Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C5. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Census Region for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Sum of Major Fuel
Consumption
(trillion Btu)
Total Floorspace
of Buildings
(million square feet)
Energy Intensity for
Sum of Major Fuels
(thousand Btu/
square foot)
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All Buildings* ............................. 1,271 1,690 1,948 911 12,905 17,080 23,489 11,310 98.5 98.9 82.9 80.6
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 .............................. 118 206 240 108 1,025 1,895 2,533 1,336 115.1 108.5 94.9 80.6
5,001 to 10,000 ............................ 102 117 185 112 1,123 1,565 2,658 1,239 90.7 74.7 69.5 90.8
10,001 to 25,000 .......................... 148 228 250 150 1,972 3,098 4,378 2,087 75.3 73.6 57.2 71.7
25,001 to 50,000 .......................... 106 247 205 114 1,292 2,567 3,168 1,643 82.4 96.3 64.8 69.4
50,001 to 100,000 ........................ 203 212 255 89 2,040 2,260 3,435 1,322 99.4 93.6 74.3 67.6
100,001 to 200,000 ...................... 209 252 375 97 2,117 2,296 3,475 1,177 98.8 109.8 107.9 82.7
200,001 to 500,000 ...................... 189 244 191 100 1,781 2,196 1,914 1,286 106.3 111.1 99.9 78.1
Over 500,000 ............................... Q 184 246 140 1,556 1,203 1,928 1,221 Q 153.2 127.8 115.0
Principal Building Activity
Education ..................................... 171 219 301 129 1,683 2,541 3,983 1,667 101.6 86.3 75.5 77.6
Food Sales ................................... Q 70 91 Q 238 320 487 Q Q 219.1 187.7 Q
Food Service ................................ Q 99 217 65 172 453 764 265 Q 218.8 283.4 243.8
Health Care .................................. 114 164 217 99 535 798 1,277 553 212.2 205.6 169.8 179.6
  Inpatient ...................................... Q 119 190 67 358 438 838 270 Q 272.2 226.7 246.8
  Outpatient ................................... Q 45 27 33 177 359 438 283 Q 124.4 60.9 115.3
Lodging ........................................ 108 125 164 113 1,171 1,144 1,694 1,087 Q 109.0 96.9 103.7
Retail (Other Than Mall)................. 41 90 127 61 630 880 1,844 963 65.0 102.7 68.7 63.2
Office ........................................... 305 325 329 175 3,012 2,989 3,782 2,425 101.2 108.8 87.0 72.1
Public Assembly ........................... 93 103 109 64 1,048 1,012 1,174 706 Q 101.7 93.2 91.2
Public Order and Safety ............... Q Q Q Q 362 221 373 Q Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship ........................ 33 59 57 14 627 1,115 1,498 515 52.1 52.8 38.3 27.6
Service ......................................... 59 110 90 53 740 1,289 1,358 664 79.8 85.0 66.3 80.0
Warehouse and Storage .............. 63 225 106 61 1,523 3,017 3,966 1,572 41.6 74.7 26.7 39.0
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q 649 316 Q 186 Q Q Q Q
Vacant ......................................... Q Q Q Q 517 984 701 Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................. 114 123 41 Q 1,406 1,552 516 295 81.4 79.4 79.5 Q
1920 to 1945 ................................ 221 262 79 59 2,504 2,099 1,348 920 88.2 124.6 58.3 64.1
1946 to 1959 ................................ 189 165 138 74 2,094 2,027 1,795 1,128 90.5 81.2 76.8 65.2
1960 to 1969 ................................ 211 205 201 120 1,737 2,229 2,538 1,597 121.4 91.8 79.2 75.4
1970 to 1979 ................................ 191 322 320 190 1,723 3,237 3,726 2,086 111.0 99.5 85.8 91.1
1980 to 1989 ................................ 146 221 449 218 1,374 1,949 4,768 2,241 106.2 113.3 94.2 97.4
1990 to 1999 ................................ 118 286 524 170 1,370 2,746 6,241 2,004 85.9 104.0 84.0 84.9
2000 to 2003 ................................ Q 107 197 56 698 1,240 2,557 1,038 Q 86.3 77.1 54.2
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................. 197 539 N 254 2,416 5,615 N 2,591 81.6 96.0 N 98.0
  5,500-7,000 HDD ........................ 525 1,038 N 197 5,398 9,867 N 2,070 97.3 105.2 N 95.4
  4,000-5,499 HDD ........................ 549 113 407 Q 5,092 1,597 4,122 693 107.8 70.5 98.7 94.0
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 884 329 N N 10,338 5,401 N N 85.5 60.9
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD .............. N N 658 66 N N 9,029 555 N N 72.8 118.8
Number of Floors
One .............................................. 271 565 736 365 3,151 6,104 11,757 4,969 86.0 92.5 62.6 73.4
Two .............................................. 254 429 401 227 3,029 5,177 4,946 3,118 83.8 82.9 81.1 72.7
Three ............................................ 156 236 164 64 2,083 2,584 1,938 896 74.9 91.4 84.4 71.0
Four to Nine .................................. 368 380 435 153 3,003 2,660 3,094 1,328 122.6 142.9 140.6 115.2
Ten or More .................................. 222 79 212 Q 1,640 555 1,754 999 135.5 142.6 121.1 103.1
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators .............................. 723 793 938 372 6,137 6,677 7,949 3,855 117.8 118.8 118.0 96.5
Number of Elevators
  One ............................................ 167 289 200 77 1,585 3,084 2,475 1,077 105.1 93.5 80.7 71.3
  Two to Five ................................ 302 334 393 128 2,971 2,704 3,094 1,360 101.7 123.5 127.1 94.3
  Six or More ................................. 254 171 345 167 1,581 889 2,380 1,418 160.8 192.0 144.9 117.8
Any Escalators ............................ Q Q 130 Q 541 Q 1,002 Q Q Q 129.4 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ............................... 153 341 211 113 2,376 4,958 5,670 2,489 64.3 68.8 37.1 45.3
5 to 9 ............................................ 89 131 169 80 1,085 1,463 2,595 1,023 81.7 89.4 65.2 78.1
10 to 19 ........................................ 129 182 199 84 1,872 2,081 2,741 1,109 68.9 87.5 72.7 75.8
20 to 49 ........................................ 208 310 366 167 2,314 2,856 3,883 1,935 89.7 108.5 94.2 86.1
50 to 99 ........................................ 165 231 218 113 1,598 2,311 2,654 1,370 103.4 100.0 82.3 82.5
100 to 249 .................................... 179 205 332 121 1,331 1,609 2,534 1,397 134.6 127.3 131.2 86.8
250 or More .................................. 349 290 453 234 2,329 1,800 3,413 1,986 149.6 161.0 132.7 117.6
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................. 35 83 68 41 923 2,300 2,544 1,096 37.8 36.2 26.8 37.7
40 to 48 ........................................ 161 239 257 117 2,111 2,783 4,567 2,161 76.3 85.8 56.2 54.0
49 to 60 ........................................ 221 447 347 163 3,098 4,614 5,556 2,455 71.4 97.0 62.5 66.5
61 to 84 ........................................ 195 251 329 150 2,048 2,583 3,754 1,950 95.0 97.2 87.5 76.8
85 to 167 ...................................... 161 286 320 122 1,317 2,008 2,459 1,308 122.5 142.7 130.1 93.1
Open Continuously ....................... 498 383 627 318 3,407 2,793 4,608 2,340 146.2 137.1 136.1 136.0
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ............... 993 1,143 1,408 659 10,389 12,470 17,826 8,736 95.6 91.7 79.0 75.5
  Owner Occupied ....................... 581 588 627 265 5,904 6,171 7,869 3,648 98.3 95.3 79.6 72.7
  Nonowner Occupied .................. 408 541 774 392 4,204 5,539 9,358 4,813 96.9 97.7 82.7 81.4
  Unoccupied ................................ Q Q Q Q Q 760 600 Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned .................... 278 547 541 252 2,517 4,610 5,662 2,574 110.4 118.6 95.5 97.8
  Federal ....................................... Q Q 66 Q Q Q 521 Q Q Q 126.9 Q
  State ........................................... Q 119 219 88 599 764 1,718 727 Q 156.1 127.7 121.3
  Local .......................................... 174 251 255 120 1,706 2,925 3,423 1,545 101.7 85.9 74.6 78.0
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ....................... Q Q Q Q Q 892 652 Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant .............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant ............................ 297 322 302 164 3,117 3,119 4,061 2,085 95.3 103.3 74.4 78.9
Not At All Vacant ......................... 962 1,340 1,639 741 9,271 12,976 18,726 8,860 103.7 103.3 87.5 83.6
Number of Establishments
One .............................................. 841 1,262 1,374 689 8,061 12,359 16,947 7,776 104.4 102.1 81.1 88.6
2 to 5 ............................................ 245 291 324 133 2,517 2,803 3,740 1,900 97.2 103.8 86.6 70.0
6 to 10 .......................................... 58 56 76 25 571 510 550 327 101.9 110.1 138.2 76.9
11 to 20 ........................................ Q Q 62 Q 722 301 589 340 Q Q 104.7 Q
More than 20 ................................ Q Q 105 Q 696 Q 1,011 688 Q Q 104.2 Q
Currently Unoccupied .................. Q Q Q Q Q 892 652 Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................. 770 1,005 1,009 403 7,248 9,248 11,574 4,747 106.2 108.7 87.2 84.8
Concrete (Block or Poured) ......... 187 288 343 156 2,184 2,887 3,985 1,777 85.4 99.9 86.0 88.0
Concrete Panels ........................... Q 150 288 153 599 1,230 2,758 1,972 Q 121.6 104.6 77.7
Siding or Shingles ........................ 76 71 73 57 1,193 1,183 1,045 698 63.4 60.0 69.9 81.3
Metal Panels ................................. 104 95 165 99 1,054 1,880 3,426 1,552 98.7 50.5 48.2 63.7
Window Glass ............................. Q Q Q Q Q Q 280 Q Q Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q 303 Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up ......................................... 414 586 707 378 4,068 5,262 7,430 4,411 101.7 111.3 95.1 85.6
Shingles (Not Wood) .................... 207 258 236 122 2,022 3,199 3,325 1,649 102.4 80.7 70.9 73.7
Metal Surfacing ............................ 58 161 290 121 1,027 2,663 6,309 1,946 56.1 60.3 46.0 62.3
Synthetic or Rubber ..................... 468 482 514 185 4,116 4,443 4,298 1,873 113.7 108.5 119.6 98.7
Slate or Tile .................................. Q 30 79 47 480 306 1,056 620 Q 98.3 74.9 75.4
Wooden Materials ........................ Q Q Q Q Q Q 301 244 Q Q Q Q
Concrete ...................................... Q Q Q Q Q Q 426 400 Q Q Q Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No One Major Type ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................. 537 566 416 248 5,104 5,437 4,462 2,841 105.2 104.0 93.2 87.3
   Addition or Annex ..................... 187 241 195 110 1,797 1,970 1,804 979 104.0 122.4 108.1 112.1
   Reduction In Floorspace ........... Q Q Q Q 404 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements ............ 419 426 285 188 3,952 3,879 3,105 2,183 106.1 109.8 91.7 85.9
   Wall or Roof Replacement ......... 260 230 171 115 2,676 2,238 1,863 1,294 97.2 103.0 92.0 89.2
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ...................... 265 294 201 151 2,489 2,586 1,936 1,507 106.5 113.9 103.7 100.0
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade ........ 338 369 278 172 3,027 3,332 2,584 1,825 111.7 110.8 107.4 94.0
   Lighting Upgrade ....................... 365 337 215 168 3,350 3,059 2,092 1,775 109.0 110.2 102.7 94.8
   Window Replacement ............... 271 184 82 76 2,750 1,847 916 842 98.6 99.5 89.1 90.8
   Plumbing System Upgrade ........ 261 215 148 124 2,511 1,898 1,366 1,369 103.8 113.3 108.6 90.8
   Insulation Upgrade .................... 138 115 84 43 1,370 1,212 857 576 101.0 95.2 97.6 75.2
   Other Renovation ...................... Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 ......... 390 511 362 219 4,360 5,708 5,462 3,185 89.4 89.5 66.3 68.7
Building Newer than 1980 ............ 344 613 1,170 445 3,441 5,935 13,565 5,283 100.0 103.4 86.3 84.1
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 1,271 1,689 1,948 911 12,809 16,701 22,766 11,030 99.2 101.2 85.6 82.6
Natural Gas .................................. 997 1,379 1,389 726 9,181 13,163 13,311 7,813 108.6 104.8 104.4 92.9
Fuel Oil ......................................... 636 389 488 247 6,080 2,832 4,122 2,123 104.6 137.4 118.4 116.2
District Heat .................................. Q 336 324 Q 1,363 1,648 1,766 667 Q 204.2 183.7 Q
District Chilled Water .................... Q Q 202 Q 620 596 1,150 487 Q Q 175.3 Q
Propane ........................................ 98 211 148 127 1,354 2,189 2,360 1,173 72.1 96.6 62.9 108.2
Other ............................................ Q 48 Q Q 222 505 306 367 Q 94.3 Q 93.7
Space-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 444 547 1,013 369 4,405 6,223 13,058 4,914 100.8 88.0 77.6 75.1
Natural Gas .................................. 778 1,227 1,082 595 7,238 12,180 10,693 6,848 107.5 100.7 101.2 86.9
Fuel Oil ......................................... 358 108 92 Q 3,927 916 897 247 91.2 117.8 102.5 Q
District Heat .................................. Q 335 318 Q 1,260 1,640 1,683 615 Q 204.0 188.7 Q
Propane ........................................ Q 27 70 Q 743 806 1,195 459 Q 33.7 58.7 80.4
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q 272 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ...................................... 99 205 596 189 1,253 2,545 9,084 3,114 78.8 80.5 65.6 60.7
Natural Gas .................................. 677 1,112 950 541 6,439 11,321 9,299 5,911 105.1 98.2 102.2 91.5
Fuel Oil ......................................... 240 Q Q Q 3,250 229 232 Q 73.9 Q Q Q
District Heat .................................. Q 318 304 Q 1,205 1,531 1,614 557 Q 207.8 188.6 Q
Propane ........................................ Q Q 22 Q Q 569 674 332 Q 31.7 33.0 Q
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 1,074 1,387 1,767 792 10,402 13,781 20,623 9,515 103.3 100.7 85.7 83.3
Natural Gas .................................. Q Q Q Q 353 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District Chilled Water .................... Q Q 202 Q 620 596 1,150 487 Q Q 175.3 Q
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 404 564 909 268 5,125 6,477 11,882 4,007 78.9 87.1 76.5 66.8
Natural Gas .................................. 660 942 1,005 598 5,601 8,799 8,306 6,114 117.9 107.1 121.0 97.8
Fuel Oil ......................................... 155 Q Q Q 1,542 Q Q Q 100.5 Q Q Q
District Heat .................................. Q Q 171 Q 929 749 956 454 Q Q 179.2 Q
Propane ........................................ Q Q 27 Q 261 390 537 Q Q 42.9 50.5 Q
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ...................................... 315 449 598 217 2,495 3,784 4,900 1,982 126.2 118.8 122.1 109.3
Natural Gas .................................. 458 538 774 303 3,580 3,965 5,480 2,412 128.0 135.7 141.2 125.7
Propane ........................................ 28 Q 33 Q 396 233 451 381 70.0 Q 74.3 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ...... 1,264 1,682 1,900 858 12,596 16,331 20,998 10,102 100.3 103.0 90.5 85.0
Buildings with Cooling .................. 1,170 1,511 1,927 857 10,954 14,484 21,553 9,950 106.8 104.3 89.4 86.1
Buildings with Water Heating ....... 1,213 1,537 1,869 879 11,789 14,928 19,913 9,848 102.9 103.0 93.8 89.3
Buildings with Cooking ................. 618 731 967 397 5,016 5,850 7,881 3,489 123.1 124.9 122.7 113.8
Buildings with Manufacturing ....... 84 72 42 56 1,013 798 642 685 83.1 90.3 65.4 81.9
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................. 457 487 495 254 3,245 3,317 4,017 2,241 140.8 146.8 123.3 113.2
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ................................... Q Q 48 53 309 748 2,491 1,208 Q Q 19.2 43.7
1 to 50 .......................................... 57 56 121 65 1,387 1,130 2,841 1,491 41.0 49.8 42.4 43.4
51 to 99 ........................................ 150 176 253 167 1,539 1,727 2,891 1,950 97.5 102.1 87.5 85.8
100 ............................................... 1,057 1,450 1,527 626 9,671 13,474 15,266 6,661 109.3 107.6 100.0 94.0
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled .................................... 101 179 22 54 1,952 2,596 1,936 1,359 51.9 68.8 11.1 39.9
1 to 50 .......................................... 324 336 208 158 4,270 4,757 4,915 2,656 76.0 70.7 42.3 59.3
51 to 99 ........................................ 377 435 378 223 3,101 3,761 3,903 2,446 121.5 115.7 96.8 91.1
100 ............................................... 468 739 1,341 476 3,582 5,966 12,735 4,849 130.8 124.0 105.3 98.3
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................. Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 .......................................... 157 178 133 72 2,750 2,753 3,189 1,512 57.3 64.8 41.6 47.4
51 to 99 ........................................ 426 514 514 282 3,599 5,299 6,134 3,256 118.2 97.0 83.9 86.6
100 ............................................... 678 970 1,288 553 6,051 7,781 12,874 6,083 112.1 124.7 100.1 90.9
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ..................... Q Q Q Q 465 1,227 1,108 Q Q Q Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................. 189 434 333 176 2,807 5,174 6,292 3,112 67.5 83.9 52.9 56.5
1 to 50 .......................................... 542 790 894 399 6,279 8,293 11,027 5,349 86.3 95.3 81.1 74.7
51 to 100 ...................................... Q 82 94 Q Q 499 1,013 238 Q 164.3 92.4 Q
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ..................... 498 383 627 318 3,476 3,114 5,157 2,611 143.3 123.1 121.7 121.9
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................. 177 96 395 136 1,213 1,058 4,942 1,600 146.1 91.0 79.9 85.2
  Packaged Heat Pumps ............... Q 68 257 Q 744 738 2,928 1,031 Q 92.7 87.6 95.1
  Split-System Heat Pumps ........... Q Q 127 30 Q Q 1,862 368 Q Q 68.1 82.3
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ...... Q Q 101 34 544 358 1,250 538 Q Q 80.5 62.5
Furnaces ...................................... 275 596 397 225 3,596 7,229 5,715 3,075 76.6 82.4 69.4 73.1
Individual Space Heaters ............. 263 339 276 146 2,786 4,169 3,608 1,981 94.2 81.4 76.5 73.6
District Heat .................................. Q 330 318 Q 1,245 1,623 1,683 615 Q 203.5 188.7 Q
Boilers .......................................... 661 656 559 368 6,228 6,141 4,393 3,662 106.1 106.8 127.4 100.5
Packaged Heating Units ............... 365 401 722 241 2,912 3,666 8,130 3,312 125.2 109.4 88.8 72.7
Other ............................................ Q 74 85 33 579 820 1,381 481 Q 90.7 61.4 67.5
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners .......................... 237 343 255 90 2,391 3,609 3,854 1,181 99.1 94.9 66.0 75.9
Heat Pumps .................................. 183 99 406 149 1,270 1,063 4,923 1,785 143.8 93.5 82.4 83.7
  Packaged Heat Pumps ............... Q 72 255 Q 788 760 2,849 1,030 Q 95.1 89.4 94.0
  Split-System Heat Pumps ........... Q Q 132 32 Q Q 1,868 404 Q Q 70.5 79.6
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ...... Q Q 108 49 557 358 1,290 734 Q Q 83.6 66.6
Individual Air Conditioners ............ 352 320 272 136 3,687 3,488 3,635 1,749 95.4 91.8 74.7 77.8
District Chilled Water .................... Q Q 202 Q 620 596 1,150 487 Q Q 175.3 Q
Central Chillers ............................. 294 404 600 233 1,852 2,842 4,854 2,088 158.6 142.1 123.7 111.7
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units ............................................ 657 851 897 457 6,000 8,086 10,401 5,482 109.6 105.2 86.2 83.3
Swamp Coolers ........................... Q Q Q 134 Q Q Q 1,342 Q Q Q 100.1
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q 330 430 Q Q Q Q Q
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ......................................... 304 461 370 232 3,974 5,026 4,815 2,588 76.5 91.8 76.8 89.6
Cooling ......................................... 535 597 522 295 5,453 5,752 6,415 3,374 98.1 103.8 81.3 87.5
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ...................... 828 1,000 1,094 510 7,770 9,724 11,537 5,640 106.6 102.8 94.9 90.4
Distributed System ....................... 179 228 312 117 2,325 2,670 4,564 1,981 77.1 85.2 68.3 58.9
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ............... 206 310 463 252 1,695 2,534 3,812 2,227 121.4 122.3 121.4 113.3
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ............................... 860 1,132 1,320 604 8,102 10,973 13,045 6,408 106.2 103.2 101.2 94.3
Standard Fluorescent .................. 1,230 1,637 1,886 891 12,159 15,708 21,222 10,599 101.2 104.2 88.9 84.1
Compact Fluorescent ................... 744 837 1,071 556 6,091 6,828 8,881 5,772 122.2 122.6 120.6 96.3
High Intensity Discharge .............. 492 748 620 282 4,379 6,620 6,229 3,416 112.3 113.0 99.5 82.5
Halogen ........................................ 430 573 675 303 3,581 4,661 6,193 3,268 120.1 122.9 109.0 92.9
Other ............................................ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration.......................... 1,136 1,456 1,818 804 10,842 14,082 19,103 8,947 104.7 103.4 95.2 89.9
  Commercial Refrigeration ........... 758 883 1,225 469 5,936 7,122 9,638 4,072 127.8 124.0 127.1 115.2
    Walk-In Units ............................ 588 701 1,073 404 4,452 5,201 7,469 3,132 132.0 134.9 143.6 129.0
    Cases or Cabinets ................... 641 654 1,006 402 4,504 4,978 7,664 3,277 142.3 131.4 131.2 122.6
  Residential-Type Units ............... 819 1,026 1,102 519 8,288 10,792 13,162 6,642 98.9 95.0 83.7 78.2
  Vending Machines ..................... 786 1,023 1,345 567 6,559 9,400 13,534 5,841 119.8 108.9 99.4 97.0
No Refrigeration ........................... 136 234 130 107 2,064 2,997 4,386 2,363 65.7 78.0 29.7 45.4
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers .................................... 1,198 1,526 1,794 859 11,518 14,415 19,715 9,980 104.0 105.8 91.0 86.0
  With Flat Screen Monitors .......... 748 750 1,005 463 5,995 6,346 9,135 4,940 124.8 118.2 110.0 93.7
Dedicated Servers ....................... 909 1,028 1,242 581 8,143 9,252 12,649 6,294 111.7 111.1 98.2 92.3
Laser Printers .............................. 685 834 966 524 7,095 8,463 11,566 5,888 96.6 98.6 83.5 89.0
Inkjet Printers ................................ 718 914 1,153 516 6,415 8,305 11,480 6,009 112.0 110.1 100.5 85.9
FAX Machines .............................. 1,165 1,391 1,747 789 11,173 13,295 18,782 9,123 104.3 104.6 93.0 86.5
Photocopiers ................................ 1,051 1,236 1,479 699 9,893 11,859 16,312 8,193 106.2 104.2 90.7 85.4
Number of Computers
None ............................................. 73 164 155 53 1,388 2,664 3,774 1,330 52.9 61.5 41.0 39.6
1 to 4 ............................................ 183 327 363 143 2,081 3,743 4,419 2,151 87.9 87.3 82.2 66.3
5 to 9 ............................................ 88 193 152 112 1,604 1,938 2,538 1,099 55.0 99.8 59.9 102.0
10 to 19 ........................................ 112 168 145 90 1,321 1,690 2,403 1,196 84.7 99.5 60.4 75.1
20 to 49 ........................................ 146 186 250 126 1,504 1,932 2,425 1,554 96.9 96.0 103.0 81.1
50 to 99 ........................................ 100 133 207 73 1,157 1,049 2,102 1,068 Q 126.6 98.6 67.9
100 to 249 .................................... 173 198 222 121 1,260 1,851 2,262 1,317 137.2 106.7 98.2 91.9
250 or More .................................. 396 322 455 194 2,590 2,213 3,565 1,595 152.8 145.4 127.5 121.9
Number of Dedicated Servers
None ............................................. 362 662 706 330 4,763 7,828 10,839 5,015 75.9 84.6 65.1 65.9
1 to 4 ............................................ 518 650 715 351 5,247 6,567 8,208 4,093 98.7 99.0 87.1 85.7
5 to 9 ............................................ Q 114 140 61 914 966 1,313 671 Q 118.3 106.9 91.1
10 to 19 ........................................ Q 124 155 53 578 773 1,126 552 Q 160.3 138.0 96.2
20 to 49 ........................................ Q Q 141 Q 493 334 1,265 491 Q Q 111.8 Q
50 or More .................................... Q 86 90 Q 912 Q 737 487 Q 141.1 122.5 Q
Number of Photocopiers
None ............................................. 220 454 469 212 3,012 5,221 7,176 3,117 73.0 86.9 65.4 68.0
One .............................................. 231 366 340 192 3,027 4,235 5,460 2,753 76.4 86.5 62.2 69.9
2 to 4 ............................................ 276 384 482 192 2,944 4,026 5,518 2,594 93.7 95.5 87.3 74.2
5 to 9 ............................................ 177 162 197 76 1,518 1,401 1,782 814 116.4 115.8 110.6 93.2
10 or More .................................... 367 323 461 239 2,404 2,196 3,553 2,032 152.7 147.1 129.7 117.4
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ...... 618 731 967 396 5,016 5,850 7,880 3,478 123.1 124.9 122.7 113.7
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water ................ 506 683 856 421 3,922 5,225 6,903 3,432 129.0 130.7 124.0 122.6
Separate Computer Area ............. 763 731 943 458 5,925 6,482 9,397 5,070 128.8 112.8 100.3 90.3
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ........ 525 648 845 362 3,780 5,001 7,348 3,468 138.9 129.6 115.0 104.5
Economizer Cycle ........................ 587 752 813 436 4,141 5,884 6,632 4,452 141.8 127.8 122.6 98.0
HVAC Maintenance ...................... 1,160 1,457 1,731 822 11,047 13,128 17,641 9,347 105.0 111.0 98.1 87.9
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ............... 419 460 609 295 3,002 3,799 5,802 3,027 139.5 121.0 104.9 97.4
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows .................... 950 1,253 1,197 529 9,308 11,761 12,305 5,536 102.0 106.5 97.3 95.6
Tinted Window Glass ................... 628 843 1,129 498 4,958 7,319 11,950 5,660 126.7 115.1 94.4 88.0
Reflective Window Glass ............ 198 249 340 139 1,661 2,165 3,010 1,707 119.2 115.2 113.0 81.5
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................. 297 441 669 329 2,687 4,225 6,785 3,545 110.6 104.5 98.5 92.9
Skylights or Atriums ..................... 300 380 379 247 2,892 3,267 3,922 2,466 103.8 116.4 96.7 100.3
Daylighting Sensors ..................... Q 112 79 139 428 815 674 951 Q 137.1 117.8 145.9
Specular Reflectors ..................... 674 931 812 412 5,834 7,709 7,871 4,703 115.6 120.7 103.1 87.5
Electronic Ballasts ........................ 1,002 1,403 1,580 761 9,288 12,610 16,459 8,525 107.9 111.3 96.0 89.2
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................. Q 162 148 108 849 1,292 1,471 1,169 Q 125.1 100.5 92.7
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ......................................... 922 1,009 1,197 613 9,519 10,908 14,655 7,639 96.8 92.5 81.7 80.3
Cooling ......................................... 883 1,002 1,309 649 8,812 10,469 16,094 7,829 100.2 95.8 81.4 82.9
Lighting ......................................... 724 1,259 1,260 575 8,706 12,884 17,115 8,282 83.1 97.8 73.6 69.5
Office Equipment .......................... 355 496 401 213 4,269 5,412 6,426 3,291 83.0 91.7 62.5 64.8
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 6.6 percent of total consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.