Released: June 2006
Next CBECS will be conducted in 2007

Table B19. Number of Establishments in Building, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003
  Number of Buildings (thousand)
All
Buildings*
Number of Establishments in Building
One Two to
Five
Six to
Ten
Eleven to Twenty More than Twenty Currently Unoccupied
All Buildings* ............................... 4,645 3,754 643 55 23 14 157
Building Floorspace
(Square Feet)
1,001 to 5,000 ................................ 2,552 2,131 311 Q Q N 100
5,001 to 10,000 .............................. 889 720 136 Q N Q Q
10,001 to 25,000 ............................ 738 590 104 22 Q Q Q
25,001 to 50,000 ............................ 241 163 50 11 Q Q Q
50,001 to 100,000 .......................... 129 87 25 4 5 Q Q
100,001 to 200,000 ........................ 65 43 11 4 Q Q Q
200,001 to 500,000 ........................ 25 15 5 Q 1 2 Q
Over 500,000 ................................. 7 3 1 Q Q 1 Q
Principal Building Activity
Education ....................................... 386 360 21 Q N N N
Food Sales ..................................... 226 203 Q N N Q N
Food Service ................................. 297 270 26 Q N N N
Health Care .................................... 129 91 34 Q Q Q N
  Inpatient ....................................... 8 6 1 Q Q Q N
  Outpatient .................................... 121 84 32 Q Q Q N
Lodging .......................................... 142 130 12 Q N N N
Retail (Other Than Mall).................. 443 368 68 Q Q Q N
Office ............................................. 824 536 228 37 14 7 N
Public Assembly ............................ 277 237 35 Q Q Q N
Public Order and Safety ................ 71 57 Q Q Q N N
Religious Worship .......................... 370 339 31 N Q N N
Service .......................................... 622 561 58 Q Q N N
Warehouse and Storage ............... 597 518 74 Q Q Q N
Other .............................................. 79 63 15 Q N Q N
Vacant ........................................... 182 Q Q N N N 157
Year Constructed
Before 1920 ................................... 330 248 61 Q Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 .................................. 527 402 84 Q Q Q 35
1946 to 1959 .................................. 562 449 78 Q Q Q Q
1960 to 1969 .................................. 579 479 74 7 Q Q Q
1970 to 1979 .................................. 731 599 92 12 7 3 Q
1980 to 1989 .................................. 707 545 111 12 4 4 Q
1990 to 1999 .................................. 876 746 106 Q Q Q Q
2000 to 2003 .................................. 334 286 37 Q Q Q Q
Census Region
Northeast ....................................... 726 559 130 12 5 3 Q
Midwest ......................................... 1,266 1,047 157 12 2 Q 47
South ............................................. 1,775 1,444 215 16 9 7 84
West .............................................. 878 704 141 15 7 3 Q
Climate Zone: 30-Year Average
Under 2,000 CDD and --
  More than 7,000 HDD ................... 855 667 147 8 Q Q Q
  5,500-7,000 HDD ......................... 1,173 955 167 16 5 Q 28
  4,000-5,499 HDD ......................... 673 554 87 6 4 Q Q
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 1,276 1,060 143 13 4 5 51
2,000 CDD or More and --
  Fewer than 4,000 HDD ................ 669 516 99 11 8 2 32
Number of Floors
One ................................................ 3,136 2,670 333 17 Q Q 111
Two ............................................... 1,031 757 211 19 Q Q 33
Three ............................................. 339 244 64 9 5 Q Q
Four to Nine ................................... 128 79 31 8 5 2 Q
Ten or More ................................... 12 3 3 Q 1 3 N
Elevators and Escalators
(more than one may apply)
Any Elevators ................................ 309 183 74 22 12 8 9
Number of Elevators
  One .............................................. 208 132 52 12 Q Q Q
  Two to Five .................................. 88 46 19 9 7 4 Q
  Six or More .................................. 13 4 3 1 1 3 Q
Any Escalators .............................. 6 3 Q Q Q 1 Q
Number of Workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5 ................................. 2,653 2,233 252 Q Q Q 157
5 to 9 .............................................. 778 627 149 Q Q N N
10 to 19 .......................................... 563 442 110 Q N Q N
20 to 49 .......................................... 398 291 84 17 Q Q N
50 to 99 .......................................... 147 100 29 9 6 Q N
100 to 249 ...................................... 77 47 14 6 6 4 N
250 or More ................................... 30 13 6 4 2 4 N
Weekly Operating Hours
Fewer than 40 ............................... 1,002 774 68 N Q Q 157
40 to 48 .......................................... 1,117 868 225 13 Q Q N
49 to 60 .......................................... 1,062 836 192 23 8 4 N
61 to 84 .......................................... 591 505 68 12 3 3 N
85 to 167 ........................................ 400 358 39 Q Q Q N
Open Continuously ........................ 475 413 51 5 3 2 N
Ownership and Occupancy
Nongovernment Owned ................ 4,011 3,200 584 50 22 13 141
  Owner Occupied ......................... 1,841 1,460 342 23 10 5 N
  Nonowner Occupied ................... 2,029 1,740 242 27 12 8 N
  Unoccupied .................................. 141 N N N N N 141
Government Owned ...................... 635 553 59 5 Q Q Q
  Federal ......................................... 46 41 Q Q Q Q Q
  State ............................................ 164 147 13 Q Q Q Q
  Local ............................................ 425 366 41 Q Q Q Q
Vacancy Status
Completely Vacant ......................... 157 N N N N N 157
Mostly Vacant ................................ 25 Q Q N N N N
Partially Vacant .............................. 548 391 107 26 14 10 N
Not At All Vacant ........................... 3,915 3,344 529 29 9 4 N
Multibuilding Facility
Not Part of a Multibuilding
 Facility ........................................... 3,169 2,509 489 34 13 11 113
College or University ...................... 83 67 14 Q Q Q N
Primary or Secondary School ........ 254 252 Q N N N Q
Office Complex .............................. 111 50 40 14 3 Q Q
Retail Complex ............................... 151 134 Q Q N Q Q
Religious Campus or Complex ....... 195 170 Q Q Q N Q
Health Care Complex ..................... 39 27 11 Q Q Q Q
Lodging or Resort Complex ........... 61 51 Q Q N N Q
Government Complex .................... 87 71 Q Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 496 422 46 Q Q Q Q
Energy Sources (more than
one may apply)
Electricity ....................................... 4,404 3,591 635 55 23 14 85
Natural Gas .................................... 2,391 1,912 382 39 12 9 37
Fuel Oil ........................................... 451 373 65 6 3 3 Q
District Heat ................................... 67 45 15 Q Q 1 Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 22 8 Q Q Q Q
Propane ......................................... 502 433 60 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 132 107 24 Q N Q Q
Energy End Uses (more than
one may apply)
Buildings with Space Heating ........ 3,982 3,233 602 53 22 13 60
Buildings with Cooling .................... 3,625 2,921 578 52 22 12 40
Buildings with Water Heating ......... 3,472 2,779 574 53 21 10 34
Buildings with Cooking ................... 801 676 106 Q 5 3 Q
Buildings with Manufacturing ........ 119 89 25 Q Q Q N
Buildings with Electricity
 Generation .................................... 149 109 28 6 3 3 Q
Heating Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Heat Pumps .................................... 476 398 57 8 5 2 Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 278 228 34 Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 166 141 21 Q Q Q N
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 51 4 Q Q Q N
Furnaces ....................................... 1,864 1,483 321 22 Q Q Q
Individual Space Heaters ............... 819 669 126 7 Q 2 Q
District Heat ................................... 65 43 15 Q Q Q Q
Boilers ............................................ 579 464 92 8 5 6 Q
Packaged Heating Units ................. 953 769 148 14 6 4 Q
Other .............................................. 205 169 27 Q Q Q Q
Cooling Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Residential-Type Central
 Air Conditioners ............................ 1,006 764 219 13 Q Q Q
Heat Pumps .................................... 492 410 58 8 6 2 Q
  Packaged Heat Pumps ................. 288 234 34 Q Q Q Q
  Split-System Heat Pumps ............. 174 148 22 Q Q Q N
  Individual Room Heat Pumps ........ 58 51 4 Q Q Q N
Individual Air Conditioners ............. 742 610 112 7 Q Q Q
District Chilled Water ...................... 33 22 8 Q Q Q Q
Central Chillers ............................... 111 79 19 6 3 4 Q
Packaged Air Conditioning
 Units .............................................. 1,613 1,318 240 25 10 7 Q
Swamp Coolers ............................. 122 97 20 Q Q Q Q
Other .............................................. 40 28 Q Q Q Q N
Main Equipment Replaced Since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating ........................................... 1,197 949 197 16 7 4 Q
Cooling ........................................... 1,356 1,078 236 19 8 4 Q
Office Equipment (more
than one may apply)
Computers ..................................... 3,081 2,443 539 55 23 13 Q
  With Flat Screen Monitors ............ 877 637 186 29 14 11 Q
Dedicated Servers ......................... 1,175 880 238 34 14 8 Q
Laser Printers ................................ 1,970 1,545 370 32 11 8 Q
Inkjet Printers ................................. 1,420 1,102 254 33 18 10 Q
FAX Machines ............................... 2,715 2,107 511 55 21 11 Q
Photocopiers .................................. 1,939 1,463 391 47 21 10 Q
Number of Computers
None .............................................. 1,565 1,311 104 N Q Q 148
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,670 1,402 241 Q Q Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 559 439 114 Q Q Q N
10 to 19 .......................................... 370 278 80 Q Q Q Q
20 to 49 .......................................... 255 178 61 12 Q Q N
50 to 99 .......................................... 110 69 24 9 5 Q N
100 to 249 ...................................... 79 55 11 5 5 Q Q
250 or More ................................... 38 22 7 3 2 3 N
Number of Dedicated Servers
None .............................................. 3,471 2,873 405 20 Q Q 157
1 to 4 .............................................. 1,060 818 212 21 7 Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 58 35 11 8 3 Q N
10 to 19 .......................................... 30 15 6 4 Q 2 N
20 to 49 .......................................... 17 8 5 Q Q 3 N
50 or More ..................................... 10 5 Q Q Q 1 N
Number of Photocopiers
None .............................................. 2,706 2,291 252 Q Q Q 150
One ................................................ 1,250 1,023 202 Q Q Q Q
2 to 4 .............................................. 549 371 159 13 Q Q Q
5 to 9 .............................................. 85 50 17 15 Q Q N
10 or More ..................................... 54 18 12 9 9 7 N
Energy-Related Space Functions
(more than one may apply)
Commercial Food Preparation ........ 799 676 106 Q 5 3 Q
Activities with Large
 Amounts of Hot Water .................. 567 486 71 5 2 2 Q
Separate Computer Area ............... 553 421 103 15 8 6 Q
HVAC Conservation Features
(more than one may apply)
Variable Air-Volume System ......... 466 361 73 15 9 5 Q
Economizer Cycle .......................... 508 396 80 19 6 5 Q
HVAC Maintenance ....................... 2,581 2,069 420 44 21 9 17
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS) ................ 252 197 34 9 4 4 Q
Window and Interior Lighting
Features (more than one
may apply)
Multipaned Windows ..................... 2,201 1,751 354 33 14 8 41
Tinted Window Glass .................... 1,323 1,032 227 26 11 6 21
Reflective Window Glass .............. 308 252 32 10 Q 3 Q
External Overhangs
 or Awnings ................................... 1,233 968 205 20 8 Q 28
Skylights or Atriums ....................... 331 248 60 9 4 3 Q
Daylighting Sensors ....................... 74 64 7 Q Q Q Q
Specular Reflectors ....................... 928 746 139 21 11 6 Q
Electronic Ballasts ......................... 2,577 2,113 390 36 16 14 Q
Energy Management and
 Control System (EMCS)
 for Lighting .................................... 60 49 6 Q 1 2 N
Equipment Usage Reduced
When Building Not In Full Use
(more than one may apply)a
Heating ........................................... 2,878 2,328 447 39 12 11 42
Cooling ........................................... 2,761 2,199 471 40 13 11 27
Lighting .......................................... 3,685 3,041 566 47 20 11 N
Office Equipment ........................... 1,504 1,225 246 20 5 Q Q
See "Guide to the Tables" or "Glossary" for further explanations of the terms used in this table. Both can be accessed from the CBECS web site - http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/.
 * Figures in this table do not include enclosed malls and strip malls. Mall buildings add an estimated 213 thousand buildings comprising 6.9 billion square feet.
a The definition for one or more of these row items has changed and may not be directly comparable with past CBECS estimates. See "Guide to the Tables" for discussion of the differences.
Q=Data withheld because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent, or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N=No responding cases in sample.
Notes: ● HVAC = Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning. ● Due to rounding, data may not sum to totals.
Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Form EIA-871A of the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.