Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B25.  Energy End Uses, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Energy Used For
(more than one may apply)
Space
Heating
Cooling Water
Heating
Cooking Manu-
facturing
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 60,028 56,940 56,478 22,237 3,138
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 5,668 5,007 4,759 997 Q
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 5,786 5,408 5,348 1,136 214
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 10,387 9,922 9,562 1,954 472
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 8,060 7,776 7,734 2,511 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 8,718 8,331 8,412 3,575 540
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 8,710 8,339 8,300 3,991 473
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 6,907 6,565 6,680 4,047 605
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 5,792 5,591 5,683 4,025 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 9,755 9,200 9,481 6,402 Q
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 1,131 1,198 1,130 677 Q
Food Service ................................. 1,654 1,608 1,583 1,654 1,611 Q
Health Care .................................... 3,163 3,100 3,157 3,160 1,922 Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 1,905 1,899 1,905 1,819 Q
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 1,195 1,258 1,255 Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 4,994 4,841 5,096 3,184 Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 4,075 4,079 3,459 771 Q
Office ............................................. 12,208 11,929 12,032 11,804 3,077 469
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 3,777 3,477 3,632 1,506 Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 1,083 1,043 957 543 N
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 3,581 3,301 3,512 1,552 N
Service .......................................... 4,050 3,687 3,261 3,320 Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 8,126 7,295 6,624 Q 1,627
Other .............................................. 1,738 1,691 1,636 1,630 Q 502
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 1,491 836 1,020 Q N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 3,667 2,891 3,353 1,362 Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 6,236 4,919 5,292 2,242 Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 6,534 6,045 5,924 3,156 Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 7,510 7,125 7,202 2,669 514
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 10,223 9,973 9,787 3,431 537
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 9,808 9,836 9,420 3,677 429
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 11,254 11,304 10,816 3,597 572
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 4,796 4,848 4,683 2,104 Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 12,596 10,954 11,789 5,016 1,013
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 16,331 14,484 14,928 5,850 798
South ............................................. 23,489 20,998 21,553 19,913 7,881 642
West .............................................. 11,310 10,102 9,950 9,848 3,489 685
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 10,109 8,550 9,474 3,302 855
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 16,720 14,524 15,160 6,369 729
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 11,239 10,946 10,785 4,736 772
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 13,965 13,977 13,192 4,621 608
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 7,995 8,943 7,867 3,208 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 12,182 9,591 9,525 1,886 288
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 5,822 5,726 5,393 1,172 Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 7,410 7,304 7,182 2,010 367
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 10,822 10,566 10,480 3,829 762
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 7,650 7,428 7,688 3,699 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 6,766 6,806 6,815 3,515 382
250 or More ................................... 9,528 9,376 9,519 9,395 6,126 628
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 5,246 3,998 4,305 1,123 Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 10,928 10,508 9,989 2,805 566
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 14,763 13,757 13,564 4,509 1,124
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 10,012 9,691 9,477 3,438 348
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 6,680 6,708 6,635 3,039 Q
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 12,399 12,277 12,508 7,324 619
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 59,991 56,925 56,463 22,237 3,138
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 42,974 41,023 41,134 18,656 2,301
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 14,942 13,890 14,560 8,987 1,008
District Heat ................................... 5,443 5,378 4,653 4,631 1,926 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 2,734 2,853 2,655 1,274 Q
Propane ......................................... 7,076 6,790 5,713 6,292 2,673 1,044
Other .............................................. 1,401 1,399 1,225 1,306 599 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 60,028 55,188 55,154 21,725 3,072
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 55,188 56,940 53,232 21,451 2,655
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 55,154 53,232 56,478 21,914 2,987
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 21,725 21,451 21,914 22,237 623
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 3,072 2,655 2,987 623 3,138
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 12,635 12,746 12,612 8,028 516
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 21,712 21,437 21,901 22,223 623
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 19,186 18,820 19,482 14,761 831
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 26,295 26,292 26,129 14,158 1,368
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.