Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B40. Cooling Equipment, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Build-
ings*
Cooled Build-
ings
Cooling Equipment (more than one may apply)
Resid-
ential-
Type Central
Air
Condi-
tioners
Heat
Pumps
Indiv-
idual
Air
Condi-
tioners
District Chilled Water Central Chillers Pack-
aged
Air
Condi-
tioning
Units
Swamp
Coolers
Other
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 1,841 581 260 383 Q Q 678 58 Q
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 732 207 78 134 Q Q 367 26 Q
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 629 140 87 114 Q 26 332 26 Q
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 216 47 33 62 6 19 119 Q Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 118 19 20 27 5 24 67 Q Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 60 8 8 16 6 17 32 Q Q
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 23 4 4 4 2 10 13 Q Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 6 1 1 1 1 3 3 Q Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 352 59 63 87 14 36 139 Q Q
Food Sales ..................................... 226 210 36 Q Q N N 107 Q Q
Food Service ................................. 297 283 69 30 33 Q Q 176 Q Q
Health Care .................................... 129 129 47 22 8 1 8 57 Q Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 8 1 Q 3 1 4 5 Q Q
  Outpatient .................................... 121 121 46 19 Q Q 4 52 N N
Lodging .......................................... 142 130 23 25 71 Q 11 39 Q Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 406 95 50 82 Q Q 200 Q Q
Office ............................................. 824 790 273 107 107 9 29 339 Q 15
Public Assembly ............................ 277 213 63 27 40 3 6 96 Q Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 61 Q Q 20 Q Q 27 Q N
Religious Worship .......................... 370 308 102 57 74 Q Q 138 Q Q
Service .......................................... 622 370 97 33 116 N Q 136 Q N
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 266 91 28 48 Q Q 113 Q Q
Other .............................................. 79 57 Q Q Q Q 4 27 Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 182 52 Q Q Q Q Q 18 Q N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 232 83 Q 82 Q 4 81 Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 382 135 36 109 Q 8 147 Q Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 430 115 48 124 4 11 180 Q Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 467 112 50 130 4 22 201 Q Q
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 609 157 77 121 5 24 294 35 Q
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 577 165 105 90 5 19 251 18 Q
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 695 184 122 72 8 16 334 19 Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 234 55 46 14 Q 8 125 Q Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 519 144 59 179 6 10 202 Q Q
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 957 363 49 209 4 29 425 Q 10
South ............................................. 1,775 1,479 360 303 229 14 50 681 Q 12
West .............................................. 878 671 138 81 125 9 22 304 113 Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 578 192 30 139 3 16 261 30 Q
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 882 241 81 226 4 27 374 Q 13
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 582 191 88 142 7 21 224 Q Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,003 225 205 156 10 22 488 40 Q
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 580 158 89 79 9 25 266 Q Q
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 2,340 623 344 418 10 24 1,061 73 Q
Two ............................................... 1,031 864 264 103 185 6 30 384 38 16
Three ............................................. 339 290 96 32 88 4 24 119 Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 128 120 22 10 48 11 25 44 Q Q
Ten or More ................................... 12 12 1 3 3 1 7 5 Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 1,746 508 257 428 Q Q 619 64 Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 725 240 89 110 Q Q 345 Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 523 146 57 93 Q 10 274 Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 386 81 47 68 6 29 223 21 Q
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 139 19 22 25 7 20 92 Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 76 9 15 14 6 22 44 Q Q
250 or More ................................... 30 30 2 5 4 4 14 16 Q 1
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 595 198 104 125 Q 7 206 Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 951 283 128 209 Q 21 384 24 Q
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 883 262 107 169 6 33 395 29 Q
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 521 136 68 90 6 18 248 Q Q
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 338 56 28 46 7 9 222 Q Q
Open Continuously ........................ 475 338 70 58 103 4 23 158 15 Q
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 2,595 773 299 511 Q 50 1,207 85 18
College or University ...................... 83 73 Q 11 11 15 20 12 Q Q
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 218 22 46 53 Q 18 87 Q Q
Office Complex .............................. 111 104 32 21 Q Q 3 43 Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 151 92 Q Q Q N Q 42 Q Q
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 171 50 35 39 Q Q 78 Q Q
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 39 12 7 6 1 6 20 Q Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 58 Q 9 26 Q Q 14 Q Q
Government Complex .................... 87 62 Q Q 17 Q 5 27 Q Q
Other .............................................. 496 214 58 39 45 Q 2 84 Q Q
Renovations in Buildings
Constructed Before 1980
(more than one may apply)
Any Type of Renovation
 Since 1980 .................................... 1,018 872 243 107 236 7 40 399 35 8
   Addition or Annex ....................... 256 242 79 34 75 2 12 117 Q Q
   Reduction In Floorspace ............. 22 22 Q Q Q Q 2 12 Q Q
   Cosmetic Improvements .............. 741 644 172 81 170 5 29 321 22 6
   Wall or Roof Replacement .......... 370 309 84 37 84 2 14 145 Q Q
   Interior Wall
    Re-Configuration ........................ 411 362 96 36 97 4 20 176 Q Q
   HVAC Equipment Upgrade .......... 442 405 116 56 98 4 28 206 16 Q
   Lighting Upgrade ......................... 455 396 109 49 103 6 24 196 17 Q
   Window Replacement ................. 310 259 78 30 85 Q 11 123 Q Q
   Plumbing System Upgrade .......... 315 271 74 31 81 2 12 124 Q Q
   Insulation Upgrade ...................... 227 187 68 19 50 Q 7 67 Q Q
   Other Renovation ........................ 19 17 Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
No Renovations Since 1980 .......... 1,710 1,248 359 113 331 11 29 504 46 Q
Building Newer than 1980 ............. 1,917 1,506 404 273 175 14 42 710 41 16
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 3,623 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 37
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 2,153 652 176 392 17 78 1,116 78 16
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 298 82 21 132 3 27 116 10 6
District Heat ................................... 67 55 Q 2 13 25 15 8 Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 33 Q 1 2 33 Q 4 Q Q
Propane ......................................... 502 399 118 39 139 Q 7 149 28 Q
Other .............................................. 132 78 16 Q 24 Q Q 32 Q Q
Cooling Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 3,589 3,589 1,005 492 742 9 106 1,612 122 30
Natural Gas .................................... 17 17 Q 8 Q Q 5 4 Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 33 Q 1 2 33 Q 4 Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,469 963 481 718 32 106 1,539 103 39
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 3,112 868 406 631 31 109 1,430 115 33
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 743 172 103 166 6 41 417 41 8
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 92 26 12 19 Q Q 45 Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 144 41 24 33 5 30 76 5 4
Percent of Floorspace Cooled
Not Cooled ..................................... 1,020 N N N N N N N N N
1 to 50 ............................................ 985 985 284 76 349 Q 9 348 36 Q
51 to 99 .......................................... 629 629 182 82 119 5 31 313 43 Q
100 ................................................. 2,011 2,011 540 335 274 27 72 952 43 22
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 469 36 448 41 Q 11 68 Q Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 275 15 263 23 Q 6 50 Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 163 25 154 18 Q 3 16 Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 58 6 57 10 Q 5 14 Q Q
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 1,581 675 85 302 Q 9 689 65 Q
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 685 171 57 321 Q 12 255 36 Q
District Heat ................................... 65 53 Q 2 12 24 14 7 Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 579 485 127 39 169 5 73 207 22 9
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 932 184 51 102 5 20 738 16 Q
Other .............................................. 205 154 29 16 47 Q 10 55 Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 1,006 1,006 31 99 Q 9 64 12 Q
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 492 31 492 39 1 13 61 Q Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 288 11 288 21 Q 7 43 Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 174 24 174 18 Q 4 15 Q Q
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 58 6 58 9 Q 5 14 Q Q
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 742 99 39 742 2 16 153 21 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 33 Q 1 2 33 Q 4 Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 111 111 9 13 16 Q 111 22 Q Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 1,613 64 61 153 4 22 1,613 34 8
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 122 12 Q 21 Q Q 34 122 Q
Other .............................................. 40 40 Q Q Q Q Q 8 Q 40
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 1,054 314 145 241 Q 28 475 25 Q
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 1,356 386 158 373 Q 36 573 54 Q
Lighting Equipment Types
(more than one may apply)
Incandescent ................................. 2,184 1,875 580 239 455 17 73 827 61 20
Standard Fluorescent .................... 3,943 3,408 942 460 694 29 107 1,540 120 37
Compact Fluorescent ..................... 941 864 227 127 188 17 66 423 29 10
High Intensity Discharge ................ 455 400 105 68 85 10 33 202 17 5
Halogen .......................................... 565 504 139 85 112 4 34 263 22 10
Other .............................................. 8 8 Q Q Q Q Q Q N N
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 450 101 56 47 20 56 245 18 10
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 508 82 72 50 18 62 326 33 5
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 2,328 625 338 368 32 104 1,157 91 26
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 248 31 51 29 17 51 117 Q 5
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 2,512 692 346 515 18 70 1,135 79 22
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 2,761 760 359 596 20 73 1,241 98 18
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 3,122 891 412 606 25 81 1,390 103 27
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 1,367 432 181 272 11 35 582 27 Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.