Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B24.  Energy End Uses, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Energy Used For
(more than one may apply)
Space Heating Cooling Water
Heating
Cooking Manu-
facturing
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 3,982 3,625 3,472 801 119
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,100 1,841 1,715 354 Q
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 782 732 725 155 29
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 659 629 607 127 28
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 225 216 217 69 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 123 118 119 50 8
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 62 60 60 28 3
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 24 23 23 14 2
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 6 6 6 4 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 382 352 298 125 Q
Food Sales ..................................... 226 188 210 186 84 Q
Food Service ................................. 297 282 283 297 284 Q
Health Care .................................... 129 124 129 127 12 Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 8 8 8 7 Q
  Outpatient .................................... 121 116 121 119 Q Q
Lodging .......................................... 142 142 130 142 47 Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 408 406 314 14 Q
Office ............................................. 824 802 790 733 23 19
Public Assembly ............................ 277 258 213 227 73 Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 70 61 70 14 N
Religious Worship .......................... 370 359 308 315 108 N
Service .......................................... 622 515 370 418 Q Q
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 316 266 243 Q 44
Other .............................................. 79 67 57 55 Q 23
Vacant ........................................... 182 69 52 47 Q N
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 302 232 266 71 Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 442 382 367 87 Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 493 430 416 119 Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 524 467 444 92 17
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 648 609 582 112 28
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 618 577 531 112 14
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 719 695 642 144 19
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 236 234 224 65 Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 672 519 600 157 30
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 1,112 957 987 206 30
South ............................................. 1,775 1,462 1,479 1,217 304 33
West .............................................. 878 735 671 668 134 26
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 752 578 683 145 28
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 1,055 882 926 227 24
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 626 582 554 102 21
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,051 1,003 883 210 38
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 498 580 426 116 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,080 1,746 1,653 301 48
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 733 725 675 152 Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 536 523 514 134 19
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 387 386 384 115 21
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 141 139 142 53 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 76 76 75 31 3
250 or More ................................... 30 29 30 30 14 2
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 751 595 580 127 Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 1,037 951 856 72 47
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 965 883 845 141 46
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 535 521 506 169 8
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 331 338 330 174 Q
Open Continuously ........................ 475 364 338 356 117 4
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 3,971 3,623 3,470 801 119
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 2,344 2,153 2,126 564 70
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 443 298 376 115 25
District Heat ................................... 67 67 55 61 9 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 32 33 31 6 Q
Propane ......................................... 502 489 399 428 148 31
Other .............................................. 132 132 78 95 17 Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,982 3,469 3,337 764 111
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 3,469 3,625 3,112 743 92
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 3,337 3,112 3,472 787 102
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 764 743 787 801 9
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 111 92 102 9 119
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 148 144 143 58 4
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 762 742 785 799 9
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 550 516 567 322 16
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 539 533 516 149 19
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.