Released: Dec 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table C4. Expenditures for Sum of Major Fuels for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  All Buildings* Sum of Major Fuel Expenditures
Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million
square feet)
Floorspace
per Building (thousand
square feet)
Total (million dollars) per Building (thousand dollars) per Square Foot
(dollars)
per Million Btu
(dollars)
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 64,783 13.9 92,577 19.9 1.43 15.91
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 6,789 2.7 12,812 5.0 1.89 19.08
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 6,585 7.4 9,398 10.6 1.43 18.22
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 11,535 15.6 13,140 17.8 1.14 16.93
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 8,668 35.9 10,392 43.1 1.20 15.44
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 9,057 70.4 11,897 92.5 1.31 15.68
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 9,064 138.8 13,391 205.1 1.48 14.34
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 7,176 289.0 10,347 416.7 1.44 14.28
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 5,908 896.1 11,201 1698.8 1.90 14.62
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 9,874 25.6 12,008 31.1 1.22 14.64
Food Sales ..................................... 226 1,255 5.6 4,990 22.1 3.98 19.91
Food Service ................................. 297 1,654 5.6 6,865 23.1 4.15 16.07
Health Care .................................... 129 3,163 24.6 7,440 57.8 2.35 12.53
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 1,905 241.4 5,329 675.4 2.80 11.23
  Outpatient .................................... 121 1,258 10.4 2,111 17.5 1.68 17.74
Lodging .......................................... 142 5,096 35.8 7,445 52.3 1.46 14.61
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 4,317 9.7 5,980 13.5 1.39 18.75
Office ............................................. 824 12,208 14.8 20,841 25.3 1.71 18.39
Public Assembly ............................ 277 3,939 14.2 5,790 20.9 1.47 15.65
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 1,090 15.5 1,917 27.2 1.76 15.18
Religious Worship .......................... 370 3,754 10.1 2,457 6.6 0.65 15.06
Service .......................................... 622 4,050 6.5 4,779 7.7 1.18 15.33
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 10,078 16.9 6,894 11.5 0.68 15.12
Other .............................................. 79 1,738 21.9 4,420 55.7 2.54 15.47
Vacant ........................................... 182 2,567 14.1 751 4.1 0.29 14.02
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 3,769 11.4 4,131 12.5 1.10 13.66
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 6,871 13.0 8,670 16.4 1.26 13.98
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 7,045 12.5 8,540 15.2 1.21 15.10
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 8,101 14.0 11,378 19.7 1.40 15.44
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 10,772 14.7 16,129 22.1 1.50 15.77
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 10,332 14.6 17,346 24.5 1.68 16.78
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 12,360 14.1 18,761 21.4 1.52 17.09
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 5,533 16.6 7,623 22.8 1.38 17.28
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 726 12,905 17.8 21,344 29.4 1.65 16.79
  New England ............................... 233 2,964 12.7 4,851 20.9 1.64 16.53
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 493 9,941 20.1 16,493 33.4 1.66 16.87
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 17,080 13.5 21,521 17.0 1.26 12.74
  East North Central ........................ 696 11,595 16.7 15,908 22.9 1.37 12.69
  West North Central ...................... 571 5,485 9.6 5,613 9.8 1.02 12.87
South ............................................. 1,775 23,489 13.2 31,595 17.8 1.35 16.22
  South Atlantic .............................. 874 12,258 14.0 17,563 20.1 1.43 16.51
  East South Central ....................... 348 3,393 9.8 4,569 13.1 1.35 14.78
  West South Central ...................... 553 7,837 14.2 9,463 17.1 1.21 16.45
West .............................................. 878 11,310 12.9 18,118 20.6 1.60 19.88
  Mountain ...................................... 299 3,675 12.3 5,629 18.9 1.53 14.76
  Pacific .......................................... 580 7,635 13.2 12,488 21.5 1.64 23.58
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 10,622 12.4 13,709 16.0 1.29 13.85
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 17,335 14.8 24,455 20.9 1.41 13.89
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 11,504 17.1 18,507 27.5 1.61 16.33
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 15,739 12.3 22,372 17.5 1.42 18.45
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 9,584 14.3 13,534 20.2 1.41 18.70
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 25,981 8.3 33,617 10.7 1.29 17.35
Two ............................................... 1,031 16,270 15.8 20,932 20.3 1.29 15.97
Three ............................................. 339 7,501 22.1 9,143 26.9 1.22 14.76
Four to Nine ................................... 128 10,085 78.7 18,968 148.0 1.88 14.20
Ten or More ................................... 12 4,947 420.0 9,917 842.1 2.00 16.08
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 24,617 79.7 42,252 136.8 1.72 14.95
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 8,221 39.5 10,967 52.7 1.33 14.99
  Two to Five .................................. 88 10,129 115.1 17,217 195.7 1.70 14.88
  Six or More .................................. 13 6,268 491.5 14,068 1103.1 2.24 15.02
Any Escalators .............................. 6 2,350 388.7 4,861 804.2 2.07 17.24
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 15,492 5.8 13,615 5.1 0.88 16.66
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 6,166 7.9 8,265 10.6 1.34 17.64
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 7,803 13.9 9,936 17.7 1.27 16.72
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 10,989 27.6 16,406 41.2 1.49 15.62
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 7,934 53.8 11,165 75.7 1.41 15.34
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 6,871 89.7 12,970 169.3 1.89 15.48
250 or More ................................... 30 9,528 320.4 20,222 680.0 2.12 15.26
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 6,863 6.9 3,695 3.7 0.54 16.24
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 11,622 10.4 12,749 11.4 1.10 16.49
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 15,723 14.8 19,461 18.3 1.24 16.50
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 10,334 17.5 15,040 25.4 1.46 16.28
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 7,092 17.7 14,287 35.8 2.01 16.06
Open Continuously ........................ 475 13,149 27.7 27,346 57.6 2.08 14.97
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 49,421 12.3 69,675 17.4 1.41 16.58
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 23,591 12.8 33,551 18.2 1.42 16.29
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 23,914 11.8 35,713 17.6 1.49 16.89
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 1,916 13.6 411 2.9 0.21 Q
Government Owned ...................... 635 15,363 24.2 22,902 36.1 1.49 14.16
  Federal ......................................... 46 1,956 42.9 3,964 86.8 2.03 13.08
  State ............................................ 164 3,808 23.2 7,090 43.2 1.86 13.81
  Local ............................................ 425 9,599 22.6 11,849 27.9 1.23 14.80
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 2,161 13.8 516 3.3 0.24 13.88
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 406 16.1 Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 12,382 22.6 17,624 32.2 1.42 16.23
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 49,834 12.7 74,203 19.0 1.49 15.85
Number of Establishments
One ................................................ 3,754 45,144 12.0 65,153 17.4 1.44 15.64
2 to 5 .............................................. 643 10,960 17.1 16,030 24.9 1.46 16.15
6 to 10 ............................................ 55 1,958 35.7 3,402 62.1 1.74 15.78
11 to 20 .......................................... 23 1,951 85.7 2,718 119.4 1.39 17.94
More than 20 .................................. 14 2,609 181.1 4,759 330.4 1.82 18.53
Currently Unoccupied .................... 157 2,161 13.8 516 3.3 0.24 13.88
Predominant Exterior
Wall Material
Brick, Stone or Stucco ................... 2,044 32,817 16.1 48,399 23.7 1.47 15.19
Concrete (Block or Poured) ........... 786 10,832 13.8 16,015 20.4 1.48 16.44
Concrete Panels ............................ 131 6,559 50.2 10,792 82.7 1.65 16.17
Siding or Shingles .......................... 779 4,120 5.3 5,071 6.5 1.23 18.34
Metal Panels ................................... 825 7,912 9.6 8,196 9.9 1.04 17.70
Window Glass ............................... 17 1,024 60.1 1,709 100.3 1.67 18.08
Other .............................................. 47 1,113 23.8 1,801 38.6 1.62 14.88
No One Major Type ........................ 18 406 22.9 Q Q Q Q
Predominant Roof Material
Built-Up .......................................... 1,036 21,170 20.4 33,145 32.0 1.57 15.91
Shingles (Not Wood) ...................... 1,325 10,195 7.7 13,564 10.2 1.33 16.49
Metal Surfacing .............................. 1,288 11,944 9.3 10,782 8.4 0.90 17.12
Synthetic or Rubber ....................... 511 14,730 28.8 24,825 48.6 1.69 15.05
Slate or Tile .................................... 263 2,462 9.4 3,794 14.4 1.54 18.30
Wooden Materials .......................... 122 887 7.3 1,140 9.4 1.28 16.68
Concrete ........................................ 61 2,231 36.7 3,373 55.5 Q 14.28
Other .............................................. 16 598 38.1 1,235 78.7 2.06 Q
No One Major Type ........................ 25 565 22.7 719 28.9 1.27 18.21
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 17,844 17.5 25,657 25.2 1.44 14.53
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 6,551 25.6 9,530 37.2 1.45 13.00
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 1,012 46.1 1,710 77.8 1.69 14.67
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 13,119 17.7 19,621 26.5 1.50 14.90
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 8,070 21.8 11,653 31.5 1.44 14.99
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 8,518 20.7 13,131 32.0 1.54 14.41
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 10,768 24.4 16,899 38.3 1.57 14.61
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 10,275 22.6 15,732 34.6 1.53 14.50
   Window Replacement ................. 310 6,354 20.5 9,102 29.3 1.43 14.85
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 7,144 22.7 10,965 34.8 1.53 14.66
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 4,015 17.7 5,868 25.8 1.46 15.41
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 523 27.3 791 41.3 1.51 15.96
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 18,714 10.9 23,191 13.6 1.24 15.65
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 28,225 14.7 43,729 22.8 1.55 17.00
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 63,307 14.4 92,574 21.0 1.46 15.91
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 43,468 18.2 67,462 28.2 1.55 15.02
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 15,157 33.6 25,905 57.5 1.71 14.72
District Heat ................................... 67 5,443 81.4 14,098 210.7 2.59 13.86
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 2,853 86.7 7,647 232.3 2.68 14.20
Propane ......................................... 502 7,076 14.1 9,424 18.8 1.33 16.12
Other .............................................. 132 1,401 10.6 2,032 15.4 1.45 14.63
Space-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 1,766 28,600 16.2 41,737 23.6 1.46 17.59
Natural Gas .................................... 2,165 36,959 17.1 54,959 25.4 1.49 14.93
Fuel Oil ........................................... 360 5,988 16.6 7,485 20.8 1.25 12.67
District Heat ................................... 65 5,198 79.7 13,623 208.9 2.62 13.71
Propane ......................................... 372 3,204 8.6 3,303 8.9 1.03 20.65
Other .............................................. 113 842 7.4 956 8.5 1.14 15.65
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 1,258 15,996 12.7 22,011 17.5 1.38 20.22
Natural Gas .................................... 1,999 32,970 16.5 48,198 24.1 1.46 14.69
Fuel Oil ........................................... 282 3,818 13.5 3,963 14.1 1.04 13.47
District Heat ................................... 63 4,907 77.4 13,178 208.0 2.69 13.86
Propane ......................................... 308 1,955 6.4 1,928 6.3 0.99 26.96
Other .............................................. 72 382 5.3 338 4.7 0.88 17.47
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 3,589 54,321 15.1 81,478 22.7 1.50 16.23
Natural Gas .................................... 17 1,018 58.9 2,005 116.0 1.97 12.60
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 2,853 86.7 7,647 232.3 2.68 14.20
Water-Heating Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 1,910 27,490 14.4 36,908 19.3 1.34 17.21
Natural Gas .................................... 1,445 28,820 19.9 47,610 32.9 1.65 14.85
Fuel Oil ........................................... 94 1,880 19.9 2,700 28.6 1.44 13.10
District Heat ................................... 27 3,088 113.1 8,155 298.6 2.64 14.49
Propane ......................................... 128 1,422 11.1 1,871 14.6 1.32 23.21
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 410 13,161 32.1 23,623 57.6 1.79 14.96
Natural Gas .................................... 457 15,438 33.8 29,444 64.5 1.91 14.20
Propane ......................................... 108 1,460 13.6 2,508 23.3 1.72 21.92
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 60,028 15.1 89,615 22.5 1.49 15.71
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 56,940 15.7 87,739 24.2 1.54 16.06
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 56,478 16.3 87,218 25.1 1.54 15.86
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 22,237 27.8 40,266 50.3 1.81 14.84
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 3,138 26.5 3,950 33.3 1.26 15.53
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 12,821 85.9 25,422 170.4 1.98 15.02
Percent of Floorspace Heated
Not Heated ..................................... 663 4,756 7.2 2,962 4.5 0.62 25.77
1 to 50 ............................................ 523 6,850 13.1 5,600 10.7 0.82 18.76
51 to 99 .......................................... 498 8,107 16.3 11,972 24.1 1.48 16.04
100 ................................................. 2,962 45,071 15.2 72,043 24.3 1.60 15.46
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 1,020 7,843 7.7 4,838 4.7 0.62 13.59
1 to 50 ............................................ 985 16,598 16.8 15,503 15.7 0.93 15.11
51 to 99 .......................................... 629 13,211 21.0 22,446 35.7 1.70 15.89
100 ................................................. 2,011 27,132 13.5 49,791 24.8 1.84 16.46
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... 47 293 6.3 Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 929 10,203 11.0 8,599 9.3 0.84 15.92
51 to 99 .......................................... 1,108 18,288 16.5 28,253 25.5 1.54 16.28
100 ................................................. 2,176 32,789 15.1 54,958 25.3 1.68 15.75
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 386 3,210 8.3 635 1.6 0.20 13.75
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 1,964 17,385 8.9 18,308 9.3 1.05 16.17
1 to 50 ............................................ 1,882 30,948 16.4 43,011 22.9 1.39 16.38
51 to 100 ........................................ 136 2,093 15.4 3,910 28.7 1.87 16.63
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 664 14,357 21.6 27,349 41.2 1.90 14.97
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 8,814 18.5 14,249 30.0 1.62 17.71
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 5,442 19.6 9,330 33.6 1.71 17.85
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 2,581 15.5 3,696 22.2 1.43 18.65
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 2,691 46.5 4,199 72.6 1.56 16.48
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 19,615 10.5 23,489 12.6 1.20 15.73
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 12,545 15.3 15,964 19.5 1.27 15.59
District Heat ................................... 65 5,166 79.7 13,505 208.3 2.61 13.70
Boilers ............................................ 579 20,423 35.3 31,052 53.6 1.52 13.84
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 18,021 18.9 29,902 31.4 1.66 17.30
Other .............................................. 205 3,262 15.9 3,988 19.5 1.22 17.29
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 11,035 11.0 14,441 14.4 1.31 15.63
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 9,041 18.4 14,738 29.9 1.63 17.61
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 5,426 18.9 9,356 32.5 1.72 17.70
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 2,606 15.0 3,776 21.7 1.45 18.48
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 2,940 50.7 4,621 79.7 1.57 16.64
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 12,558 16.9 16,175 21.8 1.29 14.98
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 2,853 86.7 7,647 232.3 2.68 14.20
Central Chillers ............................... 111 11,636 105.1 22,448 202.7 1.93 14.66
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 29,969 18.6 46,331 28.7 1.55 16.19
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 1,561 12.8 2,350 19.3 1.51 14.89
Other .............................................. 40 1,232 31.1 2,096 53.0 1.70 14.79
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 16,403 13.7 21,542 18.0 1.31 15.75
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 20,995 15.5 30,387 22.4 1.45 15.59
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 2,513 34,671 13.8 54,768 21.8 1.58 15.96
Distributed System ......................... 785 11,540 14.7 14,394 18.3 1.25 17.23
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 175 10,267 58.8 18,056 103.4 1.76 14.67
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 2,184 38,528 17.6 60,359 27.6 1.57 15.41
Standard Fluorescent .................... 3,943 59,688 15.1 89,627 22.7 1.50 15.88
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 941 27,571 29.3 49,570 52.7 1.80 15.45
High Intensity Discharge ................ 455 20,643 45.4 31,999 70.3 1.55 14.94
Halogen .......................................... 565 17,703 31.3 30,218 53.4 1.71 15.25
Other .............................................. 8 269 31.7 Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration Equipment
(more than one may apply)a
Any Refrigeration........................... 3,176 52,974 16.7 82,557 26.0 1.56 15.84
  Commercial Refrigeration ............. 1,007 26,768 26.6 50,937 50.6 1.90 15.27
    Walk-In Units .............................. 666 20,254 30.4 41,811 62.8 2.06 15.12
    Cases or Cabinets ..................... 825 20,424 24.8 41,463 50.3 2.03 15.34
  Residential-Type Units ................. 2,370 38,884 16.4 54,108 22.8 1.39 15.61
  Vending Machines ....................... 996 35,335 35.5 56,290 56.5 1.59 15.13
No Refrigeration ............................. 1,469 11,809 8.0 10,020 6.8 0.85 16.50
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 55,627 18.1 85,407 27.7 1.54 15.89
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 26,417 30.1 46,704 53.3 1.77 15.75
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 36,338 30.9 59,377 50.6 1.63 15.79
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 33,012 16.8 47,880 24.3 1.45 15.91
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 32,210 22.7 52,520 37.0 1.63 15.90
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 52,373 19.3 80,902 29.8 1.54 15.89
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 46,257 23.9 70,079 36.1 1.52 15.69
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 9,156 5.9 7,170 4.6 0.78 16.13
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 12,395 7.4 17,257 10.3 1.39 17.00
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 7,179 12.8 8,649 15.5 1.20 15.85
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 6,610 17.9 8,588 23.2 1.30 16.68
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 7,414 29.1 11,778 46.3 1.59 16.66
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 5,376 48.9 7,888 71.7 1.47 15.39
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 6,690 84.3 10,790 135.9 1.61 15.12
250 or More ................................... 38 9,963 264.3 20,456 542.6 2.05 14.97
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 28,445 8.2 33,201 9.6 1.17 16.12
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 24,116 22.8 34,991 33.0 1.45 15.66
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 3,864 67.0 6,784 117.6 1.76 16.74
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 3,027 100.1 6,267 207.2 2.07 14.50
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 2,583 150.0 4,740 275.2 1.84 15.44
50 or More ..................................... 10 2,748 276.6 6,594 663.9 2.40 17.26
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 18,526 6.8 22,498 8.3 1.21 16.61
One ................................................ 1,250 15,475 12.4 18,436 14.7 1.19 16.32
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 15,082 27.5 20,980 38.2 1.39 15.72
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 5,515 64.7 9,441 110.7 1.71 15.43
10 or More ..................................... 54 10,185 187.2 21,223 390.1 2.08 15.27
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 22,223 27.8 40,252 50.4 1.81 14.85
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 19,482 34.4 34,904 61.6 1.79 14.16
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 26,873 48.6 44,552 80.6 1.66 15.39
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 19,597 42.1 36,254 77.9 1.85 15.23
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 21,108 41.5 39,593 77.9 1.88 15.29
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 51,163 19.8 81,328 31.5 1.59 15.73
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 15,630 62.0 27,646 109.6 1.77 15.51
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 38,910 17.7 59,356 27.0 1.53 15.11
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 29,887 22.6 49,568 37.5 1.66 16.00
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 8,544 27.8 14,414 46.8 1.69 15.55
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 17,242 14.0 28,248 22.9 1.64 16.27
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 12,546 37.9 19,284 58.3 1.54 14.76
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 2,868 38.7 6,261 84.5 2.18 16.62
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 26,118 28.2 43,466 46.9 1.66 15.37
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 46,882 18.2 74,873 29.1 1.60 15.78
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... 60 4,781 80.1 8,967 150.3 1.88 16.65
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 42,722 14.8 60,293 20.9 1.41 16.12
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 43,205 15.6 62,872 22.8 1.46 16.36
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 46,987 12.7 62,313 16.9 1.33 16.32
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 19,397 12.9 23,915 15.9 1.23 16.32
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet. In the 1999 CBECS, malls represented 6.6 percent of total consumption.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● Statistics for the "Energy End Uses" category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-871A, C, and E of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.