Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B46. Refrigeration Equipment, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All Buildings* Buildings
with
Any
Refrig-
eration Equipment
Type of Equipment (more than one may apply)
Commercial Refrigeration Other Refrigeration 
Any Walk-In
Units
Open
Cases
or
Cabinets
Closed
Cases
or
Cabinets
Resid-
ential-
Type
Units
Vending Machines
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 52,974 26,768 20,254 10,425 17,218 38,884 35,335
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 4,333 1,310 916 366 935 3,174 830
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 4,738 1,406 909 497 894 3,609 1,407
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 8,646 2,230 1,188 614 1,665 6,725 4,072
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 7,068 2,829 1,626 676 1,933 5,289 4,910
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 8,038 4,291 3,124 1,354 2,438 5,760 6,342
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 8,096 5,116 4,148 1,926 3,302 5,667 6,578
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 6,238 4,606 4,199 2,034 2,685 4,524 5,691
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 5,816 4,979 4,146 2,958 3,366 4,136 5,506
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 9,066 6,485 5,157 2,634 3,470 6,460 7,127
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 1,210 1,177 1,069 804 902 306 551
Food Service ................................. 1,654 1,651 1,616 1,495 491 1,234 605 426
Health Care .................................... 3,163 3,013 2,131 1,942 1,244 1,671 2,656 2,262
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 1,905 1,869 1,828 1,178 1,508 1,667 1,776
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 1,108 262 Q Q 163 989 485
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 4,780 3,333 2,844 985 2,035 3,696 4,199
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 3,447 1,336 670 651 1,152 2,276 1,952
Office ............................................. 12,208 10,642 4,045 2,757 1,972 2,530 8,335 7,661
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 3,302 1,805 1,235 308 1,494 2,258 1,607
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 1,031 565 Q Q Q 883 868
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 3,163 821 Q Q 635 2,881 731
Service .......................................... 4,050 2,992 Q Q Q Q 2,464 1,902
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 6,499 2,032 1,517 Q 775 4,667 4,719
Other .............................................. 1,738 1,570 841 780 Q 682 986 1,189
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 608 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 2,939 1,297 990 396 807 2,323 1,074
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 5,006 2,580 1,853 1,079 1,566 4,088 3,426
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 6,028 3,544 2,399 1,242 2,114 4,700 3,332
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 6,610 3,090 2,324 1,226 2,117 4,898 4,699
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 8,830 4,422 3,461 1,818 2,889 6,412 6,208
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 8,725 4,728 3,840 1,866 3,247 6,253 6,219
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 10,347 4,568 3,341 1,627 2,880 7,130 7,248
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 4,488 2,539 2,046 1,172 1,597 3,081 3,127
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 10,842 5,936 4,452 2,361 3,652 8,288 6,559
  New England ............................... 2,964 2,474 1,107 889 389 790 2,037 1,569
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 9,941 8,367 4,830 3,563 1,972 2,861 6,251 4,990
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 14,082 7,122 5,201 2,120 4,400 10,792 9,400
  East North Central ........................ 11,595 9,538 5,286 3,860 1,679 3,228 7,247 6,583
  West North Central ...................... 5,485 4,544 1,835 1,341 441 1,172 3,545 2,817
South ............................................. 23,489 19,103 9,638 7,469 4,298 6,514 13,162 13,534
  South Atlantic .............................. 12,258 10,256 5,426 4,324 2,581 3,568 7,043 7,066
  East South Central ....................... 3,393 2,829 1,145 862 420 941 1,834 2,056
  West South Central ...................... 7,837 6,018 3,067 2,284 1,297 2,004 4,285 4,412
West .............................................. 11,310 8,947 4,072 3,132 1,646 2,652 6,642 5,841
  Mountain ...................................... 3,675 3,028 1,398 1,073 672 781 2,232 2,058
  Pacific .......................................... 7,635 5,919 2,674 2,059 974 1,871 4,410 3,783
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 8,673 4,106 3,188 1,296 2,495 6,713 5,824
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 14,438 7,355 5,353 2,808 4,601 10,957 9,186
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 9,893 5,702 4,341 2,220 3,654 7,367 6,729
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 12,329 5,784 4,490 2,408 3,793 8,479 8,220
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 7,640 3,821 2,882 1,694 2,675 5,369 5,375
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 18,869 7,620 5,257 2,649 4,813 13,230 10,272
Two ............................................... 16,270 13,758 6,309 4,898 2,010 3,937 10,456 8,818
Three ............................................. 7,501 6,550 3,065 2,044 990 2,174 5,021 4,575
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 9,083 6,002 5,185 2,447 3,566 6,744 7,521
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 4,715 3,773 2,871 2,328 2,727 3,433 4,150
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 8,221 2,390 1,159 449 1,717 6,271 2,239
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 5,109 1,592 867 378 1,182 3,862 1,938
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 6,608 2,182 1,538 491 1,136 5,242 3,516
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 9,759 4,415 3,262 1,262 2,873 7,011 6,949
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 7,346 4,475 3,693 1,447 2,363 5,084 6,197
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 6,619 4,399 3,776 2,193 2,877 4,726 5,960
250 or More ................................... 9,528 9,313 7,314 5,960 4,204 5,068 6,687 8,536
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 3,376 933 557 242 561 2,808 763
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 9,130 3,156 2,190 1,109 1,968 7,358 5,286
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 12,833 5,218 3,745 1,815 2,973 9,804 8,207
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 9,304 4,350 2,996 1,625 2,844 6,490 6,234
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 6,384 4,314 3,184 1,554 2,987 3,941 4,639
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 11,947 8,797 7,582 4,081 5,885 8,484 10,205
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 40,048 33,711 16,426 11,954 6,307 10,842 24,007 20,526
College or University ...................... 3,480 3,041 1,295 1,009 Q 902 1,780 2,805
Primary or Secondary School ........ 3,947 3,195 2,352 2,092 901 1,171 2,287 2,384
Office Complex .............................. 2,712 2,059 857 604 484 575 1,658 1,650
Retail Complex ............................... 1,238 833 265 Q Q 219 651 623
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 2,347 1,940 870 Q Q 320 1,743 763
Health Care Complex ..................... 2,303 2,233 1,858 1,754 959 1,421 2,032 1,975
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 912 850 492 Q Q 427 584 682
Government Complex .................... 2,014 1,441 799 Q Q Q 1,177 1,305
Other .............................................. 5,783 3,671 1,554 1,306 Q 1,021 2,965 2,622
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 52,974 26,768 20,254 10,425 17,218 38,884 35,335
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 38,436 21,376 16,719 8,485 14,146 28,365 26,647
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 14,221 9,936 8,267 4,557 6,636 11,118 11,387
District Heat ................................... 5,443 4,568 2,716 2,131 1,395 2,005 3,163 4,108
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 2,594 1,490 1,091 593 1,056 1,899 2,376
Propane ......................................... 7,076 6,065 3,237 2,495 1,268 2,012 4,473 4,132
Other .............................................. 1,401 1,231 616 466 200 417 957 850
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 51,451 26,088 19,764 10,165 16,707 37,825 34,470
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 50,080 25,872 19,803 10,202 16,729 36,662 34,063
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 50,212 26,153 19,986 10,145 16,882 36,777 33,964
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 22,193 19,665 16,422 8,532 13,219 15,911 16,471
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 2,771 973 756 Q 530 2,170 2,338
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 12,351 9,247 7,765 4,617 6,272 9,564 11,183
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 22,193 19,665 16,422 8,532 13,219 15,911 16,471
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 19,029 15,765 13,809 6,973 10,493 13,751 15,022
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 25,237 16,650 13,420 7,695 10,097 18,674 21,343
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.