Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B32. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Buildings
with
Water
Heating
Water-Heating Energy Sources Used
(more than one may apply)
Elec-
tricity
Natural
Gas
Fuel
Oil
District
Heat
Propane
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 56,478 27,490 28,820 1,880 3,088 1,422
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 4,759 2,847 1,699 116 N 169
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 5,348 2,821 2,296 Q Q 205
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 9,562 4,809 4,470 265 Q 430
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 7,734 3,924 4,055 Q Q Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 8,412 3,659 5,005 Q 303 Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 8,300 3,884 4,754 Q 822 Q
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 6,680 2,722 4,076 Q 621 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 5,683 2,824 2,467 Q 1,064 N
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 9,481 3,829 5,549 501 535 347
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 1,130 515 557 Q N Q
Food Service ................................. 1,654 1,654 482 1,127 Q Q Q
Health Care .................................... 3,163 3,160 1,026 1,926 177 423 Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 1,905 280 1,380 162 381 Q
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 1,255 746 547 Q Q N
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 5,096 905 3,676 Q Q 219
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 3,459 2,047 1,470 Q N Q
Office ............................................. 12,208 11,804 7,015 4,713 Q 974 Q
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 3,632 1,638 1,957 Q 389 Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 957 327 486 Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 3,512 1,825 1,893 Q N Q
Service .......................................... 4,050 3,320 1,841 1,523 Q Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 6,624 4,520 2,672 Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,738 1,630 990 656 Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 1,020 530 614 N Q N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 3,353 1,348 1,942 Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 5,292 1,872 2,857 Q 617 Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 5,924 2,819 3,245 Q 399 Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 7,202 2,865 3,953 314 608 314
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 9,787 4,775 5,169 303 453 Q
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 9,420 5,665 3,994 Q 561 174
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 10,816 5,853 5,295 Q Q Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 4,683 2,294 2,366 Q Q Q
Census Region and Division
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 11,789 5,125 5,601 1,542 929 261
  New England ............................... 2,964 2,724 1,439 682 590 Q Q
  Middle Atlantic .............................. 9,941 9,065 3,686 4,919 952 775 Q
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 14,928 6,477 8,799 Q 749 390
  East North Central ........................ 11,595 10,208 4,086 6,417 Q 588 Q
  West North Central ...................... 5,485 4,720 2,391 2,382 Q Q 362
South ............................................. 23,489 19,913 11,882 8,306 Q 956 537
  South Atlantic .............................. 12,258 10,714 7,033 3,649 Q 730 391
  East South Central ....................... 3,393 2,858 1,581 1,456 N Q Q
  West South Central ...................... 7,837 6,341 3,267 3,201 Q Q Q
West .............................................. 11,310 9,848 4,007 6,114 Q 454 Q
  Mountain ...................................... 3,675 3,422 1,236 2,276 Q Q Q
  Pacific .......................................... 7,635 6,426 2,771 3,838 Q 338 Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 9,474 3,941 5,482 389 582 341
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 15,160 6,525 8,466 481 654 312
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 10,785 5,147 4,892 902 1,073 Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 13,192 6,685 7,068 Q 695 260
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 7,867 5,192 2,913 Q Q Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 9,525 5,218 3,869 249 Q 510
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 5,393 2,864 2,513 Q Q Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 7,182 3,532 3,317 Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 10,480 5,002 6,002 Q 484 Q
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 7,688 3,253 4,713 Q Q Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 6,815 2,956 3,842 Q 729 Q
250 or More ................................... 9,528 9,395 4,666 4,564 342 1,347 Q
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 4,305 2,435 1,918 Q Q Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 9,989 5,949 4,342 Q Q Q
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 13,564 7,886 6,100 252 463 Q
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 9,477 4,657 4,793 Q 516 Q
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 6,635 2,996 3,596 Q 476 Q
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 12,508 3,568 8,072 875 1,409 335
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 56,463 27,490 28,820 1,865 3,088 1,422
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 41,134 14,880 28,820 1,020 1,427 Q
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 14,560 6,745 6,968 1,880 1,241 389
District Heat ................................... 5,443 4,631 1,685 939 Q 3,088 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 2,655 745 1,023 Q 1,205 Q
Propane ......................................... 7,076 6,292 3,710 1,593 450 Q 1,422
Other .............................................. 1,401 1,306 645 577 Q Q Q
Primary Space-Heating
Energy Source
Electricity ....................................... 15,996 14,429 11,021 4,038 Q Q 223
Natural Gas .................................... 32,970 31,026 10,988 22,675 207 Q Q
Fuel Oil ........................................... 3,818 3,539 1,746 911 1,502 N Q
District Heat ................................... 4,907 4,095 1,541 848 Q 2,694 N
Propane ......................................... 1,955 1,751 1,046 N Q N 814
Other .............................................. 382 314 Q Q Q N Q
Cooking Energy Sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 13,161 13,003 6,222 7,474 490 911 304
Natural Gas .................................... 15,438 15,296 4,537 11,840 883 834 N
Propane ......................................... 1,460 1,437 398 Q 246 Q 714
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 55,154 26,527 28,544 1,797 3,023 1,376
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 53,232 26,028 27,379 1,591 2,987 1,252
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 56,478 27,490 28,820 1,880 3,088 1,422
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 21,914 8,295 13,909 1,265 1,248 796
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 2,987 1,761 1,520 Q Q Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 12,612 5,559 7,123 389 1,443 Q
Water Heating Equipment
Centralized System ........................ 34,671 34,671 14,245 17,917 1,591 2,073 973
Distributed System ......................... 11,540 11,540 7,842 4,435 Q Q Q
Combination of Centralized
 and Distributed System ................. 10,267 10,267 5,404 6,468 248 859 Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.