Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B43. Lighting Equipment, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Lit
Buildings
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incand-
escent
Standard
Fluor-
escent
Compact Fluor-
escent
High-Intensity Discharge Halogen
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 4,248 2,184 3,943 941 455 565
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,261 1,070 2,068 382 101 205
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 821 416 772 148 88 107
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 716 412 665 189 105 123
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 231 145 223 102 60 55
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 126 75 123 60 51 37
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 63 43 62 38 32 25
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 24 17 24 16 13 10
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 6 5 6 5 4 4
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 384 132 368 97 59 39
Food Sales ..................................... 226 221 78 217 35 Q Q
Food Service ................................. 297 296 203 282 105 20 65
Health Care .................................... 129 129 82 129 43 10 19
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 8 7 8 7 4 4
  Outpatient .................................... 121 121 75 121 37 6 15
Lodging .......................................... 142 142 117 121 68 17 33
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 442 191 427 67 35 60
Office ............................................. 824 824 426 791 212 63 96
Public Assembly ............................ 277 264 170 243 59 39 37
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 68 47 66 22 Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 370 370 289 327 87 17 58
Service .......................................... 622 582 231 536 69 86 51
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 414 156 342 55 74 59
Other .............................................. 79 73 38 65 17 10 11
Vacant ........................................... 182 38 23 28 Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 303 229 272 75 17 55
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 476 276 447 113 34 48
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 517 294 491 110 55 62
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 553 295 517 111 45 51
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 688 362 651 151 81 83
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 652 294 598 136 65 76
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 781 327 726 177 116 128
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 278 109 242 69 42 63
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 726 690 375 646 172 70 90
  New England ............................... 233 223 135 200 71 18 32
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 493 467 240 446 101 52 58
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 1,137 722 1,054 257 161 154
  East North Central ........................ 696 641 380 603 150 103 98
  West North Central ...................... 571 495 342 451 106 58 56
South ............................................. 1,775 1,584 707 1,447 275 147 209
  South Atlantic .............................. 874 811 330 740 136 82 119
  East South Central ....................... 348 287 144 273 53 20 22
  West South Central ...................... 553 485 232 435 86 44 69
West .............................................. 878 838 381 796 238 77 113
  Mountain ...................................... 299 280 165 275 68 23 29
  Pacific .......................................... 580 558 216 522 170 54 83
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 765 491 710 215 115 118
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 1,096 621 1,023 232 124 133
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 630 381 591 152 75 88
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,155 431 1,074 239 88 141
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 601 259 546 103 53 85
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 2,793 1,191 2,583 456 260 278
Two ............................................... 1,031 991 628 916 295 116 186
Three ............................................. 339 326 254 310 108 41 53
Four to Nine ................................... 128 127 102 122 71 32 42
Ten or More ................................... 12 12 10 11 10 6 7
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,261 1,114 2,028 322 140 196
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 774 395 734 182 77 104
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 562 266 546 149 63 90
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 397 245 387 156 90 100
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 147 87 144 65 41 36
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 77 55 75 44 28 25
250 or More ................................... 30 30 22 29 22 15 15
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 756 409 673 103 48 66
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 1,095 509 1,032 217 91 106
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 1,047 500 990 236 116 155
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 580 314 557 141 92 103
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 370 192 353 106 58 63
Open Continuously ........................ 475 399 261 338 137 50 73
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 24 Q 18 Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 479 259 431 124 54 67
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 3,731 1,903 3,484 813 394 492
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 2,963 1,566 2,805 648 297 405
College or University ...................... 83 83 40 78 45 12 10
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 251 64 234 47 33 14
Office Complex .............................. 111 109 66 103 27 13 14
Retail Complex ............................... 151 131 52 116 Q 16 28
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 192 126 167 51 11 33
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 39 28 39 15 6 7
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 58 45 48 21 Q 7
Government Complex .................... 87 78 42 72 24 8 Q
Other .............................................. 496 346 155 282 53 57 43
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 988 616 928 260 116 163
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 255 170 245 67 45 65
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 22 16 22 9 9 8
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 723 476 675 206 80 125
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 357 239 327 121 56 62
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 400 273 375 135 57 89
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 432 299 414 156 85 101
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 444 303 414 157 73 89
   Window Replacement ................. 310 297 196 282 113 55 57
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 309 200 291 113 54 62
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 218 143 201 74 33 33
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 19 13 18 10 Q Q
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 1,549 839 1,449 300 117 136
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 1,711 729 1,566 381 222 267
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 4,248 2,184 3,943 941 455 565
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 2,353 1,332 2,244 640 334 369
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 442 272 422 113 66 80
District Heat ................................... 67 66 41 61 37 18 12
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 33 17 29 17 10 4
Propane ......................................... 502 492 291 460 107 57 67
Other .............................................. 132 120 52 118 36 19 14
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,896 2,055 3,671 900 431 525
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 3,584 1,875 3,408 864 400 504
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 3,423 1,886 3,242 864 415 505
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 799 534 769 294 116 166
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 118 58 112 32 32 21
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 149 103 147 81 46 51
Percent Lit When Open
Zero ............................................... 47 Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 ............................................ 929 929 506 814 202 61 99
51 to 99 .......................................... 1,108 1,108 673 1,053 290 147 174
100 ................................................. 2,176 2,176 990 2,048 445 238 286
Building Never Open/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 386 34 Q 28 Q Q Q
Percent Lit When Closed
Zero ............................................... 1,964 1,831 871 1,677 294 137 209
1 to 50 ............................................ 1,882 1,882 1,000 1,800 474 246 259
51 to 100 ........................................ 136 136 53 129 36 22 25
Building Never Closed/
 Electricity Not Used ....................... 664 399 261 338 137 50 73
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 2,184 2,184 2,184 1,984 592 258 373
Standard Fluorescent .................... 3,943 3,943 1,984 3,943 882 416 493
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 941 941 592 882 941 185 248
High Intensity Discharge ................ 455 455 258 416 185 455 147
Halogen .......................................... 565 565 373 493 248 147 565
Other .............................................. 8 8 Q Q Q Q Q
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 2,138 1,179 2,049 588 291 365
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 1,301 663 1,246 353 182 212
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 300 164 288 105 55 52
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 1,198 640 1,167 319 156 188
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 323 199 305 122 81 95
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 74 43 74 30 16 19
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 928 526 928 306 181 173
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 2,577 1,318 2,555 685 344 376
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 For Lighting ................................... 60 60 24 57 27 14 12
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 2,825 1,515 2,661 686 310 384
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 2,731 1,432 2,591 668 311 393
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 3,685 1,858 3,459 769 380 470
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 1,500 709 1,443 346 154 194
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.