Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B22.  Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Buildings
Using
Any
Energy
Source
Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)
Elec-
tricity
Natural
Gas
Fuel
Oil
District
Heat
District
Chilled
Water
Propane Other a 
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 4,414 4,404 2,391 451 67 33 502 132
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,393 2,384 1,110 209 Q Q 295 79
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 836 834 496 99 Q Q 100 Q
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 727 727 450 61 18 Q 64 Q
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 234 234 168 22 10 6 18 Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 128 128 95 23 8 5 13 Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 65 65 48 21 9 6 7 Q
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 24 24 19 12 4 2 4 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 7 7 5 4 2 1 Q Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 386 384 213 26 26 14 43 Q
Food Sales ..................................... 226 226 221 98 Q N N Q Q
Food Service ................................. 297 297 297 226 Q Q Q 52 Q
Health Care .................................... 129 129 129 72 13 2 1 11 Q
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 8 8 7 7 1 1 Q Q
  Outpatient .................................... 121 121 121 65 6 Q Q Q N
Lodging .......................................... 142 142 142 86 28 6 Q 24 Q
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 443 443 245 37 Q Q 47 Q
Office ............................................. 824 824 824 488 65 16 9 39 17
Public Assembly ............................ 277 274 274 146 42 6 3 37 Q
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 71 71 36 23 Q Q Q Q
Religious Worship .......................... 370 370 370 220 38 Q Q 51 N
Service .......................................... 622 601 601 281 93 Q N 92 70
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 464 464 187 37 Q Q 48 Q
Other .............................................. 79 79 76 45 12 Q Q Q Q
Vacant ........................................... 182 108 106 49 Q Q Q Q Q
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 319 318 200 75 6 Q 43 Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 499 499 338 52 12 Q 37 Q
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 541 541 313 75 15 4 52 Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 571 571 309 61 13 4 63 21
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 702 700 391 59 6 5 68 49
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 671 668 303 63 5 5 90 Q
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 813 809 419 49 8 8 95 Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 298 298 118 17 Q Q 54 Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 710 710 397 254 17 6 73 26
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 1,197 1,189 802 76 13 4 173 42
South ............................................. 1,775 1,656 1,654 714 84 21 14 176 28
West .............................................. 878 851 851 479 37 15 9 80 37
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 813 809 493 145 6 3 112 43
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 1,131 1,129 718 148 27 4 106 44
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 646 642 347 97 13 7 Q 24
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,193 1,193 646 49 13 10 112 Q
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 631 631 187 13 7 9 31 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,425 2,415 1,082 252 20 Q 318 84
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 775 775 474 67 Q Q 75 Q
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 563 563 359 38 Q Q 59 Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 397 397 289 36 16 6 30 13
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 147 147 113 22 7 7 9 Q
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 77 77 52 20 9 6 8 Q
250 or More ................................... 30 30 30 23 16 5 4 3 1
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 874 866 382 83 Q Q 125 Q
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 1,105 1,105 569 107 12 Q 115 41
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 1,058 1,055 607 100 18 6 105 30
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 580 580 374 55 11 6 55 Q
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 376 376 233 35 9 7 55 Q
Open Continuously ........................ 475 422 422 225 69 11 4 47 16
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 3,794 3,783 2,078 371 25 13 425 122
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 1,823 1,817 1,044 209 16 9 225 75
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 1,889 1,885 997 161 8 4 194 46
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 82 81 36 Q Q Q Q Q
Government Owned ...................... 635 620 620 313 80 42 19 77 10
  Federal ......................................... 46 46 46 23 4 4 0 Q Q
  State ............................................ 164 163 163 72 24 27 12 Q Q
  Local ............................................ 425 411 411 218 52 11 7 53 Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 86 85 37 Q Q Q Q Q
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q Q Q N N Q N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 501 499 264 49 12 5 46 18
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 3,806 3,798 2,079 399 54 28 449 114
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 4,404 4,404 2,390 448 67 33 499 126
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 2,391 2,390 2,391 129 25 17 47 39
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 451 448 129 451 4 3 77 29
District Heat ................................... 67 67 67 25 4 67 25 Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 33 33 17 3 25 33 Q Q
Propane ......................................... 502 502 499 47 77 Q Q 502 24
Other .............................................. 132 132 126 39 29 Q Q 24 132
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,982 3,971 2,344 443 67 32 489 132
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 3,625 3,623 2,153 298 55 33 399 78
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 3,472 3,470 2,126 376 61 31 428 95
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 801 801 564 115 9 6 148 17
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 119 119 70 25 Q Q 31 Q
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 149 149 104 92 7 5 29 16
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 799 799 563 115 9 6 146 17
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 567 567 404 82 19 7 85 24
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 553 553 373 80 19 14 50 10
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a  "Other" includes wood, coal, solar, and all other energy sources.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Note: Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.