Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B20. Number of Establishments in Building, Floorspace for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Total Floorspace (million square feet)
All
Buildings*
Number of Establishments in Building
One Two to
Five
Six to
Ten
Eleven to Twenty More than Twenty Currently Unoccupied
All Buildings* ............................... 64,783 45,144 10,960 1,958 1,951 2,609 2,161
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 6,789 5,613 916 Q Q N 223
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 6,585 5,304 1,031 Q N Q Q
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 11,535 9,098 1,732 383 Q Q Q
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 8,668 5,807 1,837 355 Q Q Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 9,057 6,218 1,739 273 337 Q Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 9,064 6,102 1,545 539 Q Q Q
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 7,176 4,246 1,361 Q 389 531 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 5,908 2,756 800 Q Q 1,522 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 9,874 8,714 946 Q N N N
Food Sales ..................................... 1,255 1,057 Q N N Q N
Food Service ................................. 1,654 1,375 246 Q N N N
Health Care .................................... 3,163 2,004 735 Q Q Q N
  Inpatient ....................................... 1,905 1,328 361 Q Q Q N
  Outpatient .................................... 1,258 676 374 Q Q Q N
Lodging .......................................... 5,096 4,234 783 Q N N N
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 4,317 3,410 630 Q Q Q N
Office ............................................. 12,208 4,894 2,709 1,144 1,332 2,129 N
Public Assembly ............................ 3,939 3,110 677 Q Q Q N
Public Order and Safety ................ 1,090 643 Q Q Q N N
Religious Worship .......................... 3,754 3,272 479 N Q N N
Service .......................................... 4,050 3,509 465 Q Q N N
Warehouse and Storage ............... 10,078 7,560 2,034 Q Q Q N
Other .............................................. 1,738 1,188 495 Q N Q N
Vacant ........................................... 2,567 Q Q N N N 2,161
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 3,769 2,460 788 Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 6,871 4,557 997 Q Q Q 465
1946 to 1959 .................................. 7,045 5,229 1,145 Q Q Q Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 8,101 5,582 1,476 306 Q Q Q
1970 to 1979 .................................. 10,772 7,604 1,552 297 277 600 Q
1980 to 1989 .................................. 10,332 6,287 2,142 387 491 882 Q
1990 to 1999 .................................. 12,360 9,151 2,080 Q Q Q Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 5,533 4,273 780 Q Q Q Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 12,905 8,061 2,517 571 722 696 Q
Midwest ......................................... 17,080 12,359 2,803 510 301 Q 892
South ............................................. 23,489 16,947 3,740 550 589 1,011 652
West .............................................. 11,310 7,776 1,900 327 340 688 Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 10,622 7,138 2,271 401 Q Q Q
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 17,335 12,514 2,774 540 409 Q 821
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 11,504 7,713 1,887 341 533 812 Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 15,739 11,616 2,422 226 387 598 491
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 9,584 6,163 1,606 450 304 760 303
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 25,981 20,956 3,717 265 Q Q 889
Two ............................................... 16,270 11,910 2,858 527 Q Q 652
Three ............................................. 7,501 5,084 1,279 259 481 Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 10,085 5,860 2,335 697 496 345 Q
Ten or More ................................... 4,947 1,332 772 Q 693 1,940 N
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 24,617 13,567 4,830 1,404 1,729 2,453 634
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 8,221 5,751 1,639 360 Q Q Q
  Two to Five .................................. 10,129 5,410 2,137 804 959 462 Q
  Six or More .................................. 6,268 2,406 1,054 241 638 1,900 Q
Any Escalators .............................. 2,350 1,023 Q Q Q 809 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 15,492 11,824 1,399 Q Q Q 2,161
5 to 9 .............................................. 6,166 4,924 1,183 Q Q N N
10 to 19 .......................................... 7,803 6,115 1,584 Q N Q N
20 to 49 .......................................... 10,989 7,967 2,369 476 Q Q N
50 to 99 .......................................... 7,934 5,487 1,487 375 511 Q N
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,871 4,368 1,451 340 420 293 N
250 or More ................................... 9,528 4,458 1,486 565 853 2,165 N
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 6,863 4,235 437 N Q Q 2,161
40 to 48 .......................................... 11,622 8,244 2,714 213 Q Q N
49 to 60 .......................................... 15,723 10,192 3,022 806 852 851 N
61 to 84 .......................................... 10,334 7,310 1,664 323 346 691 N
85 to 167 ........................................ 7,092 5,645 1,038 Q Q Q N
Open Continuously ........................ 13,149 9,518 2,086 403 437 705 N
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 49,421 32,808 8,830 1,539 1,791 2,536 1,916
  Owner Occupied ......................... 23,591 15,690 4,948 519 1,149 1,285 N
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 23,914 17,118 3,882 1,020 642 1,251 N
  Unoccupied .................................. 1,916 N N N N N 1,916
Government Owned ...................... 15,363 12,336 2,130 419 Q Q Q
  Federal ......................................... 1,956 1,683 Q Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 3,808 2,633 866 Q Q Q Q
  Local ............................................ 9,599 8,020 1,177 Q Q Q Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 2,161 N N N N N 2,161
Mostly Vacant ................................ 406 Q Q N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 12,382 5,288 2,473 1,043 1,427 2,151 N
Not At All Vacant ........................... 49,834 39,682 8,255 915 524 458 N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 40,048 27,568 6,792 1,019 1,064 2,005 1,601
College or University ...................... 3,480 2,136 1,085 Q Q Q N
Primary or Secondary School ........ 3,947 3,779 Q N N N Q
Office Complex .............................. 2,712 877 546 422 375 Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 1,238 1,004 Q Q N Q Q
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 2,347 2,027 Q Q Q N Q
Health Care Complex ..................... 2,303 1,620 471 Q Q Q Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 912 698 Q Q N N Q
Government Complex .................... 2,014 1,559 Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 5,783 3,877 1,000 Q Q Q Q
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 63,307 44,379 10,921 1,958 1,951 2,609 1,489
Natural Gas .................................... 43,468 30,518 7,593 1,355 1,271 1,797 933
Fuel Oil ........................................... 15,157 9,213 2,657 524 1,119 1,567 Q
District Heat ................................... 5,443 3,063 1,301 Q Q 436 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 1,608 849 Q Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... 7,076 5,379 1,071 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,401 858 409 Q N Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 60,028 42,173 10,296 1,924 1,858 2,555 1,222
Buildings with Cooling .................... 56,940 39,811 10,345 1,922 1,700 2,577 585
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 56,478 39,280 10,117 1,933 1,880 2,550 718
Buildings with Cooking ................... 22,237 16,102 3,530 398 639 1,481 Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 3,138 1,980 632 Q Q Q N
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 12,821 7,603 2,400 476 829 1,415 Q
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 8,814 6,637 1,111 368 350 325 Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,442 3,980 686 Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,581 2,094 321 Q Q Q N
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,691 2,008 310 Q Q Q N
Furnaces ....................................... 19,615 14,437 3,761 414 Q Q Q
Individual Space Heaters ............... 12,545 8,528 2,419 420 Q 419 Q
District Heat ................................... 5,166 2,905 1,245 Q Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 20,423 14,218 3,370 646 704 1,227 Q
Packaged Heating Units ................. 18,021 12,903 2,880 597 650 610 Q
Other .............................................. 3,262 2,022 508 Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 11,035 8,024 2,313 329 Q Q Q
Heat Pumps .................................... 9,041 6,659 1,166 366 355 456 Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 5,426 3,938 688 Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 2,606 2,056 354 Q Q Q N
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 2,940 2,095 329 Q Q Q N
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 12,558 9,223 2,358 315 Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 2,853 1,608 849 Q Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 11,636 6,679 1,834 573 689 1,820 Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 29,969 21,391 5,283 982 966 1,019 Q
Swamp Coolers ............................. 1,561 1,204 233 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 1,232 729 Q Q Q Q N
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 16,403 11,523 2,890 559 798 405 Q
Cooling ........................................... 20,995 14,585 3,831 699 655 1,147 Q
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 55,627 38,544 10,293 1,958 1,948 2,571 Q
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 26,417 15,859 5,172 1,415 1,546 2,413 Q
Dedicated Servers ......................... 36,338 23,761 6,942 1,532 1,711 2,363 Q
Laser Printers ................................ 33,012 22,914 6,411 1,214 877 1,354 Q
Inkjet Printers ................................. 32,210 20,886 6,233 1,284 1,602 2,163 Q
FAX Machines ............................... 52,373 35,578 10,038 1,951 1,946 2,581 Q
Photocopiers .................................. 46,257 31,326 8,809 1,846 1,689 2,496 Q
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 9,156 6,600 667 N Q Q 1,847
1 to 4 .............................................. 12,395 10,211 1,720 Q Q Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 7,179 5,347 1,475 Q Q Q N
10 to 19 .......................................... 6,610 4,712 1,593 Q Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 7,414 5,201 1,726 362 Q Q N
50 to 99 .......................................... 5,376 3,406 1,097 401 300 Q N
100 to 249 ...................................... 6,690 4,665 991 319 434 Q Q
250 or More ................................... 9,963 5,002 1,691 498 741 2,031 N
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 28,445 21,382 4,018 426 Q Q 2,132
1 to 4 .............................................. 24,116 17,854 4,935 641 436 Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 3,864 2,070 653 408 522 Q N
10 to 19 .......................................... 3,027 1,505 595 410 Q 276 N
20 to 49 .......................................... 2,583 986 393 Q Q 923 N
50 or More ..................................... 2,748 1,346 365 Q Q 732 N
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 18,526 13,818 2,151 Q Q Q 2,072
One ................................................ 15,475 12,580 2,500 Q Q Q Q
2 to 4 .............................................. 15,082 10,854 3,401 467 Q Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 5,515 3,592 1,070 657 Q Q N
10 or More ..................................... 10,185 4,300 1,838 554 1,208 2,285 N
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 22,223 16,090 3,530 398 639 1,481 Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 19,482 14,846 3,037 331 463 730 Q
Separate Computer Area ............... 26,873 17,693 5,002 822 1,216 2,093 Q
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 19,597 11,801 3,519 988 1,230 1,809 Q
Economizer Cycle .......................... 21,108 13,314 3,898 1,163 1,011 1,563 Q
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 51,163 35,231 9,184 1,774 1,866 2,466 642
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 15,630 9,706 2,588 642 821 1,727 Q
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 38,910 27,265 7,011 1,194 1,436 1,430 574
Tinted Window Glass .................... 29,887 18,968 5,774 1,218 1,297 1,791 839
Reflective Window Glass .............. 8,544 5,379 1,102 438 475 1,037 Q
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 17,242 12,582 2,879 806 500 285 190
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 12,546 8,361 2,543 441 512 610 Q
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 2,868 1,899 540 Q Q Q Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 26,118 16,988 4,570 1,074 1,405 1,811 Q
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 46,882 32,240 8,346 1,560 1,820 2,515 Q
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 4,781 2,804 680 Q 382 681 N
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 42,722 29,789 7,290 1,305 1,296 2,169 873
Cooling ........................................... 43,205 29,802 7,892 1,528 1,395 2,148 439
Lighting .......................................... 46,987 33,694 8,403 1,523 1,484 1,884 N
Office Equipment ........................... 19,397 14,753 3,558 442 249 Q Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.