10.84 14.57 17.80 2.04 1.33 1.77 2.02
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ............................... 14,219 14,319 20,589 11,232 16.53 12.65 15.60 18.59 1.76 1.30 1.58 1.75
Standard Fluorescent .................. 20,666 20,834 30,464 17,662 16.80 12.73 16.15 19.81 1.70 1.33 1.44 1.67
Compact Fluorescent .................. 12,479 10,498 15,934 10,660 16.76 12.54 14.88 19.17 2.05 1.54 1.79 1.85
High Intensity Discharge .............. 8,290 8,871 9,455 5,384 16.86 11.86 15.25 19.10 1.89 1.34 1.52 1.58
Halogen ....................................... 7,455 6,817 10,142 5,804 17.33 11.90 15.03 19.13 2.08 1.46 1.64 1.78
Other ........................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration......................... 18,988 18,548 29,141 15,880 16.72 12.74 16.03 19.75 1.75 1.32 1.53 1.77
  Commercial Refrigeration .......... 12,287 10,930 18,876 8,843 16.20 12.38 15.41 18.86 2.07 1.53 1.96 2.17
    Walk-In Units ............................ 9,630 8,580 16,164 7,438 16.38 12.23 15.07 18.41 2.16 1.65 2.16 2.37
    Cases or Cabinets ................... 10,231 8,075 15,591 7,567 15.97 12.34 15.50 18.83 2.27 1.62 2.03 2.31
  Residential-Type Units ............... 13,108 13,081 17,727 10,192 16.00 12.76 16.08 19.63 1.58 1.21 1.35 1.53
  Vending Machines ..................... 12,657 12,442 20,697 10,495 16.11 12.16 15.38 18.52 1.93 1.32 1.53 1.80
No Refrigeration .......................... 2,355 2,973 2,454 2,238 17.38 12.71 18.81 20.88 1.14 0.99 0.56 0.95
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ................................... 20,062 19,381 28,855 17,109 16.75 12.70 16.09 19.93 1.74 1.34 1.46 1.71
  With Flat Screen Monitors ......... 12,641 9,288 15,413 9,362 16.90 12.39 15.33 20.23 2.11 1.46 1.69 1.90
Dedicated Servers ...................... 15,313 13,036 19,117 11,911 16.84 12.69 15.39 20.51 1.88 1.41 1.51 1.89
Laser Printers .............................. 11,298 10,344 15,714 10,523 16.49 12.40 16.27 20.09 1.59 1.22 1.36 1.79
Inkjet Printers ............................... 12,502 11,824 17,974 10,220 17.40 12.93 15.58 19.79 1.95 1.42 1.57 1.70
FAX Machines ............................. 19,559 17,648 27,796 15,899 16.79 12.69 15.91 20.16 1.75 1.33 1.48 1.74
Photocopiers ............................... 17,464 15,408 23,166 14,041 16.61 12.47 15.66 20.08 1.77 1.30 1.42 1.71
Number of Computers
None ............................................ 1,282 2,140 2,740 1,009 17.45 13.06 17.72 19.18 0.92 0.80 0.73 0.76
1 to 4 ........................................... 3,089 4,589 6,663 2,916 16.88 14.05 18.35 20.45 1.48 1.23 1.51 1.36
5 to 9 ........................................... 1,604 2,339 2,749 1,957 18.19 12.10 18.08 17.45 1.00 1.21 1.08 1.78
10 to 19 ....................................... 1,909 2,222 2,518 1,939 17.06 13.22 17.35 21.58 1.45 1.32 1.05 1.62
20 to 49 ....................................... 2,555 2,409 3,784 3,030 17.53 12.99 15.15 24.06 1.70 1.25 1.56 1.95
50 to 99 ....................................... 1,548 1,625 3,155 1,561 15.45 12.23 15.23 21.52 Q 1.55 1.50 1.46
100 to 249 ................................... 2,771 2,401 3,466 2,153 16.02 12.15 15.60 17.78 2.20 1.30 1.53 1.63
250 or More ................................. 6,586 3,797 6,521 3,552 16.65 11.80 14.34 18.27 2.54 1.72 1.83 2.23
Number of Dedicated Servers
None ............................................ 6,031 8,485 12,479 6,207 16.68 12.81 17.68 18.79 1.27 1.08 1.15 1.24
1 to 4 ........................................... 8,340 8,382 11,294 6,975 16.11 12.89 15.80 19.89 1.59 1.28 1.38 1.70
5 to 9 ........................................... Q 1,468 2,203 1,525 Q 12.84 15.70 24.94 Q 1.52 1.68 2.27
10 to 19 ....................................... Q 1,338 2,216 1,110 Q 10.80 14.27 20.93 Q 1.73 1.97 2.01
20 to 49 ....................................... Q Q 2,138 Q Q Q 15.11 Q Q Q 1.69 Q
50 or More ................................... Q 1,155 1,266 Q Q 13.40 14.01 Q Q 1.89 1.72 Q
Number of Photocopiers
None ............................................ 3,880 6,113 8,429 4,077 17.64 13.47 17.97 19.24 1.29 1.17 1.17 1.31
One .............................................. 3,833 4,733 6,054 3,816 16.57 12.92 17.81 19.83 1.27 1.12 1.11 1.39
2 to 4 ........................................... 4,517 4,954 7,500 4,010 16.37 12.89 15.57 20.84 1.53 1.23 1.36 1.55
5 to 9 ........................................... 2,780 1,874 3,016 1,771 15.73 11.55 15.31 23.34 1.83 1.34 1.69 2.17
10 or More ................................... 6,334 3,848 6,596 4,444 17.26 11.91 14.32 18.63 2.63 1.75 1.86 2.19
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ...... 9,562 8,772 14,690 7,229 15.48 12.01 15.19 18.28 1.91 1.50 1.86 2.08
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ................ 7,641 7,812 12,288 7,163 15.10 11.44 14.36 17.02 1.95 1.50 1.78 2.09
Separate Computer Area ............ 12,390 8,956 14,183 9,023 16.24 12.24 15.04 19.71 2.09 1.38 1.51 1.78
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ....... 8,946 7,873 12,510 6,925 17.05 12.15 14.81 19.11 2.37 1.57 1.70 2.00
Economizer Cycle ........................ 10,399 9,370 11,888 7,936 17.71 12.46 14.62 18.19 2.51 1.59 1.79 1.78
HVAC Maintenance ..................... 19,443 18,283 27,254 16,349 16.77 12.55 15.74 19.89 1.76 1.39 1.54 1.75
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) .............. 7,348 5,459 9,285 5,554 17.54 11.87 15.25 18.83 2.45 1.44 1.60 1.84
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ................... 15,717 16,103 18,428 9,108 16.55 12.85 15.39 17.21 1.69 1.37 1.50 1.65
Tinted Window Glass .................. 10,569 10,767 17,975 10,257 16.82 12.78 15.93 20.58 2.13 1.47 1.50 1.81
Reflective Window Glass ............ 3,661 3,059 5,149 2,545 18.50 12.26 15.14 18.28 2.20 1.41 1.71 1.49
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................ 5,115 5,826 10,769 6,539 17.21 13.20 16.11 19.85 1.90 1.38 1.59 1.84
Skylights or Atriums .................... 4,694 4,490 5,557 4,543 15.64 11.81 14.65 18.37 1.62 1.37 1.42 1.84
Daylighting Sensors .................... Q 1,336 1,173 2,945 Q 11.95 14.78 21.21 Q 1.64 1.74 3.10
Specular Reflectors .................... 11,394 11,334 12,462 8,276 16.89 12.18 15.35 20.10 1.95 1.47 1.58 1.76
Electronic Ballasts ....................... 17,031 17,658 24,971 15,213 16.99 12.59 15.81 20.00 1.83 1.40 1.52 1.78
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................. Q 1,975 2,339 2,284 Q 12.21 15.81 21.09 Q 1.53 1.59 1.95
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................ 15,363 12,897 19,642 12,391 16.67 12.79 16.41 20.20 1.61 1.18 1.34 1.62
Cooling ......................................... 15,068 12,931 21,644 13,228 17.06 12.90 16.53 20.39 1.71 1.24 1.34 1.69
Lighting ........................................ 12,402 16,515 21,641 11,755 17.14 13.11 17.18 20.43 1.42 1.28 1.26 1.42
Office Equipment ......................... 5,758 6,293 7,457 4,407 16.24 12.68 18.58 20.66 1.35 1.16 1.16 1.34
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 6.6 percent of total consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.